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Machar condemns Kiir’s actions as threat to peace agreement and unity of people


October 18, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudan’s armed opposition leader of SPLM (IO), Riek Machar, has condemned a series of unilateral decisions made by president Salva Kiir after the signing of the peace agreement in August, saying these moves were undermining the implementation of the peace deal and unity of the people of the country.

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South Sudan’s rebel leader, Riek Machar (Photo: Reuters/Tiksa Negeri)

Machar, who has become the first vice-president designate in accordance with the peace agreement brokered by the East African regional bloc, IGAD, and its international partners, in a press conference he organized in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on Sunday, accused Kiir of acting as if he had not signed an agreement.

"Salva Kiir is acting as if there are no agreements," Machar told journalists.

"We see more violations every day rather than moving forward toward the implementation of the agreement," he said.

On October 2, president Kiir made a unilateral decision by announcing creation of 28 states, splitting the current 10 states on the basis of which the peace agreement was signed and power sharing arrangements anchored to.

The move was condemned in the country and worldwide by the armed opposition SPLM (IO), former detainees, alliance of South Sudanese opposition political parties, civil society organizations in the country, IGAD and members of the international community including troika (United States, United Kingdom and Norway) and the European Union, saying it was a violation of both the constitution and the peace agreement.

The international community called on Juba not to proceed with the implementation of the unilateral decision, but president Kiir’s government said it would continue with its implementation.

Machar said Kiir was “oblivious” to the peace agreement by creating the 28 states, saying the unilateral decision coupled with lack of understanding on the provision for demilitarization of the capital and other major towns in the country were undermining the peace deal.


In a separate statement, the opposition leader condemned another unilateral decision by president Kiir’s government dissolving structures of the ruling party (SPLM).

“On October 16, 2015, President Kiir made a unilateral decision to dissolve the structures of SPLM party. The entire leadership and members of SPLM/SPLA (IO) disapprove of this act which violates the principles to reunite the party enshrined in the Arusha Agreement signed by various SPLM factions 21st January 2015,” Machar said in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune on Sunday.

He challenged that the decision “stabbed” the unity of the people of South Sudan, saying the SPLM is a “vanguard” party capable of uniting the country and the people of South Sudan, and called on the people to condemn and resist the dismantling of the party.

“We call upon the members of the SPLM and the people of South Sudan to condemn and resist this decision,” he said.

Earlier, Machar however added the SPLM (IO) was still committed to dialogue with the government in order to save the agreement.

"We will dialogue with them even though we don’t think it is practical. We will give it another go. We want to salvage the peace agreement," he said.

The 21-month long war erupted on 15 December 2013 when political debates over internal reforms within the ruling party turned violent.

Tens of thousands of people have been killed millions others displaced internally and to the neighbouring countries of Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda, with millions more threatened by hunger and diseases.

The peace deal signed in August by the warring parties carried hope that the suffering of the people in the war-ravaged region would come to an end. However, recent developments seem to undermine the implementation of the accord.


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  • 19 October 2015 07:24, by Mi diit

    The world, everybody is wasting time dealing with the mad man (Salva Kiir).

    Regime change is the only viable solution to fix the country’s problems once and for all when a visionary leadership is installed.

    The 20,000 Nuer killed in Juba unaware would have removed Kiir if their effort was geared towards overthrowing him.


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    • 19 October 2015 08:17, by okucu pa lotinokwan

      It better the south Sudan to go back to the three greater Regional for the sack of peace,if the 28 states created will not bring peace

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      • 19 October 2015 23:57, by Force 1

        Mi diit;
        When will your foreign allied help you out to change the regime for your Riek to be president that will never happen in his lifetime!?

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    • 19 October 2015 11:30, by Lango2010

      this time you and Machar score zero, if there is any body opposing the creation of 28 Statesthat person is devil and trouble maker to our people. this is execellent move the president has ever made. let see now if it is sources, power or patriotism that count! develop your states now because you were yearning for federal govenment.

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      • 19 October 2015 11:37, by Lango2010

        one sad thing is how riek machar will convine the white this time, since the all the area of oil are curve out. machar deserve to give all the fishes caught his state to the Americans because Dinkas will not grab from him this time.
        but i would like to ask the South Sudanese one question;who own the oil(natural resouces, is it the states of National Government? lol is it so shameful to machar.

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    • 19 October 2015 15:48, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Riek Machar and Pagan A mum are longer members of SPLM which is the ruling party though the each of his own party like SPLM-IO and SPLM- G10.
      Let create their own parties rather than ruling party heading by Kiir Mayardit.

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  • 19 October 2015 07:53, by Agutthon

    Commendable moves by Kiir. SPLM infested must go and remaining SPLM reborn! Bravo.

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  • 19 October 2015 09:33, by doot

    Non-compliance from those of opposites continues to de-cement the peace agreement.
    South Sudan is now in a better position than it would have otherwise have been without those decisions to make.Our People have endorsed the decisions.They do not see it as violation of peace agreement, but as a way to move country forward.

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  • 19 October 2015 11:34, by Uncle J

    Mr. Riek is always trying to score political points in the face of his supporters the Troika countries, European Union and International community by condemning every decision Kiir makes referring to it as violation to peace implementation. If Riek is politically stable why can’t he maintains his oppositipn party SPLM-IO and then go head to head with Kiir in the election? Riek is very poisonous

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  • 19 October 2015 12:25, by atak autiak

    Riak Machar teny,Were you not the one who created 21 states? Or is it that you are some devil thrown on this nation to oppose whatever decision made by president whether good or bad? You are Infact a devil thrown on this nation riak machar teny! We citizens hope something kills you for this nation to be in peace

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