Home | News    Wednesday 30 December 2009

Sudan referendum bill finally sees the light


December 29, 2009 (KHARTOUM) – The Sudanese national assembly today adopted the controversial referendum law after ironing out the disputed portions of the bill that led to political stalemate over the last couple of months between the dominant National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People Liberation Movement (SPLM) which represents the ruling party of South Sudan.

After a series of retaliatory measures by SPLM including giving its MP’s boycotting the parliament and leading two demonstrations this month in the Sudanese capital, the NCP conducted marathonic talks to bridge differences on the referendum law among others.

Last week the Sudanese NCP bloc introduced changes to the original text of the law that angered the ex-Southern rebel group leading to its MP’s walking out during the voting session. The NCP utilized its simple majority to endorse the law.

However, the NCP later changed hearts and agreed to send the bill back to the parliament to remove the amendment following criticism from the US administration and the EU.

Sudan official news agency (SUNA) said that the national assembly adopted articles 27 and 67 dealing with voter registration centres and the criteria by which a Southerners in the North.

Under the law, south Sudanese living outside the south and born before January 1, 1956, the date of Sudan’s independence, must vote in the south.

But south Sudanese living outside the south and born after January 1, 1956 would be able to vote in their place of residence, whether in the north or abroad.

Both sides hailed the passage of the referendum law.

“This law is not a law of separation for south Sudan but is a law for the referendum. We all need to unite Sudan and work towards unity,” said deputy speaker Atem Garang of the SPLM.

“This law has given southerners who came to the north fleeing the war a chance to vote," said top National Congress Party official Ibrahim Ghandour.

However, most observers anticipate a landslide vote by Southern Sudanese in favor of secession when the 2011 referendum is held owing to two decades of civil war as well as ideological, ethnic and religious differences.

There are some sticky items to be determined on a technical level on post-secession arrangements including the division of assets and liabilities, water share, status of South Sudanese living in the North and vice versa.

Also, the demarcation of the North-South borders has yet to be completed.

On Wednesday the national assembly will vote on a law governing the referendum in Abyei, which lies on the north-south border, on whether it wants to remain part of the north or join the south should it become independent.


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The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 30 December 2009 08:01, by Gatwech

    Self-determination for the independence of the marginalized people of the Sudan Oyeeee............

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    • 30 December 2009 08:11, by Gatwech

      Self-determination is the best and wisest vision of all that would remedy the chronic filthy divergent mentalities of Sudanese society. This gives the chance for each mentality whether based on race, religion, culture, etc, making up that mentality to assemble and maintain that identity on their own. More than 50 years of Sudan fighitn itself in endless wars are enough.

      God bless its champions in both South and North...."With Ballot or Bullet, South Sudan Shall Be Free."

      And death to the vision of forcing Sudan to maintain its failed unity since 1956 at the expense of the marginalized people.

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    • 30 December 2009 08:34, by Isaac Treter

      Dear Readers.

      "But south Sudanese living outside the south and born after January 1, 1956 would be able to vote in their place of residence, whether in the north or abroad".

      The above statement in the law is another problem. Why should they vote outside the Southern Territorial Ground?

      If they are the known southerners than the law could put it as to be identified by their chiefs in the South Sudan Region and than finally be ready to Votes within.

      Now our party SPLM Need to be serious openning eyes on this because for example even Abdullah Mohammed a Dongolawi in Origin might pretend to be a Southerner and Votes in that Area where no Southern Chief would identify and know him and then that participation may be part of riging the Rights of Southerners.

      Please Make a Mechanism before time since the law is now accepted as a Law kinetically ready for its work.


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      • 30 December 2009 09:29, by Gatwech

        We have Southern chiefs every where in the north including kahrtoum who will identify these people during registration for referendum. It is not just every body rushing to the voting station and vote. They will first be verified and registered before voting. And these include those in Europe, Australia, America, Asia and of course in African countries.

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      • 30 December 2009 17:47, by Mr.Everybody

        This is will be impossible to vote abroad because isn’t any system and Will like a person who stand in the bucket and try to lift him/herself up.

