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Capital: Asmara

Region: Horn of Africa, East Africa


Eritrea borders the Red Sea to the North East, Sudan to the west and northwest, Ethiopia to the south, and Djibouti to the southeast.

Its border with Ethiopia is heavily militarised after a two year conflict between May 1998 and June 2000 over the disputed town of Badme, which killed 70,000 people and cost hundreds of millions of dollars.

Area: 117,600 km2

Population: 6,086,495 (2012 estimate)

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Official languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, English

Currency: Nakfa (ERN)

Internet TLD .er

Calling code: +291

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Government: Single-party Presidential republic

Ruling Party: People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ)

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International Organisations:



Al Jazeera English | Talk to Jazeera - Meles Zenawi | 22 Nov 2007

Al Jazeera’s Mohammed Adow talks to the Ethiopian prime minister about his country’s role in Somalia and asks him whether his country is, as the UN claims, on the verge of war with Eritrea.

Al Jazeera English | Riz Khan- Eritrea: Challenges & Crises | 30 August 2007

We speak with Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki about the challenges facing his country.

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