Home | Keywords | Political Parties | Sudan | Umma National Party (UNP) / National Umma Party (NUP)

Umma National Party (UNP) / National Umma Party (NUP)

JPEG - 17.9 kb

The Umma National Party (UNP) / National Umma Party (NUP) is one of Sudan’s oldest political parties dating back to the 19th century. The party has its roots in the Mahdist Sufi order of the Ansar sect of Islam.

Founded: 1945

Headquarters: Omdurman

Official Websites

GIF - 6.1 kb
Umma Party Logo

JPEG - 14.3 kb
Mubarak Al-Fadil Al-Mahdi leading figure in the National Umma Party (NUP), left and his cousin the NUP chief al-Sadiq Al-Mahdi, right.

Leadership

Leaders:

Secretary Generals:

Leading figures


Background

This background on the Umma party is taken from The Sudanese press after separation – Contested identities of journalism. MICT 2012, Page 46-47.

The Umma Party is one of the oldest parties in Sudan, with origins dating back to the late 19th century when Mohamed Ahmed from Dongola led the Mahdist movement to victory over the Ottoman colonialists. His son, Sayed Abdel Rahman, who was also the spiritual leader of the Mahdist sufi order of the Ansar, founded the Umma in 1945 and became its patron, with his son Siddiq serving as party president. Umma’s main objective was the promotion of Sudanese independence against those who favored unity with Egypt. In the first elections of 1953, it won the second largest number of seats, mainly in Darfur and Kordofan.

As the major opposition party to the NUP, it managed to achieve its aim of the country’s independence in 1956. Subsequently, it formed a coalition with the PDP (see DUP); Umma’s Abdallah Bey Khalil assumed the office of prime minister. His government was overthrown in 1958 by the military, which banned all parties thereafter. When General Abboud’s regime was overthrown in 1964, the Umma re-emerged on the political stage under the leadership of Siddiq’s son Sadiq Al Mahdi, an Oxford graduate of history. In the 1965 elections, it won the greatest number of seats with its strongly anti-communist stance and formed a coalition government under Mohamed Ahmed Mahjoub, a famous lawyer and poet.

In 1966, Sadiq became the youngest prime minister of his time but was replaced by Mahjoub one year later due to an inner-party dispute between his modernists and the traditionalists of his uncle, the Imam El Hadi El Mahdi. Mahjoub’s government was ousted in 1969 through the coup d’etat of leftist army officers under Jafar Numeiri (see SSU). During the initial phase of Numeiri’s May Revolution both Umma and Ansar suffered severe repression. In 1971, Numeiri had the Ansar’s headquarters at Aba Island bombed, killing a large number of Ansar followers.

Later, the Imam El Hadi was killed; Sadiq managed to escape into exile. From there he organized armed opposition to Numeiri’s regime, which reacted in 1977 by offering National Reconciliation. Sadiq returned to Sudan but soon went into open opposition, calling for an end to the one-party rule. In 1984, he was imprisoned for his criticism of the draconian September Laws that Numeiri imposed under the label of Sharia.

Following Numeiri’s overthrow in 1985, Umma won by far the largest number of seats in the 1986 elections and formed a coalition with the DUP, in which Sadiq became prime minister for the second time. Nevertheless, all peace initiatives with the rebel SPLM failed because of political wrangling in Khartoum.

In 1989, Sadiq was overthrown in a coup that was masterminded by his brother- in-law, Sheikh Turabi, and imprisoned until 1991. The Umma played a central role in forming the opposition umbrella NDA but left it in 1999, and Sadiq returned to Sudan from exile. He pulled out of the 2010 general elections and remained in opposition.66 However, his eldest son, Abd Al Rahman, became President Bashir’s advisor in late 2011.


Sudan Tribune Links

al-Sadiq al-Mahdi | National Consensus Forces | Sudanese Opposition | Mariam al-Sadiq al-Mahdi | Mubarak al-Fadil


Links



 
 

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


An Alternative National Dialogue: Sudan’s last chance for sustainable peace and Unity 2014-08-30 06:18:14 By Suliman Baldo August 29, 2014 — Last week, with much fanfare and renewed hope on the part of Sudanese citizens, the African Union High Implementation Panel (AUHIP) for Sudan and South Sudan, (...)

A critique of the IGAD protocol for peace in S Sudan 2014-08-30 05:53:03 “A critique of the IGAD protocol on agreed principles on transitional arrangements towards resolution of the crisis in South Sudan” By David de Chand August 29, 2014 - First and foremost of all, (...)

IGAD failure to delivering peace for South Sudan! 2014-08-30 05:43:48 By Jacob Odong August 29, 2014- The East African Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD) is concluding a plan to allow for what they are calling a unity government for South Sudan. If (...)


MORE








Latest Press Releases


National Dialogue in Sudan: Past experiences and current challenges 2014-08-27 06:18:22 Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG) Since independence, Sudan has undergone a number of national peace agreements, some of which were observed and honored for short periods, others which were (...)

A new approach to the National Dialogue will stop war and lead to democracy in Sudan 2014-08-22 06:50:30 A New Approach to the National Dialogue in Sudan that will Stop the Wars, Address the Humanitarian Crisis and Lead to Democratic TransformationChatham House, London on Wednesday, August 20, 2014 (...)

Friends and Diaspora of South Sudan urge leaders to choose peace 2014-08-19 20:29:59 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Esther Sprague, Founder & Director, Sudan Unlimited 415.713.2495, esprague11@yahoo.com FRIENDS AND DIASPORA OF SOUTH SUDAN URGE LEADERS TO CHOOSE PEACE UNSC (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2014 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.