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      • 30 December 2009 18:41, by Saaid Nafe

        Under the law, south Sudanese living outside the south and born before January 1, 1956, the date of Sudan’s independence, must vote in the south". "But south Sudanese living outside the south and born after January 1, 1956 would be able to vote in their place of residence, whether in the north or abroad"


        Under the law, south Sudanese living out side the south and born after January 1/1956 the date of Sudan independence, must vote in the south. But south Sudanese living out side the south and born before January 1/1956 would be able to vote in their place of residence, whether in the north or abroad.

        Please ,we should not be deceive and mock by English .Because southerners born after 1956 are majority than those who are born before 1956,

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    • 30 December 2009 09:00, by Sala Gai

      Mr. Gatwech

      You seen to be enemy to the South instead of saying SPLM oyeeeeeeeeeeeee;oyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee

      you say Sudan oyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee;
      Shame on you; unfortunatly it is your hibit already you may not change now if your father were like that so keep your dirty hibit:

      By Salah Gai

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      • 30 December 2009 09:31, by Gatwech

        But Sudan is more important and bigger than the SPLM that can disappear any time and another party can come up! Don’t you think so?

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        • 30 December 2009 10:02, by Mel mosa


          I Think you are very glad that your NCP won the bill. I am sure your bill will die. The SPLM will never disapear and independence of Southern Sudan on the way body.


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          • 30 December 2009 10:32, by Gatwech

            This is a bill for independence of the South and not about SPLM. Try to understand the difference between SPLM as a party that can disappear tomorrow and the South which is permanent. Because you don’t understand the goodness of the bill for the South, then don’t assume that every body doesn’t understand that 90% of it (the law) is good for the South. Leave the issue to those who know it better if it bothers you negatively.

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        • 30 December 2009 13:04, by Sala Gai

          MR. GATWECH

          Exctual Gatwech you may be right because all you since the movement begin, most of your local communities have differet thought of having different party rather then SPLM specail party, that lead some of the politican to break away during the bad situation of 1990 to 1991 and continously up to now, where we are exchanging some comment.

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    • 30 December 2009 09:03, by gaidit

      May God be with the poor people of south sudan during independent.

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    • 30 December 2009 09:31, by mayor

      little supprter of littl Dr who sign 1997 shut cut agreement is in differrence valley side since his little Dr has escaped to Kenya in 2002 to see the millitory man the cdr the col Dr John Garang de Mabior a man who is wellknow at both level regional and international while the little Dr is a god boy with absolute loyalty to hierling Lam Akol.

      God open his heart and his eyes so he can see what his go ahead and cameback little Dr is doing now after cdr, col Dr Garang left them CPA that took him with his true SPLM/A members for four years to signed.

      SPLM/A of all time forwad Ever backward.

      Little Dr Reick Machar did not sign any protocol in Mashacos or Nafashia, because he was under study at that time about what brought him back again.

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  • 30 December 2009 08:11, by Dinka Boy

    I think there is confusion here!
    NCP want to alternate the point.

    Check this para==

    "Under the law, south Sudanese living outside the south and born before January 1, 1956, the date of Sudan’s independence, must vote in the south".
    "But south Sudanese living outside the south and born after January 1, 1956 would be able to vote in their place of residence, whether in the north or abroad".

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    • 30 December 2009 08:18, by Gatwech

      Oh Boy,

      Dinka Boy, when will you grow up, Boy! There is no confusion in that sentence unless your English has not yet grown up!

      Let me ask you, were you born before or after 1956? If you were born after 1956, then you have the right under this law to vote wherever you are residing now either in the North or abroad, as long as you are eligible to vote as a southerner.

      But if you were born before 1956, even if you are a true southerner, you must move to the South, register there and vote there.

      Is that clear???

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      • 30 December 2009 08:29, by Gatmi raan


        Thanks Gatwech for clarifying that particular paragraph in the referendum bill. Dinka Boy should know better. It couldn’t have been any more clearer than that!!

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        • 30 December 2009 09:35, by Gatwech

          Gatmi raan,

          Thank you. Let us hope that Dinka Boy becomes a smart student who can understand my explanation.

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      • 30 December 2009 08:40, by Dinka Boy

        Gatwech, Gatmiran, and braveheart.
        I have reason for picking that paragraph.
        This case is not about telling false dear. This bill is crutial for all of us to scrutinized it carefully.

