Home | News    Tuesday 1 February 2011

SPLM says Abyei cannot be left as part of the north


January 31, 2011 (JUBA) – An official from south Sudan’s ruling party said Monday that there is “no way” the disputed border region of Abyei could be left as part of north Sudan. Bol Makueng, described citizens of Abyei as part of the South and that there was no reason to leave them as part of the north under any circumstances.

Sudan’s south is due to separate from the north after successfully completing a self determination referendum. After decades of war, the south was granted the right to secede in a 2005 peace deal between former southern rebels the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) and Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP).

A parallel referendum was due to be held in Abyei, to decide the future of the fertile oil-producing region. However, the vote did not take place as the SPLM refused to accept the NCP’s demand that the Misseriya tribe, who enter the region to graze their cattle for a few months of the year, be allowed to vote.

The SPLM maintain that the Dinka Ngok tribe are native to the area and are the only group who should be allowed to vote in the Abyei referendum. The Dinka Ngoka are a branch of southern Sudan’s largest ethnic group, the Dinka, and largely identify themselves as southerners despite Abyei physically being in northern Sudan.

Under the Abyei Protocol of the 2005 peace agreement, gave the region the opportunity to annex itself to the south from where it was transferred from South Kordofan state in 1905 by British administrators.

Makueng told Sudan Tribune: "Liberation is won. The citizens of Abyei are pure south Sudanese by identity. There is no question about that. They are part and parcel of south Sudan and the liberation struggle. They went to the war twice with the people of south Sudan because of Abyei. So, there is no way we can leave behind [Abyei] in the north comes what may."

While in Abyei January, Sudan Tribune observed that many people were heavily armed. Some villages are largely deserted due to conflict. In the run up to south’s referendum on January 9, armed Misseriya clashed with Abyei security forces, resulted in over 30 deaths. The conflict was triggered, according to some Misseriya leaders, because they had heard that the region was planning on conducting a unilateral referendum to enable it join what will be a newly-independent south Sudan.

"There are no civilians in this area," said John Ajang, the acting secretary general of Abyei’s local government, refering to Tajalei, near the border with South Kordofan, in an interview with Sudan Tribune on 15 January.

He accused the Missiriyia of creating road blocks and attacking buses travelling from the north to the south carrying internally displaced persons.

"Commercial trucks with good and vehicles carrying our internally displaced persons coming home through Misseriya areas are routinely sprayed with gunfire. Several passengers have been killed. Roads are closed," said Ajang.

United Nations officials in Abyei who did not want to be named, as they had not been authorized to speak to the media, on Sunday described the security situation to be relatively calm.

One UN official told Sudan Tribune: "At the movement, the security situation is relatively come. The new Joint Integrated Units from Wau are moving into the area. There have been no immediate security concerns during the last two weeks at the border areas." Joint Integrated Units, established after the peace deal, consist of both the southern army (SPLA) and the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) controlled by Khartoum.

The UN official said that they have reports from a patrol force that a large crowd of armed men with assault rifles, rocket-propelled grenades and machetes, amassed north of Abyei town in Difra on Friday. But he said the patrol were not permitted to meet the group.

Talks over the emotionally charged future of the border region have failed to establish a commission to run the Abyei referendum and neither party appears willing to change their position on who can vote. Many in Abyei fears that the referendum in the region will not take place.

Analysts say that conflict in the region could trigger renewed hostilities between the north and south if the status of Abyei and the rights of the Misseriya to enter the region are agreed at a local and national politcal level.


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  • 1 February 2011 05:39, by Bol Deng

    The border and oil issue in Abyei have been sung strongly by Greater Muormuor and Khoryom battalions. Also by Amer( Terap) so we all know that there are problems that are awaiting but there is no way that Abyei will left behind because the Khartoum regime must know that they are purely Dinka and they know very well who are Dinka in the South. Caution!

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    • 1 February 2011 08:03, by Nan dit

      Gotta Bol!!!
      I have appreciated your comments,even musicians from Abyei sung many songs about Abyei.Dinka are mainly found in the South.We don’t have Dinka in the North Sudan no way at all.

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  • 1 February 2011 06:14, by Ahmed Chol

    The whole is the sums of its parts: We need Abyei, Southern Blue Nile, Nuba Mountains because their people die during the quest for South Sudan. Especially the Nubian (most of them were Mudfajeen) sacrificed more than some loudly complaining communities in the south today that never even send a single soldier to the battle field. It should be included in the Constitutional Review that such soldiers have the same right as any other southerner in the south. They can built and live in the south if they want to. They can stay anywhere in the south. History of Southern Sudan should never forget Yusuf Kuwa and those who joined the SPLA with him.

    Ahmed Chol

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    • 1 February 2011 06:34, by Bol Deng

      Dear Ahmed Chol,

      Thank you so much for your comments, i am so proud of you brother. They even contribute more than others in the South. Others were married by Jallaba while forgetting that they are doing the job for our enemy. Great analysis!

