Home | News    Friday 15 May 2009

Jonglei’s counties sign peace deal


By Thon Philip Aleu

May 14, 2009 (BOR) – Five counties in Jonglei State have pledged to end feuds by signing a document after five days of negotiations in the state capital Bor on Thursday.

The Jonglei governor’s advisor on peace and development Canon John Jock Chol described the event as the most “lasting and holding talks Dinka [Bor] and Nuer" have ever had. Chiefs, meanwhile, expressed concerns on implementation, especially compensations for lives and properties lost during the conflicts.

The five paramount chiefs are representing two major tribes in Jonglei State, Nuer and Dinka Bor, and reconciling them would mean a significant breakthrough in solving the tribal conflicts. Paramount Chiefs from the five counties signed on behalf of the other chiefs they lead.

Attended by members of state, regional and national parliaments, the conference took place in Bor. The town, which is the home area of the late rebel SPLM founder John Garang, was targeted in a massacre in 1991 of an estimated at least 2,000 people who were mostly ethnic Dinkas, very soon after a coup within the rebel command.

This deal, known as the Dr. Garang Institute Agreement, is the fourth signed between Lou Nuer and Jieng Bor (Dinka Bor) since the 1991 split which set Jonglei’s major tribes against each other. The other three dishonoured agreements already were made in 1994, 2004 and 2007 in Poktap, Duk County Headquarters.

It is planned for local leaders to ink their thumbs to sign the document, which includes seven immediate resolutions: comprehensive disarmament, return of looted cattle to rightful owners, consultative sharing of resources, stationing of law enforcement units at strategic locations between the tribes, peaceful resolutions of tribal conflicts and cessations of prevailing hostilities.

Okum Hakim, head of the body which brokered the talks, Pact Sudan, tasked the state government, county local administration, local population (youths, women and elders) South Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation Commission (SSRRC) and other international organizations as the implementing agencies.

County Commissioners also signed the agreement. They are: Gatluak Reath Kuily – Uror, Mayen Ngor Atem – Duk, Gabriel Duop Lam – Ayod, Diing Akol Diing – Twic East and William Kuol Chol – Nyirol.

Signing as witnesses to the peace deal were former governor and the federal minister of roads and bridges, Philip Thon Leek; Gabriel Yoal Dok, member of the National Council of States and representative of Jonglei State; and Canon John Jock Chol, advisor for peace and development, Jonglei State.

Deputy Gov. Hussein Mar Nyuot was also present at the signing today where he pledged state authorities’ commitment to implement the deal in order to end the conflicts in the state once and for all. Nyuot, however, exhorted traditional leaders to act independently and avoid relying on the state government to deal with the situation in villages.

"You are the government. Without you [Chiefs], there will be no law enforcement," said the deputy governor.

The paramount chiefs argued that the state government should implement the agreement to avoid the past from repeating itself.

The heated discussion was attended by 40 delegates from Duk, 40 from Uror, 15 Nyirol, 10 from Ayod and 5 from Twic East Counties. Their views on the peace talks will be published by Sudan tribune in the next couples of days.

Sudan peace commission officials also attended the conference facilitated by Reconcile International. The five counties are: Gatluak Thau Kuony – Uror County, Chuei Leek Deng – Duk Couty, Buong Dual Diu – Ayod, Mayen Manyuon Guot – Twic East County and Rial Manyang Chak – Nyirol County.

The signing of the deal happens to follow a horrific massacre on Friday in Nasir County inflicted by men from one Nuer group on a village inhabited by another Nuer group, leaving 66 dead, including 13 children. Jonglei state has attempted forcible disarmament and deployment of the South Sudan army between tribes but the Government of Southern Sudan has yet to respond to the demand of the state for more troops.

Nuer and Dinka are South Sudan’s two largest tribes, but they are not the only ones in Jonglei.


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  • 15 May 2009 04:19, by HONEY

    good idea, i hope they stick to this deal

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    • 15 May 2009 05:16, by Maruon Ayiei

      Only a good deal when they stick to what they agreed to.
      NB: Philip Thon Aleu,I am confused by your description calling Poktap as the headquarter of Duk County. I don’t know if you are being feed by the commissioner or just a grap of information across air. Poktap is not a headquarter of Duk County but Mareng is the headquarter. I hope you use reliable and accurate resource in giving information to the public.

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    • 15 May 2009 05:20, by Jayo

      I say thank you to the people of Jongulei state and their authorities in particular.Reconciliation between our people is the best thing we need right now.Whether they are Nuer,Dinka,Murle,Anyuak,Kashipo.All of them share the same destiny:fate and joy.It is when South Sudanese unite that they are able to do good things for themselves.It was our unity from 1983 to 1991 that enabled SPLA to form and successfully defeat the gigantic Sudan army in South Sudanese towns.It was also our unity from 2002 to 2005 that enabled the SPLM to negotiate with one voice and sign CPA.