        Hahhaha, all your alikes can not understand my intention concerning the paragraph that i highlight in the article.
        The reason why i say there is confusion, most of Southerners have no medical records in most of the northern States. In fact, some of them went to khartoum during the break out of war. There is problem there!.
        For those people living in the North born there and leave there are the problem because the North and their influnecial are the one who will make the manipulation there.
        That is how i think about the paragraph.
        I was born in 1976 and I reside in South for almost the whole of my live,but i have no record of birth. See now!.
        How about my others brothers who live there before 1976 and they are in the north without record, don,u you think that they will be given the right date my Bashier govermnet or they will be given their right of way to just vote.
        Please read my intention carefully.

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        • 30 December 2009 09:43, by Gatwech

          Oh no...

          Dinka Boy??? You said you were born in 1976 and you call yourself a boy???

          Let me get my calculator to be precise. 2009 - 1976 = 33 years. So you are 33 years old and you still call yourself a boy???

          May be you are a boy in your retarded brain (mind) but not a boy in your whole physical being considering your age.

          In our South Sudan constitution, you can become a member of parliament in Juba at the age of 25, right? This means that you could have become MP since eight years ago.

          Oh, boy. I would love to hear the 33 years old boy arguing like you do on the net in the parliament. Dinka Boy, you have already grown up physically but still a boy mentally.

          I was born in 1980 and this means that I am about four to five years younger than you. But I don’t call myself a boy. I am a responsible person and can even challenge President Kiir in good decision making. I am a man and not a boy!!!

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          • 30 December 2009 10:47, by Dinka Boy

            Gatwech and alikes,

            Why not NCP agree for those born before 1956 to vote in their residency and allow those who were born after 1956 to vote in the south?.

            brothers think like this make politicians differ on major issues. The khartoum govt knows that those born before 1956 who are rsiding in the North are already infuence as northerners during their growth stages whether politically or in their residence.

            In fact, those people of that period togther with their children living in the North are the one favoring unity of the Country.

            See brothers, NCP is little bit smarter on this if true because they really push the olf folks to South and retained the younger folks in their side. Moreover, this issue is more complex and their will be confusion during the process of election.

            If this is free from confusing southeners, they would have said that those Southerners residing in the North most join their southeners to vote in South and those ouside Sudan vote in their residency.
            for those who have no better understanding about politics, fail to know that there are alot of southerners thriving in the North and they simply can weaken the result of Southerners in greater number while we have zero northerners who are going to vote in the south because of their reidency.

            See now, we are divide the south citizens so that some will vote in South and the others in the north. I think it is aproblem if true!
            To gatwech, i was born in 1976 and that is why i kep telling you that i knew more than you know. That is always afact.

            i think i called myself boy not because iam small boy,but the born son of Dinka.

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            • 30 December 2009 17:42, by Gatwech

              And why you don’t call yourself Dinka Man?

              You have not understood the argument in the bill. Those southerners have the right to vote any where. You think they like ARabs because they are in Khartoum. No my friend, they hate unity more than those in Australia, etc. They live in very bad conditions. It is GOSS who let them down because they only hear about corruption in the South that is why they want to wait in the North. Most of them will vote for separation. They hate living in IDP camps in the suburbs of Khartoum.

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              • 31 December 2009 09:08, by Joseph Ibinadem

                Hey Dinka boy and Gatwich,web is not yours to talk with an aggressive manners which take us nowhere. Abusive and argument are illegible for us. Tell what will benefiting the entire community but not nonsense. Back to topic, to those born after 1 1956 will be hard for them to come back to S.sudan to regester and vote. Like those in Abroad do You think they can take a plane to Juba? Thank mr. Gatwech for your clarify and thank for changing Your writing mode. Your civility of writing is the most, abusing each community may cause segregation and lead us to somalization.let’s remain as one family as well as children of God without fraction this where we will defeat our enemy. Thank.

                Mam of Peace.

