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IGAD unveils proposed compromise peace agreement for South Sudan


July 25, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – The East African regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), has unveiled its latest reviewed proposal for a compromise between warring parties so as to end the 19-year long civil war in South Sudan.

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President Salva Kiir (L) and rebel leader Riek Machar (R) attend the signing a ceasefire agreement during an IGAD summit on the South Sudan crisis in Addis Ababa on 1 February 2015 (Photo: Reuters/Tiksa Negeri)

The expanded IGAD-Plus mediation has also given the two warring parties of president Salva Kiir’s government and the armed opposition faction led by former vice president, Riek Machar, a 17 August deadline to sign a final peace agreement.

The compromise position is however similar to the previous IGAD proposal in March which the two parties rejected.

In the latest document the power sharing in the national executive would be 53% of ministerial positions for the government, 33% for the opposition faction of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO), 7% for former detainees and 7% for other political parties.

In the oil-rich greater Upper Nile region, the SPLM-IO would have 53% in the three states of Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei, while the government would take 33% and 14% divided between former detainees and other political parties. No power sharing in the seven states of greater Bahr el Ghazal and greater Equatoria regions as government would take 100% in the two regions.

Also the top executive at the national level would include the incumbent president Kiir, first vice president to be named by the SPLM-IO and the incumbent vice president, James Wani Igga.

While the president shall be the executive head of state and chair the council of ministers, national defence council and national security council, the first vice president deputizes him and acts on his behalf in the event of absence.

The main task of the first vice president would be to initiate and implement reforms in the transitional government of national unity. There are other functions which are joint executive powers that need consultations between the president and the first vice president, and at times include the vice president in consultations.

The national legislative assembly would expand from the current 332 membership to 400 members. Members who rebelled from within the 332 MPs will be reinstated. SPLM-IO would appoint 50 additional new members to the parliament and former detainees plus other political parties would appoint 18. The Council of states would not be affected.

The speaker of the national parliament should also come from the states of greater Equatoria region.

On security arrangements, it proposed a period of 18 months of the 30-month long transitional period to complete integration process of the two rival armies.

The national capital, Juba, will be demilitarized, according to the IGAD-Plus proposal, and to be known as a Special Arrangement Area (SAA). Foreign forces from the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS), IGAD and African Union (AU) would take over the security of the capital until the end of the two and a half years of transitional period.

President Kiir would be allowed to have only 260 bodyguards in the capital while the would-be first vice president, Machar, would have 195 bodyguards in Juba.

An unidentified size of another force would be deployed to protect military barracks.

The parties have been served with the copy of the proposed peace agreement and are expected to consult with their respective constituencies about the document before resumption of the peace talks in mid-August.

IGAD envoys expressed hope that the two warring parties would resort to peace one and a half years of fighting and negotiation.

“We hope the parties have travelled a long way and seen the consequences,” chief mediator, Seyoum Mesfin told reporters in Addis Ababa on Friday, adding that an AU summit by heads of state and government will begin on 5 August to agree on the peace deal.

Peace talks collapsed on 6 March when the two principal leaders could not agree on almost all the outstanding issues on governance, security arrangements, reforms, power sharing and accountability and justice, reparation and reconciliation.


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  • 26 July 2015 00:30, by lino

    Congratulations ya Junubeen, we just need peace on this land. We don’t care who go what and how much!!!

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    • 26 July 2015 01:32, by Bolman

      this is too Garbag professional by so call East Africa Dictatorial leaders nobody will accept this oneside promotion, the Murderator Call Kiir his killing regim term is already ended hw come pple still called him pdnt while nobody elected I guess IGAD don’t peace to come in South S I personally rejected this junks profession, IGAD must acknowlendged Rebell will not accepted their fucke peace

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      • 26 July 2015 07:02, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

        All IGAD- Plus, current proposal is the most 100% uwanted one b’se one tribe rebellion can never be awarded with national power positions. RSS belongs to all S.S tribes but not Dinka & Nuer. It’s no work done!

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        • 26 July 2015 13:51, by Pure Nationalist

          Nuer Machut! Do you want Uganda to be given share or what? When it comes to sharing, you claim that no single tribe can be given a share but when it comes to war, you cry with jaw breaking sound and wish the whole world including God to fight on your side except when you get armed civilians that you feel like fighting a good war, accept this resolution

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  • 26 July 2015 05:43, by dinkdong

    Whatever bring peace. I don’t care who is the president and who is the vice. I don’t like both Kiir and Riek and I wish they get heart attacks.

