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US says Sudan elections ’not fair and free’, shifts focus to 2011 referendum

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April 19, 2010 (WASHINGTON) — The United States said today that the elections held in Sudan’s over the last week were "neither free nor fair" and suggested that it has now shifted its focus on the 2011 referendum for the South in accordance with the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the North and the South.

The Sudanese people had five days to vote for their president as well as legislative and local representatives in the country’s first multi-party election since 1986 which ended on Thursday.

Several heavyweight opposition groups boycotted the elections and even those who participated announced later they will not recognize its results alleging fraud and vote rigging.

International election observers from the Carter Center and the European Union (EU) said last weekend that the polls had failed to reach international standards but that nonetheless they should be recognized.

Early results from the election, suggest President Omar Hassan al-Bashir and his National Congress Party (NCP) are headed for a landslide victory. Bashir is seeking reelection to gain legitimacy in face of the International Criminal Court (ICC) warrant issued for him on charges of war crimes in Darfur.

"This was not a free and fair election," said State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley. "It did not, broadly speaking, meet international standards."

"That said, I think we recognize that the election is a very important step" toward carrying out a 2005 peace deal that gave the south autonomy, a share of oil revenues and a route to independence via referendum by January 2011, he told reporters.

Crowley said many of those elected in the Sudanese poll, however flawed it may have been, would play important roles in whether "we have a credible referenda process that, quite honestly, is likely to yield the emergence of a new country."

His comment was an allusion to the widely held expectation that southern Sudan will choose to secede from the north.

"So while we understand that there were flaws and failures in terms of this electoral process, we will recognize that there is a lot of work to be done," he said. "The United States will continue to work with the government in the north, the government in the south, as we move forward with ... the vitally important referenda that’ll happen in January of next year."

Crowley’s mark offered a more downbeat assessment of the elections than the US special envoy to Sudan Scott Gration who hailed the electoral commission and expressed confidence that the polls would be held in a fair and free manner.

Gration met this afternoon with US president Obama at the White House for the first time since his return from Sudan. The White House spokesperson Robert Gibbs has told reporters that a statement would be released on the meeting.

In a separate statement, the United States, Britain and Norway said Sudan’s elections were marred by poor preparation and other suspected irregularities and they called on Sudanese officials to take to fully implement the 2005 peace accord.

"We note initial assessments of the electoral process from independent observers, including the judgment that the elections failed to meet international standards," the three countries, guarantors of the peace deal, said in a statement.

"We are reassured that voting passed reasonably peacefully, reportedly with significant participation, but share their serious concerns about weak logistical and technical preparations and reported irregularities in many parts of Sudan," the statement said.

The three countries noted the limited access of observer missions in Darfur and voiced regret that electoral officials did not do more to address such problems before the voting.

"It is essential to build upon the progress made so far to expand democratic space in Sudan," the statement said, adding that Sudanese officials should "draw lessons" to ensure future polls and a referendum due next year on independence for South Sudan do not suffer from the same flaws.

(ST)

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  • 20 April 2010 05:30, by Kim Deng

    Folks,

    This is a good start instead of wasting time and energy on fake elections rather than referendum.

    repondre message

    • 20 April 2010 05:37, by miss JOOK

      This is good that the us has realised that everything to do with this election was bullshit. Referendum is a matter of life and death

      repondre message

      • 20 April 2010 06:00, by DASODIKO

        So why did you continue saying the elections are free and fair? Sadly Gration Scott the Special Envoy became NCP memeber against the opposition parties in the time of the elections in Sudan. Carter personally said that Bashir assured him that the elections will be free and fair. How can a candidate assure to election monitor that the elections will be free and fair. Its not the Republicans or Democrats to assure to the American election commission that the elections in US a will be free and fair. Its the neutral commission who knows that elections will be free and fair. Obama and your adminstration; do you think that all Sudanese are stupids?

        We in Sudan felt sorry for the game that was not cooked well. If you were concerned of South Sudan everybody in Sudan knows that South Sudan will be independent and this is their rights and the rights of any nation to decide thier own destiny. But you should have played it well because the US cry arrround the world is to establish genuine democracy in this globe. How come you establish a fake democracy in Sudan without the concent of the majority of the Sudanese people. Think double my friend Obama!

        repondre message

      • 21 April 2010 00:55, by kalkada

        American are after oil, they don’t care about the value of human being.

        they were with the NCP all the way untill the election is over, now they want shift the focus to the referendum.

