Home | News    Thursday 17 July 2014

South Sudan’s Machar unveils plan to create more states


July 16, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudan’s former vice-president, Riek Machar, who for the past seven months has been leading an armed opposition faction of the ruling SPLM party has unveiled his group’s plan to create more states in implementing a resolution on a federal system of governance in the country.

JPEG - 14.1 kb
The map of South Sudan (File)

The proposal calls for restructuring South Sudan into more administrative units, transforming the former 21 British colonial districts into new states.

Currently South Sudan has 10 states which Khartoum created in 1994 when the two countries were still one.

In a press release issued on Wednesday by the rebel leader’s spokesperson James Gatdet Dak outlining the proposal, the new states boundaries shall remain as they stood in 1956 when Sudan, from which South Sudan broke away in 2011, became independent.

Dak said the proposal is a public document meant for a wider consultation with the stakeholders in the country and abroad.

“Stakeholders and the general public are welcome to discuss or comment on the proposal,” he said.

The opposition leader’s spokesman explained that a resolution was passed by the rebel group in April in Nasir adopting a federal system of governance for the country.

He said creation of more states will also promote development as it will take towns to the people.


In the new states proposal, former Kodok district becomes Fashoda state with its capital in Malakal town while Renk district, combined with Akoka county shall be known as Northern Upper Nile state with capital in Paloich town.

Nasir district and Baliet county become Sobat state with capital in Nasir town and Fangak district as Fangak state with capital in Fangak town, meanwhile Akobo district becomes Akobo state with capital in Waat.

Pibor district becomes Pibor state with its capital in Pibor town and the old Bor district shall become Bor state with Bor as its capital, while Bentiu district remains Unity state with its present capital in Bentiu.

Aweil district is already Northern Bahr el Ghazal state with capital in Aweil town, but Wau district shall be elevated to state with Wau town as its capital.

Former Raga district as Raga state with capital in Raga town and Gogrial district becoming Gogrial state with capital in Gogrial town. Tonj district as Tonj state with capital in Tonj and Rumbek district as Rumbek state with its capital in Rumbek.

Yirol district becomes Yirol state with capital in Yirol town while Yambio district as Yambio state with its capital in Yambio. Maridi district becomes Maridi state with capital in Maridi town.

Yei district elevated to Yei state with its capital in Yei and Juba district, which is currently the seat of the national government, becomes Juba state with Juba as its capital.

Torit district shall be elevated to Torit state with its capital in Torit town while Kapoeta district shall detach and form Kapoeta state with capital in Kapoeta town.

Dak further said the proposal by the leadership of the SPLM [in opposition] also recommended relocation of the national capital from Juba to Ramciel in the centre of the country.

The opposition faction also expressed the desire to restructure and reform all sectors of governance on the basis of a democratic federal constitution.


Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 17 July 2014 00:57, by Ito

    Dr. Riek Machar, you are truly a visionary. You have already laid down what is in the minds of south sudanese. This is what they have been expecting to happen but did not know you have a plan for them. Thank you so much and we will fight for you to become the captain at any cost. This current visionless government is crumbling and soon we will witness its demise.

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 04:07, by Ahmed Chol

      This sounds ok. If implemented, it will not just towns to the people but it will also take power to the people as well.

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 06:48, by Mi diit

        Wow! What a brilliant idea! This should be one of the first protocols in an agreement between the rebels and government. It promotes taking development to the villages. They would now work hard like football teams to develop their own administrative units wholeheartedly. This will accommodate diversity and sustain true peace and stability. APPROVED!

        repondre message

        • 17 July 2014 08:51, by P.K.M

          Are we killing one another now because we don’t have more states or is it because people like Riek want to be president only? If Nuer are given five states the way riek called it for them; is that going to stop nuer crying about discrimination in South Sudan?

          repondre message

          • 17 July 2014 10:39, by Awei-ngok

            P.K.M,You are right,we do not what Nuer were and are still crying for.If those five states were left to them,they will still cry out.If they were looking at Dinka as being the problem then they should not include into Nasir again.They may be poisoning themselves again and continue to make more noise tomorrow!And no way,No federalism nor new States in South Sudan.They are doing ken manh Akaja just.

            repondre message

        • 17 July 2014 09:36, by viper

          it is good that they have been chased to the bush to go and form their governments and restructuring of the country under trees.
          folks, you need not to joke! who the hell are they to restructure the country they stabbed from behind in the time of liberation?

