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Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Capital: Addis Ababa

Area: 1,104,300 km2

Official language: Amharic

Currency: Ethiopian birr

Dialing code: 251 | Calling code: +251

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Region: Horn of Africa / East Africa

Border Countries:


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Ruling Party: Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF)

Military: Ethiopian National Defense Force (ENDF)

  • Minister of Defense: Siraj Fagesa
  • Chief-of-Staff: General Samora Yenus

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Official Names:

  • 1974-1987 | Derg (Provisional Military Government of Socialist Ethiopia),
  • 1987-1991 | People’s Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
  • 1991-1995 | Ethiopia (Ityop’iya)
  • 1995-to date. | Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (Ityop’iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik)

Presidents 1991 onwards:

Prime Ministers 1995 onwards:


Ethiopia - Videos

Guardian | Ethiopia’s prime minister Meles Zenawi dies after illness – video

Ethiopian government spokesman Bereket Simon announces the death of prime minister Meles Zenawi in Addis Ababa, and declares a period of national mourning. Meles had been receiving treatment abroad when he died. His body will be flown back to Ethiopia. Deputy prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn will take over the running of government

Al Jazeera English | Talk to Jazeera - Meles Zenawi | 22 Nov 2007

Al Jazeera’s Mohammed Adow talks to the Ethiopian prime minister about his country’s role in Somalia and asks him whether his country is, as the UN claims, on the verge of war with Eritrea.

Al Jazeera English | Talk to Jazeera - Meles Zenawi Part 1 & 2 | 18 March 2007

Al Jazeera English’s Andrew Simmons talks to Meles Zenawi, the Prime Minister of Ethiopia - on Ethiopia’s controversial deployment in Somalia and human rights in the African nation.


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