Home | News    Wednesday 8 August 2012

S. Sudan, AU panel suffered "extreme" pressure to reach deal, Pagan


August 7, 2012 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s negotiating team and the African Union mediators were subjected "extreme" pressures from the international community to reach clinch a deal on oil, Pagan Amum, the country’s lead negotiator told journalists on Tuesday.

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Chief mediator Thabo Mbeki (L) and Pagan Amum (R) walk out of a closed-door session of talks in Juba, South Sudan on May 21, 2012. (Getty)

Amum, while addressing journalist, however said, the pressure was mainly aimed at forcing them to "give away" the resources of South Sudan, under the guise of pursuing their own interest.

"It is true that the Government of South Sudan and the negotiating team, including myself personally as a chief negotiator were subjected to extreme pressure from the Americans, British, the Norwegians…and they were forcing us to give away the resources of South Sudan," he said.

He further accused the international community of siding with Khartoum against South Sudan, on issues of oil, wealth sharing and border demarcation, contrary to international principles of neutrality.

"They were telling us…if Khartoum is taking your oil, let them take it. Continue to pump the oil. [But] When we told them the people of South Sudan have the right to own their resources and if Khartoum is taking their oil, then we will stop the flow, they said no, no", Amum said, adding that those who were pushing South Sudan had their own agenda to pursue.

Both Sudan and South Sudan on 3 March agreed on oil transportation fees, after a compromise proposed by the mediation, ending month of negotiations between the two parties following South Sudan’s decision to shut down its oil production early this year.

Oil revenues, prior to the shutdown, accounted for nearly 98 percent of South Sudan’s annual budget, while Sudan lost 75 percent of revenues from oil after the South Sudan split from it in July last year.


Meanwhile, Global Witness on Monday welcomed the announcement of an oil deal reached by Sudan and South Sudan, but stressed the need for the final text to ensure transparent implementation.

"Agreement on the basics of an oil deal is great progress", said Dana Wilkins, a Global Witness campaigner.

"However, the devil is in the detail, and the long-term success of this agreement will depend on how it is implemented and monitored", she added.

According to Global Witness, the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), which ended the last civil war, was partly based on a deal to split southern oil revenues 50:50 between the two governments.

The agreement, it added, reportedly contained no safeguards to ensure transparency or independent verification in its implementation, thus creating mistrust and concerns over cheating, which repeatedly threatened the fragile peace.

The publication of the text of the agreement, it argued, would build trust and provide a sustained incentive for peace between the two countries, adding that the final oil deal must guarantee total transparency in its implementation, taking into account the following;

  • • Regular and timely records of the volume of South Sudanese oil transiting Sudan’s processing facilities, pipeline, and marine terminals.
  • • All payments made and received by either government on the basis of the deal.
  • • Any discrepancies in the records and any concerns raised by the Monitoring Team.


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  • 8 August 2012 08:33, by Dinkawarrior

    We South Sudanese are watching very closely for who is going to saved and service to this Nation.
    He/she must be free and clean from Corruption, Tribalism, Nepotism, Negligence, Greediness, and Bloodbath.
    Louis Lobong for Presidential Candidate 2015!!
    My short list are Rizik Zackaria, Taban Deng Gai, Joseph Bakosoro, Maker Thiong Maal, and more!
    Dinkawarrior is responsible for this AD!

    repondre message

    • 8 August 2012 09:25, by lukee

      plze be inform the guys u have mention here r going out bef4 that election in their Gov’rs seat now bf4 ur claim now, lets wait f4 the coming reshuffling man. Idiot sorri to see u commenting like that today, that mean u r a man without vision in yr life.

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      • 8 August 2012 12:28, by Robot

        This world is governed by Mafias, where in the world will we survive if we are not hard.... Kiir tried by telling UN and AU not to command him but later bend to their demand, i quote Museveni "WORLD LOVE STRONG PEOPLE, SO YOU MUST BE STRONG", Who has mentioned the clear support of the Arab to destabilize South??, if we keep strong the oil is ours, if we are not happy then how will it flow..

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      • 9 August 2012 13:50, by Mike Mike

        Comrade Pagan, I dont think that International world leaders has right to forced you in something that will harm our country later and you accepted it.The message you elaborated to press staff has more eras b,coz USA, British and N-way cant attempt to mislead SS and sided with Khartoum no matter arab try to give them what they never seen in their life time.

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    • 9 August 2012 17:39, by Ruach

      Dinka Worry!Those guyz you mentioned will serve your interests only.Folks.What do u think of konkoch?Konkonch is the submission of your mind and of course generates humiliations as seen from this fake deal!Machar can’t do anything else than crying as the man is surrounded by big bellies that may even swallow him!!Deaths to them!

