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Capital: Tehran

Area: 1,648,195 km2

Population: 75,149,669 (2012)

Border Countries

Official language: Persian

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Coat of Arms of Iran.

Government - Unitary state, Islamic republic

  • Supreme Leader - Ali Khamenei
  • President - Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  • First Vice President - Mohammad-Reza Rahimi

Sudan-Iran Relations

Sudan has long courted deeper ties with Iran. The two nations signed a military cooperation agreement in March 2008 and Iranian warships visited Port Sudan twice in 2012.

Sudan’s President Omar al-Bashir has made several visits to Iran. In August Bashir attended the summit of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which was held in Tehran.

Sudanese rebels have alleged in March 2012 that Khartoum has asked for military assistance to help fight the conflicts in South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Tehran has denied that a deal has been done with Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) to send members to back the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) fight the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebel alliance.

Khartoum’s closer relations with Iran have created some rifts within Sudan’s ruling National Congress Party (NCP) with foreign minister Ali Karti suggesting that the country would be better served by developing relations with Saudi Arabia and other Arab nations with predominantly Sunni populations.


  • Median Empire - 625 BCE
  • Achaemenid Empire - 550 BCE
  • Safavid Empire - 1501
  • Islamic Republic - 24 October 1979
  • Current constitution

Currency: Rial (IRR)

Internet TLD: .ir |

Calling code: 98

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FILE PHOTO - Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad (R) hugs Sudan’s President Omar Hassan al-Bashir after talks focused on boosting political and economic ties between their countries, at the Khartoum international airport. (Reuters)

Iranian Media



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