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GIF - 19.4 kb

Official Name: Federal Republic of Somalia

Region: Horn of Africa, East Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.

Capital: Mogadishu

Area: 637,657 km2

Currency: Somali shilling (SOS)

Internet TLD: .so

Calling code: +252


  • Djibouti (58 km)
  • Ethiopia (1,626 km)
  • Kenya (682 km)
  • Coastline (3,0250 km) - Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean

Official languages

  • Somali
  • Arabic

PNG - 8.8 kb

Government - Federal parliamentary republic

  • Prime Minister: Abdiweli Mohamed Ali


  • 1884 | British Somaliland
  • 1889 | Italian Somaliland
  • 1960 | Union and independence
  • 1979 | Constitution

PNG - 37 kb



Al Jazeera English | US trains Ugandan soldiers for AU mission | 2 May 2012

A volunteer force of US Marines has begun training Ugandan soldiers who are preparing to join the African Union mission in Somalia. The group regional forces will try to shut down armed groups in the East African nation.

Al Jazeera English | Somalia’s refugees crisis | 07 Dec 2007

The refugee crisis in Somalia is growing as thousands flee Mogadishu to escape fierce battles raging through the capital. It’s a situation the UN describes as worse than the Darfur refugee camps in Sudan. In the absence of relief aid, a humanitarian crisis is now looming large. Al Jazeera has visited the refugees and found them left exposed to the elements. Mohammed Adow reports

Al Jazeera English | Talk to Jazeera - Meles Zenawi | 22 Nov 2007

Al Jazeera’s Mohammed Adow talks to the Ethiopian prime minister about his country’s role in Somalia and asks him whether his country is, as the UN claims, on the verge of war with Eritrea.

Al Jazeera English | An African crisis worse than Darfur | 14 Nov 2007

A UN official in Mogadishu says Somalia now constitutes the worst humanitarian crisis in Africa - worse than Darfur. An estimated 173,000 people have fled fighting in Mogadishu in just the past two weeks alone, bringing the total number of displaced people in the country to 850,000. Not only are refugees overwhelming areas outside Mogadishu, wounded civilians are flooding local hospitals.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Somalia - Part 1 | 23 Apr 2007

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Somalia - Part 2 | 23 Apr 2007


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