Home | News    Wednesday 14 March 2012

North, South Sudan sign agreements on nationality, border demarcation


By Tesfa-Alem Tekle

April 14, 2012 (ADDIS ABABA) - After days of tense negotiations in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, Sudan and South Sudan on Tuesday signed an agreement on issues of nationality and demarcation of their common boundary.

The framework agreements allow nationals of each state the rights to enjoy “freedom of residence, freedom of movement, freedom to undertake economic activity and freedom to acquire and dispose property".

South Sudan chief negotiator, Pagan Amum, and his Sudanese counterpart Idriss Abdel-Gadir, signed the agreement, in the presence of Thabo Mbeki, Pierre Buyoya, former president of Burundi, and Ramtane Lamamra, the African Union Commissioner for Peace and Security.

The new progress is said to be an important step forward to further resolving the remaining post-split issues such as on oil revenues and other outstanding matters.

The two sides will establish a joint committee of ministers of interior to further consult on details of related issues so as to commence demarcation of the continent’s longest border line.

“This is an assurance to people in Sudan and South Sudan", Mbeki said at the agreement signing ceremony. He added “this out look is fundamental to the conduct of negotiation on all matters”.

The Addis Ababa initial agreements will be signed soon in Juba between Presidents Salva Kiir of South Sudan and his Sudanese counterpart Omar al-Bashir, who is expected to pay a visit to Juba in the next two weeks, his first trip to South Sudan since the country seceded from Sudan in July 2011.

The two sides renewed their commitment to continue negotiations on the remaining outstanding issues to ensure the economic, political and social viability between the countries.

“The two states have agreed to continue negotiations as partners rather than aggressors,” said Thabo Mbeki, who chairs the African Union meditation mechanism .

South Sudan’s foreign minister, Pagan Amum said the initial agreement paves a away to ensure that the two states are viable, cooperating, and economically respecting their territorial integrity and creating a situation of security for both states.

The negotiations were brokered by African Union’s High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP), headed by former South African President Thabo Mbeki.


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  • 14 March 2012 12:45, by wacjak

    Sorry Mr. Reporter, Pagan is the chief negotiator for South Sudan but not the foreign Minister unless in the near future. I don’t believe and trust whatever is discussed/ agreed upon with Sudan due to many agreements that they have been dishonoring. South Sudanese should be prepared with plan B incase NCP and other crooks in the Sudan try to do away with this accord.

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    • 14 March 2012 14:59, by Robot

      Well said, sometimes i reserve my comment when i found an appropriate comment similar to what i was about to comment, indeed this is plan ’B’ but i hope our leaders are not sleeping. my message to this infertile man, ’you are not welcomed in our hearts’, something to be sure is that he is coming to see the real situation like he did during elections. pooooooooooooo.

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      • 14 March 2012 16:39, by Chol

        Freedom to be treated as second class citizen in the South is an option!

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    • 15 March 2012 05:34, by morogot batal

      - what did dinkas and nuer want from khartoum that make them to wast time discussing metters of being citizens of sudan arabs?
      - equatorian has to study this case properly and decide wisely.
      - our position is very clear and these food lovers are betraying us since..
      - dinkas sold sudan to arabs at the fake independent of 1956
      - dinka sold abyei
      - dinkas sold the addiss ababa agreement

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    • 26 October 2012 20:38, by jakbestwille

      I found this post very exciting. I think you will have any other post on this topic? I am also sending it to my friend to enjoy your working style. Cheers!
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    • 14 November 2012 04:59, by lessacccount

      I have been assigned to do a report for our school newspaper on this subject, and your post has been beneficial. Can you please add more reference to this topic, thanks.

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    • 19 January 2013 07:11, by pseoscane

      There are so many aspects to this, and you have opened up another train of thought for me to examine. Thank you for your insight.

