Home | News    Saturday 27 October 2007

FACTBOX-Who is attending Darfur talks, who is not

separation
increase
decrease
separation
separation

October 27, 2007 (SIRTE, Libya) - Delegations from Darfur rebel groups, Sudanese government negotiators and international mediators gathered in Sirte, Libya on Saturday for peace talks aimed at ending 4-1/2 years of war in western Sudan.

JPEG - 11 kb
Displaced protestors hold the picture of the SLM leader Abdelwahid al-Nur, as they protest against Libya peace talk, at Abu shouk camp near El Fasher, Oct 26, 2007 (Reuters)

The decision on the eve of the talks by two main Darfur rebel groups not to attend, however, cast doubt on the viability of the discussions.

Analysts say if the Libya talks lack support from key players any agreement coming out of them would likely suffer the same fate as a 2006 deal signed by only one Darfur faction. It did little, if anything, to end the violence.

Here are some details about the Darfur peace process and who may attend Saturday’s talks:

* BACKGROUND:

— Since the badly flawed 2006 Darfur Peace Agreement, signed by only one of three rebel negotiating groups, insurgents have split into more than a dozen factions, creating a chaotic security environment on the ground.

— The first talks in Nigeria’s capital Abuja were hindered not only by rebel divisions but by a disconnect between field commanders and the political leadership at the negotiating table.

— The African Union-United Nations mediated talks in Sirte, Libya, to begin on Saturday, hoped to bring all those who have rejected last year’s deal into the peace process.

* REBELS WHO WILL ATTEND PEACE TALKS:

— JUSTICE AND EQUALITY MOVEMENT-COLLECTIVE LEADERSHIP: Led by Bahar Idriss Abu Garda, former vice chairman of Khalil Ibrahim’s JEM. The group was formed in September after Ibrahim sacked Abu Garda and his ex-military chief Abdallah Abanda.

— JEM-AZRAQ - Led by Idriss Ibrahim Azraq. Broke away from Khalil Ibrahim’s JEM in 2007, accusing him of "ethnic chauvinism" and an inclination toward "Islamic fundamentalism".

— REVOLUTIONARY DEMOCRATIC FORCES FRONT - Led by Salah Abu Surrah. An Arab-based Darfur rebel movement formed in 2006.

— NATIONAL MOVEMENT FOR REFORM AND DEVELOPMENT - Led at the talks by Khalil Abdullah. It broke from JEM in 2004 and is said to have Chadian backing.

— UNITED REVOLUTIONARY FORCE FRONT - Led at the talks by Alhadi Agabeldour. An Arab-led rebel group opposed to the government.

— SUDAN LIBERATION MOVEMENT-G19 - Led at the talks by Khamees Abdullah. It is a small faction that rejected the 2006 Darfur agreement, and formed the military wing of the former National Redemption Front.

— SUDAN FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC ALLIANCE - Led by Ahmed Ibrahim Diraige. The group, which rejected the Abuja peace deal, was part of the former National Redemption Front created in Eritrea in June 2006.

* WHO WON’T BE THERE:

— JUSTICE AND EQUALITY MOVEMENT (JEM): Led by Khalil Ibrahim, one of the original negotiators, Ibrahim is also from the Zaghawa tribe. New weapons and a loose military alliance with SLA Unity has turned JEM into the largest military threat to the Khartoum government on the ground in recent months. Some distrust Ibrahim who they say has an Islamist agenda and has his eye on power in Khartoum rather than the rights of Darfuris. JEM has expanded its insurgency to the Kordofan region bordering Darfur. JEM said it would not attend the Libya talks, objecting to the presence of rebel groups they say had no constituency and no place at the table.

— SLA/M (ABDEL WAHED): Led by popular SLA/M founder and its original Chairman Abdel Wahed Mohamed el-Nur, this group has few fighters mostly in western Jabel Marra, the central mountainous Darfur region where the revolt began. But Nur enjoys mass support among his Fur tribe, Darfur’s largest, and in the hundreds of camps for Darfuri displaced. Nur, a lawyer, is based in Paris and has refused to attend until a force is deployed to stem the Darfur violence, which has recently surged anew.

