Home | News    Wednesday 13 July 2011

Blue Nile governor warns resumption of war in Sudan


By Ngor Arol Garang

July 11, 2011 (JUBA) - The governor of Blue Nile State warned Sunday of a resumption of war in Sudan if Khartoum attempts to forcibly disarm former members of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in his state.

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Blue Nile governor, Malik Agar, addresses the press in Juba after attending South Sudan’s independence warns that there could be a return to war between his state in North Sudan and Khartoum. Sunday 10 July, 2011 (Ngor Garang - ST)

Malik Agar head of the Northern branch of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement - the ruling party of South Sudan - also warned North Sudan’s ruling party against reneging on the agreement recently signed in Ethiopia.

Since June 6 the SPLM’s Northern Sector (SPLMN) have been fighting the Sudanese army after they attempted to disarm them, the opposition group say. Khartoum claims the fighting started after SPLMN forces attacked and occupied a local police station.

After the outbreak of fighting in South Kordofan there has been increased focus on Blue Nile state to see if conflict would start there as well. Both states joined South Sudan’s SPLM fighting Khartoum in Sudan’s second North-South civil war (1983-2005) and despite being in the North were granted special status under the peace deal that ended the conflict.

In the week before South Sudan officially became independent from North Sudan on July 9 the SPLM signed an accord with Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP) in Addis Ababa setting the groundwork for ceasefire and political arrangements in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. However, the deal collapsed after strong opposition by hard-line circles within the NCP.

Agar told the press in South Sudan’s new capital Juba on Sunday that the situation in the two areas could result in a return to war if the parties fail to address their differences amicably.

Blue Nile’s governor said that the remaining aspects of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) had to be implemented. Under the deal that granted the South the right to secede, popular consultations were due to be held in both areas to determine their future relationship with Khartoum and whether the CPA addressed their grievances.

Due to delayed elections, which the NCP won, in South Kordofan the consultation process has not begun - in Blue Nile they are only half complete.

Both sides said they would only accept the result if they won. The SPLM complained that the vote was rigged although the election was endorsed by all local and international observers.

Agar said that the consultations were also supposed to resolve future of Northern SPLA soldiers, which the Khartoum says are now part of a foreign army now the South has seceded.

“The other issue within the popular consultation was that the government was supposed to address the issue of the two forces. We have over 55,000 forces which were part and parcel of the SPLA and they are sons and daughters of the two areas plus may be 9,000 not necessarily from the two other areas."

He repeated the SPLA’s claim that it was the attempt of the Sudan Armed Forces to disarm the SPLA that led to the conflict in South Kordofan that has displaced 75,000 people according to UN figures.

"The government of Sudan, especially the president issued an order through chief of staff to disarm these forces and when the general in Kadugli wanted to implement this order, the whole thing went into force military confrontation in South Kordofan”.

Blue Nile’s governor said that violence could "spillover" into his state if the Northern military attempt to disarm his forces.

"There will be resistance [to disarmament] and then there is going to be war in the two areas and possibly in the whole of Sudan. So the whole thing is a political aspiration of the people. Because these combatants were product of rebellion that had a cause, so the use of military is not the solution. It is an alarm to achieve political issues.”

The governor said that Khartoum should implement the Addis Ababa framework agreement if they want peace and stability in Sudan. He has previously warned that failure to do so would mean opening up a hostile front from the border with Ethiopia all the way to Darfur, where various rebel groups continue to fight the government.

The talks, which involved the African Union, United Nations and Ethiopian government covered wealth and power sharing as well as constitutional arrangements, rights and diversity and governance, according to Agar.

Shortly before South Sudan’s independence the AU panel focusing on Sudan informed Agar and the SPLM the Sudan’s president Omar Hassan Al-Bashir had "reservations" with the deal.

Agar again repeated that if the agreement was not implemented there was a risk of return to war in North Sudan.

"Our position remains with the agreement because this is the agreement which we signed with them. The other option is war if he does not need peace", said senior member of the former rebel movement.


