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James Dak’s father reveals co-founding Bilpam Headquarters


John Dak Lampuar (L), James Gatdet Dak (C) and Mary Nyabel Puoch (R), mother of James Dak, inside their house in Gambella, Ethiopia, March 17, 2019. (ST photo)
March 19, 2019 (GAMBELLA) – The father of recently released South Sudanese spokesman, James Gatdet Dak, has revealed how he co-founded Bilpam, which became the historical General Headquarters for subsequent South Sudan’s liberation movements before the independence of the new east African state.

John Dak Lampuar in a speech he delivered during a thanksgiving prayer which he organized in Gambella, Ethiopia, to celebrate the release of his son, Dak, also called for peace in South Sudan, adding that it is his prayer that the recently signed revitalized peace deal in the neighbouring country should hold.

The 82-year-old Lampuar narrated to thousands of invited church leaders, youth and choirs and relatives, friends, who gathered at the event, how he himself identified Bilpam in 1975 and showed it to Anya-Nya 2 leaders who initially established it as a base before the SPLM/SPLA was born in 1983 under the leadership of late John Garang de Mabior.

“After the [Addis Ababa] agreement [of 1972] failed, four people decided to rebel again. These were Vincent Kuany Latjor, Michael Waat Latjor, James Tap Liah and Bol Kur. They came to Ethiopia and asked the former Ethiopian government to host and assist them. They were told to go to a village called Puldeang to meet a man called John Dak Lampuar in a church to show them where to settle,” Lampuar recalled the event after 44 years.

He said the four officers travelled to his village near the South Sudanese border to meet him and identified the site for them which became the historical General Headquarters for Anya-Nya 2 and then SPLM/SPLA.

“The four men came and stood in my garden behind my house. They asked for me. I came to them and we talked while standing in the garden. They said they were told to come to me so that I could identify a site for their would-be base,” Lampuar further narrated.

He also recalled that he initially proposed two sites the four men should choose from; one called Chotkuach and the other called Bilpam.

“I pointed to two locations, Chotkuach and Bilpam. They spent the night at my house. The following day I took them to see the first site called Bilpam because it was hilly forest and closer to my village. They liked it. They said we are too Christians and we want you to pray for this place. I prayed. After I prayed they also asked me to cut the first tree [before they could clear the area]. I cut the first tree. They went back to Itang and came back with 50 soldiers. I gave them a bull for their immediate feeding. This is how Bilpam was established,” said Lampuar.

Lampuar, who has eleven children: seven sons and four daughters, said the SPLM/SPLA led by John Garang came in 1983 and dislodged the Anya-Nya 2 from Bilpam, hence taking over the area as their General Headquarters. He, however, remained friendly to the new liberation movement.

He became a good friend to Chigai Atem, who was the administrator of Bilpam under the leadership of late John Garang and supported him by contributing cattle and other local food items from the village for feeding in Bilpam.

His son, Dak, who later on became the official spokesman for the former first vice president, Riek Machar, was abducted in Nairobi, Kenya, in November 2016 and deported to the South Sudanese capital, Juba, in a move condemned internationally by human rights bodies and the United Nations. He was released on November 2, 2018, in accordance with the IGAD’s mediated revitalized peace agreement signed between South Sudan’s president Salva Kiir and Machar, leader of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement – in Opposition or SPLM-IO.

Lampuar expressed happiness that his son survived the ordeal after many of his family members previously lost their lives during the liberation struggle.

“It is my prayer and hope that this peace in South Sudan should hold,” he said.


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  • 20 March 2019 07:06, by Kwacha Okonyomoi

    You are a hero and a liberator Pastor. God bless you.

    repondre message

  • 20 March 2019 08:39, by Eastern

    So this sounds like James Gatdet Dak is Ethiopian after all....

    repondre message

  • 20 March 2019 13:05, by Joyuma John

    Not only James Gatdet Dak is an Ethiopian but many Nuer are Ethiopians

    repondre message

  • 20 March 2019 15:15, by Redeemer

    One funny thing that many people of South Sudan don’t know about Nuer is who is an Ethiopian Nuer and who a South Sudanese Nuer. Many of IO young officers are from Nuer Ethiopia. They come whenever there is confusion or come to seek jobs.

    repondre message

  • 20 March 2019 15:45, by Redeemer

    I think Ethiopia and South Sudan should take a serious major to keep Nuer of Ethiopia out of South Sudan affairs and South Sudan have to control its Nuer too
    The guy who was known as (Abudigin) the personal bodyguard of Riek was squeezed and disconnected from Riek by the Ethiopian gov’t after discovering that he was Ethiopian national

    repondre message

    • 20 March 2019 16:35, by Malakal county Simon


      Educate us!! What’s problem with Nuer’s attaining dual-citizenship??

      And would that also apply to Ngok-Dinka of Abyie??

      repondre message

      • 21 March 2019 08:32, by Eastern

        Malakal county Simon,

        Dinka people are only found in South Sudan; those in the south of the Sudan, the Ngok are grossly marginalised hence the bitterness. Most tribes in South Sudan are found in the neighbouring countries.

        repondre message

  • 20 March 2019 15:51, by Redeemer

    John Dak Lampuar, the father of James Gatdet should be highly appreciated and respected for his contribution, may God give you 35 years more before you leave us, you are a hero Baba

    repondre message

    • 20 March 2019 19:08, by Marco A. Wek

      Nuer and Anauk of Gambala are South Sudanese who were given away by Khartoum government during 60s. So what is a big deal in that.

      repondre message

  • 22 March 2019 10:59, by Awei-ngok

    James Gatdet Dak and his father plus other Nuers in Western Ethiopia are South Sudanese. We just need peace in our country in order to go for the recovery of our lost people to Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, DRC and Central African Republic. These countries are aware of this and this is why some of them are causing us wars to pin us down.This includes our lands. We are coming!

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