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          • 30 December 2009 19:22, by Pete

            Dear Dinka Boy and the rest,

            You need to let Gatwetch and his alike alone; the guys are just “talking heads”. The guys do not have a reasoning capacity. If they do! Then there is nothing really wrong with us Southerner making technical, strategically, long run and so forth analysis of what is behind the sense. Why NCP did accepted the bill? What is the logic behind this bill? First, these crooks knew that NCP doesn’t want to let South go and they can do anything by any means necessary to rigs the referendum. Whether it is psychological or political mean to stop the independent of South or whatever mean they could in their ability.

            See how stupid enough he is, now he is trying to shift the discussion of coiled and twisted tactical bill by NCP to Dinka boy’s user name. Who care about the name user on this web?

            Even an Arab from the North can not deny this question!

            The only comparison I have for this guy is squirrel and moose, these animals are brainless, they think backward and that is why they are always hit by the cars. They don’t really think forward. They don’t like abruptly situation. A they think is where they came from in the first place but not how they can escape the momentarily condition.

            I feel sorry for you man!

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    • 30 December 2009 08:24, by Federal States of South Sudan

      Yes Dinka Boy, You are right,
      During the census, all southerners counted in the north were only 500,000. But I’m sure... during the referendum, the 500,000 will turn to 5,000,000. The NCP is a devil. They will give assessment of age to everybody so that it looks like they are born after 1 Jan. 1956.

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    • 30 December 2009 08:26, by braveheart

      Dinka boy, you need to go back to the drawing board. That paragraph is referring to nothernerns who descendents of the south. There’s bunch of those groups in omdurman if am not mistaken. Watch your feet, there is a snake in the grass!!

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      • 30 December 2009 08:48, by Pandit


        Dinka Boy is right there is obstacle in that bill. Everybody in the north can simply claim themselves to be belong to south. how is the anyone born before 1956 vote in the south and those born after vote wherever. Dinka boy smarter than you

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        • 30 December 2009 08:54, by Dinka Boy

          Thanks Pandit,

          My brother i am really worried for this NCP indeed.
          Also, there are alot of people living in Khartoum who want unity. I thought that Sourtheners living in North must go and vote in the South and the those who live out side Sudan vote in their residency.
          The critical thinking is abig problem to others like Gatwech,Ramiranetc.
          Thanks bro

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          • 30 December 2009 10:00, by Gatwech

            Pandit and Dinka Boy (old man),

            There is no reason to panick like brainless folks. The law is not the end of every thing. There is a commission to be formed. And it is that commission to register who to vote. Verify them in the north and register only 10,000 of them as eligible voters. Will their votes, even if they all vote for unity, defeat the separatism vote of millions in the South? No, not at all. We will have to know who to register. Don’t panic yet boys (old men).

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    • 30 December 2009 08:30, by Mel mosa

      Dinka boy

      You right. there is a lot of confusion otherwise the writer must correct this article. The SPLM has been claiming that only Southerners living in the South should vote while Southerners living outside South Should not vote for referendum. What bring Southerners living outside South to vote in their residence? Why SPLM and NCP been quarrelling all this time? I need more clarification due to this article.

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      • 30 December 2009 19:25, by Bulky

        MelMosa,you have understood clearly what SPLM have been talking about.this article does not make sense.every south sudanese living in the north and out side sudan must come and vote in southern sudan during referendum.
        this thieves wants to creat all ways and means to manupulate the referendum result which will bring unity of sudan.however,shame on those have this fake plan.whether,you like it or not southern sudan for separation inspite of rigging the referendum.

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    • 30 December 2009 08:43, by Aduol Liet

      Mr, Atem Deng Garang.

      I was always supporting your Ideas unfortunately, this time your statement make me very disappointed completely. You said, this bill is for referendum but we will be working toward Sudan Unity please watch out your Mouth man, remember what happened in the First movement which is well known Anya Nya One when Mohammed Jaafar al Nimiery deceiving those of Joseph Langu in many ways is this what you are plan at Khartoum now.? Do you real forgotten our late Dr, John Garang de Mabior and those lost lives in Southern Sudan.?

      GOSS and the SPLM must change Atem Deng Garang in Khartoum and put some body that will not turn us down again this has to be done now by the SPLM and GOSS because this statement perhaps. it make many Southern Sudanese very very disappointed and even more afaird to trust on Mr, Atem Deng Garang in many things so we want him to be remove from Khartoum now.

