Home | Keywords | Army & Rebel Groups | South Sudan | Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)

Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA)

JPEG - 14.2 kb
SPLA chief of staff General James Hoth Mai (Photo Larco Lomayat)

The SPLA is the official military of South Sudan.

Background

The SPLA waged 22 year insurgency against the Khartoum-based government of Sudan, before joining the national government in a 2005 peace deal that also made SPLM the ruling party in Southern Sudan.

The SPLA uprising began in 1983 when John Garang, then the head of the army’s Staff College in Omdurman, joined guerrillas and the 105 battalion in mutinying and fleeing to Ethiopia.

The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement established the SPLA as the official Army of of southern Sudan, while the Sudan Armed Force is the Army of northern Sudan army. During the 2005-2011 interim period both are formed the Sudanese army. The Joint Integrated Units formed in accordance to the peace deal were supposed to be the nucleus of the Army of a future united Sudan.

However, in 2011 South Sudanese voted to seceded in a referendum granted as part of the CPA, and on 9 July 2011 the SPLA became the official army of the Republic of South Sudan.

Budget

In budget of 2008 Southern Sudan’s parliament allocated the SPLA 40% of the semi-autonomous region’s budget annually, which translates to 400 million Sudanese pounds (US$187 million).

SPLA Videos

Al Jazeera English | On the frontline with South Sudan’s army | 27 April 2012

Al Jazeera | South Sudanese troops ’advance’ on Heglig | 25 April 2012

Al Jazeera English | UN Security Council weighs Sudan sanctions | 18 April 2012

Sudan and South Sudan have accused each other of launching attacks on a new front near the border. It follows talks by the UN Security Council on possible sanctions against both countries. Al Jazeera’s Sherine Tadros reports from Khartoum.

Al Jazeera English | Sudanese jets attack oil pipeline | 5 April 2012

Al Jazeera crew forced to take cover, as South Sudan claims to have shot down one of planes which carried out raid. Al Jazeera’s Nazanine Moshiri reports from on the Sudan-South Sudan border.

Al Jazeera English | Al Jazeera – Fears of war as Sudan talks stall | 2 April 2012

Source Unknown | Salva Kiir Mayardit in Bhar El Ghazal in 1989 | 1989

Source Unknown | Dr. John Garang and Salva Kiir Mayardit in Longkuei | Date Unknown



 
 

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


Referenda in Scotland and South Sudan told a tale of two cities 2014-09-21 06:01:02 By Mahmoud A. Suleiman September 20, 2014 - This article comes against the backdrop of the referendum in Scotland and southern Sudan in the years 2014 and 2011, respectively, and the result was (...)

Undermining South Sudanese expertise’s is ironical! 2014-09-19 10:15:59 By Peter Gai Manyuon September 18, 2014 - The recent order from the Ministry of Labor and Public Service in the Republic of South Sudan that was issued on 16th of September 2014 is absolute (...)

Sudan - Colliding interests 2014-09-16 10:04:11 By Mohamed Elshabik September 15, 2014 - Sudan seems to be unconcerned by the current political crisis in the region. Amid a prognosis of full-scale war in South Sudan, unrest in Egypt, chaos in (...)


MORE








Latest Press Releases


Sudan Democracy First Group: Art as resistance – art as resilience 2014-09-09 12:34:15 Sudan Democracy First Group Art as Resistance – Art as Resilience September 8, 2014 - To mark the third anniversary of the resumption of civil war in Blue Nile and Nuba Mountains/South Kordofan, (...)

Sudan: Those behind unlawful killings and torture of protesters must be brought to justice 2014-09-03 13:13:43 Amnesty International Sudan: Those behind unlawful killings and torture of protesters must be brought to justice The brutal suppression of protest in Sudan must end, and members of the security (...)

National Dialogue in Sudan: Past experiences and current challenges 2014-08-27 06:18:22 Sudan Democracy First Group (SDFG) Since independence, Sudan has undergone a number of national peace agreements, some of which were observed and honored for short periods, others which were (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2014 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.