        American knew that the election were neither free nor fair, but still they went a head and support the Criminal Omer Albashir.

        chameleons,change the color of their skin from time to time and from occasion to occasion. they only care about their interest.

        spokesman P.J. Crowley, where were you last week? when every boy from your adminisration praised the election.

        it was under counter deal between America, Omer albashir and some from the SPLA (Machar) to withdrawal of Arman and let Albashir win the election.

        repondre message

    • 20 April 2010 05:43, by Gatwech

      Referendum oyeeee.........

      South Sudan independence oyeee.........

      "With ballot or bullet, South Sudan Shall Be Free," stated Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, 1991.

      repondre message

      • 20 April 2010 05:48, by man of men

        Who is dr risk machar teny dogz dhurgonis?

        the one who surrender himself to bashir for food?

        the one who joined the movement in 2002 after he seeing that there is food in the south?

        The one who killed DINKA BOR becaused they are related to DR JOHN GARANG?

        the one used to the nassir gang leader?

        ahaha death to him

        repondre message

      • 20 April 2010 05:52, by man of men

        Gatwech it is your probleme that is why i always abuse Angelina

        just shut up and called death to risk machar teny dogz dhurgonism
        by dinka dominated the SPLA/M

        repondre message

      • 20 April 2010 06:25, by Dinka Boy

        Gatwech and Nuer illiterates,

        My friend, when you talk false about who brought democracy encouraged me to tell the truth about in general.
        What about if we all South Sudanese left Sudan during the war and join Khartoum government like the way traitor Riek Machar did in 1991? Would you rather talk of CPA (Election and referendum) at this point?

        My friend,your Nuer primitiveness thinking can not help you man. Iam really mad and therefore i am going to tell your setback in SPLM during the war between the North-South because you have been keep talking about the defection of 1991 in which 99% Nuer join Bashier governmnet and fought against SPLM.

        Where were you/Nuer in 1991- 2005. Which war did you fought?
        You fought SPLM for good 14 years. please stop making noise while we all know that you are food lovers and the primitives who are born empty and will die empty with baseless thought.

        Who welcome you in SPLM? and Why the army in the South still called SPLA and not white Army or SSIM party. Please foolishness can make others mad and i have no room for those who lies and this will encouraged me to says that Nuer are the last tribe with no thinking capacity and they are wind chaser. They go with the follow where the food has been serve.

        Why do you killed Wurnyang id you no what you are doing? while your foolisness help you that way. I am generalising Nuer because 1991 was not understood by all Nuer. Calling your cowardic act against Southeners mean death to any one who said it.

        1991 is not the event of pride especially to spla like me who just withdraw from Juba deployement because of your food lovers who have been ignored for two months fighting with civilians in greater Bor Land.
        I want to tell Sudan tribune that the irrelevant to this usless Nuer.
        If some 1991 is the event caused by all Nuer and their no way that i can not generalist Nuer in this context.

        repondre message

      • 20 April 2010 06:51, by SPLA

        Gatwech,

        Stop putting words in Traitor Machar month. Traitor Machar never stated " with ballot or bullet, South Sudan Shall be Free." How in the world would he stated that while he surrended himself and his militias to Bashir in 1997. This is not the way that you get South Sudan independency. As far as I am concern, you get South Sudan independency by fighting he enemy not collaberated with the enemy. SPLM/A main faction under Dr. Garang is the one that would free South Sudan with ballot or bullet.

        repondre message

    • 20 April 2010 05:43, by man of men

      that is good ideas but the SPLA/M must be carefull special mr Riek machar teny dogz who always surrender himself to bashir need to shoosed one side now and stop his slavery haert/weakleadership

      death to him

      by dinka dominated the SPLA

      repondre message

      • 20 April 2010 06:57, by mohammed ali

        We want referendum to be held in due time and it will be respected.With or without interference from foreigners with sinister agenda.

