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UN envoy urges to consider security gaps in South Sudan peace agreement


August 22, 2018 (JUBA) - United Nations Special Envoy for South Sudan and Sudan said there may be a security gap in the revitalized peace agreement related to the protection of the opposition leaders when they return to Juba.

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Nicholas Haysom , UN special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan (UN photo)

He further pointed out that Regional Protection Force (RPF) dedicated to the protection of key installations, facilitate the delivery of humanitarian assistance and provide protection to the civilians will not be able to protect the opposition politicians unless it is increased.

Nicholas Haysom made his concern known last week in an interview with the Peace and Security Council (PSC) Report which publishes reports and analysis supporting the activities of the African Union Peace and Security Council.

Haysom praised the "undeniable progress" achieved in Khartoum in term of the security arrangements and governance issues. However, pointed out to the need to remove the control of security apparatus form any one of the parties in order to create a conducive security atmosphere during the transitional period.

"I am concerned that there is a security gap. There has not been enough reflection on how that will be filled," he said.

The international official who was alluding to the clashes in Juba in July 2016 further underscored that the United Nations Regional Protection Force (RPF) under its current size cannot contribute to the protection of the opposition leaders and other VIP.

The RPF can only provide these "additional security functions" if it is "supplemented, and a safer environment is created by the terms of the agreement – such as demilitarisation of the urban areas," he said.

The mediators plan to ask the UN Security Council to allow the 4000 peacekeepers of the RPF to provide bodyguards for the protection of the opposition leaders. The issue has been particularly raised for the protection of Riek Machar who fled from Juba in July under the fire of the forces loyal to President Salva Kiir.

However, the Troika countries, which include two permanent members of the Security Council, warned there would not be an international support to the implementation process unless they are persuaded that there "are clear evidence of the sustainability" of the revitalized peace agreement.

Until then, the parties and the mediation have to take into account this crucial need to ensure the safety and security of the current opposition leaders when they return to Juba to take part in the implementation of the peace agreement.

To make it clear Haysom stressed that he had underscored that "there will not be international support for the outcome of the peace process unless there is clear evidence of the sustainability of any agreements".

"Sustainability in this context means a number of things: an inclusive agreement, clear evidence of political will on the part of the actors, robust financial transparency mechanisms, effective monitoring enforcement and accountability," he said.

President Salva Kiir announced his commitment to the revitalized peace deal, saying that this agreement is different from the one of August 2015. he say this time he negotiated the pact while the first had been imposed by the region and the international community.

The parties are now discussing the modalities of implementations which include the protection of opposition leaders.

The mediation plans to conclude the discussions by the end of this month and hold the signing ceremony during the first week of September.


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  • 23 August 2018 09:36, by Joseph Canada

    Hmm this is a clear whistle blowing. The great reason why the president didn’t want to shake hands with his fao

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    • 23 August 2018 11:04, by Kush Natives

      Joseph Canada,

      There’s no nothing blowing. So,positive contribution is possibly needed at the moment, once an international community still optimistic about the implementation of the peace agreement in reference to 2016 incident in Juba. But, president kiir cleared his point already, that such peace unlike of 2015, which bear more evidence that this peace will be faithfully implemented, if both

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      • 23 August 2018 15:34, by Joseph Canada

        Kush Natives, you might be right or you might not be. Mark you the same Museveni who surported the War is the stakeholder of you this. Bashir who didn’t agree with us on Abyie and other Boarder demarcation all of a sudden became the nice guy. Kenya who help culture the Oppsers of Juba to be killed are the overseers. Their JMEC leader quit. Hmm.

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      • 24 August 2018 05:38, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

        It is a Dangerous step! A country’s first VP and/or politician to have foreign body guards! It is a potential problem with long-term negative consequences on S. Sudanese. Let S. Sudan’s govt & army protect their president & VPs!

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        • 24 August 2018 05:49, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

          2016 J1 face-to-face gun fight resulted from two armies with two different army chiefs of staff in one territory. If you bring RPF to the presidential palace with SPLA, what results do u expect from this protection? We must learn fro past experiences!

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    • 23 August 2018 15:40, by Marco A. Wek

      Joseph Canada or Australia, mindn you UN might not be happy with peace in South Sudan brokered by Sudan because some of their people getting paid to keep South Sudan in a mess would have to leave. They are there for business and that is that. What are they doing in Yemen where women and children are being killed by Saudis led killing with their blessings.

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      • 24 August 2018 08:18, by Joseph Canada

        Call me by any names that makes you feel great by all means.
        The fact that this peace is very raw and uncooked. It’s like the covering the boelwound to heal on top while the puss is still inside. Or a volcanic magma boiling inside on the cold mountain ?. I don’t know if you get me. Here the truth. The killing in Juba of Nuer is a retaliation to what happened in Bor. Thats undiniable fact.

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      • 24 August 2018 08:25, by Joseph Canada

        You baby Marco know that the root cause of this war has not even been discussed. Unless otherwise, those IGAD leaders haven the heir own agenda to this poorly signed peace. Mind you Eve y south Sudanese Love touave peace in the nation so that they can just build their own homes regardless of government support (at least in the side of Equatorial).

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  • 23 August 2018 11:23, by Games

    It will be up to Machar and his groups if they didn’t learn the 2016 lesson well

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  • 23 August 2018 15:17, by lino

    I have been saying, Southerners have never ever implemented any Agreement or guidelines by themselves!!! So, it is crucial that all the world should be involved implementing this agreement or it will end up in someone being killed before the end of the Agreement!!!
    All forces should be Cantoned at boarders without any exceptions!!!

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  • 24 August 2018 10:28, by Charles Majok

    South Sudan’s leaders are like primary school children who need to be supervised by their teachers or adults. The Mathiang Anyoor nearly assassinated the First Vice President-designate in 2016. What will prevent the assassination of the FVP in 2018. Salva Kiir is preparing to assassinate Dr Riel Machar and General Thomas Cirillo as soon as they arrive in Juba. The JCE has made that decision.

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    • 24 August 2018 22:34, by jubaone

      Charles Majok
      Don’t worry unless ofcourse Riak or Gen Cirillo would be very stupid to return to Juba without their own armies. Riak and Gen Cirillo must NEVER count on RPF, UNMISS or otherwise. Each must take 10,000 strong army with their guns. Once jienges make a stupid move then, either they kill the rest or they are wiped once for all. No compromise.

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