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  • 14 March 2012 12:52, by MKee

    Hope it is a fair deal to both. But why this time. South have always been negotiating in good faith while north don’t. I know and everyone will agree with me that it is becos of the shuting down of oil, good progress in fighting in blue nile and Kordofan states and worsenning sudan economy that forced sudan to signing of this agreement. South should be careful what it sign as north don’t respect

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    • 14 March 2012 13:12, by Loko El Pollo


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  • 14 March 2012 13:08, by MKee

    agreement unless force by conditions. this is shown in many ageements that are signed today and then disobey tomorrow. International community together with African Union should always be on a look out and bring in conditions that force sudan to abide by what it signs.south should keep the oil pipeline shut and should look at it borders and don’t let any one cross it.north must change to survive e

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  • 14 March 2012 14:46, by Longa

    I do not know how this framework is going to be implemented. I read through it, it seemed there is alot of work that needed to make it a reality but with the usual culture of dishonering things from Khartoum, I do not think anything good will come out of it. The whole thing is targeting oil, nothing short of that. For example, it talked of citizens of both countries could own property.

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  • 14 March 2012 16:59, by mohammed ali

    It is depressing to see all this belligrency.Nobody is welcoming peace and consider as victory for SS.This simply stupid.People in negotation come to a common ground, win-win situation.Talking about the economic situation in Sudan is much exaggerated. Everywhere the economy is bad, but against all bad wishers Khartoum didn’t collapse and it wont.By & large the economy in Sudan is far better than S

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    • 14 March 2012 17:15, by Hillary B.M.L,M

      Mohamed Ali,

      Don’t be stupid always, try to educate you self+ your Jalaba.

      Am right in Khartoum, things are worst than you are thinking.

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      • 14 March 2012 22:12, by mohammed ali

        Hi Hillary, long not seen, what can I do am a jallabi I can’t be anything but stupid; just remain intelligent! I always educate myself, so who that they should stop educating themselves are really very stupid.No, you are not right! There is economic slow down that is true, price are high, that is true!But, which country is not facing such problems!Comparing it with SS where they depend 99% upon...

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        • 14 March 2012 22:17, by mohammed ali

          oil, which is no longer there, you can easily say there is no economy in SS! There is no other revenues to run the economy. You can teach, how economy is going to move without revenues! This science dear; not tribal, ethenic politics (( shimaleen versus janubien...bla...bla) This 1+1= 2 !

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    • 14 March 2012 17:29, by zulu


      You obviousely dont see it very clearly. South Sudan does not need to send oil through Sudan any more. It has made its decision to ship oil through two countries. That, by signing the agreement for border and citizenship, Sudan hopes to lure SS to terminate its program of shipping the oil thro Kny & Thpia. There is no oil sharing. That oil is SS’s property as it lays within its territory.

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      • 14 March 2012 17:48, by zulu

        We have also earmarked 18 illion dollars to immediately trnasport all our SS from North so that money can feed NS. Then the border issue will be gun to gun, plane to plane, antonov to antonov, together with the rebels, it is a huge force.

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        • 14 March 2012 18:27, by zulu

          While they are signing an agreement with us on border and security, they sent a fighter jet which we shot down at 1130 am over Jau. Bravo SPLA for shooting down this plane. No body messes with SS.

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          • 14 March 2012 22:30, by mohammed ali

            Zulu, ok the oil is yours, nobody is disputing that! You don’t want to transport it through ower land is your right, don’t do it! Still we can live in peace.You can dream as long as you want about the " dream pipe-line", while no feasibility done, no design, no bid announced, no construction company chosen yet and on top of that no money. That money is 22 billions in us dollars, not 22..

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            • 14 March 2012 22:41, by mohammed ali

              ..billions in Sudanese pounds! You are dreaming to get that loan during the worest financila crisis since the Great Depression of 1930, for a country where the so called financially " country risk is very high and security is zero.If this is not a dream I don’t know what is the dream!Feasibility will for such a project will take at least 6 months and cost 40 - 60 million dollars, design may...

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              • 14 March 2012 23:05, by mohammed ali

                may take 12 months, at least for 6 months each during the rainy season you can’t transport equipment with the state of the roads there, calculating you will find that 18 months have already gone! After 3 months nobody will talk about the " dream pipe-line" Mark my words! By the way that was a droon not a jet fighter, if you know the difference, really do you think you have an army?!