        (("We are reassured that voting passed reasonably peacefully, reportedly with significant participation, but share their serious concerns about weak logistical and technical preparations and reported irregularities in many parts of Sudan," the statement said.))

        Isn’t this typical western hypocrisy?!Even with these technical and logistigal problems the turnout was very significant and much more than in the west percentage wise; even in Darfur the turnout was significant and more than 2 millions had participitated there!There was no violence as they had anticipitated and hoped!It was not reasonably peacfully ,it was very peacfull.It is funny that they charcterized the elections in Afganistan and Iraq with the same term "’reasnably peacfull".The European comission had withdrawn from Darfur where there was not a single incidence of violence, while they stayed in Afganistan and Iraq ,where dozens of people are killed brutally on daily basis.

        They talked about irregularties but they didn’t documented a single case of forgery or rigging.All they said is "it didn’t meet ALL international standered" and now after the elections is over and the the result was clear they claimed that it was not fair and free!It is not only elections that didn’t meet all the international standerds, everything in Sudan doesn’t meet the western standerds.Why judging that it was not free when it was already over!

        The west will never give us a passport to paradise, they think that they could monopolise it for themselves!Fortunately the world has changed significantly , now it has not only west but it has west and east!

        repondre message

  • 20 April 2010 06:26, by Dinka Boy

    Gatwech and Nuer illiterates,

    My friend, when you talk false about who brought democracy encouraged me to tell the truth about in general. What about if we all South Sudanese left Sudan during the war and join Khartoum government like the way traitor Riek Machar did in 1991? Would you rather talk of CPA (Election and referendum) at this point?

    My friend,your Nuer primitiveness thinking can not help you man. Iam really mad and therefore i am going to tell your setback in SPLM during the war between the North-South because you have been keep talking about the defection of 1991 in which 99% Nuer join Bashier governmnet and fought against SPLM.

    Where were you/Nuer in 1991- 2005. Which war did you fought? You fought SPLM for good 14 years. please stop making noise while we all know that you are food lovers and the primitives who are born empty and will die empty with baseless thought.

    Who welcome you in SPLM? and Why the army in the South still called SPLA and not white Army or SSIM party. Please foolishness can make others mad and i have no room for those who lies and this will encouraged me to says that Nuer are the last tribe with no thinking capacity and they are wind chaser. They go with the follow where the food has been serve.

    Why do you killed Wurnyang id you no what you are doing? while your foolisness help you that way. I am generalising Nuer because 1991 was not understood by all Nuer. Calling your cowardic act against Southeners mean death to any one who said it.

    1991 is not the event of pride especially to spla like me who just withdraw from Juba deployement because of your food lovers who have been ignored for two months fighting with civilians in greater Bor Land. I want to tell Sudan tribune that the irrelevant to this usless Nuer. If some 1991 is the event caused by all Nuer and their no way that i can not generalist Nuer in this context.

    repondre message

    • 20 April 2010 07:10, by Kim Deng

      Jaang,

      The demographic consequence of Nuer expansion/occupation brought a big effect on coward Jaang/Slaves, Anyuak and Burun population in the Sudan and Ethiopia respectively. The fate of the coward Jaang/Slaves, Anyuak and Burun inhabitants of areas appropriated by Mighty Nuer Warriors remains to be considered.

      Available data indicate that direct mortality from Nuer invasions/raids has a negligible effect on the coward Jaang/Slaves, Anyuak and Burun population over the long term while the taking of captives had a very significants effects. This is a consequence of the distinctive age and sex distribution of casualties and captives respectively.

      Most of the coward Jaang/Slaves killed in Nuer invasions/raids were men and older women while most of those captives were young women, girls and boys. The population would thus be reduced by the difference between the average age and normal life expectancy of those killed multiplies by the annual casualties rate.

      in contrast, the loss of a female of childbearing age or younger through captive remove two individuals from the population in the nect generation representing the demographic replacement of these absent offspring are also lost the following generations.

      Since boys, girls and women of marriageble age were the objects of capture, older women probaly account for the majority of femal casualties. Nuer invasions/raids are always resulted in the capture of substantial numbers of women and children than expansion/occupation itself. And the number of captives taken also outnumbers casualties.