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      • 30 December 2009 18:30, by yirolda

        We are very thankful to our friend Aduol liet where ever he is for words action he commented because of the statement released by Atem Deng Garang Who is compaigning for unity (second class citizen or Arabs slavery) Please Atem Mahamed Alhash you will be cursed by the soul of martyrs Who died for the sake of marginalization of southern Sudanese. To hell with you otherwise the name Atem will be change not only the SPLM Memebership
        Unity is not our Dream Mahamed Atem Alhash Wether you like it or not we aiming for separation meaning freedom
        Shame on You second class citizen
        SPLM/A Oyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee

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      • 30 December 2009 19:31, by Bulky

        only those who don’t know about politics will blame Mr Atem of his statement.

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  • 30 December 2009 08:38, by Hillary B.M.L,M

    Enough, then it is our role now to decide.

    Am happy that am going to vote in Khartoum or could a bit move South to Rank.

    As i mentioned, those good negotiators are those who understand Arabic language (the Language of Ali Osman, Ibrahim Gandul, Nafi Ali Nafi). This Time little congratulation goes to Dr. Riek and his capable Team of Negotiators.

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    • 30 December 2009 09:06, by Mel mosa

      Dear all

      I need someone to help me with this statement that those Southerners living in the North Should vote. I think the SPLM and rest of Southern Sudanese parties rejected it when it was passed by NCP. Why they accept now? If they both parties agreed, why the SPLM officials inform the Southerners?

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      • 30 December 2009 09:11, by Mel mosa

        You guys all cheering but that is how Arab confuse. This kind of bill is not good for Southern at all

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        • 30 December 2009 10:07, by Gatwech

          Mel Mousa, for how long should we keep on believing that we are inferior to Jellaba and Jellaba is superior to always cheat us. Please remove that belief in your mind. Remember that when the issue of northerners born before 1956 to vote wherever they are came up from the NCP, SPLM rejected it and now it changed that ONLY those born after 1956. Do you know why the SPLM refuses those born before 1956 and had the law changed? Please consult well if you don’t understand other explanation given to you. And I beg you to think like somebody who can also deceive the north, not the North always deceiving you otherwise, you may still deny that you got your independence after 2011 even if the result is declared for independence. You may still keep on crying that the north had cheated you to make you believe that you achieved false independence in the South. Wake up!

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          • 30 December 2009 11:32, by Mel mosa

            Don’t worry man. I am ready with my bullet in barel. NCP never ever buy my bullet that all.

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    • 30 December 2009 09:13, by Mel mosa


      Please don’t try to confuse Southerners. I know you are arab.

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    • 30 December 2009 09:17, by wang

      Before 1956, no many southerners actualy gone outside. The tricky one was after the independent when many Dinka migrates into north where most of them were born there.
      We will get our independent by any mean necessary. it doesn’t matter how many times NCP twisted the rules.

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      • 30 December 2009 09:23, by Mel mosa


        You are right body. this time, we should make independence whether bashier like it or not.

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        • 30 December 2009 10:01, by Ambago

          Dear readers

          I can see the much uneasiness here with the article in question. We must accept that whoever wrote this article was doing their best to summarize the whole bill.

          As the ambiguity remains, I advice you all to read from the original bill itself that remains to be the only authentic reference.

          Your political parties should provide you with hard copies soon, so stop cracking your heads over a thing that can only be remedied otherwise.

          But those who walked out in protest to this law, the National Democratic Alliance (NDA), Darfur Peace bloc and the Eastern Front bloc didn’t do so when the SPLM and the other southern parties walked out last week.

          So now since the above groups supported the rejected bill on 22/12/2009, and now decided to boycott when the bill got rectified means, they were the real beneficiaries from the crooked politics of the Sudan and now their true colours are showing.


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          • 30 December 2009 10:12, by Gatwech

            Dr. Ambago,

            You are right. The northern opposition groups were trying to cheat SPLM. Now that they know the law for southern sudan independence is passed they are not happy. These are a group of hyenas trying to blackmail SPLM.

