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Sudan

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Flag of Sudan

Official name: Republic of the Sudan (sometimes called North Sudan)

Founded: 1 January 1956, when Sudan gained independence from Anglo-Egyptian rule

Capital: Khartoum

Largest City: Omdurman

Official Languages: Arabic, English


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Geography

Region: North-east Africa

Population: 34,318,385 (2011) World Bank

Area: 1,886,068 km2

Sudan is the third largest country in Africa behind Algeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Before South Sudan’s independence on 9 July 2011 Sudan was Africa’s largest country.

For latest maps of Sudan: UNOCHA - Sudan maps

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Border Countries:


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Coat of Arms of Sudan

Government: Presidential system, Federal republic

Presidency:

National Assembly and Council of States

Ruling Party: National Congress Party (NCP), 1989- to date.

Military: Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)


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Sudan’s Regions and States

Blue Nile

Central Sudan

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Darfur map (BBC)

Darfur

Kassala - Eastern Sudan

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Sattelite Map of Sudan

Kordofan

Northern

Rivers:


Disputed Areas


History

  • 1821/22 | Egyptian occupation and annexation
  • 29 Jun 1881 | Mahdiya established (Mahdi’s "emergence")
  • 2 Sep 1898 | Mahdiya extinguished
  • 19 Jan 1899
  • 1 Jan 1956 | Independence (Republic of The Sudan)
  • 25 May 1969 | Democratic Republic of The Sudan
  • 15 Dec 1985 | Republic of The Sudan

Dialing code: +249 |

Domain Name: .sd

Currency: Sudanese Pound (SDG)

Official Websites


Sudan Links


Videos

Al Jazeera English | UN threatens sanctions over Sudan dispute | 2 May 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudan arrests four foreigners in Heglig | 28 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudan violence sparks exodus into Kenya | 28 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | On the frontline with South Sudan’s army | 27 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story: Can the two Sudans find peace? | 26 April 2012

A full-scale war between Sudan and South Sudan is looking increasingly likely. We ask can the two Sudans find peace? Joining Folly Bah Thibault are guests: Safwat Fanos, Douglas Johnson, Samsom Wassara.

Al Jazeera English | South Sudan says Sudan has declared war | 24 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Professor Paul Moorcraft talks to Al Jazeera about Sudan | 24 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudan calls government of South an ’enemy’ | 16 April 2012

Sudan’s parliament has branded South Sudan’s government an "enemy" and called for a swift recapture of a disputed oil-producing region. Al Jazeera’s Charles Stratford reports.

Al Jazeera English | 2005 Sudan peace deal in jeopardy | 11 Oct. 2007

A new politicial divide could be opening up in Sudan, after the main opposition party from the south announced it’s suspending work participation in the government. The Sudan people’s Liberation Movement says its ministers and officials won’t be turning up for work with what’s supposed to be a national unity government. They say their political partners from the north have failed to meet a long list of demands, agreed to in a 2006 peace deal. That deal ended 20 years of fighting between southern rebels and the government in Khartoum.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - US/Sudan relations | 26 Aug 2007

A delegation of senior Sudanese officials are in the US for talks with their American counterparts. Inside Story asks if this is a new chapter or a compromise in US/Sudan relations.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Darfur | 19 Apr 2007




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Latest Comments & Analysis


Crackdown on peaceful protests against bread hike deserves strongest condemnation 2018-01-20 08:54:49 The Peaceful Sudanese Public Display of Discontent on Price Hikes has been suppressed by Excessive violence and arbitrary arrests Civil Rights Denial and Suppression by Excessive Violence in the (...)

Sudan: An ailing dictatorship, looming public protest, and desperate evasive tricks 2018-01-16 10:31:43 By TRAYO A. Ali In Khartoum, the capital city of Sudan (the city that knows no secrets, as is always described) the talk there is not about the uncomfortable Weather, which in this Season is (...)

What is going on between Egypt and Sudan? 2018-01-15 08:50:56 By Ahmed H Adam Ongoing tensions in the Red Sea region came to the fore in late December, when Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan visited Sudan as part of his Africa tour. During the visit, (...)


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Latest Press Releases


South Sudanese rights group call to release political detainees 2017-12-10 07:50:31 THE INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS DAY: 10 DECEMBER 2017: SSHURSA CALLS ON ALL TO ACTION FOR SOUTH SUDANESE The 10 December usually marks the international human rights day. SSHURSA notes with (...)

Reactions to government agencies’ conspiracy against Greater Bor community 2017-10-08 07:54:31 By Manyok Abraham Thuch & Kuch Kuol Deng A monkey business or a donkey business in the government of the republic of South Sudan against the citizens is unacceptable. Therefore, we as youth (...)

Amnesty calls to release Nubian activists detained over protest for cultural rights 2017-09-12 20:47:54 AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL PRESS RELEASE 12 September 2017 Egypt: Release 24 Nubian activists detained after protest calling for respect of their cultural rights Egyptian authorities should (...)


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