Home | News    Friday 4 March 2011

SPLM threatens to boycott negotiations with NCP over Abyei attacks


By Ngor Arol Garang

March 3, 2011 (AGOK) - The leadership of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), which controls the government of South Sudan, threatened on Thursday to boycott the ongoing talks on the remaining outstanding issues in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), in the Ethiopia capital of Addis Ababa, over repeated attacks in the oil-producing region of Abyei.

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A SPLA soldier stands guard at a U.N. base in Abyei May 16, 2008 (Reuters)

The SPLM accused the Khartoum-controlled Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) of conducting deliberate attacks to remove citizens from Abyei in order to settle members of the rival Misseriya tribe. The SAF have denied that they are in any way behind the attacks.

As part of the 2005 CPA, Abyei was supposed to hold a referendum to decide whether it would seceed to join South Sudan. The South’s plebiscite went ahead on schedule and the region is due to become independent in July following an overwhelming vote for independence.

Fighting in Abyei, has previously been associated with territorial rivalry between the two neighboring communities of the Dinka Ngok Chiefdom and the Arab-Nomadic cattle herding Misseriya. However, the issue has become highly politcised between the SPLM and Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP). The SPLM’s rejection of the NCP’s demand that the Misseriya be allowed to take part in the Abyei referendum was the main reason why the vote did not go ahead in January.

The SPLM claim that heavy artillery machine guns during the latest attacks, indicating that the attacks were supported by the SAF.

However, SAF spokesperson Khaled Al-Swarmi said the northern army did not take part in the fighting, whether with artillery, aviation or support to any party against the other.

He accused the Dinka Ngok-led Abyei Administration of being responsible of the current tension saying they did not implement security arrangement deal signed in Kadugli on 17 January.

According to Al-Swarmi the Abyei Administration had to withdraw additional SPLA police members from the region. The presence of the extra police led to the outbreak of friction with the Misseriya cattle herders, he said. Armed forces from both sides remain positioned outside of Abyei as stipulated in the agreement.

More than 70 people have reportedly been killed and several others wounded in clashes which began on Sunday 27 and continued on 28 February. They resumed on Wednesday 2 March, following no reports of attacks on Tuesday 1 March, 2011. There were no reports of clashes on Thursday.

The UN said on Thursday that more than 300 women and children have fled Abyei to escape the fighting. A diplomatic source has told Reuters that they had witnessed ‘the burial of 33 bodies of people caught up in the violence.’

Talks between the NCP and the SPLM, over the remaining issues of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and post-referendum issues, resumed on 1 March in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa. As well as Abyei, the two parties are also expected to discuss the other transitional areas of South Kordofan and South Blue Nile. These areas like Abyei are geographically in north Sudan but were accorded popular consultations rather than a referendum on joining the South. Both the areas fought with the SPLM against Khartoum during the civil war.

Speaking to Sudan Tribune on Thursday, Edward Lino Wuor Abyei, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement‘s chairman in Abyei, said current attacks on the area could sabotage the ongoing talks.

"The National Congress launches attacks and thinks we can talk with them when they are killing innocent civilians. Which hearts and minds will do that? The SPLM will not accept anything unless they stop launching attacks in the area", warned Edward.

Charles Abyei Jok, the speaker of Abyei Legislative Council, in a separate interview with Sudan Tribune, on Thursday, also accused Sudan Armed Forces of conducting attacks with intentions to kill citizens of Abyei in order to take the oil and settle Misseriya.

"What is killing citizens of Abyei is oil and their land. The National Congress has realized that there is no alternative to take Abyei so resorted to armed confrontation with intention to wipe away the population. This is evident in these latest attacks. The Sudan Armed Forces launched by itself after using Misseriya to initiate on their behalf", said Charles.

"In these attacks, villages are burned and civilians are being killed. This is clear intention to clear the area. The National Congress Party through the regular army has embarked on ethnic cleansing strategy to take and control Abyei", Charles claimed.