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      • 30 December 2009 09:29, by mike

        I have been saying thses for the last few weeks. The Bashire government will try to do everything they can in their power to delay and eventually destroy all of the issues agreed upon during the signing of CPA in 2005. I beleive they ( North) would choose to go to war again with South instead of giving South Sudan it’s independance mark my word guys. So what we should do now in my opinion, we should get our self ready I mean including everyone farmers, student, and former solders for any event so that we would be ready for any attack otherwise we will get couht up unprepared and that will be the end of "Chapter 3" (SPLA.

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      • 30 December 2009 09:30, by Pandit


        It is Nuer population dominated Khartoum after 1991 when Riek failed after his coupe attempe within the SPLA.Riek run to Khortoum with almost half of Nuer population. Plus some who were already there with Matip including Riek Gai. Two Nuer born boys are Bashir sons now. that is a reason you are all happy with that bill because you want them to ajack the the South. Nuer must correct themselves from short vision.

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      • 30 December 2009 11:07, by Dinka Boy

        Mr Wang,

        thanks to realized that NCP is twesting the bill.
        Great anaysis.

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  • 30 December 2009 09:51, by Gatwech

    Dear readers,

    Oh no...Dinka Boy said he was born in 1976. Read his comment above.

    Dinka Boy??? You said you were born in 1976 and you still call yourself a boy???

    Let me get my calculator to be precise. 2009 - 1976 = 33 years. So you are 33 years old and you still call yourself a boy???

    May be you are a boy in your retarded brain (mind) but not a boy in your whole physical being considering your age.

    In our South Sudan constitution, you can become a member of parliament in Juba at the age of 25, right? This means that you could have become MP since eight years ago.

    Oh, boy. I would love to hear the 33 years old boy arguing like you do on the net in the parliament. Dinka Boy, you have already grown up physically but still a boy mentally.

    I was born in 1980 and this means that I am about four to five years younger than you because I am 29 years old. But I don’t call myself a boy. I am a responsible person and can even challenge President Kiir in good decision making. I am a man and not a boy!!!

    I thought Dinka Boy was just below 18 years old. I alerted you guys the other day that these cousins of ours who participate on this net pretend to be small boys just to confuse the readers that their poor quality comments are those of small boys when in fact they are of old people. Now if the Dinka Boy of 33 years old pretends to be a boy on this net, what about the Murle Screwed, Khent, SPLA, etc, etc. These are old politicians. Some are more 50 years old. They have just run out of ideas because they have been screwed up (caught red-handed) in their failed corrupt tribal leadership.

    If their youngest boy is Dinka Boy on this net, guess how old the rest could be...

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    • 30 December 2009 10:03, by Pandit

      Gatwech I think nobody could be older than Kim Deng who is still talking like kid who have never been to school.

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      • 30 December 2009 10:24, by Gatwech

        Pandit, how dit (old) are you? 57 may be?

        And how old is Kim Deng?

        Your low IQ is betraying you and your colleagues!!!

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        • 30 December 2009 10:53, by Pandit

          I Was born in 1985 mr Gatwech

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          • 30 December 2009 11:05, by Pandit

            Gatwech Kim is older than you bro

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  • 30 December 2009 13:23, by M.Cool.J

    Whether borned before or after 1,1956 they must vote in the South

    Atem Garang must check his statement!

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    • 30 December 2009 13:49, by mack waweru

      Gatwech and Dinka Boy are talking the same language, "Baa ye buul and Abi nyom". Gatwech made the point very clear and Dinka Boy is frustrated, for the alleged notherners of southern decesent would be used to influence the result of the referendum which may favor unity.

      Mack Awer

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  • 30 December 2009 13:27, by Gatluak Latjor

    What a nice para-(look below). Arabs who may spoil the whole process are filtered out! Ahaaaaaaa SPLM Oyeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeeee! Yab!

    "Under the law, south Sudanese living outside the south and born before January 1, 1956, the date of Sudan’s independence, must vote in the south". "But south Sudanese living outside the south and born after January 1, 1956 would be able to vote in their place of residence, whether in the north or abroad".

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  • 30 December 2009 15:44, by Daniel Juol Nhomngek Geech

    Self-determination is a God ordained central idea. No man will ever stay without searching his root. All over the world, the people are allied towards the side where there are freedom and identification. In 1776, Americans got their independence after thirteen American colonies rebelled against their colonial master, the Britain, under George III.This happened with the support from French Army under King Louis XVI. The American revolution and independence of 1776, on 4 July, set a unprecedented rate of revolutions across Europe.

