Name: Halayeb Triangle
Dispute between: Sudan and Egypt
Area: Halayib occupies an area of land measuring 20,580 square km on the Sudan-Egypt border area. Sudan claims that Halayeb is part of its Red Sea State.
History: The area has been occupied by Egyptian forces since 1995 following a degeneration of bilateral relations as a result of a failed attempt by Islamists, allegedly backed by Khartoum, to assassinate former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak in Addis Ababa.
The Egyptian army seized control of Halayeb region, an area of land measuring 20,580 square km in the border areas of the Red Sea coast, after relations between the two neighbors plummeted due to the 1995’s failed attempt by Islamists allegedly backed by Sudan to assassinate the then Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak in Addis Ababa.
The genesis of the disputes over Halayeb dates back to as early as 1958 after Sudan gained independence from being ruled jointly by Britain and Egypt. The wrangle is a result of a discrepancy in the demarcation of political boundaries set by the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium and the ones set earlier by the British in 1902.
Cairo has routinely dismissed Khartoum’s demands that the issue be resolved through international arbitration.
Since the 1989 coup that brought president Omer Hassan al-Bashir to power, Sudanese officials have avoided raising the issue in public for fears of angering their Egyptian counterparts and to avoid alienating a key regional player.
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