Chol Deng Alaak, chairman of the Abyei referendum Forum in another interview with Sudan Tribune in Juba, said: "Talks between the SPLM and the National Congress Party on post referendum issues and Abyei resumed on Tuesday after the government troops staged deadliest attacks in the area."

Deng Abiem, a member the State Legislative Assembly in Warrap representing Abyei, said the SPLM should not go ahead with discussions, while the violence continues.

"There is no reason to go ahead while the innocent civilians are being butchered. Where is the international community here? Why is the international community repeatedly allowing the National Congress Party to kill innocent civilians in Abyei?"

"Why are the United States of America and the United Nations keeping quiet on Abyei? Where are those who appended their signatures on the Comprehensive Peace Agreement? Why are the world leaders allowing the peace they supported to be violated at their watch", asked Abiem.

Miyen Alor Kuol, another SPLM figure from Abyei said that talks had not got off to a good start as the NCP delegation maintained their earlier position to include Messiriya in the administration of Abyei.

The long-serving member of the SPLM said his party would definitely reject any attempt to include Messiriya in the area. "It is clear that our delegation will not accept any attempt to include Misseriya in the area whatsoever. So, it is possible these talks on Abyei will not go ahead to produce substantial and contending results", said Kuol.

The deputy chief administrator of Abyei, Rahman Abdul Rahman, who is from the Misseriya said that the town is now relatively calm with the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) patrolling the town and the surrounding area with local police and Joint Integrated Units, consisting of both SPLA and SAF troops.

"The situation today is relatively calm. There were no clashes today. UNMIS and the joint police and JIUS will conduct ultimate patrols in and around the town. We have also resolved it to engage the higher authorities", especially the presidency, Rahma told Sudan Tribune in a telephone interview.

On Thursday the United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) issued a statement announcing it was reinforcing its military capacity in Abyei:

"In reaction to the recent clashes north of Abyei town and to prevent an escalation in violence, UNMIS has started to enhance its presence in this location by reinforcing its current capacity of 4 companies with an additional company. The strengthened deployment will intensify the frequency of both patrols throughout the Abyei Administered Area to provide a continuous rolling presence, as well as foot patrols within Abyei town itself to increase visibility of UNMIS troops while carrying out the mission’s mandated duties."

On Wednesday the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General (SRSG) for the Sudan Haile Menkerios said that he deplored the clashes in Abyei. A statement from his office said that the fighting constituted a clear violation of the letter and spirit of the Kadugli Agreements of 13 and 17 January 2011.

Menkerios urges the NCP and SPLM to: ‘recommit themselves to the full implementation of the Agreements, including the establishment of the agreed High-Level Implementation Committee and its effective functioning as a mechanism to contain such incidents and prevent their recurrence. UNMIS stands ready to assist the parties in this endeavor. The SRSG further urges the two parties to expedite agreement on the settlement of the Abyei issue as promised by the Presidency last month.’


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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 4 March 2011 07:26, by Liberator

    SPLM(soon to be absolete party)

    Are you guys closer of fulfilling Ngundeng’s prophecies right?

    because, it seemed Abyei will be sacrificed to Arabs...and South Sudan will have to go rescue them by force.

    repondre message

    • 4 March 2011 07:53, by unityfirst1

      The government of southern sudan should take an immidiate consideration on Abyei,no waste of time.there’s no way that Dinka Ngok should share their land with those nomadic tribal of misseriya.

      repondre message

      • 4 March 2011 11:49, by Historical Boy!

        Don’t cry you blind and deaf officials,

        Ngundeng predicted that he will be talking to blind and deaf who will not understand what the future holds in his Luak. This is when he said “Ruai ke cor, guandong ca nyur luak kon dol, ruai e ke ming, guandong ca nyur luak kon dol.”

        He also said that it is painful when only one person understands the future. The rest do not understand the road they are being walked into. What a situation.

        There are some fools who believe that South Sudan is not independent yet until July 9. What is in there in July 9? There is nothing in there. It is just the end of an interim period, but not the determinant of independence of South Sudan.