          true liberators will, in the end be the ones to determine the future of this country. not former sold-outs or former militias which some

          repondre message

        • 17 July 2014 11:16, by Makuen Ci Nhomwan

          @ miirdit
          big joke to you and your useless Nyigat called Riek. We have recognized you are trying to mobilize people by creating demned regions and states where u are not foolish rebels.

          repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 07:26, by Force 1

        This is such a ridiculous idea; not having many States is not the problem that caused rebellion and senseless killing but it’s the hungry for power is the cause of the chaos that killed countless of innocent civilians! The problem that’s killing South Sudanese is the need to be president of South Sudan.

        repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 10:43, by Wendemagangdit

        This is pure Ignorance from both SPLMIO and citizens who gree to this kind of "Federalism". States that have adopted Federalism are rich states like USA, Rusia, that have huge money to run these governments. We have no money and if we have any it should be used to build hospitals, schools etc.

        repondre message

        • 17 July 2014 13:17, by Sir King

          - H.E. Riek Machar:
          1. We need 22 states, just we need Aweil divided into two states. Aweil is bigger.

          But thanks for the idea and people like that. We need capital in Ramchiel. Ramchiel Oyeeeeeeee!

          repondre message

        • 18 July 2014 02:50, by Nyesi Ta

          We had the money for the last ten years, did the incompetent president build hospitals, schools, roads, name the rest, other than distributing the money to his relatives abroad to buy houses? We are not going to sign protocols with the stupid president who will eventually not honor it. This gov’t must go. Period!

          repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 13:13, by Sir King


        Fuck to President Kiir Mayardit, we need a flexible leader. Although Riek Machar is bad, we see him better than this thickminded and rigid animal called Kiir Mayardit. Bravo Dr. Riek Machar, capital must be moved to Rumchiel or Yirol states.

        More states are okay to allow chances of government near the people and serve the people closer.

        repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 07:58, by Martin


      I think you have low IQ like Riek. Is Riek rebelled because Kiir refused to create more states. Riek is mad and does not have any reasons. Federalism and more states cannot be done in the bush rather than in the parliament. If federalism and more states are created, Riek still be a loser. The creation of more states will not look like that.

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 08:01, by Augustino

      Riek Machar, your thoughts are time wastage your states are like Dalelama of Tibets in China. stop fighting and table the ideas on the table and you will get more supporters who love peace including Kiir. where will you get people to live in the created states while you are killing them. do not continue fighting but continue calling for talking to make your ideas open for people.

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 08:17, by Simon Puok Nyang Tutjiek

      The so called anti Dr Riek should differentiated their selfishness interest and people, always ideas from Dr. Riek right from Self determination in 1991, Federalism in 2014 and creation of more state now, are desire and interest of the people of South Sudan but Dr. Riek only championed these ideas, we should appreciated and give this champion man a chance enjoy his ideas and transform the Country

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 10:57, by P.K.M

        If riek were a champion of self-determination; how come he were fighting along side Omar Al Bashir who didn’t want South Sudan to go its own way? Who claim to be fighting for South Sudan independent and yet fight alongside those who don’t want South Sudan to have independent? Are you really that highly irrational to buy that inanity? Do you people know the different between idiocy and common sense

        repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 08:52, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Riek Machar stolen the government structuring of more administrations fields, this structuring was planned under president Kiir leadership not Riek Machar.

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 09:07, by Yorwin Otor

      Bravo Dr. Riak Macar. That is the best proposal you have ever put forward in histroy of South Sudan. Many people will buy in in this idea. The only solution to minimzed our problem.

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 10:31, by Son of Ngundeng

      Hello All:
      OH! God and Ngundeng are working togather to free the poor nation through Dr Riak Dhorgon, What the wonderfull idea i never seen in my life since i were born by true Father. We believe this is the man which people of South Sudan looking for him, Now we found him to Free this poor nation in the hand of dictatership of Warrap Sulatanate, development knocking the door to come in right now:

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 11:06, by P.K.M

        Riek lie to the poor whitearmy that Ngongdeng gave them power that a bullet from any gun would never killed them. That gave the whitearmy the courage that allows them to rushed into gunfire and get slaughtered like flies; that was so sad! Now what? the next strategy is many States for Nuer? And some idiots here would believe it?

        repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 10:36, by Wendemagangdit