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  • 8 August 2012 08:36, by Deng Thiak Adut

    very silly, why signing a document which is induced by violent or duress? You should have walked away and we still have time to consider your position in South Sudan. We can forgive you if you refused to sign this "sham document". Consult public about this deal and see we accept it or not?

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    • 8 August 2012 08:45, by Kaang

      Deng Thiak Adut,
      Don’t enjoy refuge of dollars in Australia and ignorance the extreme poor situation your colleague southerners are facing back in Southsudan.
      The agreement to open oil flow is based on the poor state of our people who depend much on oil. Negotiation were not meant to score political goals as you expected not negotiation skills. It was meant to save lives. Stop nonsensical blam

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      • 8 August 2012 09:00, by Deng Thiak Adut

        Poor Kaang,
        I am not enjoying refuge dollars in Australia. So whatever your insults are, there is no coherences in them. You have divorced your mind from the real topic just to scores points. Well, I have contributed so much to South Sudan just like yourself. The issue of oil is something deeper and it does required quick fix, whatever that might mean.

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        • 8 August 2012 09:06, by Deng Thiak Adut

          Kaang, If you think that the decision is right one, can you tell me, in last 5 years, what types of military hardware’s did RSS purchased? The deal in my view will enhances Bashire in arming himself to the teeth and my friend, you rather not fatten this devil. In 8 months time, Darfur and Southern Kordofan shall be corpses with this deal in place. So stop turning your eyes away from reality.

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          • 8 August 2012 11:19, by Mading Makuac

            Dear Kaang and Thiak,
            Don’t exchange words against each other brothers.The problem
            is Pagan himself who forced Southerners to shut down the
            pipe and is now rushing to give oil to Arabs.Pagan
            talked like someone who is bribed.

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          • 8 August 2012 19:24, by Mapuor

            Deng thiakadut
            South Sudan is depleting its reserves in december 2012,half of its population is food insecure,no nyam,haa who needs money most?of course both Sudans,but we need oil money most becoz we dont have established taxation system,nepotism is another problem,hooooo,my friend its terrible.

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    • 8 August 2012 08:50, by Dinkawarrior

      You have been pressure to give away your belonging while nobody care about the lives of your people!
      What about Abyei issue and border demarcation? Very sad news indeed.
      Stop chasing widows and alcoholic in Juba and start saving your people! God have mercy on us!!

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    • 8 August 2012 12:25, by Tutbol

      This agreement is not written on stone. It can be abrogated as N.sudan have in a number of occasions refused to honour the signed documents. the broke british were after where they can get cheap bucks and got it for now. The document the way i saw isnot sign yet. No initials! The paper appears to have been writen by a UK lawyer than the parties SPLM or NCP so let wait and see the implementations.

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  • 8 August 2012 08:40, by Akol Liai Mager

    One fact is that Thabo Bekhi is not a neutral mediator because of conflict of interest. This conflict of interest is significant in his business association with Khartoum’s based NIF regime and his belonging to ANC’ Old gerneration that was brainwashed by the former Egyptian President Nasir, King Faisal of Saudi Arabia and Yasir Arrafat of PLO. The Nasir’s, Faisal & Arrafat ANC runned...

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    • 8 August 2012 08:48, by Akol Liai Mager

      The Old ANC leadership influenced by the 3 Arab leaders in 1960s stood agaisnt the formation of SPLM/A and that was the reason why Nelson Mandela hated John Garang. Mandela used to say to Garang "Why are you fighting the friends" meaning Arabs? mr Thabo is a bad mediator who is doing his best to pay a kick back to his Arab friends using South Sudanese resources.

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    • 8 August 2012 12:40, by Tutbol

      Mbeki just want a peace price, a tag always given by west to a deferential third world national who tows the west demands and considers himself/herself to know nothing, when the west closed doors .analysis of him/her, remains fools. Mbeki fits the bill.

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  • 8 August 2012 08:47, by BM Bol

    I always thought of you as a very clear minded person. You should have clearly resigned if you know this agreement was wrong. The current leadership has turned South Sudan into international laughing stock. I am so ashamed to be a South Sudanese.

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    • 8 August 2012 09:01, by Dinkawarrior

      I already told you this Mbeki is a moneymouth man, he doesn’t care about the right of other people. Actually, he still has slavery mind of begging. I am sure he will be sorry for himself. God know this and I know it!

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    • 8 August 2012 13:03, by Tutbol

      Hey guys! Why do think there still remains 5 permenant members at the UN security council over 60 years after it formation and still doesn’t want reform to include others? POWER. If they allow in more members, then they will loose control of countries in Africa or latin america or the asia. Our leaders have blindly lean on the US, failed to Understand the policies of the people.

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  • 8 August 2012 09:12, by Chol A.

    Pagan, you and your team had already mistaken to sign oil agreement but whom are blaming now? what is the point of shuting down oil before? are you sure Khartoum it now clear in not diverting some barrels to where you never know as before? please do not fool us and beat your thigh while you know your mistake.