      With this new peace and unity initiated by the wise elders of Jongulei,we will with no doubt carry out our democratic election in 2010 and exercise our referundum in 2011 to determine our destiny with one voice.


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    • 15 May 2009 13:10, by Wiyual Wech Puk D. Payol.

      Oh!! mr John jock and your state governor Kuol Manyang Juk,i want to assure you that there will be no peace in jonglei state since lou and murle are still living together in jonlei state and still acting like wild animals.did you heard about the mass killing lou did to jikany in Nasir county? please mr governor take your lou away to their homes in padoch and let them leave ocming again to sobat for search of water and kill people again.

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    • 15 May 2009 23:42, by junub


      Fellow do not be too exited of this crapy peace for it will not work. Man a peace without Riek Machar in it to apologized to people for his massacring of women, elders and children in 1991 is not a peace. It will not work regardless to what fake promises they vowed themselves with. Never heard if it could be possible for God to makes peace with devil, no; instead the bible said God will burn the devil to ashes. Barbaric people can not make with real people, no that is a bullshiting lie. There is no people between Lou Nuer and Jieng of Duk, Twic East, and Bor counties. You guys can fake it but it will not works whatsoever.

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  • 15 May 2009 07:10, by makungu1

    they are not signing a peac deal but they are signing a business deal.if not let just wait next week will come with differnt news from Jonglei.

    you will belive all there will be news

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  • 15 May 2009 07:31, by AUGUSTINO DENG

    It’s a nicest progress within Jonglei State and its counties to maintain their securities tightly and bring peace amongst themselves. I’m deeply praising General Kuol Minyang Juuk and his counties’ commissioners for gathering and solving their inter-tribals disputes in diplomatical way.

    On the other hand, I do also expects other counties’ commissioners who are facing the same problem of inter-tribals conflicts to follow the same instance with which the Jonglei’s governor Kuol Minyang Juuk had made with his associates commissioners of the counties within Jonglei State.

    Lastly, if the peace deal of inter-tribals conflicts is signed by general Kuol Minyang Juuk and his associates commissioners, then why Murle of Pibor county in Jonglei State is not included in the peace deal being signed in Jonglei State?

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  • 15 May 2009 07:39, by Dirty Game Striker

    Dear Journalist reporting,
    Please recognise the funder. South Sudan issues are always funded by other organisations. SSPC and government of Jonglei don’t use a lot of money to bring such events to happen that is why feuds happen every day. If there was a loss of cash from our government, they would have curbed these feuds long time ago to safe money for their development.

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    • 15 May 2009 08:17, by ngwerajak

      The problem of inter tribes or communities conflicts is not with chiefs and it is not going to be solve by chiefs themselves without establish the roots cause of all conflicts which is the Enemy of the South Sudan, the man who support Bashir and Konya of Uganda and responsible for carried out the massacre in Bor. Riak is behind the problem because of his thirsty for leadership. Nuer and Dinka live in peace until 1991 when they were used against Dinka who were fighting for the freedom of which Riek is enjoying today. All the arms carried by Nuer were distributed to them by Bashir and Riek and the consequences now are breaking South Sudan apart. I do not blame Nuer or Murle but blaming the failed leadership of Riek Machar. He was acting in 1991 as if he is not a Southerner, when he turned his back and fight a long side Bashir troop. These communities are innocent and they were used against their willings. By Ngwerajak.

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      • 15 May 2009 09:29, by duop kuon kier

        thank you for signing fulse peace agreement in Jonglie state .as some one said in the message that our leaders are not signing the accurate peace agreement between their people .
        they are doing their benifit,to get their income generating project,
        if they are really mean it to disarm gun from civilians, why they do not include the worse county in Jonglie state which Pibor county.

        jonglie leaders do not play with blood of your people .
        we are watching you in your dailly work that you do in Jonglie.
        Riek is not thisrty for the leadership ,this is blessing from the southern sudan prophet Ngundeng Bong.
        this gift will rotate with in Nuer according to the Ngundeng prophecy let this message goes to your hears as people of sudan.

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        • 16 May 2009 02:20, by junub


          Please stop telling us about the scrappy witchcraft Ngundeng. Fool your alike barbaric Lou Nuer militia animals about Ngundeng but not people as us. There is no peace fellow between Nuer and jieng so keep it down and decard the scrap peace signed. Peace will only prevailed when Riek Machar toured the counties of Jieng he ordered the massacring of their love ones in 1991. Riek can not hide in Juba while he was the architect of massacring of women, elders and children and said we should have to reconcile for the sake of our harmony, no. There is no such as peace with the Barbaric pro-Arab militia. NO AND NOPE FOR PEACE

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      • 15 May 2009 09:30, by Sierra One

        My Dearest jonglei `s counties ,its good that you have signed peace deal among yourselves But remember the people who are deing are your children ,if so why should you waste your time signing apeace which you will later not follows .Pliz am pardonging all of you that let that peace live in you forever and ever ,Becoz killing one anothers will not benifit you at all .

