Name: Dr. Joseph Nguen Monytuel
Career: Appointed the Governor of Unity State by Sudan’s National Congress Party (NCP) before the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement that brought the SPLM to power in South Sudan. In 2003 Nafie Ali Nafie wrote a letter to Monytuil describing the oil-producing Heglig as part of South Kordofan rather than Unity State.
Up through 2003 it was generally understood that Panthou, or Heglig, was part of the Unity State administration, and the National Congress Party-appointed governor of Unity State, Dr. Joseph Monytuil described it as such in his 2003 annual report. In mid-2004, as the CPA negotiations were drawing to a conclusion, he was informed by Dr. Nafie Ali Nafie, then Minister of Federal Government Chambers in the office of the Presidency, that he was mistaken, and ‘that Heglig does not belong to Unity State as it appeared in your aforesaid map but it belongs to Western Kordofan State as indicated in the accompanying map approved by the National Survey Corporation, for information and correction of the map of Unity State referred to’.9 The accompanying map identifying this correction is not detailed enough to determine whether Heglig is located in relation to the 1931 provincial boundary line at 29° 32’ (and some seconds), or the line has been moved east in order to include Heglig in Western Kordofan.
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