    The revolutions came about because those French soldiers who participated in the American war of independence came back home with the revolutionary ideas, only to find the French society bogged down in problems like the ones that they had helped the American soldiers to fight against under the British rule. Seeing such a pathetic state of the affairs in France, the soldiers threw their support behind the peasants and Bourgeois or Middle class, which pull the war towards the spot of success. The success of this revolution of 1789 inspired other suffering groups in Europe under tyrannical kings and put the whole Europe in a vicious cycle of revolutions for more than fifty years.

    Those revolutions did not end there, instead they had continued as the quest by man for freedom grew worldwide. It came into fore in Latin America, Asia, Middle East and Africa nineteenth century. However, I would like to concentrate on one country in the Middle East, the Israel. Israelis, although they had land like ours they suffered a lot. During the Second World War, about six million Jews were exterminated under Adolf Hilter, the Nazis Leader who planned to remove them from the face of the earth with his friend, Benito Mussolini.

    However, as it is said that determination is the father of success, they determined and by 1948, the state of Israel was established and within no time, they became the strongest nation in the Middle East beating all Arab countries who collectively came to destroy them in 1948-1949 and 1967 wars respectively. They defeated Sudan, Egypt, Yemen, Iran, Syria, Saudi Arabia plus many other Arab nations hands up.Many of these countries surrendered and signed treaty with Israel. It should be noted that the Israelite defeated these nations because of unity that existed among themselves.

    Southern Sudanese should emulate the example of Israel so that by 2011 on 12 January, the Democratic Republic of the people of Southern Sudan is declared as independence and sovereign state under the black President from the south. If the southerners are not serious in taking this God-given opportunity, then they will remain slave forever and, who wants to remain in slavery?

    Daniel Juol Nhomngek Geech.

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  • 30 December 2009 20:13, by Gatloth Gai

    Yes very good point have been reached.


    Thisis what we expected,self determination leave no complaints after ths very event due in 2011.

    It is me as southern,to say sudan will remain unit or not depend on my experiences i went through in Sudan 50 years from inpendent.

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    • 31 December 2009 01:18, by kumkan

      Wether Jallaba like it or not we the notherners would live freely without any intervention from the northerners. How could Arabs want to keep us in the the same house as their brothers? Isn’t it the same brotherhood they forgot a long time a go? Arabs has hate us for decades and it should not be now when we have a choice to choose our destiny. As much as, I don’t want to have anythings to do with Arabs, I rather live freely without converging with them. Gatwech! good job on elaborating on this. The vision is for the Southerners to decide their fate.....

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      • 31 December 2009 10:12, by sudanboy

        Finally we will be freed from these canibals in the South. You may take Abyei as well. The Hague gave us Heglig anyway, so you may use Abyei as a spot for Dinka to carry on slaughtering other tribes like Neur. Neur who have the greatest mind in Southern Sudan now in the being of Dr. Reik Machar that all you cheap Dinka call a traitor!

        May Northern Sudanese live together in peace and harmony! Finally, and boy o boy it’s been a long coming as Mr. Obama said, finally we are freed from the thugs of Mayo and the corruption of the SPLM and the dirt of sell-outs like Pagan and Deng Alor!

        Blue Nile & Nuba Mountains people are Northern Sudanese and their heritage, culture and religion is similar to ours and has nothing to do with your barbaric acts that you think is not terrorism. You Dinka do not realise that you are the biggest terrorists in East Africa. You have terrorised and continue to terrorise Neur, Shuluk, Zandi and other tribes in South.

        Happy Independence, and happy inclusion in the list of Failed States, because trust me, you will be a failed state. Together we are already one now because of the barbaric actions happening in Bahr Gazal State and Unity State!

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        • 31 December 2009 13:38, by SALAS TIGBAGBA

          You seem to have a serious mental problem that may turn to all your family stupid. don’t just open your fucking mind and write what u don’t understand.

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  • 31 December 2009 14:39, by man of sudan

    that’s great work to all leaders in Southern Sudan.keep yr head up.

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