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Negotiations post 2012 border war

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President Omer Al-Bashir, left, and President Salva Kiir, right, gesture after the signing ceremony of a deal on economic and security agreements on Thursday, Sept. 27, 2012 in Addis Ababa (AP)

Negotiations between Sudan and South Sudan after the conflict over Heglig / Panthou in April 2012 were chaired - as before - by former South African President Thabo Mbeki under the auspices of the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel (AUHIP).

Also on the AUHIP were former President of Burundi Pierre Buyoya and former President of Nigeria Abdulsalami Alhaji Abubakar. The talks were held in Ethiopia mostly in Addis Ababa.

The mandate of the AUHIP is to facilitate negotiations relating to South Sudan’s independence from Sudan in July 2011 including disputes over oil, security, citizenship, assets, and their common border.

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Pagan Amum (left), chief negotiator from South Sudan, lead mediator for the African Union, Thabo Mbeki (centre) and Sudan’s head negotiator Idriss Abdu Qadir , attend African Union-led talks between Sudan and South Sudan in Addis Ababa on March 13, 2012. (Getty)

Border Disputes: The AU has appointed a high-level panel of African experts to produce a non-binding advisory opinion on how the disputes should be resolved. It is Chaired by a former member of the International Court of Justice, Judge Abdul Koroma.

As part of the 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement the two sides agreed that the boundary between the northern and southern states of Sudan would be as it was on Sudan’s independence as at 1 January 1956 despite their being no authoritative map with the detail to show conclusively where the boundary lay.

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Bashir (R) and his South Sudanese counterpart Kiir (2ndL) meet at the Sheraton Hotel in Addis Ababa/AFP

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