      This is not federalism then like the SPLMIO sing it. It is decentralisation. Where will they get the money to run this kind of expensive adminstration? The one we have (10 States) is already a burden. I am for Decentralization with one Central Government ( Judiciary, Assembly and Excutive) and Counties (79) headed by Governors and to hell with the State Government/Federalism. Money goes to the 79

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 10:50, by Son of Ngundeng

      Dear All:
      God have answer our pray through Dr Riak Dhorgon, we were been leading by an empty cape which has got only the dreams of wine and alcoholic system, in Home & Way in Juba could not lead this nation to the bright future, but Dr Riak the PHD holder VS an empty cap on the head of Warrap Sultanate could not match, there is a big gape on that. Lead your people to the bright future Dr Riak:

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 11:15, by Gabriel Ajak

      When and where shall the implementation take place?

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 01:29, by Akol Liai Mager

    Creation of even a thousand (1,000) States is not a solution for South Sudan’s current bloodbath, lack of infrastructure/development and widespread desires for leadership. It’s the exit of the two top-SPLM leaders plus free-and-fair Elections with all Generals taking off military uniforms and be civilians if they choose politics over their military careers that will make positive differences.

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 01:36, by Akol Liai Mager

      Description of theft and nepotism as intelligence must go should South Sudanese want to stop more damaging power ambitions. Only MPs should legislate laws and only implemented by the Police, not by an army general or whoever got a gun in his/her possession. Using tribes as means to intimidate others and take up arms must be illegalised and heavily punished through court of law.

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 09:48, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

        Dinkas, under leadership of south Sudan, extracted the public views as their structures of government like.
        Dr. John Garang de Mabior
        Commander Salva Kiir as current president, forced Khartoum regime under president Bashir in 1994 to created 10 states of south Sudan, today Riek Machar stolen the planned of Salva Kiir as his.

        repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 02:13, by Gabriel KK

    I like the idea but we must first stop this genocide and restructuring of the country will be the second thought when we are all at peace. You can dreams big but putting plans into practice is another. Please speed up the peace process and all will be done as per what the citizen think is good to move this country forward.

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 02:19, by wang

    Akol Liai Mager
    Creation of more states is not a about to eliminate all these problems the country are have been/are facing today, but to correct some of those meted out to minorities and whereas every citizens in this country will have chance to tastes the fruits independent of this country by sharing all resources equally. The creation of more states will also resolve the problems of marginalisa

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 02:20, by wang

    The creation of more states will also resolve the problems of marginalisation and would bring faster development.

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 07:37, by Chol A.

      Wang if you are logic than think carefully about such creation of more states by your Dr. Hopeless. Does it resolve current crisis really? What I can assume on his bold minded ideas it will encourage more crisis than we are now within you Nuer leave other tribes even look here in this website you are divided in your comments! Can that united us? You so more stupid than your mother indeed.

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 02:24, by Kim Deng

    This proposal creats too many states. For the State of Upper Nile, it should be divided into just two states. Nasir, Ulang, Baliet, Malakal and all the Shilluk Kingdom should be one state and its capital should be Malakal towm. Maiwut, Longechuk, Puotloch, Renk and all the Duongjol Dinka should be in one state and its capital should be Puotloch.

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 05:07, by Runrach

      Its look like a creation of other war. Giving away Malakal to Shilluk kingdoms is a bigger mistake from Riek leadership.

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 02:28, by Kim Deng

    In Bieh State (Jonglie) it should be divided into two states. Anyuak, Murle and other tribes should have their own state and its capital should be Pibor. Lak, Thiang, Gawaar, Lou Nuer, Luach, Chor, Nyaraweng, Hol, Twic, Bor should have one state and its capital should be Ngundeng City (Mading Bor).

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 04:04, by truth to be told in SS

      Kim Deng.
      Fuck you with that Ngundeng idea. Mading Bor will never be called Ngudeng city read my lips. All nuers shall be group to 2 state only reflection on their 1.5 million population where Dinka with 6 states based on four millions dinkas population

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 06:01, by michael coma

      This is good idea with no border of truth.Yeah,creating of more states can delivered services equally to the citizens if it is not just action of mouth under trees where no one will listen for it.South Sudanese are fede-up for uncooked visionless words of no success.

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 02:33, by Kim Deng

    In Nuer genesis homeland (Bentiu) it must remain one, but these fake names (Unity & Western Uppernil) should be changed into its real name (Liech State).

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 03:06, by Malakal county Simon

      Kim Deng

      The way this proposal has been structured, is the right way forward indeed!!

