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African Union (AU)

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  • Sudan joined the Africa Union on 25 May 1963 when the pan-African body was established.
  • South Sudan joined the Africa Union on 29 Jul 2011, after it seceded from Sudan 9 July 2012.

Website: African Union

Headquarters: Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Established: 9 July 2002. Successor to the Organisation of African Unity (OAU)

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Organs of the African Union:

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The African Union has 54 Members:

Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Djibouti, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, São Tomé and Príncipe, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Member Observers

Haiti is a Member Observer and is current pending full Associate Member status due at the AU summit in July 2012.

Suspended Members:

  • Madagascar – suspended after 2009 political crisis.
  • Mali – suspended after 2012 Malian coup d’état.
  • Guinea-Bissau – suspended after 2012 Guinea-Bissau coup d’état.

Former members:

  • Morocco is the only all-African state not in African Union (AU). In 1984 Morocco left the organisation’s predecessor, the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in protest to the majority of member countries supporting the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic / Western Sahara, which was declared by the Polisario Front in 1976.


Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Peacekeeper deaths in Darfur | 01 Oct. 2007

Inside Story investigates the fallout following the deaths of 10 AU peacekeepers in Darfur.

Al Jazeera English | The changing face of Darfur’s peace missions | 26 Nov 2007

The makeup of the joint United Nations and African Union Force is going to be crucial to the success or failure of the mission in Sudan’s Darfur region.
Rebels there have demanded that China pull out its peacekeepers who are preparing for next January’s handover. Mohammed Vall followed the African Union force and reports now on the changing faces of peace missions in Darfur.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Peacekeeper deaths in Darfur | 01 Oct. 2007

Inside Story investigates the fallout following the deaths of 10 AU peacekeepers in Darfur.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Hybrid force for Darfur | 18 Jun 2007

The Sudanese government has accepted a hybrid force of United Nations and African Union troops for Darfur.


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