— SLA/M UNITY: The largest faction of fighters on the ground, this is a loose alliance of many major figures among Darfur’s rebels. Officially led by Abdallah Yehya, it includes other prominent figures — Sherif Harir, Abu Bakr Kadu and Ahmed Kubur. SLA-UNITY joined JEM in rejecting the talks, saying it objected to the presence of rebel groups they say had no constituency and no place at the table.

— AHMED ABDEL SHAFI: A Fur, he split from Abdel Wahed Mohamed el-Nur and also enjoys some support from the massive Fur tribe. Shafie and five other smaller factions have announced at a meeting in Juba they would also not attend, saying AU and U.N. mediators had not heeded rebel requests for a delay to allow them to form a united position and agree on a delegation.

(Reuters)

Comments on the Sudan Tribune website must abide by the following rules. Contravention of these rules will lead to the user losing their Sudan Tribune account with immediate effect.

- No inciting violence
- No inappropriate or offensive language
- No racism, tribalism or sectarianism
- No inappropriate or derogatory remarks
- No deviation from the topic of the article
- No advertising, spamming or links
- No incomprehensible comments

Due to the unprecedented amount of racist and offensive language on the site, Sudan Tribune tries to vet all comments on the site.

There is now also a limit of 400 words per comment. If you want to express yourself in more detail than this allows, please e-mail your comment as an article to comment@sudantribune.com

Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 27 October 2007 16:07, by Mou Magok

    Killing is not something new

    Dear Leaders of major rebel groups I honestly appreciated your good decision to boycott the counterfeit talks taking place in Libya, you are really partisan and wise Sudanese.

    The government of Sudan doesn’t honor the agreement signed such as Darfur Peace Agreement in Ajuba Nigeria and Comprehensive Peace Agreement between North and Southern rebel ( SPLA). There are still some pending issues which will return people to war very soon if he continues rejecting them.

    Gen. Bashir it is now a blame on you which actually shows a weak in decision taking. Your Option is to implement CPA or Separation, I don’t know how to disclose things because I am not a politician.

    Thank

    Yirol boy

    E-mail: moukuyar@gmail.com

    repondre message

Comment on this article



The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.



Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


What Makes an Uprising? 2021-09-03 17:29:45 By: Dr Lam Akol* In an undated article, Hon. Atem Garang de Kuek discussed what was required for an uprising in South Sudan to succeed as did three uprisings in the recent history of Sudan (...)

Is IGAD partly responsible for current confusion in South Sudan? 2021-08-21 09:41:17 By Bol Khan In April 2016, Radio Tamazuj posted and answered questions about the fainting Security arrangements or demilitarization of the capital, Juba as stipulated in 2015's signed ARCSS and (...)

South Sudan People Coalition for Civil Action (PCCA) is to create warlords 2021-08-19 11:06:28 By Steve Paterno In South Sudan, where just about everyone has access to guns (tons of them), and almost every ambitious politician is a potential warlord, any slight destabilization of the (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Statemeny bu Hala al-Karib to UN Security Council on women conditions in Sudan 2021-09-15 11:59:16 Statement by Ms Hala Al-Karib to the UN Security Council 14 September 2021 Madam President, Excellencies, My name is Hala Al-Karib and I am the Regional Director of the Strategic Initiative (...)

Joint Communiqué on the visit of H.E. the Prime Minister of the Republic of Sudan to Juba 2021-08-23 11:23:26 19 – 21 August 2021 His Excellency Dr Abdallah Hamdok, Prime Minister of the Republic of the Sudan and Chairperson of IGAD, accompanied by Ministers of Defence, Foreign Affairs, Trade, (...)

S. Korea supports UN communities building resilience project in Sudan’s Blue Nile 2019-09-09 09:26:41 UNDP Sudan September 5, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - An agreement was signed on 5th of September between the Korean Ambassador, His Excellency. Lee Ki-Seong and Dr. Selva Ramachandran, Resident (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2021 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.