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South Sudan’s rival leaders declare permanent ceasefire after Khartoum declaration

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President Salva Kiir and Riek Machar in Khartoum on 26 June 2018 (Photo SUNA)
June 29, 2018 (JUBA)- The two main rival leaders in South Sudan have issued separate orders declaring permanent ceasefire following the signing of the peace agreement which they have signed.

President Salva Kiir, SPLM-IO leader Riek Machar, and other stakeholders signed on Wednesday the Khartoum Declaration of Agreement in which among others, they commit themselves to implement a permanent ceasefire within 75 hours.

President Kiir on Friday evening issued an order committing him and his administration to respect the terms of the pact, directing all military leadership to ensure all heads of different commands and units observe the order and implement without hesitation.

Machar, on the other hand, issued an order, directing all forces under his command and leadership all over the country to cease all hostilities, provide safe passage to civilians and Nongovernmental organizations or NGOs and only act on self-defence when attacked by forces hostile to them.

The orders shall come into effect from 00:1 hours midnight on 30th June 2018. Many express hopes and described the issuance of the orders declaring permanent ceasefire by both rival leaders a “remarkable gesture of commitment to the pact they signed.

However, the SPLM-IO office in Yei River State said the government forces on Friday morning at 9:00 am attacked their position at Kendiri in Kajo-Keji County adding they repulsed the assailants.

"This aggression puts the seriousness of Juba towards a return of normalcy into question as it is violating a confidence-building document Kiir himself signed in Khartoum".

(ST)

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  • 29 June 23:32, by Games

    Those keep attacking IO positions across the country are Makuei Lieth’s militia. Makuei is against the peace in S. Sudan. Even some of his relatives here Khartoum claiming that the Makuei told them that even the Khartoum peace Agreement works. The Bor is not Part of the Greatest Upper Nile region. They claimed that Bor is a part of Equatoria Region.

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    • 30 June 05:11, by Mayendit

      Games
      Are you still thinking about Old regional of Southern Sudan? What work right now is the distribution of Sate and there are no more three regional Southern Sudan in the Republic of South Sudan. Please think big and smartest way.

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  • 29 June 23:57, by Nairobimitot

    Thank you, God, for the Peace in my country.

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  • 30 June 05:26, by Mayendit

    The Mediators and IGAD leaders have encouraged South Sudanese rebels. They never even questioning themselves is this right? Where did a former vice president was been reinstatement for three time? The people who hope Riek Machar has change his attitude are joking. According to prof, David de Chand, Riek love money and poor leadership. The prof was right and I agree with him, he is desperately man.

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    • 30 June 07:43, by Joseph Canada

      Point of Correction bro.. Actually its the opposit.Dr. Riek Love peace and truth and it was all his idea to have South Sudan not fight for the whole Sudan since all Northern were United as Muslims not People and the war was Justified as Jihad war. If Garang Lived we wouldn’t have South.Most of Dinka refused to Vote for South or NOrth. This is the truth. Kiir and those JCE Khartoumers ripped SS.

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      • 30 June 08:11, by Khent

        Joseph

        You [like all of Riek’s supporters] have no understanding of history and instead resign yourselves to believing in fairy-tales. You people argue that Riek somehow championed and introduced self-determination in the SPLM, despite the fact that Dr. John Garang mentioned the importance of self-determination as far back as 1972. Unlike Riek, Garang knew how to (strategically) frame it and pur

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        • 30 June 08:12, by Khent

          In a letter sent to Joseph Lagu in 1972, Dr. John Garang makes the point "that a region retains the right to secede from the federation if its interests are not adequately served by the federation."

          Furthermore, he said:

          "It must be clear to Southerners that the retention of the right to secede from such a federation must be guaranteed by the federal constitution...

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          • 30 June 08:13, by Khent

            ..and by the existence of a physical Southern Armed Forces.

