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Mapping the Sources of Conflict and Insecurity in South Sudan

The Sudd Institute

Special Report No.1

January 12, 2013

Summary

  • Ethnic violence continues to plague rural communities across South Sudan, in many cases preventing citizens from enjoying the benefits of peace and the promises
    of independence.
  • This violence, combined with the trend of rising urban crime, the actions of security
    forces, the targeting of foreign laborers, and the weakness of the justice system, means that South Sudan is a society living in fear.
  • In the eyes of many South Sudanese, the state has consistently appeared weak or complacent in the face of these complex and varied security challenges.
  • The government is burdened by South Sudan’s history and by the need to juggle the
    many interests at play in the new country due to the various liberation ideologies and
    factions that proliferated during the independence struggle.
  • In the absence of functioning law enforcement and judiciary systems to address
    the uptick of insecurity and violence in urban centers, the country is left in a
    climate of accusations and rumors.
  • Instead of freedom, security, and hopes for a new future, many South Sudanese
    say all they have experienced so far is increased violence and disappointment that
    their own government is not guaranteeing their safety.
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Sudd Institute Special Report on Security