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 07:08, by michael coma

      Kim Deng
      Bor city will remain Bor rather than stupid idiot name called Ngundeng city.Your mentality is for white army who never gone to class.Stop preaching Nuerism here,South Sudan is not for Nuer nor Dinka.You need to go to school of Discrimination in Germany,brother Kim Deng.

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 05:35, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Guys, I just realize Machar created more states in Nuer areas than other areas. I personally don’t blame him for that since he is always drunk 24/7 to reduce problems. I’m very sorry for him. He’s creating more problems for himself. Who’s going to believe or follow his foolish ideas. He needs to solve exist problem before he can jump into another one. I believe creating more states will not give u

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 07:14, by Mi diit

      Dinka-Defender General,

      You are truly a paper tiger GENERAL defending only Dinka. But you are a liar. Dr Riek is intelligent enough to base the new states on former old districts (no complaint). Look if he wanted to create more states for Nuer, why didn’t he split his home state of Unity into many states, instead of remaining as one old district (state)?

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 09:00, by Monydit


        this is not first time for Riek Machar to be rebel Leader but he fail .so of Creating more state dosnt give him any Vote from people of south sudan in General brother ,riek will died without getting into office president believe in me .Riek is complete finished ,sorry for supporting dead person

        repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 10:54, by Awei-ngok

        Mi diit, when it comes to propaganda fight in the media, you appear smart but you do not go to the battle field to practicalise your claims, why? I thought you would be the first declared dead or wounded since 15th December 2013 but you are still writing on web...you are completely a coward. You guys are known in the diaspora to be the cause and architects of this national crisis. Shame on you!

        repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 05:42, by George Bol

    Nuer, Riek machar will never ever succeed for him being a man who change every now and then.No wonder why he will be arrested very soon because the international community understand him. Kiir must go and to federalism, to creation of many states. I don’t think riek will smell presidency till his death.truth me

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 05:44, by Dinka-Defender-General

    I believe more states mean more corruptions and looting citizens’ money. Marchar is trying to fool people with more states so he will have a chance to win election. Machar, your career in politic is done. Please don’t bother yourself with more problems you cannot handle. Just go to Leer and wait for trial.

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 06:35, by Robot

    Sounds good idea, but mockingly why didin’t do it during your dilly-dallying government when u were the second man in the top job???, South Sudanese needs peace before any initiative.

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 07:32, by Mi diit

      I believe you didn’t use to follow the news when Dr Machar was vice president. Even though I live thousands of miles away from South Sudan, I used to read news stories on this very website in which Dr Machar advocated for more counties and states, but the cowboy Kiir Kuethpiny refused and hid such files of Machar’s recommendations in his office.

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 08:13, by Wicdail

      Robot and likes,
      You would never thinks like human. Because, you are just a brainless piece of metal; what government are you talking about? What was the root cause of these current crises? What was it not because Dr. Rick was accused by the Stupid president (Kirr) and his circle of running a parallel government when he was trying to engineered big ideas? Dr. Rick had tried his best to create—

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 08:19, by Wicdail

        Better South Sudan and bring change for a better living for the people of RSS. But the Stupid Kirr could listen until when Rick decided to challenge him on the top seat, which led to his dismissal? Can you see the differences now?

        Midiit, it’s about jealousy, tribalism, corruptions, and ignorance etc. that could allow these fools to see the goodness of Dr. Rick and his team.

        repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 07:56, by BM Bol

    1. Akobo
    2. Bor
    3. Raga
    4. Wau
    5. Gogrial
    6. Yei
    7. Maridi
    8. Torit
    9. Kapoeta
    10. Pibor
    11. Fangak
    12. Tonj
    13. Yambio
    14. Juba
    15. Yirol
    16. Rumbek
    17. Unity state
    18. Fashoda
    19. Soba
    20. Northern Upper Nile
    21. Northern Bahr el Ghazal state

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 10:27, by Wendemagangdit

      This is not federalism then like the SPLMIO sing it. It is decentralisation. Where will they get the money to run this kind of expensive adminstration? The one we have (10 States) is already a burden. I am for Decentralization with one Central Government ( Judiciary, Assembly and Excutive) and Counties (79) headed by Governors and to hell with the State Government/Federalism. Money goes to the 79

      repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 11:14, by Eastern

      A very bright idea with Ramciel (I guess in Yirol state) as the Federal capital. This is the way to go!!

