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South Sudan

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South Sudan’s national flag. Also the flag of the SPLM/SPLA.

Official name: Republic of South Sudan (RSS)

Capital: Juba (Proposed new capital Ramciel)

Founded: 9 July 2011

Official language: English

Dialing code: +211

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Domain Name: .ss

Time Zone: East Africa Time (UTC+3)

Currency: South Sudanese pound (SSP)

Adult Literacy: 27 percent (2009)


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Area: 619,745 km2


South Sudan is a landlocked country in east-central Africa.

However, South Sudan is classified as part of the North Africa subregion by the United Nations (UN).

Bordering Countries


  • 2011 | 10,314,021 Source: World Bank estimate
  • 2008 | 8,260,490 Source: Disputed Census

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National Legislative Assembly

Ruling Party: Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM)

Military: Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)


The Republic of South Sudan became independent from Sudan on 9 July 2011 after a referendum in January that year, which was secured as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.

  • 9 July 2011 | Republic of South Sudan
  • 9 July 2005 | Semi-autonomous Government of South Sudan (GoSS)
  • 9 Jan. 2005 | Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA)
  • 1 Jan. 1956 | Independence from the Anglo-Egyptian condominium as part of Sudan

South Sudan’s Regions and States

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Greater Equatoria

Greater Upper Nile

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Greater Bahr el Ghazal

Disputed Areas

South Sudan Links

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