Duration: 31 July 2007 to present
Mission Type: Peacekeeping
Head: Ibrahim Gambari
UNAMID’s mandate includes protecting civilians, facilitating humanitarian aid and helping the political process in Darfur.
According to the UNAMID website:
The African Union/UN Hybrid operation in Darfur, referred to by its acronym UNAMID, was established on 31 July 2007 with the adoption of Security Council resolution 1769. UNAMID has the protection of civilians as its core mandate, but is also tasked with contributing to security for humanitarian assistance, monitoring and verifying implementation of agreements, assisting an inclusive political process, contributing to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law, and monitoring and reporting on the situation along the borders with Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR).
UNAMID is the largest peacekeeping mission in the world. It was deployed in 2007 and by April 2013 had deployed 20,852 personnel, mostly from African countries. It has a mandate to protect civilians affected by the civil wars in Darfur but has been critcised on many occasions for failing to fulfill this.
The Darfur region has been the scene of a low-intensity conflict whose pinnacle in 2003-2004 claimed the lives of more than 300,000 people and led to the displacement of 2.7 million, according to UN figures.
UNAMID replaced the African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur (AMIS). By April 2013, 44 peacekeeping soldiers had been killed in Darfur.
Al Jazeera English | The changing face of Darfur’s peace missions - 26 Nov 2007
The makeup of the joint United Nations and African Union Force is going to be crucial to the success or failure of the mission in Sudan’s Darfur region.
Rebels there have demanded that China pull out its peacekeepers who are preparing for next January’s handover. Mohammed Vall followed the African Union force and reports now on the changing faces of peace missions in Darfur.
Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Peacekeeper deaths in Darfur | 01 Oct. 2007
Inside Story investigates the fallout following the deaths of 10 AU peacekeepers in Darfur.
Al Jazeera English | Inside Story - Hybrid force for Darfur | 18 Jun 2007
The Sudanese government has accepted a hybrid force of United Nations and African Union troops for Darfur.
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