      The number of cattle captured by the Mighty Nuer Nuer Warriors in large scale invasions/raids on coward Jaang/Slaves is surprisingly large, especially give the fact that the coward Jaang/Slaves, Anyuak and Burun strategy of withdrawal was predicated on minimizing stock/cattle losses. In 1914, over 5,000 cattle were taken away from Ghol and Nyarraweng Dinka in 3 days raids alone while a number of coward Bor Dinka and villages further south lost all stock.

      The capture of a single coward Jang/Slave or Anyuak woman or a girl thus reduces the coward Jaang/Slaves, Anyuak or Burun population by four individuals in a matter of one generation later, and adds a like increment to the Nuer population.

      How many coward Jaang/Slaves were taken as captives after the Mighty Nuer Warriors burned down Duk Padiet, Pinygoor, Kongoor, Twic East, Mading Bor... in 1991 incident?

      repondre message

      • 22 April 2010 11:34, by Otong

        Check this out you sick Barbarian .

        By Simon R Gatluak

        April 11, 2010

        History will remember John Garang as one of the rare visionary leaders ever existed in Sudan and South Sudan in particular. His calls for total liberation for the whole Sudan transformed the nation and its people for a better future. Majority of Sudanese understood this visionary leader for their positive response to fight and sacrifice themselves for the cause of liberation.

        Though most of the foot soldiers were from the South, significant numbers from various part of the Sudan conjugated the movement under John Garang and fought for the liberation cause. With enough manpower and secure source of weapons, most Sudanese believed that the defeat of Khartoum regime was imminent.

        This believe was shattered by the fateful move that took place some nineteen years ago within the SPLA/M led by John Garang. The administration of John Garang did not only transform the Sudanese for a better future, but has transformed most Southern Sudanese tribes from years of marginalization and sense of inferiority. With these big expectations of freedom and equality, thousands voluntarily poured to the SPLA/M as fighters in which the advantages gained by most Southern Sudanese tribes outweigh the disadvantages.

        Despite 99.9% illiteracy in the South, John Garang had manage to organizes these illiterates people and became one of the best fighting force ever in the story of the South and Sudan in general. The war was deadly, however, with strong training of why people have to die; these wisely oriented villagers wage a successful war until some SPLA/M commanders halted this march toward Khartoum.

        It was at this time of perceived victory, when some high ranking SPLA/M officers made an announcement on August 28/1991 that John Garang was captured and they took over the leadership of SPLA/M. The destruction which this popularly known as Nasir declaration brought to the movement is not what the current article will expose here; it is here to express the despair, suffering, hopelessness, and mass destruction that were brought upon one tribe by this split in the SPLA/M. The most devastated tribe was the Nuer whose land was the seat of this new faction and were all assumed as part of that newly formed faction.

        Prior to Nasir declaration, John Garang brought millions of weapons which includes anti aircraft, anti tank, and other uncountable deadly artilleries and light automatic weapons. Strict Laws of holding any of these weapons and bullets were instituted and misusing them apart from the intended mission was punishable by death. Great care was taken by all the holders of these weapons and the desire of firing them only toward the enemy was the mission of all SPL/M soldiers, officers, and all villagers that were not part of the organized forces.

        These laws were, however, broken loose in all the controlled areas of the Nasir faction which resulted into the state of anarchy. It should be noted that the Nuer people contributed physically to the SPLA/M in large numbers. Because of this, John Garang awarded their contribution by offering trainings and commissioned hundreds of SPLA/M officers from the Nuer tribe. Most of these officers were deployed at the time of the split in the Nuerland to maintain laws and orders.

        This brought conducive and prolong stability throughout the Nuerland, which was experienced by all the Sudanese, especially Southern Sudanese that were stationed in the Nuerland. It was at this time of peace, development, and popular support of SPLA/M in the Nuerland when the split took place. As a result, most of these officers and soldiers were eliminated in the chaos that came after the birth of Nasir faction.

        The defection has no justification which was later confirmed by the leaders of the coup; and explicitly described it as the work of the enemy and should not have happened. With the fear of the Nuer tribe, the enemies realized that SPLA/M has only few months to liberate the whole Sudan. The sense of fear and worries was intensified by how SPLA/M was deeply rooted among the Nuers who had a record of nothing to fear among all Southern Sudanese tribes. This compelled the enemies to use all means possible to destroy this tribe in order to impede the victory of SPLA/M.