            The late Dr. John Garang very well understood that you couldn’t possibly be taken seriously by Khartoum and achieve a political settlement with the Ignaz Nazis, without an independent army - one with an independent source of funding, a separate source of weaponry and ammunition and a separate line of logistics.

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            • 30 June 08:16, by Khent

              In his 1972 letter to Joseph Lagu, Dr. John Garang warned that the Addis Ababa Agreement would be dishonored in its entirety if the South didn’t have a truly independent army. You guys went the other way round. You got it backwards. You thought that Khartoum would take you more seriously the more dependent you became. Riek admitted that he got cheated. He didn’t get cheated, he’s just an idiot.

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              • 30 June 08:16, by Khent

                Allow me to quote other parts of the 1972 letter:

                "There is no reason, absolutely no objective reason for clearheaded Southerners and Northerners alike to believe after eight years and more of continuous warfare and the repeated failures of some forms of constitutional guarantees that paper constitutional guarantees are now going to solve the war in the Sudan."

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                • 30 June 08:18, by Khent

                  Any Southerner who holds the mistaken view that Arab Nationalism now sincere, now means good business, now gives the South local autonomy in good faith and that this autonomy will be guaranteed by a few phrases scribbled on some sheets of paper stapled and bound together and christened “ The Constitution”...

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                  • 30 June 08:19, by Khent

                    ..that Southerner either suffers from acute historical myopia or else advocates the treasonable stand of opportunism, national subjugation and continued Arab Chauvinism and domination; in short, such Southerner calls for surrender in a camouflaged form. (Captain John Garang Letter to Gen. Joseph Lagu of Anyanya One, January 24, 1972)

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                    • 30 June 08:19, by Khent

                      After the 91 power struggle, Garang said:

                      Self-determination is not given, one determines his future, we do have self-determination in the areas we have control, and if you believe that the Khartoum government has given you self-determination, then go back and ask Khartoum to withdraw its troops from the three capital cities of South Sudan–Juba, Malakal and Wau–and I (Garang)...

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                      • 30 June 08:20, by Khent

                        ..promise that I will not attack you. Your claim of self-determination of the South Sudan while in Khartoum means that you have surrendered. I also believe that when the people of South Sudan are given an opportunity to vote in the referendum, they will vote almost 100% for independence.

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                        • 30 June 08:21, by Khent

                          Did you read that Jur? Dr. John Garang knew that Riek’s pathetic agreement with Khartoum was a mirage and a cruel hoax, and he challenged Riek to demonstrate that Khartoum was sincere with regards to self-determination by having Khartoum withdraw its forces from Juba, Malakal and Wau... but Riek couldn’t even get Khartoum to withdraw from Bentiu - the capital of his home State...

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                          • 30 June 08:22, by Khent

                            In fact not only did Khartoum not withdraw from Bentiu, they expelled Riek and his forces out of Bentiu and Unity State in general. That is how incredibly stupid Riek is. This man is wise in your eyes? LOL! The man is an idiot. I know toddlers smarter than him. ROFL!

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                            • 30 June 11:24, by Games

                              Khent
                              You can jump up and down at same time, but the history had already been written. Self-determination was Machar ideas and it will remain like how it is....even some of you Bor did not vote for the country independent as they were brainwashed by Garang ideas of united of Sudan objectives.

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                              • 30 June 12:22, by Khent

                                Game

                                Oh really? Cite one third party historian that asserts that self-determination for South Sudan was Riek’s idea. Every third party historian terms his alliance with Khartoum as either schizophrenic or a sell-out. You can’t compare Dr. John Garang (a master-mind) with an idiotic traitor that admits to being "tricked" by Khartoum...

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                                • 30 June 12:42, by Khent

                                  You fools credit a *traitor* with self-determination but Riek did nothing to physically achieve our independence. He just gave lip service to it while allying with Khartoum and enabling Khartoum to take control of the oilfields following his 1991 defection. Dr. John Garang was feared and respected by the North while Riek was played, "tricked" and humiliated. You can’t compare a genius to Riek...