        To Government of Jonglei state would you mind to supply enough securities personel to all Locations and calm down the worses situation people are facing?

        May you disarmed people who have Guns in their hands so that people will stop killing one another ?

        Killing one another among the communities increases by you, becoz you have disarmed some people and leave the others .I don`t know why the Government should fear the civilians not to disarmed such Murle .But remeber our state is the worses state in the southern sudan .

        Am not realy happy with that ,becoz among all state the most Educated people are in Jonglei, But instead to develop our state with the Knowledge we have, people don`t wanted it, but playing tribilsm among the offices and spreat it to the villages and the hatered developed like wound in the people .

        Sierra One

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        • 15 May 2009 11:20, by mapek

          By Mapek, my immense congratulation to you compatriots Kuol Manyang and the kin and kith commissioners of the parameters of the converged counties of Jungulei state.Secondly when are you going to do a comprehensive peace treaty of Pibor and Pochala counties with the rest of jungulei counties Kuol?.Thirdly the most importance aspect in treaty signing is the implementation of it,so let them implement that peace as soon as posible with your solidarity.Significantly don’t let it be dishonoured like the other various aggreements,for example Adis Ababa peace accord of 1972,Pashoda peace treaty,Abucha 1 and 2, Khartuom peace accord and Asmara peace treaty bn SPLM and UMMA.

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  • 15 May 2009 12:37, by Lual Garang De Lual

    It is a surprise to me that the inhabitant of Jonglei state have decided by themselves to settle their issues amicably. What I must warn them of is the influence by the other group who is not even from Jonglei state. This group sit behind close door and is directing the Lou Nuer and Gaweer to attack the other inhabitant and also sometimes themselves.

    This is a tactical attempt to discredit the state from the benefits of peace. The group is even sending arms to destabilise the peoples’ organization in the state. Beware our great people of Jonglei from these intruders who wants to destabilise us while their children are freely enjoying peace dividends. I am really disturb by their way of thinking which just killing of people as if they are wolves which always dwell on blood and flesh.

    Congratulate the great people of this vast state which is rich in petroleum,animal resources, fisheries and fertile agricultural land. It is this good peace time which this group doesn’t want to enjoy, hence otherwise you may conquer them in time to come. Embrace ourselves for this doing or otherwise we can exist nowhere if we adhere to their sayings.
    Since time immemorial, Dinka Bor, Lou Nuer, Gaweer, Anyuak, Murle, Jie and Kashipo were good neighbours till the split of SPLM/A in 1992. I leave this to those who are not either Nuer nor Dinka to analyse the real root cause of the problems and to lay blames. I was told by one of my friend who is a Nuer and did participated in the 1992 Bor massacre that they were deceive to come and collect only cattle that were left over by the Dinka who have already gone to fight ARABS. Imagine this was the time clashes began between Nuer, Dinka, Murle etc. So, here is the question, who is to be blame here?

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  • 15 May 2009 15:36, by postmortem

    Thank you people of Jonglei. The question asked by the chiefs with regards to compensation will determine the success or breakdown of this agreement as long as it remain unanswered.

    Surely for one not to feel like a loser in an agreement of this nature prompted by loss of lives and property, a mechanism for compensation should have been top on the agreement and implementation modalities provided for.

    I hope it was explained to those chiefs who were thumb printing as signatories to the agreement the effects of signing and their obligations thereto.

    Let us support such agreements and honor them and hopefully other areas with such conflicts in Southern Sudan can emulate the spirit shown in Jonglei. Let us not be persimists like others expecting a breakdown in the agreement.

    CPA was doubted by many persimists but it later gained ground because of the support given to it. South Sudan is at cross-roads. I do not see a bright future for our children especially when we are thinking of breaking away from the North and yet here we are causing human depopulation slowly by slowly.

    Haven’t we forgotten why we went to the bush or remained inside during the war? Why have we turned on ourselves when we could oil these guns to defend our oil, lives, animals and soil if the referrendum does not go our way?

    What lessons have we learnt from the Arabs killing our people and what have we forgotten if we still kill our own unjustifiably?

    With God, all hope is not gone. One day if God chooses, we will be referred to as good people good nation. God bless South Sudan.

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  • 15 May 2009 21:07, by J.James


    Thanks goes for the peace drafters, in this regard, we don’t want to be very pessimistic, we better rather wait and see patiently whether this peace is going to last.