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      • 1 February 2011 07:42, by Kolnyang youth

        Dear:Brother Ahme Chol

        I have appreciate your comment ,but to remind you that government of South Sudan can not leave Nubians (khorudufan )and Blue Nile in bad condition so arabs should not feel happy that ,those states are left to them .
        please wait and see what will happen in the nearest future .


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      • 1 February 2011 23:43, by manyang mawech

        bol deng,

        Abyei technically,is a part of southsudan because its people are one tribe in south,even though its land lie in north,but trick part is,Abyei had been sold to north by individual interest.Bol, how would feel now because yr comments always against other tribes is there any other tribe sold the land of south to north.? do u think this problem should be solve by dinka or it would be solve by all southerners ?my friend refrain from that politic let us challenge our leaders by their characters not by tribes that u used to.

        i m nuer by tribe but it does not bother me to be lead by any leader.i always view kiir as my leader not as dinka leader and i m not feeling free now because the problem in Abyei not been solve yet.


        manyang mawech

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    • 1 February 2011 08:15, by Victory

      Ahmed chol,

      welcome back brother to the site,its been long,henc i appreciate your comment.

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    • 1 February 2011 08:44, by Ajok Garang

      I agree with everyone who said that Abyei people are our brothers b,se we don’t find any Dinka else where in Sudan only in Southern Sudan and the land belong to southern Sudan without doubt .thanks to everyone who put a comment on this site .

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    • 1 February 2011 08:53, by Aleu

      Ahmed Chol.

      Just the word of appreciation to you brother. I am totally agree with you whatever, you said it and not merely to hear also from you, but I have had been consistently telling folks of the Nubian brothers or sisters, Blue Nile brothers or sisters and the Darfurian people but I don’t real know what their objection are.

      To mention the few things in addition to your wonderful comment that, I love it very much. I think many people in Sudan they said, things wrongfully without knowing what they really mean why I said, that is because there were absolutely nine orginally regions in Sudan nation. Namely 1.Khartum. 2.Kassala. 3.Kordofan. 4.Northern which goes backward to even Saudi Arabia.5.South Blue Nile.6.Darfur in the North.7. Bahr al Ghazal.8.Upper Nile.9. Equatoria. Now when you looks at the 9 orginal regions then, you will know that, Khatrum, Kassala, Northern are three just like Bahr al Ghazal, Upper Nile, Equatoria and the Idea from Northern Sudan people which they always claiming others regions to be part of North Sudan is completely very wrongful concept leave alone Abyei District has nothing to do with North Sudan. We do know the real border between Southern Sudan and North Sudan is Kosit and that is exactly our people Southern Sudanese should be talking about.

      After the Sudan’s government promoted many regions to have 25 or 26 States in Sudan. In case of Southern Sudan’s independence by all mean, I think the people themselves have the choices to make it now whether the whole Darfuri regions they wanted to joins North Sudan government or Southern Sudan government. Same thing also from the Nubian people they have to thinks very carefully to choose from North Sudan government and Southern Sudan’s government. No doubt for South Blue Nile people, they will go with Southern Sudan this was the region killing most Southern Sudanese of the SPLA for many years.

      I am not tired to repeated over and over again what I have been saying for years is the reality that, our brothers mentioning above must take to consideration. Ethiopian people were they one who decides to choose where they want to join, most regions from neither East of the Ethiopia, Western Ethiopia, Central Ethiopia and Southern Ethiopia have remain to call themselves Ethiopia nation.

      Although some people in Sudan were trying to make a fake on Southern Sudan referendum election so that, people will united once with North Sudan, these kind of people they don’t get it why we lost 2.5 million lives innocent people plus 300,000 of Darfurian. That problems will never change in North Sudan even when Southern Sudan gain her independence such culture connection with the government will still exist in Noth Sudan’s government. The real question to our brothers and sisters is that, its direction of MAP concept is the one bothering them.? Do they really thinking how many years since the Sudan gained independence and still there is no development in Nubia region,South Blue Nile and Southern Sudan such logic can lead them to good choice to joins whatever, side they want between North Sudan government and Southern Sudan.

      Chol. Abyei is not even part of North Sudan obviously, the Southern Sudanese would like to talks about Kosit border leave Abyei district in Bahr al Ghazal region. I just want to point out these few things but overall thank for your acknowledgement. Arab can not tell us this is my land when the Sudan itself mean land of Black people. Their grand parents came for Trade in the whole regional Africa and they found the Black people already living in there and they must think again if they don’t this Misseriya will have no movement within two nations for sure.

