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S. Sudan rivals fail to agree on declaration principles for peace talks


March, 8, 2014 (JUBA) - South Sudanese rivals failed to reach consensus on the declaration of principle, which would be the basis of the ongoing negotiations, with the government delegation blaming its rebels and mediators over the deadlock.

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The South Sudan government’s chief negotiator, Nhial Deng Nhial, speaks during the resumption of peace talks in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 11 February 2014 (Photo: Reuters/Tiksa Negeri)

Nhial Deng Nhial, the leader of Juba’s negotiating team told Sudan Tribune on Saturday that his delegation went to the venue of the talks with full authority and open minds ready to bring peace to the country in the interest of both the government and its people.

“We went to the talks when we left Juba with opened minds and hearts to the venue of negotiations. We had the full authority of the president to bring peace because this is what our people want. We were therefore doing everything within our capacity and power to negotiate the way forward. But as you know, an aggrieved party always comes out with what it wants to be addressed, our delegation was hoping to receive from the other side issues they wanted to be discussed and then respond based on what we know as the government," Nhial said.

"We wanted to hear from them the cause of what threw the country into crisis because they are the aggrieved party but that did not happen," he added.

He could not, however, elaborate on what delayed caused the delays, although the country’s information minister Michael Makuei last week blamed the mediators for failing to present them with the proposal to be discussed by both warring parties.

Nhial attributed the failure to signing declaration of principles, which would form the basis of negotiation to a proposal by the mediators seeking inclusion of the seven former officials from the ruling party (SPLM) who were arrested last year for involvement in an alleged coup in the capital, Juba.

The seven were later released and are now being hosted by the Kenyan government.

“Talks have been adjourned for two weeks to allow the two sides go for consultation. They will resume on 20th march. We were expecting in the first round to agree on the framework and the agenda of the negotiation but that did not happen because of the issue of the seven officials the mediators wanted to participate in the talks as a third block. You know I came back here for consultation with our leadership and leaders from other political parties to gather views about the proposal of the mediators to include these officials," said Nhial.

"The outcome of these consultations was that talks should be between the two parties. We returned to Addis [Ababa] and gave the views we collected from these consultations in draft position paper to the mediators, who brought it up in the last meeting but the other side rejected it," he added.


The other contentious issue, South Sudan’s lead negotiator said, was the signing of a permanent ceasefire agreement between the two warring parties. He instead accused members of the opposition forces of protesting against the mediator’s inclusion of some areas within the joint verification and monitoring mechanism.

The lead negotiator, however, said no nation can prosper without embracing harmony.

“It is very important to note that no nation thrives on victory of factions, but through ultimate reconciliation, which is what comrade president had initiated. He is committed to ending this conflict," he said, adding that now was the moment to turn difficult times into opportunities instead of the current hype in ethnic inclination that seek to promote cleavages that are self-destructive.

The lead negotiator added that freedom brought by liberation struggle defined the type of system of governance they want.


“It is one of our values in the SPLM to thrive on a triple foundation of liberty, justice and common decency. That is why it is said that democracy is rather a contest of ideas and reasons and not a contest for survival where politicians take it out violently among themselves in the name of democracy. Only liberty, justice and common decency are true elements of democracy," Nhial said.

He advised South Sudanese to desist from violence in the name of freedom that comes with democracy.

"I believe this situation is not beyond redemption and so, should not be allowed to set the national agenda of reconsideration of our unity and nationhood," he stressed.


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  • 9 March 2014 09:01, by Wicdail

    It’s beyond redemption unless Kirr step down. Telling useless stories with the intention for Kirr to remain as president, is a mockery and will never work.

    repondre message

  • 9 March 2014 09:06, by Malou Manyiel

    Nhial Deng,
    You are open minded person, and I like your statement that, freedom brought by liberation struggle defined the type of system of governance they want. If indeed the system of governance that people of South Sudan wants was given a chance by the leadership, we won’t have reached in the middle of crisis where we are now.

    repondre message

    • 9 March 2014 09:30, by Bentiu son

      Hon Nhial Deng Nhial,you should quit from bloodily regime of Salva Kiir for your own legacy to survival otherwise the rotted System of Kiir Mayardit will certainly destroy your credits, political career n legacy.Remember,thousands of Nuer warriors died in Khartoum when Sadig El Mahdi Sectarian regime murdered your dad William Deng Nhial in 1964.Hence, Salva Kiir must resign for peaceful RSS

      repondre message

  • 9 March 2014 14:36, by Mapuor

    This war was started by Riek Macar and his supporters.2015 has not yet come and yet Mr RIEK openly accused Mr President of being corrupt and wanted to dethrone him prematurely.Power remained in greater Upper Nile for 21 years amid the same crises that are happening,it must do the same sequentially in greater Bhar El Gazal and Equatoria
    come what may.Anyone who dislike this fairness must go.

    repondre message

    • 9 March 2014 14:37, by Mapuor

      There is virtually no solution to the current war.It must be fought till forces of evil are defeated.Its a war between permittivity and modernity.Nuers want to be promoted all to the rank of general,both illiterate and literate,this thing is utterly repugnant in a modern army.No solution guys,this war is a necessity and a positive step towards building a modern state.Its like American civil

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      • 9 March 2014 14:42, by Mapuor

        cont....war.Kiir will rule for life.Alot of things were tried in order to have peace in South Sudan but to no avail;Nuer illiterates were allowed to have high military ranks but still no peace;Nuer chiefs were given the highest salaries in the country but still no peace;one third of ministerial positions were given to Neurs and yet no peace.War must continue till final victory.Kiir Oyeee

        repondre message

      • 9 March 2014 14:49, by Mapuor

        I mean,its a war between primitivity and modernity

        repondre message

        • 9 March 2014 18:35, by jijury

          Mapuor, if you think your ugly, coward, illiterate, uncivilized baboon Salva will lead South Sudan for life then you need to seek a doctor immediately. Nuer are not fools they will not allow that idiot from Bahr al Gazal to sell the country. Believe it or not we get him out by forces whether any other idiots from Bahr Al Gazal like it or not. Ngungdeng Oyee Dr. Riek Oyee Viva South Sudan.

          repondre message

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