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According to latest figures by Research and Markets, a think-tank, spending on the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) stood at US$3.308bn in 2010 and is expected to rise to US$3.923bn in 2011, amounting to 22.2% of GDP.

The Sudanese air force consists of 61 combat capable aircraft, as well as Russian-built Divina 2 anti-aircraft missiles, according to the 2012 edition of the International Institute for Strategic Studies’ The Military Balance”.

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Sudan’s Defence Minister Abdelrahim Mohamed Hussein (R) speaks during joint news conference with his South Sudanese counterpart John Kong Nyuon in Khartoum September 18, 2011. (Reuters)

South Sudan

South Sudan’s official military is the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA). The SPLA was established as a rebel group in 1983 fighting SAF until a 2005 peace deal, after which the SPLA became the official army of the autonmous South. On 9 July 2011 South Sudan seceded from Sudan and the SPLA became the military of the independent Republic of South Sudan.


Al Jazeera | Sudan declares emergency on border with south | 29 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | On the frontline with South Sudan’s army | 27 April 2012

Al Jazeera | South Sudanese troops ’advance’ on Heglig | 25 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudanese jets attack oil pipeline | 5 April 2012

Al Jazeera crew forced to take cover, as South Sudan claims to have shot down one of planes which carried out raid. Al Jazeera’s Nazanine Moshiri reports from on the Sudan-South Sudan border.


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