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  • 1 February 2011 08:28, by Sam.Eto

    Im sorry to say - but abyei will remain part of the north. the status qou will remain even after South Sudan separates. even then it might like kashmir. Im sorry to say for the Dinka, if they do not intend to share Abyei with the messeriya then there will be war between them - that might lead to war between North & south Sudan which no one wants. The Americans, Europeans, chinese and africans clearly will not tolerate war. If it means abyei remain in the North so be it. So tough luck, huff and puff all you want. No one is listening, if you do anything - no one will be on your side. lets just say you were warned

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    • 1 February 2011 08:54, by Willy

      Look, this issue of abyei is a matter of death or life solution as well, why do u talk as if you are a coward who didn,t tasted the war before,bastard! how can you mention strange word that "Abyei will remain part of the North"Do we have Dinkas in North? Why do you fear war and you have fought for 21 years?Please stop such discourageous comments

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    • 1 February 2011 09:12, by Aleu


      Southern Sudanese people are fearless people. Arab people have a big problems in the world. The good thing Northern’s civilians will soon experience something they have never seen in their lives time and forget about Abyei, no one will control Dinka by force in Sudan, I think you know that every well.

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    • 2 February 2011 03:09, by Deng E. Manyuon


      If it has become very unfortunate situation that the war of land is to be fought or battled out, then it might be between the South and the NCP led government in the North. Not all Northerners are agreeing to holding back Abyei. People of Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains are prioritizing their own issues according to CPA. People of Darfur are asking Khartoum to get engaged with their issues. NO ONE OF THEM IS INTERESTED TO WAGE A WAR IN ORDER TO OCCUPY A LAND. Other Northern political parties are struggling to put their houses in order. Believe me or not, the issue of Abyei will never unify the file and rank of the North! I guess you might have been dreaming my friend! ! ! !


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  • 1 February 2011 08:46, by Thondet Manyang

    Dear Southerners,
    I always proud of you. And the coming back of Abyei from that oil gredy regime is our full responsiblity.
    Therefore, will shall make it God will still help us.
    If you have read this article carefully, I hate one statement which said that " Abyei is seen in northern Sudan map". Does the person who wrote this article knows North-South borders very well?

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  • 1 February 2011 10:14, by Sudan virus

    Abyei issue was ruled out by the International Court of Arbitration (ICA)in Hague.

    I don’t think there is any possibility to change the ruling,that Abyei belongs to the south and the current oil refinery at Higlig belongs to the North.

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  • 1 February 2011 12:52, by mohammed ali

    We know Dinka very well and we know Meseriya very well.Both are human beings and non of them is super-human.

    If Southerners are fearless , northerners are also fearless.

    But, is it about fear and "megalomenia"!Both have claims on Beyei and I donnot want to indulge on who is right and who is wrong.The fact remains that both lived in harmoney for centuries, the result of which is that Southerners from Abeyei have got the highest educational rates among southerners.

    The ruling of Abeyei gives the right to the Dinka and "others" living there to vote.The SPLA does not want the marginaliized Miiserya to vote, claiming that they stay in Abeyei for only 6 months and thefore it is not their home.The SPLA rejected all the reasonable proposals by the Americans and Africans, so counting on the international support is useless.Since the financial crises , the world had changed alot!

    War is not a solution neither is "megalomenia".We donnot want war.’ and you cannot win it and you will not fight.War means collapse of the oil industry which will certainly affects. us , but it will affect the south tremendously and it simply means total collapse of the south.

    War is not an option and in the north nobody wants war. Let us talk sense, we can still live in peace and that doesnnot mean we fear you and we donnot want you to fear us and you shouldn’t.That is a stupid thing to say!

    Ordinary people from Abeuei"missereya and dinka" want peace, they deserve it!

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    • 1 February 2011 13:14, by Nan dit

      Dear Sudanese,
      Don’t debate X is fearless than Y and Z will win, time will tell who is the winner.I particulary i blame the fucken British colonialists who transferred the Dinka Ngok to Southern Kordofan.I wish British must be involved into Abyei case.We wish Sudan government wil not bribed the ICA with our resources.

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    • 2 February 2011 04:03, by Deng E. Manyuon

      Mohammed ali’

      I don’t think the issue here is who is fearless and who is fearful! Rather what is the remaining country in the North where you belong to genuinely fighting for! Are you fighting to defend sovereignty land of yours or are you fighting to grab and occupy the land of others? Also at this stage, there is no a viable economic structure in the South that can be affected or hit by waging war to defend the land of Abyei. Oil industry should never be a threat brother mohammed at this moment because we are not benefiting from it. We are not in control of oil. So rule it out, we don’t need to rethink about oil. Southern Sudanese people survived during the war and will survive if need arises.


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  • 2 February 2011 10:54, by mohammed ali


    I fully agree with you; it is not a question of fear or superiority of any tribe over another one.I am simply answering some people who are talking about "fearless" southerners and I donnot have a problem with that but other people can fearless as well.

    Mesriya and Dinka are poor people who suffered alot , they were living together for centuries in peace and harmony, let us, the so called " educated" people not spoil their life and increase their suffering due to the ambitions of few individuals who want to continue looting!

    I donnot want the oil industry to be destroyed even if it belongs to the south alone, but the fact will remain that it will affect the politics and the relationship between the two sides, hopefully in positive way!

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