        If July 9 means independence in the CPA, even those of Abyei who did not vote for independence in January would have gotten their independent automatically on July 9. But that will not be the case because they did not become independent by vote in January.

        And becareful with the issue of Abyei. Ngundeng said Ngok kiir bi ke wang…a bi Ngok ka liac nhial. This says Ngok kiir will be burnt down…and they will look up to me.
        South Sudan independence was created by the declaration of the vote of the people on January 30, 2011. It is the vote that determines independence, and not some date somewhere in July or August.

        Now some of the confused officials and writers think that independence will only come on July 9. What if you don’t reach July 9? Will you have lost your independence vote if July 9 is not reached to declare it?

        Now you crying over Abyei deteriorating situation. Let me tell you my deaf and blind, you will not reach July 9. You better accept that we have already achieved independence.

        I suspect that there are different groups of confused people who do not want to accept independence as being achieved. These must include the unionists who think that a chaotic situation can flare up before July 9’s declaration so that the South fails become independent.

        They may be planning a coup together with northern opposition parties so that they stop the declaration in July. You are wrong folks, because we are already independent. We can announce it any day before July 9.

        Another group are composed of those who have businesses in the north. This is about money in form of salaries or other corrupt businesses. They want to siphon money until July 9 in Khartoum.

        Other confused groups could be those who do not want our officials in the north to go to Juba. They think this will create wrangling over position they hold. They may fear any reshuffle of cabinet that may result to their positions being taken by some more experienced from the north.

        Well, guys such selfish gains and malicious thinking should not blind you to prefer that we remain stateless until July 9.

        President Bashir has told you to go South and organize your government while he organizes his own in Khartoum, yet you choose to loiter and accept to wait until July 9, as if it is going to be a magical day.

        You may not reach July 9. What will you say!

        I tell you, Ngundeng’s war is at your doors. It will soon come either over the Abyei issue, north-south border issue or a coup de tat in Khartoum before July 9.

        Mark my words!

        repondre message

        • 4 March 2011 14:08, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

          Hello Historic Boy!

          Your talk is convincing but it doesn’t give impression to the people of Abyei. I am afraid you should reduce such statements against people.

          Abyei won’t become a part of Khartoum though the current government sympathezes with it.

          This condition of Abyei indigeneuous citizens will erupt another war btn the two countries of Sudan.

          I feel very sad whenever I hear that SAF has killed innocent citizens from the region.

          Where’s the SPLA? Are the so called Misseria depeating them?

          There is no need of saying that 9th Jan. 2011 is the independent day apart from the day of plebicite. The govenment that has notarization to protect the people of Abyei should be SPLA but not SAF.

          The Khartouom government needs to apply the genocide in Darfur to the Dinka of Abyei which will affect his governance devastatingly.
          Let’s us wait for no time otherwise SAF will finish the civilians at night in the villages as it is doing to people of Darfur.

          The Darfur people whether soldier or not should join the fight against the Beshir armed soldiers and Misseriya.
          "There is no paece without war." Let us first confront each other and the "end will justify the means." Beshir will be like the Tunisia’s president.

          repondre message

    • 4 March 2011 10:01, by Timsah

      To Southerners and SPLA,

      The NCP and SAF will not relent,unless we use force this time.The mentioned politicians sentiments are true.Everyone in SPLM,including Salva and Pagan need to echo thesame feelings.We are fedup with this bickering without an end.I strongly believe that,diplomatic efforts have been exhausted by SPLM and the last thing to do now is to use force this time.We have many allies,mostly in the North Sudan, and there are chances of winning war.


      repondre message

    • 5 March 2011 10:34, by Liberator

      Deng Alor Kuol & your brother: Arop Deng Kuol( GOSS mission in Ethiopia)

      Please Dinka-Arabs don’t called on all South Sudanese to stand with you when you & your brother have disrepected South Sudanese community in Ethiopia

      Dear readers: please read this article below:
      Southern Sudanese Communities Leaders calls for Dismissal of Mr. Arop Deng Kuol, GOSS Head of Mission in Ethiopia

