Home | Keywords | Regions | Disputed | Kafia Kingi (Hofrat Al-Nuhas)

Kafia Kingi (Hofrat Al-Nuhas)

Names: Kafia Kingi is sometimes also referred to as Hofrat Al-Nuhas, meaning ‘copper pit’ in Arabic.

Disputed between: Sudan’s South Darfur State and South Sudan’s Western Bahr al-Ghazal State.

Area: 25,000 km2 (roughly the size of Puerto Rico)

Background: Kafia Kingi was due to be transferred from South Darfur in Sudan to South Sudan’s Western Bahr al-Ghazal State as part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement.


The introduction below is taken from ’The Kafia Kingi Enclave People, politics and history in the north–south boundary zone of western Sudan’ by Edward Thomas as part of the Contested Borderlands published by the Rift Valley Institute (RVI):

The enclave is sometimes referred to as Hofrat al-Nahas (which means ‘copper pit’), after an ancient mining settlement at its northern edge. Its area is roughly contiguous with the Radom Biosphere Reserve, a national park recognised by the United Nations Educational, Cultural and Scien- tific Organisation (UNESCO) The enclave’s territory covers 12,500 km2, roughly the size of Puerto Rico. Formerly part of Bahr al-Ghazal, the enclave is currently under the administration of South Darfur.

This report includes an overview of the history of Kafia Kingi covering the period from the seventeenth century to the present day. During that time place names, administrative boundaries and ethnic groups have all changed, and most administrative terms have changed their range of reference.

Bahr al-Ghazal, which means Gazelle River in Arabic, is a tributary of the White Nile. In the nineteenth century, Darfur was an independent sultanate, and Bahr al-Ghazal was the name for a colonial province that covered the western Nile basin in the south of Turco-Egyptian Sudan. The Kafia Kingi enclave was part of Bahr al-Ghazal province when Sudan gained independence in 1956. In 1960 it was transferred to Darfur, which had become a province of Sudan in 1916. In 1974, Darfur was divided into two provinces, and in 1981 it was made a unified region of two provinces, North Darfur and South Darfur. In 1994, Sudan’s nine regions were replaced by 26 states (subsequently reduced to 25). Bahr al-Ghazal regionb was divided into four states: Lakes, Warrap, Northern Bahr al-Ghazal and Western Bahr al-Ghazal.

Local administrative districts in South Darfur state have become progressively smaller in area since 1974, a development whose political significance is discussed in this report. Since 2009, the enclave has come under Radom locality; before 2009, Radom locality was part of a larger Buram locality (Buram province before 2003); and before 1974, Buram province was part of a larger Nyala province.

The 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement requires a return to the 1956 border: if this requirement is implemented, the Kafia Kingi enclave will become part of Raga county in the Southern Sudanese state of Western Bahr al-Ghazal. In 1960, Raga county was called Raga sub-district of the Western district of Bahr al-Ghazal.
The town of Said Bandas appears on many early maps, named after its founder. Most people now call it Boro Medina.

Download the full report published by the Rift Valley Institute here:

PDF - 2.5 Mb
RVI | The Kafia Kingi Enclave People, politics and history in the north–south boundary zone of western Sudan | Edward Thomas


 
 

The following ads are provided by Google. SudanTribune has no authority on it.


Sudan Tribune

Promote your Page too

Latest Comments & Analysis


A path toward wealth and security: Investing in the health of Africa’s people 2016-08-28 10:17:30 By Jim Yong Kim Africa needs much more investment from the private sector to build its roads, energy and communications infrastructure. But for countries to make the most use of that (...)

South Sudan, a year after peace agreement 2016-08-20 21:39:17 By Beny Gideon Mabor “Our detractors have already written us off, even before the proclamation of our independence. They say we will slip into civil war as soon as our flag is hoisted. They (...)

Sudan Crisis: Who would be accountable for? 2016-08-18 09:11:56 A case sufficiently exposed, squarely tabled but evasively torpedoed with ulterior motives By Trayo Ahmed Ali As Sudan National Dialogue "roadmap" (proposed by the AUHIP Panel) was signed in (...)


MORE






Latest Press Releases


Sudanese students, activists are at risk of torture: HRW 2016-05-25 14:40:51 Human Rights Watch Sudan: Students, Activists at Risk of Torture Free Detainees; Investigate Abuses (Nairobi, May 25, 2016) – Sudanese national security officials have detained dozens of (...)

South Sudan: Civilians Killed, Tortured in Western Region 2016-05-24 22:01:01 Human Rights Watch For Immediate Release South Sudan: Civilians Killed, Tortured in Western Region Provide Justice for Army Abuses in Western Regions (Nairobi, May 24, 2016) – South Sudanese (...)

Open Letter to President Salva Kiir and 1st Vice President Dr. Riek Machar 2016-04-18 12:36:12 South Sudan Women United April 15, 2016 Your Excellencies: South Sudan Women United writes to congratulate you both on the steps you are taking towards ending violence in South Sudan and (...)


MORE

Copyright © 2003-2016 SudanTribune - All rights reserved.