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 08:02, by Angelo Achuil

    I have a question, Is the real problem in this country about the number of Bomas, Payams, counties, and states or the people leading us? Our hope before 2011 was that if only we get ourselves a new country, we will be ok, but now look at what we are doing with our new country!!! And now, another cycle of new Payams, new counties, new states -what’s the end of this? Tell me about it.

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 08:39, by Eastern

    Great ideas come from great leaders. Long live Dr. Riek Machar, long live South Sudan.

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 09:11, by Panda Odhie

      Dears Look at Riek tactics,he want to create confusion in the other states excluding his own state,why he didn’t divided his own state into states? do he mean if state are demanded nobody will claim in unity state to have their own state.Wrong politics ,Unity state is the first to have five division itself. nobody want that.

      repondre message

      • 17 July 2014 09:18, by Panda Odhie

        Creating more state is not the current problem,this idea is supported by hopeless people like him,so do Riek mean Bentiu is the only state united who doesn’t want division? Riek your idea will not ever help you to buy you support only your hopeless group who are just supporting without calculation are the one again will parted with you.

        repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 10:47, by Awei-ngok

    Riek Machar is now proving to the West that he is completely foolish, and his PhD is meaningless in the eyes of local and international Academics. The British government should regret their financial support rendered to Riek to study in UK. It was all wastage! Even the UK which is where he studied from is not divided like that. Budgets! Budgets! Where??? What a dead brain the man possesses!

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 12:12, by Makuer Marou Manok

    Riek is a foolish mad man. look at the mad procedures he is taking. he was not running away from Juba because of federal system or because of few states, he ran because of power greedy. Dak and his fool leader Riek must to stand with their objectives. they have no objectives, when I think about their objectives I find out that they ran away because of food. their rebellion is an aimless rebellion

    repondre message

    • 17 July 2014 13:37, by Panda Odhie

      very abstain minded person i have never meet in life,if well educated behave like Riek yajama big education is a useless,you fools you are just barking for nothing i don’t thing who will coorperate with in this idea,hopeless Riek.

      repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 14:14, by SPLA

    Madi people missed out, we need a state with its city in Nimule. If not , then no support from Madi people.

    repondre message

  • 17 July 2014 17:36, by thomas

    I can’t think of any reason to divide Central Equatoria. We seem to get along fine with no problems. We could change the name of course, or create more counties. I heard that that process has already been set in motion by Governor Clement Wani. Does anyone know what the new counties will be?

    repondre message

    • 18 July 2014 09:02, by Gangura

      The idea of crenting more states is real what we want and for sure with federalism system need each service to rech the ordinaly people who was not getting the money of this country before, look at Lebiya what Gadaffi did was vry nice whereby each Libeyain was getting money of the oil.

      repondre message

Comment on this article

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.

Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis

Implications of al-Bashir’s regime dismantling 2019-12-12 21:08:55 By Alhadi A. Khalifa The enactment of the law of dismantling the regime of Omar Albashir on 28 November 2019 represents a turning point in the march of the Sudanese revolution given its (...)

Security Arrangements in Sudan: Achilles heels of peace and democratic transformation 2019-12-10 05:47:59 By Elwathig Kameir This article is intended to act as an eye-opener for all the Sudanese political forces. It aims to shed light on the huge challenges that will be faced by the December (...)

Egypt final push to secure zero-sum water-share agreement 2019-12-09 14:11:32 By Ermias Hailu After Egypt’s failure to integrate Eritrea to its territories by the end of the second world war, due to Emperor Haile Selassie’s superior diplomatic skills, the then Egyptian Pan- (...)


Latest Press Releases

S. Korea supports UN communities building resilience project in Sudan’s Blue Nile 2019-09-09 09:26:41 UNDP Sudan September 5, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - An agreement was signed on 5th of September between the Korean Ambassador, His Excellency. Lee Ki-Seong and Dr. Selva Ramachandran, Resident (...)

Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders back calls for civil rule 2019-04-26 10:22:06 Press statement by 55 Sudanese lawyers and Human rights defenders on Sudan Sit-in and Peaceful Protest Khartoum -24/04/2019 We, the undersigned (55) Sudanese lawyers and human rights defenders, (...)

South Sudan’s Lafon youth condemn killings of civilians by Pari community 2019-04-03 21:54:29 Press Statement on the Fighting between Pari/ Pacidi and Lotuko/Lokiri on 24/3/2019 Release by The Lafon County Youth Union: We, the Lafon County Youth Union hereby condemn the atrocities and (...)


Copyright © 2003-2019 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.