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Flag of Sudan

Official name: Republic of the Sudan (sometimes called North Sudan)

Founded: 1 January 1956, when Sudan gained independence from Anglo-Egyptian rule

Capital: Khartoum

Largest City: Omdurman

Official Languages: Arabic, English

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Region: North-east Africa

Population: 34,318,385 (2011) World Bank

Area: 1,886,068 km2

Sudan is the third largest country in Africa behind Algeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

Before South Sudan’s independence on 9 July 2011 Sudan was Africa’s largest country.

For latest maps of Sudan: UNOCHA - Sudan maps

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Border Countries:

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Coat of Arms of Sudan

Government: Presidential system, Federal republic


National Assembly and Council of States

Ruling Party: National Congress Party (NCP), 1989- to date.

Military: Sudan Armed Forces (SAF)

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Sudan’s Regions and States

Blue Nile

Central Sudan

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Darfur map (BBC)


Kassala - Eastern Sudan

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Sattelite Map of Sudan




Disputed Areas


  • 1821/22 | Egyptian occupation and annexation
  • 29 Jun 1881 | Mahdiya established (Mahdi’s "emergence")
  • 2 Sep 1898 | Mahdiya extinguished
  • 19 Jan 1899
  • 1 Jan 1956 | Independence (Republic of The Sudan)
  • 25 May 1969 | Democratic Republic of The Sudan
  • 15 Dec 1985 | Republic of The Sudan

Dialing code: +249 |

Domain Name: .sd

Currency: Sudanese Pound (SDG)

Official Websites

Sudan Links


Al Jazeera English | UN threatens sanctions over Sudan dispute | 2 May 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudan arrests four foreigners in Heglig | 28 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudan violence sparks exodus into Kenya | 28 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | On the frontline with South Sudan’s army | 27 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story: Can the two Sudans find peace? | 26 April 2012

A full-scale war between Sudan and South Sudan is looking increasingly likely. We ask can the two Sudans find peace? Joining Folly Bah Thibault are guests: Safwat Fanos, Douglas Johnson, Samsom Wassara.

Al Jazeera English | South Sudan says Sudan has declared war | 24 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Professor Paul Moorcraft talks to Al Jazeera about Sudan | 24 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | Sudan calls government of South an ’enemy’ | 16 April 2012

Sudan’s parliament has branded South Sudan’s government an "enemy" and called for a swift recapture of a disputed oil-producing region. Al Jazeera’s Charles Stratford reports.

Al Jazeera English | 2005 Sudan peace deal in jeopardy | 11 Oct. 2007

A new politicial divide could be opening up in Sudan, after the main opposition party from the south announced it’s suspending work participation in the government. The Sudan people’s Liberation Movement says its ministers and officials won’t be turning up for work with what’s supposed to be a national unity government. They say their political partners from the north have failed to meet a long list of demands, agreed to in a 2006 peace deal. That deal ended 20 years of fighting between southern rebels and the government in Khartoum.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - US/Sudan relations | 26 Aug 2007

A delegation of senior Sudanese officials are in the US for talks with their American counterparts. Inside Story asks if this is a new chapter or a compromise in US/Sudan relations.

Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Darfur | 19 Apr 2007


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