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  • 13 July 2011 06:36, by Khartoum92

    Isn’t already a war and the SPLA North is losing counties every week

    repondre message

    • 13 July 2011 08:14, by Cibaipiath Junub Sudan

      Malik Agar just go ahead and share the plate of war with Bashir.

      repondre message

    • 14 July 2011 05:55, by Yale

      SPLA is not losing the counties,we are on the way to take over the government in Khourtoum.where are you in 1996 t0 1998 in kumbure Yabus,ullu and Pany jalle or Shalle. Did you remember what happen in those areas?.We are now in Damizen. Next is khourtoum.Be warn, don’t try to touch spla in blue nile because they will destroying ever things in sudan.Blue nile governor we yeeeeeeeeeee your soldiers are ready to fight, we don’t want Al-rab to come to our area the great Bluenile.

      repondre message

  • 13 July 2011 06:38, by Dinka Dominated SPLA/M

    Somebody in north Sudan should tell Bashir and northrense that nobody ever defended anything successfully with guns, there is only attack and attack and attack some more which will not do anythings batter than political solution.

    But bashir must know that in any war between his gangs groups and SPLA/M northren sector. than we will came for him. the CPA was not just for Southrense alone but for all those who fought against wicked Khartoum Gov.
    death to Bashir and his gangs.

    repondre message

  • 13 July 2011 06:49, by George Bol

    Thanks governor Malik Agar for your strong voice. You will be free soon because the CPA is still existing,and your right will prevail.

    Indeed, the Khartoum/NCP will never attempt hostility in the two states because they know that the Khartoum city and the rest of the towns would be under huge fire when the SPLM/A North sector declare it against the oppressors/NCP.

    The North/NCP must provide clear option to the tow states and make them freely close their political will. They are free to chose their political status-in which they are free to disagree with the CPA which might make them the Northerners or they are free to join the South since we have been our brothers and sisters and we are also African people unlike the Arab North.

    The South are will you our two states and President Salva Kiir said it very well that if you bleed we bleed and if you cry we cry,and all goes along. Thanks

    repondre message

    • 14 July 2011 07:12, by Sudanese

      Brothers would you please stop lighting the fire every time it die
      Sudan is hurting severely and it’s wound will never heal as long as we just keep instigating one against the other to cause trouble,we don’t need to add fuel to the fire any more it is burning our families and our future
      Basheer comes and goes but Sudan will remain for ever
      The beloved deer part of Sudan is just seceded and it sad enough to see it going away and no one can do any thing about it , so when you clap your hands to our brother Agar and tell him yeah go ahead you the man so he see his head bigger than the universe and base on that instigation of yours he go ahead and start a war ,did you ever think what then ? what is the consequences of that and what might happen to the baby that just born in the south and need to grew .
      before we rush for unnecessary war which will destroy the whole Sudan together let us give a hand to our brother in the south to build their country and establish it
      war is a disease don’t let it catch you
      instead of fighting and destroying let us agree, build and reconcile for the sake of our native country and our people
      by God willing Sudan will unify again stronger than ever ,
      never loose hope and for ever live Sudan

      repondre message

  • 13 July 2011 07:36, by doublebookdialled

    Thanks Mr.Agar,

    we do not want any thing from you in order to secure support from us(Southern Sudanese), we want only your stand, that is we want your strong stand with us and you will get our full support politically as we are independent country and physically using barrels.

    just remain like that we will give you our full hands.



    repondre message

  • 13 July 2011 07:41, by Aleu

    Malik Aggar.

    There is no hope on Khartoum government to accept peace because they thinks they are losing one by one even if they start another war, Khartoum government will faces many enemies without any doubt.

    They already violated CPA consultation between these two States, Southern Kordofan and South Blue Nile. Remember also the North Sudan dominate were just try to controls these two regions however, if you look closely the Map then, you will see these two States are absolutely inside Southern Sudan and perhaps, they can not claim every regions for example, they claim on Eastern region to be North Sudan part and claim on North Darfur to be their North part and says, these two States belong to North part, this is unacceptable and it is not going to work on them.South Blue Nile is too far away from the real North

    For now they have no any right to control people by force because, they failed to make unity on none Arab in the Sudan and many lives have been lost simply, because of bad rules in Sudan therefore, any region that, would like to rejoining Southern Sudan nation is free to do so or you have rights to stay away from the Khartoum government and create your own government one of the two option you guys must figure out what to do. I see the only solution for domination in Sudan is to face more isolation so that, they will understand what they did in killing 2.5 million and another lives 300,000 others Darfurian, they know by now that, their mistreatment has come to punishing them and that is the only way they will understand how badly their policies are. Please kick them out in all these two States.

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