      MAR. 4/2011, SSN; The entire Southern Sudanese Communities in Ethiopia are calling for Mr. Arop Deng Kuol’s dismissal as GOSS Head of Mission in Addis Ababa over misuse of Diaspora money which was given by the South Sudan Referendum Taskforce

      We the Southern Sudanese Communities in Ethiopia, Addis Ababa Pinydu Refugee camp and Sharakolo camp appeal to the President of GOSS to recall back Major Arop Deng Kuol as GOSS Head of Mission to Ethiopia. We don’t think that Major Arop Deng Kuol activities in Ethiopia are not servicing the national interest of South Sudan base on the following:

      1. Mr. Arop Deng Kuol wrote a letter to the communities that they are not allowed to visit the GOSS Liaison office. Yes, we accept that and we instructed our members not to visit GOSS Liaison office in Addis Ababa, until Mr. Arop leave Ethiopia or GOSS office.

      2. The Referendum Task Force had given us 200,000 USD for referendum preparation and mobilization, instead Mr. Arop Deng Kuol took the money as a personal gift from his brother Deng Alor kuol, Minister of Regional Cooperation and also divided the money to these following institutions, which did not even ask for the money;

      ? Ethiopian Foreign Ministry, 20,000 USD for diplomatic recognition

      ? Embassy of Sudan in Ethiopia, 10,000 USD

      ? Economic Commission for Africa /ECA/ 10,000 USD

      ? GOSS Liaison office staffs 20,000 USD as referendum gifts

      ? SPLA special branch 5,000 USD

      ? Arop Deng Kuol a Head of Mission, 30,000 USD

      ? All Southern Sudanese communities who have voted 100% received none

      We, the Southern Sudanese Communities in Ethiopia have worked so hard to mobilize our communities throughout the Ethiopia and communities unanimously voted 100%. But our contribution has been denied by Mr. Arop Deng Kuol who was supposed to support referendum activities for the fact that the people he represents the GOSS in Ethiopia.

      For the last 6 years, Mr. Arop Deng Kuol has succeeded to convince the GOSS and the Office of the of the President of GOSS that these communities are Nuer Ethiopian and denying the existence of Southern Sudanese. However, the referendum has shown that these people are Sudanese and have voted 100% for separation and it is a shame for Mr. Arop and his tribesmen in the Ministry of Regional Cooperation.

      We have been patient enough to let Mr. Arop play this game for a long time. It is time for our community to act on this matter as soon as possible, if the GOSS doesn’t take any actions.

      Mr. Arop Deng Kuol as GOSS Head of Mission did not help our communities during the referendum registration and voting period. When we asked the Liaison Office to assist the communities, the answer we got from him is that, write a letter to Dr. Riek Machar in Juba to send your money.

      Mr. Arop Deng’s activities as a GOSS diplomatic representative are doing a lot of damage for our bilateral relations with Ethiopia. His activities has been known by many Ethiopian officials in the ministry of Foreign Affairs as a trader in Ethiopia and his relationships with the communities he is supposed to represent is not good as a diplomat.

      We call up on the Ethiopian Ministry of Foreign Affairs to request the GOSS to recall back Mr. Arop as soon as possible because his activities are damaging our present and future bilateral relations. Therefore, your immediate action will be highly appreciated by our communities.

      We are also appealing to the leadership of 2011Referundum Task Force to send delegations to Addis Ababa as soon as possible to resolve the issue of money with the GOSS Liaison office.

      Finally we call upon on H. E the President of GoSS Salva Kiir Mayardit to show a statesmanship to our people and to the world that he is able to lead the New Republic. These corrupt individuals like Mr. Arop Deng Kuol are not serving your government’s interest and this will create more enemies to your leadership.