    For those who are questioning about Murle being not in participation. The answer is simple, the peace between Dinka Bor and Murle need deep discussion than just that because Bor are good in lying and deceptions. For our peace with Bor, Dinka Bor need to prepare to answer all the questions accordingly or otherwise, our chiefs will not sign any deceptive peace at all till all those rocky things are iron out neatly.

    Murle love peace, but must be genuine peace drafted without ploys and hiden agendas. Yes we need peace that will be implemented for ever and ever.

    Bor must stop harrassing our traders and leveling Murle as child abductors while they are the sellers. They must also agree to share every penny equally with all those tribes in Jongolei without frauds.

    God bless

    The writer is always peace activist.

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  • 15 May 2009 21:11, by J.James

    For Jongkoth only

    If you (Dinka) Bor continue to harrass our traders again next summer, then the government of southSudan should not blame us when we are going to turn Juba Bor road into deadly zone.

    Every lorry going to Pibor must walk its way freely and safely or NO car will get to Bor town till all agreements are reached.

    Full stop, full stop.

    God bless

    The writer is a lways peace activist.

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    • 15 May 2009 23:18, by junub

      This is bullshit peace it will not work though some respective leaders have sign it. A peace that Riek Machar have not attended to tell the people that he is sorry is not a peace and it will not regardless fake promises they fooled themselves with.

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      • 16 May 2009 00:28, by Kim Deng


        You’re day dreaming if you expect Gat-raam-mi-raan an apology before the coward Jaang/Slaves. We both see this fake peace as a waste of time and money at the same time rather than using force in order to disarm those civilians who where not disarmed since 2006.

        You’re right, this peace will never be respected especialy by Mighty Nuer Warriors until they invade/raid those coward Jaang/Slaves of Duk & Kongor as a retaliation of what they have done to some officials and business folks who appeared to be from Naath community.

        Let those greedy officials waste their time and money on that useless peace talks between the Naath and coward Jaang/Slaves.

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        • 16 May 2009 02:50, by junub


          Yeah,there is no peace between you pro-Arab militia and we the patriotic compatriots of Southern Sudan. Peace without Riek Machar touring the counties of Jonglei Jieng in repenting for the massacre of 1991 is not acceptable.

          Do not tell us it was signed by the paramount chiefs of Jonglei, hell with them, it will still be like the Juba conference of 1947 which was signed by paramount chiefs of Southern Sudan.

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    • 16 May 2009 01:06, by Jay

      All you guys know is a loud mouth; you living miserably will be an option unless you accept the offer.

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    • 16 May 2009 04:53, by mariar

      J James, you and your leader Kogn, get your head out of the Arab butty. Because it is stinky and it will stink for ever. About the peace which sign by those others Counties of Jonglei state, is to secure many others murle who don’t know that they are geting sale away by you and your Kogn leader, also to stop that bullet suplyer Alicopter from the Sudan goverment which suply you bullet in your area. J James, you talk like you have no life.
      all you says is trush my friend and you need to watch out because we all want a butter Jonglei state.

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      • 16 May 2009 08:14, by Gabriel

        BY AREA,

        HI man, I tell you Jenub Don’t be like Kids can you think like the other poeple. I don’t think if you Dinka will lead this S.Sudan and till 2012.
        You know us very well we Naath Nuer in S.Sudan, we always fucking you up. you are the Ladies of Nuer. You like it or not Riak Machar will lead you Dinka in S.Sudan by all mean.

        Secondly you always talking about the thing which are already gone in 1991, don’t bring those thing at the moment.

        All of all I give thanks to you leaders of jonglei for the peace whom you try to make in your state pliz keep it up and talk to your people seriously.
        nic time

        BY AREA

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        • 16 May 2009 10:49, by John Mark

          I am not against peace deal signed by the governor and regional leaders but what I don’t understand is, why this two tribes always signed a peace agreetment?. It becomes a routine job without hope for sucess. I am sick of that.

          How many times do this people made a reconciliation some years back and yet there is no peaceful resolution being achieve between the two. It is not a matter of putting ink on the paper that is not called a peace deal.

          Peace is all about action and understanding of the root cause of the conflicts. When doing so, a peace is likely to be achieved.

          Nobody is really committed to solve this problem before and that why peace is not sucessful in the last few years. This time is not last time any way we will see because we have not settled I can’t blame that much

          In my opinion action is the key word here and that what I think is required most in the process of peace. A peace with out action is like a soup with out salt. May God bless this peace this time. Thank those who try to implement peace..

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          • 16 May 2009 17:38, by Jok Biong

            Arabs are happy now seeing tribes in the South killing one another during time of CPA,and there will be no referendum if these clashes move on in the South, So what is needed is peace and harmony among our people in the South.Our tribes are able to live in peace with one another if there is rules of law, its SPLA duty to keep peace and law in the South.
            No more war! Stop the fight! We got enough during time of late war.

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