Home | News    Tuesday 25 November 2003

Oil companies accused of complicity in Sudan conflict, rights abuses

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

KAMPALA, Nov 25 (AFP) — Human Rights Watch (HRW) charged Tuesday that Sudan’s ample oil reserves were the main cause of the displacement, death and destruction wrought by the county’s civil war.

In a report entitled "Sudan, Oil and Human Rights," released in Kampala, the New York-based rights watchdog accused the Sudanese government of displacing hundreds of thousands of civilians, and oil companies of being accomplices seeking to control oilfields.

"Foreign oil companies operating in Sudan have been in complicity in this displacement, and the death and destruction that have accompanied it," the report charged.

The 754-page report investigated the role of oil in Sudan’s civil war, linking natural resource exploitation with human rights abuses in Africa’s largest country.

"Oil development in southern Sudan should have been a cause of rejoicing for Sudan’s people, but instead, it has brought them nothing but woes," HRW researcher Jemera Rone noted in a separate statement accompanying the report.

"In addition to its regular army, the government has deployed militant Islamic militias to prosecute the war and has armed southern factions in a policy of ethnic manipulation and destabilization," HRW charged.

The group alleged that oil company executives turned a blind eye to "well-reported" government attacks on civilian targets, including aerial bombing of hospitals, churches, relief operations and schools.

"Oil companies operating in Sudan were aware of the killing, bombing and looting that took place in the south, all in the name of opening up the oilfields," Rone observed.

Companies cited included Canada’s Talisman Energy Inc. and the Swedish firm Lundin Oil AB, which HRW says are lead partners in two oil concessions in southern Sudan.

"Amid mounting pressure from rights groups, Talisman sold its interests in a concession in late 2002, and Lundin followed suit in June."

They were replaced by the state-owned oil companies of China and Malaysia.

The report quoted statistics from the Khartoum government indicating that 60 percent of the 580 million dollars in oil revenues in 2001 was spent on the country’s military, both for foreign weapon purchases and for the development of a domestic arms industry.

The civil war in Sudan, which erupted in 1983, has mainly pitted the Islamic north against the Christian and animist south, where the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) has been the dominant rebel group.

The report also accused SPLA forces of involvement in serious rights abuses in the struggle over the oilfields, including summary executions of captured combatants.

"SPLA commanding officers have taken no steps to investigate or punish these crimes," the report noted.

It called for the return home of hundreds of thousands of people displaced from the oilfields, adding that they should be given guarantees of safety and compensation for their losses, as a central part of a peace agreement between the government and SPLA rebels.

The war has killed at least 1.5 million people and displaced more than four million.

P.S.

For further information see HRW web site

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.

Comment on this article



The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.



Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Completion of 2nd GERD’s filling necessitates a shift in trilateral negotiations 2021-07-20 19:55:28 By A.Tesfaye Abera The completion of the second-year filling of the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) instigates polarized views between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt. Mainly Egypt sees it as (...)

South Sudan legislators should be cautious about the oath they will take 2021-07-15 07:04:56 By Roger Alfred Yoron Modi It is a fact that the legislators of South Sudan’s incoming Reconstituted Transitional National Legislative Assembly (TNLA) are appointees of the parties to the (...)

What they said about Sudanese John Garang 2021-07-12 05:49:37 By Mahmoud A. Suleiman This article of a compilation of related topics comes against the backdrop of a number of issues relating to the Republic of South Sudan that was declared its inauguration (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


S. Korea supports UN communities building resilience project in Sudan’s Blue Nile 2019-09-09 09:26:41 UNDP Sudan September 5, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - An agreement was signed on 5th of September between the Korean Ambassador, His Excellency. Lee Ki-Seong and Dr. Selva Ramachandran, Resident (...)

Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders back calls for civil rule 2019-04-26 10:22:06 Press statement by 55 Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders on Sudan Sit-in and Peaceful Protest Khartoum -24/04/2019 We, the undersigned (55) Sudanese lawyers and human rights defenders, (...)

South Sudan’s Lafon youth condemn killings of civilians by Pari community 2019-04-03 21:54:29 Press Statement on the Fighting between Pari/ Pacidi and Lotuko/Lokiri on 24/3/2019 Release by The Lafon County Youth Union: We, the Lafon County Youth Union hereby condemn the atrocities and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2021 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.