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    • 9 August 2012 05:22, by Stephen kuach

      This is such kind of made up lies by the governing party SPLM that they were being force to sign the oil deal,no country should do that to any country unless South Sudan is being run by the western world countries,the truth is;Pagan felt shameful to himself by accepting the wrong deal.during the civil war,SS civilians had suffered so much without help from none of these countries that he just mtn.

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      • 9 August 2012 05:29, by Stephen kuach

        Really!are we suppose to feed the hungry lion and later on turn it’s attention to whoever is feeding him then come and devour us in the South?Sudan is known as state which sponsor terrorists around the world,but do the western world still side with them while they’re massacring their own civilians in Darfur,Blue Nile and Nuba Mountian,that’s crazy.

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  • 8 August 2012 09:35, by Anti Terror Anti

    No time 4 more lame accuses, whatever u have done in Addis is already documented....Its time correct the next mistake and be keenly watch and monitoring those thugs of Bhashire. Don’t b so much worry comrad Pagam, your team was reli trying the best it could for the last 1 years. we knw very wel what international communities are after including America, Britian, Norway just to mention fews

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    • 8 August 2012 09:49, by Kurnyel

      That is a great liar Pagan Amum never suffered from external pressure rather than saying that the SPLM decided to make a deal because you Pagan wanted to smear off the stolen money which you are expected to have at last 1.2 billion in your family account in Australia Melbourne where your daughter build a cinema at her home driving bullet proof car and warring 4 pairs type of shoes every week .

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  • 8 August 2012 10:10, by homeboy

    Pagan might be a hardend rebel but still a political novice.Khartoum oppressive vulnerable regime serves their masters best they bark loud but they fetch the ball every time the west throw it,

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  • 8 August 2012 12:06, by Ahmado

    Today the problem south sudan facing isn’t that south sudan is poor.is only ignorences of leaders who claim to be highly educated in corruption fail to manage the country resources and we are watching them very carefully does why America disceive them to give 3 billion to Khartoum and they accept because to they ignorence.

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  • 8 August 2012 12:35, by Sudani+

    1- you are liar and not a trustworthy person
    2- The int community are not siding with KRT, but they realized that SS gov has corrupt leaders with not vision and do not care about the SS ppl
    3- further, ss is collapsing and they want to rescue your SPLM gov;
    4- first, let us see the details of the deal
    5- I smell something form these statements "it is an early sign of dishonoring & betrayal"

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  • 8 August 2012 18:57, by never

    what the hell going on with Pagan. did he lead the team to negotiation to determint a situation of AU. mr.pagan do what is right for the country not what going on with AU.

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  • 8 August 2012 19:18, by Mapuor

    Dear Pagan
    Those are not good remarks,may be you dont quite remember the role played by USA,GB,AND Norway in reaching the CPA.Its indeed embarrassing for a person whose name entered the first pages of South Sudan history to behave this way.Anyways,your true colors are now being known.You proved to be what Lual Deng and Akuen described

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  • 9 August 2012 01:23, by panom lualbil

    Be careful and watchful though, maybe this an agreeement will be soon or later interupted by khartoum itself no matter it was signed. Khartoum needed more or we wont get rich of oils. They might had decided to get rid of mediators but would steal it like b4. In fact, they have trouble with Darfur’s rebels whom Mr. President lied that we used to help them.

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  • 9 August 2012 04:58, by Nguetbuny de Luelpiny

    As I am southern Sudan citizen, I do not agree for any deal with Khartoum. Those countries pressuring south are Arab business partners and they wanted to loots south oil through North. Accepting via North again will be too foolish for south Sudanese people to accept. Watches Evil pressures alway.
    Never accept any deal!
    Never accept ant deal!
    Never accept any deal!
    Never deal with Arab North!

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  • 9 August 2012 08:42, by Patriotic-Michael

    It is foolishness to enter into a deal with Arabs not mentioning the Sudan’s fake Arabs.Whoever push S.Sudan to enter into agreement with Khartoum,his days are numbered and he is soon loosing his sit.

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  • 9 August 2012 12:47, by 4Justice

    Understanding the Delphi Technique
    It is a manipulative method used by Governments and Organizations to cause a’pre-selected outcome’at a meeting. Delphi Technique is an unethical method of achieving consensus on controversial topics. It requires well-trained professionals, known as "facilitators" or "change agents," who deliberately escalate tension among group members,

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    • 9 August 2012 12:48, by 4Justice

      pitting one faction against another to make a preordained viewpoint appear "sensible," while making opposing views appear ridiculous.

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  • 16 July 2013 04:44, by asicsning

    Why not relax credit controls? mbt shoes uk This is a simple truth, mbt shoes inflation has not been fundamentally suppressed in the case,

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