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Official Name: People’s Republic of China (PRC)

Area: 9,706,961 km2


  • Capital: Beijing
  • Largest city: Shanghai
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Land Border: 22,117 km (the longest in the world)

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Government 2002-2012

  • Communist Party General Secretary - Xi Jinping
  • President - Hu Jintao
  • Premier - Wen Jiabao
  • Congress Chairman - Wu Bangguo
  • Conference Chairman - Jia Qinglin


  • 221 BC | Unification of China under the Qin Dynasty
  • 1 January 1912 | Republic established
  • 1 October 1949 | People’s Republic proclaimed

Currency: Renminbi (yuan) (¥) (CNY)

Internet TLD: .cn

Calling code: +86

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South Sudanese president Salva Kiir views an honour guard with Chinese Ppresident Hu Jintao (not seen) during a welcoming ceremony in Beijing on 24 April 2012 (Photo: AP/Alexander F. Yuan)

China-South Sudan relations

China-Sudan relations


Al Jazeera English | Sudanese oil interest bow to China | 4 May 2012

Al Jazeera English | UN threatens sanctions over Sudan dispute | 2 May 2012

Al Jazeera English | Professor Paul Moorcraft talks to Al Jazeera about Sudan | 24 April 2012

Al Jazeera | Sudan tensions imperil China’s investments | 6 April 2012

Rising tensions between Sudan and South Sudan are threatening China’s investments in the region. China is the biggest player in the oil industry on both sides of the border. Traditionally a key ally of the Khartoum government, China is now trying to strengthen relations with the South as well. Al Jazeera’s Nazanine Moshiri reports from Juba, capital of South Sudan.

Chinese Media



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