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    • 26 July 2015 13:59, by Pure Nationalist

      Correction, I mean to write unarmed civilians and destruction of their properties

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  • 26 July 2015 07:03, by Positive Thinker

    Guys in agreements so complicated like this huge compromises are required. And to my opinion this proposal has brought out that compromise, thus should be accepted and signed by the bloody parties.

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  • 26 July 2015 07:30, by Edema Darius Marcello

    Dear South Sudanese,

    Again IGAD is messing peace pack of South Sudan. Where is federalism, popular call of South Sudanese. Why divide regions to transfer wars to other 7 regions which are already in mute of tensions. I’m seeing little hope or no agreement by August 17 2015.

    Peace pack again required revisiting and popular consultations already. IGAD has learned nothing and forgotten nothing.

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    • 26 July 2015 13:46, by Justin Chicago opiny

      Federalism is the call for the people of south sudan . Where is it in the white paper?.Give to the people what they need and want.When are you people going to learn from your mistakes. Too many roundabouts this will only bring people back to square one from time to time. Also the 7% should be given to the other parties and not to the so called former detainees as they will be restated.

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    • 26 July 2015 19:19, by jubaone

      The 53 and 23% portion for Kiir and Machar groups and vice-versa is in itself "federalism". Except Equatoria now should start the war for its rightful place: neither for jiengs nor for the nyagats. The jienges will now try to entrench themselves in Equatoria something that will ignite a new war. The former detainees are now part of Kiir and should not be given anything. Fedrealism or None.

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  • 26 July 2015 07:40, by Kenyang

    Ethiopian’s latest proposal is still unacceptable. Put it this way, Ethiopian has active multiple armed rebels. Would Ethiopian government and people accept similar proposal if South Sudan were to intermediate?

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  • 26 July 2015 15:06, by Kumbo

    Kenyang you seems to be a fool why do you think Ethiopia can ask South Sudan to mediate in their war? Knowing the fact that South Sudan can’t manage itself how can it manage another country’s affairs.
    South Sudan can’t protect itself but cries always to other countries for help and this is caused by the cattle keeper Kiir who is managing SSD as a cattle camp God save us from this Cowboy

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    • 26 July 2015 17:47, by Kenyang

      Not at all. An insecure, emotional one crying to God would be a fool. You will live to see "NO PEACE" thru such.
      In other word, to help someone solve a problem doesn’t mean the helper got no problem of his own.
      Reality and still on table, South sudan had earlier proposed to intermediate btwn Ethiopia and Eritrea. Ethipia accepted the gesture.

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  • 26 July 2015 16:42, by Hardlinner

    Who would accept this stupid deals. 50 more mps to nuer rebels is unacceptable. Their previous mps can be restated. Also who said all nuer are in opposition side. In addition to that, who said nuer constitute 53% in three states of greater upper nile?. They only deserve 35% in three mensioned states and 10% in federal government. I’m pretty sure IGad is gunning for more wars.

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  • 26 July 2015 16:54, by Hardlinner

    Igad should only focus on restatement of defected leaders not awarding them quotas that don’t much the reality on ground. Where did 33% federal position awardede to the rebel come from?. Ratio of 33% to general nuer population would translate to dinkas taking all the remaining 67% less equal to total dinka population. And that leaves 40% other to nothing.

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  • 26 July 2015 17:12, by Hardlinner

    To dumb IGAD group, here is the ratio of south sudan popultion. Nuer 15%, dinka 40% and other 45%. There is already majority nuer in current government side, that leaves nuer rebels 7% of position allocation at federal government. State level: unity state, nuer on government side plus dinkas constitute 65% leaving rebel with 35%. In jonglei dinka, anuak murle and other constitute 55% leaving.

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  • 26 July 2015 17:23, by Hardlinner

    Cont. 45% minute nuer in government. So say 40% to the rebels. In upper nile, nuer r minority to shilluk, dinka, maban and others. Let say 30% minute nuer in gov., that leaves 15%. So iGAD, where ever u getting your quotas is totally wrong and need to be thoroughly revise. Just like cpa quota agreement in the past btn north and south, the same principle could be use if peace was to be attained.

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