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                • 15 March 2012 01:56, by SeekingTruth

                  Does Mohammed Ali even know that the 22 billions he at least refers to every time is a share dividend between the 3 Countries as per the agreement? IT WILL BE SHARED MR. DELUSIONAL, NOT BE PAID BY THE SOUTH ALONE!

                  And although I’m for the NOn aggressive toward peace , I don’t see the validity of signing the border demarcation before dealing first with Abyei since the two are very interconnected.

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    • 14 March 2012 20:48, by Elijah B. Elkan

      Mr. Ali,

      The 2 countries should be happy for this agreement, but Khartoum had broken many agreement between the south and north Sudan. I really start to feel sorry for you and those in the far north of Sudan. Khartoum miscalculated the constitution of Sudan as hold. The Islamic religion broke up the country, because the feel all the tribes must follow their Islamic ideologies.

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      • 14 March 2012 23:18, by mohammed ali

        Elijah,you know the truth,but u like to follow the herd! Everything in the CPA was delivered by Sudan government, SPLA didn’t!Rebillion started in SS decades before z Islamic constitution,before the independence of Sudan,let us be honest about this.CPA gave SS the right of self governing without any interference of the President of the state,but the SPLA had had it’s decision before signing z CPA

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  • 14 March 2012 18:49, by Padiet Deng Alony

    all these freedom arab from north benefit from it any way let it be.

    warning no more South Sudan oil to pass through north pipeline period.let continue with Lamu project.

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  • 14 March 2012 18:51, by Northern Sudanese



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    • 14 March 2012 21:51, by Chol

      You guys are the one crying to have citizenship in the South because there is no life in Sudan, some of you northerners are under the delusion that both Sudans are coming back together, that’s a wishful thinking. Be a citizen in the south and you hate it dreadfully.

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      • 14 March 2012 23:02, by Northern Sudanese


        whaaaaaaaaaaaaaaat?????????? who the fuck in this world wants to be citizen fucking south sudan shit????? we don’t want to be south sudanese, it’s your 700,000 south sudanese who want to stay in our land and become part of our country....... but they will all be kicked out......

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        • 15 March 2012 00:48, by Son of Upper Nile

          Ignoring your filthy language let me assure you that no South Sudanese want to stay in Sudan. If we want to stay, why we chose to separate from that isolated country. I studied in Khartoum since childhood, lived in middle-class residential areas, studied in it’s famous University but still voted for separation because your ideology of fake identity & segregating people on religious and racial background will lead Sudan to stone-ages while other nations including South Sudan are advancing. Let me explain why some south Sudanese are still in Sudan.
          1. Hostages in Kosti after NCP refused barges to take them back.
          2. Former Soldiers used against their people & now denied their benefits.
          3. Employees fired after separation waiting for their dues.
          4. Those who their luggage are packed waiting to be transported to South Sudan.
          5. University students whose their status is legal according to protocol signed
          Now the only two categories (a fraction)that wants to stay are.
          1. some confused South Sudan Muslims (not all Muslims) who wants to remain 2nd class citizens.
          2. Confused Militias who doesn’t Know that they will be the first among Southerners to be butchered because of their railway lines (normally I observe that many Northerners just treat Southerners with scars & tattoos and those who are darker in skin worst). Now we will not chase Millions of nomads Missyria, Rizigat, Silem, Nzi, Rufaa Arab nomads, Darfurian, Nubian & Blue Nile refugees, Kordofan & Jezera traders because you mistreat them in their own country

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          • 16 March 2012 00:03, by Tiger

            you have said it all son of upper nile.Southerners have indeed voted overwhelmingly for the best of their choice to choose their final destination and become first class citizens in the country where everybody will be dignify as one of that country.who want to be in that country where people are always treated like slaves,i guess no one will accept that.

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  • 14 March 2012 18:54, by mosa mel

    The sudan govt not to waste the time of signing border since when South Sudan decide to demarcate by itself, the Sudanese will be sorry. South S officials negotiate with them now have compromise but coming generation will not have compromise with them.

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  • 14 March 2012 20:49, by James Maker Akok

    No more Oil pipeline talk between North Sudan and South Sudan!

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