        For this to materialized, the influences of the enemies led some SPLA/M officers to contrive dissatisfactions with the movement’s leadership and eventually managed to rebel with millions of weapons that were intended for the liberation of the marginalized Sudanese. With no clear mission, where to go, and what to do with millions of weapons and soldiers in their domination, internal war exploded among the forces and thousands died as the result of this war where majority if not all were from the Nuer tribe.

        Most well known officers and soldiers that were trained by John Garang and called living sacrifices or liberators perished in this confusion. This war went on for a number of years all over Nuerland which was the seat of the Nasir faction. The chaos was uncontrollable, which subsequently resulted in the destruction of more than 90% of Nuer officers and soldiers; and the very few that remained had to ran back to SPLA/M for their dear lives. These voluntary returns saved some important figures that were also at risk of losing their lives at the hand of self-claimed leaders. Today most of these officers if not all, owed much appreciation to John Garang administration for accommodating them back into the SPLA/M rank and file.

        The force of confusion was not only confined to the warring armies; it had extended to the villagers as well. Nuer villagers who were the back bone of the movement obtained some of these deadly weapons and became invaders to their fellow Nuer sub tribes with the determination of killing them all. Heavy artilleries and other deadly arms which fall into the hands of the villagers were only used to bombard other villages with effects of mass displacement, hunger, diseases, and great loss of lives from these conflicts. As a consequence, some clans are completely alienated and this has left a lasting animosity among all the Nuer clans and sub-tribes at this time. This intense hatred of each other has left the land insecure which scared foreigners to conduct any business or investment in Nuerland today.

        There is no term that could describe the magnitude of the Nuer suffering at the hands of those gullible coup leaders. Their rational thinking is of course not questionable as all are aware that they are among the world’s top academics. Their acts were intentional upon the Nuer in which we should only categorize it as an intellectual system of committing genocide.

        The system was well carried out and it has left the Nuer with no choice but to accept it; and finally defined that era as “Declaration of Nuer Anarchy Severe Internal Recess” instead of Nasir declaration.

        As we look back to the horrors of those years, it would be clear to all that the Nuer people were and still the most devastated tribe than any other tribes in Southern Sudan; and if there is any demand of apology, the Nuer qualify to do it.

        With the length of time and disappearance of Nasir faction, some folks have been trying to justify the revulsions of that era despite its visible and immense destruction of the Nuer land and people. George Santayana put it thus, and I quote “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” Praising that era today as it appeared in some corners, would only encourages its architects to forget it effects and repeat it. In all accounts, there is no sane human beings who will ever delight and forgot thousands of Nuer who died from internal war, disease, hunger, thirst, and despair brought upon them by that defection from the SPLA/M.

        As Sudan is now at the stage of reconciliation, all atrocities of war should have no place in the mind of peace loving Sudanese as well as the Nuer people.

        However, the architects of that era are still in political confusion. It would be wise for the remnants of the Nuer tribe not to fall into the future temptation of those indecisive leaders in case of any wind of change. It is time for those remnants to know that, the split itself was a mistake, it is a mistake, will remain a mistake, and should remain condemn by the Nuer of today and the Nuer of tomorrow.

        Simon R. Gatluak
        gsimon29@yahoo.ca,
        Canada

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  • 20 April 2010 07:13, by kuminyandi

    Dear Southerners,

    This is very fruitful steps toward the Referendum. I agree with USA position regarding referendum,and we should focus our efforts to that end. I also agree with the USA that election was not fair and free, but that should be put behind us now. We as Southerners, need to come together and support our leaders regardless of our differences or political opinions. This is the only chance we got towards freedom without fighting another war. Thanks for USA for backing us. Folks, with one God, one aim,and one destiny, we can achieve our independent. Let’s build another new rainbow country under the sweltering sun of Africa called Southern Sudan. SS oyeeeee

    Kumi,

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  • 20 April 2010 09:20, by EritreanKing

    But who care about the evil amercian opinion.

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