Home | Keywords | Army & Rebel Groups | Sudan | Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)

Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)

PNG - 3.2 kb
JEM logo.

Official Website:


Background

This background on JEM is taken from The Sudanese press after separation – Contested identities of journalism. MICT 2012, Page 42-43.

The Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) is an armed opposition group in the Western region of Darfur. Its roots date from 1993 when it started establishing clandestine cells in Darfur and Khartoum. There, in 2000, the underground group secretly circulated “The Black Book”, a general critique of regional imbalance that documented the post-independence predominance of elite groups from the central Nile valley in government, commerce and the army as well as the marginalization of Westerners. The physician Dr. Khalil Ibrahim declared the founding of JEM in 2001, while completing a master’s degree in public health in the Nether-lands. In April 2003, a joint force of JEM and the Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) started the rebellion in Darfur by attacking the air base in El Fasher. Viewed by some as the armed wing of the Islamist Popular Congress (see PC), many JEM activists had in fact been followers of PC leader Sheikh Hassan Al Turabi and have retained his revolutionary radicalism, while deny- ing ongoing affiliation. Ibrahim himself had held ministerial posts in state governments during the 1990s and was committed to the counterin- surgency in Southern Sudan before his disenchantment with the ruling National Congress Party (see NCP). There are persistent rumors that Turabi keeps close links with JEM through his Germany-based deputy Ali Al Haj. Nevertheless, JEM’s refusal of a separation of religion and politics has made it appear even more Islamist than the NCP itself. Unlike the SLA, JEM has declared a national rather than regional agenda, fighting for power in Khartoum. However, JEM’s ethnic tendency has been at least as signifi- cant as its Islamist roots, since most of its supporters are from the Kobe Zaghawa group in Northeastern Darfur. Although it has suffered several splits along clan lines and opportunistic alliances, it is more disciplined than other rebel groups and became the leading force after 2005, escalating the war with support from Chad. In 2006, JEM became involved in the civil war in Chad on the side of President Idriss De?by, himself a Zaghawa.

Two years later, it launched an attack on Khartoum, which failed militarily but raised its national standing and broadened its base. In 2009/2010, however, a rapprochement between Chad and Sudan deprived JEM of its bases and supply lines in Chad, and Ibrahim was expelled to Libya. JEM had been accused of acting as mercenaries for the Libyan dictator Muam- mar Al Gaddafi, but JEM claimed that Ibrahim was kept under house arrest in Tripoli. After Gaddafi’s downfall, Ibrahim escaped to Sudan where he was killed by an air-strike in December 2011. He is succeeded by his brother Jibril. JEM has joined the rebel Sudan Revolutionary Front, an alliance with the SPLM-Northern Sector and the main two SLA factions. It has recently been fighting in Southern Kordofan for regime change, allegedly with support from South Sudan and Uganda.


JEM Links

Wikipedia - Justice and Equality Movement (JEM)


Videos

Al Jazeera English | South Sudan hosts Darfur rebels - 22 Oct 2007

The Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) has hosted talks in Juba, Sudan’s southern capital, between rebel Darfur factions hoping to find consensus between the groups.



 
 

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Terrorism Tops African Summit Agenda: Lip service or strategic move? 2016-02-07 04:56:59 By Trayo A. Ali In Africa, terrorism is not only strategic threat to continent political security and destabilization, but more importantly it also constitutes fundamental challenge and eminent (...)

South Sudan and the nation building! 2016-02-06 11:47:08 " Disagreement does't mean disapproval." Oprah Winfrey. By Dhano Obongo I have been delving in a debate within myself as to what could possibly be the proper way to expound a presentation to (...)

Honest tribute to Bishop Santo Pio of Juba Archdiocese 2016-02-05 07:42:13 By James Okuk, PhD The Auxiliary Bishop Santo Loku Pio (born in 1969) of Juba Archdiocese has been consistent in his stance on faith and reason in the context of South Sudan. We should keep (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Civil society group decries delay of S. Sudan transitional gov’t 2016-01-29 18:08:53 South Sudan Civil Society Alliance Date: 29.1.2016 For the immediate Release Press Release Following the passing of deadline of the formation of Transitional Government of National Unity in the (...)

Africa: Strengthen steps to end child marriage 2015-12-14 08:04:41 December 10, 2015 African governments should coordinate action to improve laws, education, health care, and public awareness to end the scourge of child marriage, Human Rights Watch said today (...)

Professor Akolda, it is too early for you to go 2015-12-06 06:36:15 I learnt from social media of the untimely departure of Professor Akolda Maan Tier on the 30th Nov 2015, whom I knew and admired, as one of the great, committed sons of both Sudans, who dedicated (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2016 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.