Region: Horn of Africa, East Africa
Its border with Ethiopia is heavily militarised after a two year conflict between May 1998 and June 2000 over the disputed town of Badme, which killed 70,000 people and cost hundreds of millions of dollars.
Area: 117,600 km2
Population: 6,086,495 (2012 estimate)
Official languages: Tigrinya, Arabic, English
Currency: Nakfa (ERN)
Internet TLD .er
Calling code: +291
Government: Single-party Presidential republic
Ruling Party: People’s Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ)
Al Jazeera English | Talk to Jazeera - Meles Zenawi | 22 Nov 2007
Al Jazeera’s Mohammed Adow talks to the Ethiopian prime minister about his country’s role in Somalia and asks him whether his country is, as the UN claims, on the verge of war with Eritrea.
Al Jazeera English | Riz Khan- Eritrea: Challenges & Crises | 30 August 2007
We speak with Eritrean President Isaias Afwerki about the challenges facing his country.
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