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                                  • 30 June 12:46, by Khent

                                    How many times must I inform you all that historians have affirmed, that under Dr. John Garang, the independence option was there before the Nasir declaration. You don’t like the truth and prefer to make up reasons for believing in nonsense, so you continuously pretend not to understand a word I say...

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                                    • 30 June 12:47, by Khent

                                      On the 29th of July [one month prior to the Nasir Declaration] the SPLM/A informed the Sudanese government that Self-Determination was to be discussed for the Abuja agenda. This is confirmed by the works of scholars such as Ann Lesch.

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                                      • 30 June 12:48, by Khent

                                        .."the independence option was therefore included in the still-united SPLM’s proposal for the Abuja agenda that was submitted to Nigerian and Sudanese government on 29th July 1991". (The Battle for Peace in Sudan: An Analysis of Abuja Conferences 1992–1993’, Ann Lesch)

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                                        • 30 June 12:48, by Khent

                                          The government benefited substantially from the split inside the SPLA. The government had encouraged the split by sending false signals that it might let the South secede. (Sudan-Contested identities, Ann Lesch)

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                                          • 30 June 12:49, by Khent

                                            Once the split occurred, the government developed a four-prong strategy that encouraged Riek machar to fight the SPLA. It backed away from offering independence, mounted large scale offences against Garang’s forces and used the disintegration of the SPLA to facilitate its repression of the African people in Southern Kordofan, Darfur and Southern Blue Nile. (Sudan-Contested identities)

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                                            • 30 June 12:56, by Khent

                                              What have we learned here?

                                              Dr. John Garang de Mabior spoked of the importance for self-determination for every region of Sudan in 1972

                                              Dr. John Garang’s SPLM re-affirmed the issue of self-determination one month prior to the Nasir Declaration.

                                              Riek was "tricked" by Khartoum into believing that they would implement his pathetic agreements.

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                                              • 30 June 12:58, by Khent

                                                To cite Dr. Douglas H. Johnson:

                                                Those sympathetic to Riek claim that he was genuine in his desire to disentangle himself from Khartoum and saw acceptance by the NDA as his last chance to obtain alternative sources of arms, which alone would free him from dependence from Khartoum.

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                                                • 30 June 13:00, by Khent

                                                  If this was true, it is consistent with the confused, almost schizophrenic attitude towards liberation and collaboration, which he displayed from the beginning of the failed Nasir coup attempt in August 1991 to his resignation from the government in February 2000. (The Root Causes of Sudan’s civil wars, Douglas H. Johnson)

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                                                  • 30 June 13:17, by Khent

                                                    It’s only in this God-forsaken land can *traitors* that allied with the enemy; guarded oilfields on their behalf - consequently giving the enemy billions in weapons; had their ally (master) renege on their pathetic "agreements"; and returned in 2004-06 after they were "tricked"... now claim that they made South Sudan’s independence possible.

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      • 30 June 21:56, by Nairobimitot

        Joseph Canada

        Mayendit was right. Riek is a problem not only with the Nuer Community but to the whole of South Sudan. Riek never gets enough. He needs more money, money wives, and more power plus him as an active community called Nuer. That is the reason Riek thought he could win. But what he did not understand is that sometimes the strongest lose the fight and the war. Riek needs to come to his senses and to try to realize that the people of this country are one people and that you can not destroy the country every year. There should be a time for peace and the time for war. The time for fighting is over, and now, it is time for Peace
        Peace.

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    • 30 June 08:02, by Malakal county Simon

      The SPLM-IO office in Yei River State said the government forces on Friday morning at 9:00 am attacked their position at Kendiri in Kajo-Keji County adding they repulsed the assailants.

      May God kills those peace violators/spoilers for once, and leave South Sudan to their peace lovers!!

      Peace be with God, and God be with Peace!! This slogan should be adapt by South Sudanese/Friends who love S.S

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