      SIGNED BY:-

      1. Paulino Gatluak Biel South Sudan Student Union, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

      2. John Tibang Lual SPLM Chapter Secretary for Political Affairs, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

      3. Nhial Abol Nhial, Referendum Representative

      4. Juac Bol Bichok, Pinydu Referendum Camp Representative

      5. Obong Othiw, Sharakol Refugee Camp Representative

      CC: Office of the President of GOSS,

      CC: Office of the Vice-President, GOSS

      CC: Ethiopian Minister of Foreign Affairs

      CC: Minister of Information, GOSS

      CC: African Union, Addis Ababa

      CC: Economic Commission for African ( ECA)Head of Commission

      CC: Sudanese Ambassador to Ethiopia.

      CC: South Sudan Anti-Corruption Commission

      CC. Addis English Daily Reports

      Any Nuer Soldier should not fight and died for this land called abyei..let Deng Alor & his brother Arop Deng Kuol plus the traitor Dr, Francis Deng majok fight for it.

      repondre message

  • 4 March 2011 07:59, by Omoni Atari

    Abyei,Abyei Abyei,are you not feeling a shame of repeating the same word. It is monotonous to us.
    where is Athor Deng who? Tell him to liberate Abyei instead of murdering untrained boys called SPLA.
    Athor claimed that he killed over eighty SPLA,that was total lying from Dinka militia.
    Even five year old boy can not believe that too.

    repondre message

  • 4 March 2011 10:42, by Sudan virus

    And they(NCP) claim removal of their government from list of state sponsors of terrorism by USA.

    repondre message

  • 4 March 2011 13:07, by Jalaby


    SPLM go ahead and boycott the negotiations, so what?? what is the ultimate action you can take now? separate the south? is that what you were threatening north before? south already separated and there is nothing you can threaten north now on. You can’t stop the oil from running north because any action like that will cause the south its life .. war against north is not in the table either.

    We gave you many solutions for Abyei and Americans gave you many solutions too but you rejected all of them despite Dinka Nok came recenlty to Abyei after Nuer beat them and made them fled from their original land in the south and Messyeria accepted them and offered them a safe haven and now they decided to expel Messyria from their land!

    Buddy, all you can do is to cry and complain north to America and the west but no more than that.

    Jalaby (Abo Tagia)

    repondre message

    • 4 March 2011 14:03, by Marco A. Wek

      Jalaby you know Southerners well. We have the capability of sending Mamaliks to where they were driven. Remember you still have Fur, Nuba and Blue Nile that would for sure like to be with their true brothers and Mamaliks will for be hit hard just keep talking until time comes.

      repondre message

    • 4 March 2011 21:01, by unityfirst1

      that’s nonesense please! quit decieving people with your cheap ass history,don’t you read the history of sudan and how your ancestral had overflown all the way from ELjazeira-El arabia,that’s the way you’re going to go back,just keep smelling your left hand on your nose and you will see.we’re warning you jalaby than before,live in the North and sit quietly,that mean shut up your ass completely before southerners decided and change their minds and starting ousting you out in that region.otherwise you will be rolling up your mats and put them back on your Camels,Donkeys.i’m telling you jalaby the old time game is OVER!Monyjang and the Nuer people will never let you get away with Abyei,i know that you might use your dirty tricks,because that’s the way you had been dividing up our tribes within the south and turn them against the Dinka.it still won’t help you either.we think ahead of you now so watch out.
      OG.AKA Unityfirst1 for the South.

      repondre message

  • 4 March 2011 23:31, by john a

    RoSS just be patiences let us finish and gets independence in july. get all your weapons includings jets planes helicopters and forces ready. full scale attacks is only way we can liberate blacks in abyie from the arab satanic party of NCP. we have to kill bashir,abdulrahaman and salah gost.

    repondre message

  • 5 March 2011 02:05, by john a

    any southerners who thinking arabs of NCP are our friends is lie to him or her self. after independence we have to held NCP 3 leaders basher, abdurahaman and salah gost directly responsibles for life lost in abyie. we cannot continue like this after july 9, kirr have to tell army from now to be fully ready after july 9. any attacks after july 9 will be official declaration of war and we have to send NCP to hell.

    repondre message

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