Home | News    Tuesday 17 September 2013

US in a tough spot as Sudan’s president seeks visa to attend UNGA meetings

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September 16, 2013 (WASHINGTON) – The United States has confirmed that it has received a visa application from Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir who is seeking entry to attend the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) meetings taking place this month at UN headquarters in New York.

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FILE - Sudanese president Omer Hassan al-Bashir addresses the general debate of the sixty-first session of the General Assembly, at UN Headquarters in New York September 19, 2006 (UN Photo/Marco Castro)

This month, Sudan state media reported that foreign minister Ali Karti will lead the country’s delegation to UNGA sessions this year and it is not clear what prompted Bashir’s last minute decision to participate which would be his first time since 2006.

Bashir was charged by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in 2009 and 2010 on ten counts of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide in connection with the decade-long conflict in Sudan’s western region of Darfur.

The US is the only country in the world to label the conflict in Darfur as genocide during the administration of George W. Bush in 2004.

But as a host of the UN headquarters, the US is legally obligated to promptly grant visas to officials seeking to take part in activities of the world body.

In 1988 however, the US refused to grant the late head of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) Yasser Arafat a visa to address the United Nations during a special session on the Middle East drawing strong criticism from Arab and European nations alike. This forced the UN to move the meeting to the UN headquarters in Geneva.

At the time the Washington justified its refusal by saying that the Congress conditioned the entry of the US into the UN headquarters Agreement on the retention by the US government of the authority to bar the entry of aliens associated with or invited by the United Nations "in order to safeguard its own security".

The Palestinian leader at the time stood accused by the US of terrorism.

The terrorism charge has not prevented the US from granting visa to controversial ex-Iranian leader Mahmoud Ahmedinejad whose country along with Sudan is on the US list of states that sponsor terrorism.

In August 2011, the US president Barack Obama issued a proclamation denying visas to individuals deemed to participate "in serious human rights and humanitarian law violations and other abuses".

This includes "any alien who planned, ordered, assisted, aided and abetted, committed or otherwise participated in, including through command responsibility, war crimes, crimes against humanity or other serious violations of human rights, or who attempted or conspired to do so".

Designating individuals on this list is the responsibility of the US Secretary of State in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the proclamation reads.

However it clearly states that "nothing in this proclamation shall be construed to derogate from United States Government obligations under applicable international agreements". The UN headquarters agreement would fall under this category.

The US is also not a signatory to the ICC’s Rome Statute and according to the 2002 law passed by US congress, Washington is prohibited from cooperating with the Hague-based court in any aspect including the extradition of suspects.

In the past the US has criticised countries like China for receiving Bashir and last June Larry André, Director of the Office of the Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan at the US State Department told US lawmakers that the Obama administration is working to press countries to refrain from receiving with Sudanese official wanted by the ICC.

"We just recently communicated to quite a number of our embassies where we think that some of those indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) may travel; language for them to use with the government, their host government to make certain that it is well understood our opposition to that travel. We continue to have a policy of not meeting or conducting business with those individuals who have been indicted" he said.

‘PRESENT YOURSELF TO THE ICC FIRST’

The US State Department confirmed Bashir’s visa application but declined to say whether they will issue him one and instead rebuked his desire to travel to New York.

"We condemn any potential effort by President Bashir to travel to New York, given that he stands accused of genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court. We would say that before presenting himself to UN headquarters, President Bashir should present himself to the ICC in The Hague to answer for the crimes of which he’s been accused," the State Department’s Marie Harf told reporters.

When asked about the US potential decision, Harf said she cannot discuss specific details of individual visa cases.

"I don’t want to get ahead of where we are here. I don’t want to make a prediction," she added.

The US ambassador to the UN Samantha Power also decried reports of Bashir’s travel to the UN.

"Such a trip would be deplorable, cynical and hugely inappropriate. We would suggest that given that he is under those chargers, and that the ICC has indicted him, again, on genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity charges that it would be more appropriate for him to present himself to the ICC and travel to The Hague," Power said.

The Sudanese president trip to the US will have to be carefully planned to avoid flying through countries that are ICC members which would effectively cover most of Europe.

Since his indictment, Bashir has seen his travel difficulties mount even to non-ICC members.

In July, Bashir’s reportedly “fled” Nigeria where he was scheduled to take part in a regional summit over a case filed in a local court by the Nigeria Coalition on the International Criminal Court (NCICC) to compel the government to arrest him.

Last month, Saudi Arabia barred his plane from crossing its airspace en route to Iran but Riyadh denied that the decision was politically motivated.

A similar situation occurred in June 2011 when Turkmenistan and Tajikistan refused to give permission to Bashir’s plane to enter their airspace in order to reach China where he was to start a state visit. As a result he was forced to return to Tehran where he was attending a summit there and decide on a new route to reach Beijing.

(ST)

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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 17 September 2013 07:44, by South South

    Fine, give him a visa to enter USA then arrest him while he is there.

    repondre message

    • 17 September 2013 07:58, by Chol A.

      Ya Bashir your asss is now burning please try to give up yourself to ICC and these answering these charge than walk free if you think that you not guilty rather than locking yourself up!. How will you be on run? these chargers will not go away even your griave can still being changer at less try to be clean now!

      repondre message

      • 17 September 2013 08:16, by Mapuor

        We also need ICC to look at South Sudan and punish those who murdered innocent Dinkas in 1987 at El Dheine and in 1991.Those culprits should just be charged of command responsibility.Come on,don’t we deserve justice as those of Dar Fur.Those innocent civilians who were crushed by Saladin Armour vehicles,Ferrets,T55 Antonov bombers and swords also need justice.

        repondre message

  • 17 September 2013 08:08, by dude

    why is Bashir still making so much noise?

    repondre message

  • 17 September 2013 10:23, by Kalo

    Hahaha,funny,is time has now come to surrender to ICC,go ahead to hell or committed suicide,
    The son of Nuba

    repondre message

  • 17 September 2013 10:33, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    Let him move freely.

    repondre message

    • 17 September 2013 16:27, by Peacocktail

      South Sudan should have arrested Al Bashir in the first place. leaving him roaming is not healthy for innocense Sudanese in Nuba Mts, Darfur and Blue Nile.
      Bashir and his gangs must surrender, I can’t wait to see them in ICC.
      Free Sudan oyeee, SRF oyeee

      repondre message

      • 17 September 2013 16:57, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

        Peacecoctail
        Bashir can move freely, gonncide is not big deal,

        repondre message

  • 17 September 2013 16:57, by mogokafi

    It will be a huge mistake if US government grants Bachir visa to enter the conutry. I personally will organize protest against that.

    repondre message

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