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S. Sudan’s fallen war veteran deserves state burial: Machar


July 19, 2017 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s rebel leader, Riek Machar said the late Kawac Makuei Mayar, who died last Saturday, deserves a state burial for roles he played in the struggle for self-determination and the independence of South Sudan.

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South Sudan’s opposition leader Riek Machar speaks during a briefing in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa April 9, 2016 (Photo Reuters/ Tiksa Negeri)

Machar said he learnt of the death of Mayar, a war veteran and one of the founding members of South Sudan’s 1983 rebel movement, with sadness.

He described the departed veteran politician as a committed nationalist who fought for self-determination and independence of South Sudan from neighbouring Sudan.

“He [Mayar] shall also be remembered for his courage, honesty and integrity. Above all, he was a friendly person," said Machar on Wednesday.

"He shall be missed not only by his family but all. He was a towering figure in the political life of South Sudan that deserves state burial in recognition of his role”, he added.

Kawac died on Saturday morning in Juba on a return trip from Cairo, Egypt, where he sought medical attention. It was not clear what the illness with which he was battling and the level of severity that took him to Egypt for treatment, and whether or not the death is associated with the condition of his health. The family members have confirmed he died but did not release the detail to the public.


The veteran soldier became a towering figure after taking to the bush and fought in the first, second and third wars as a leader in the Anyanya one during the First Sudanese Civil War in 1955. When the first war ended in 1972 with the signing of the peace agreement in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, he decided to return to the bush in 1983 when peace could not meet the expectations of South Sudanese and became one of the founding members of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM).

He, however, joined the Anyanya 1 movement between 1962 and 1963 and became a major by the time the Addis Ababa Accord of 1972 was signed. He did not integrate into the Sudanese army but served in the regional government brought by the peace agreement as a member of parliament in Juba. Kawac became Commander of the Jamus battalion in the SPLA, resulting into a successful operation into Wathkec, on the Mouth of the Jonglei Cana, in February 1984 as the commanding officer of Jamus brigade.

His military knowledge and experience reportedly resulted into successful military operations that opened up the way for recruits from Bahr el Ghazal, western and northern Upper Nile regions to pass to the military training camps in Ethiopia.

Kawac inspired and trekked with thousands of recruits from Bahr el Ghazal for a long walk to Ethiopia at the inception of the movement. He fell out with late John Garang, founding leader of the SPLM in September 1984 over the death of Benjamin Bol Akok, a former minister in the regional government in Juba. Late Akok whose death annoyed Kawac and protested it was the first SPLM official representative to the United Kingdom (UK) when the movement was founded. Akok was killed in Ethiopia on his way to London after visiting the headquarters of the SPLM at the Sudan and Ethiopia border. His death caused commotion, resulting in the arrest of commander Kawac in September 1984.

Garang, it is said, feared Kawac would mobilize men he recruited and who formed the majority of the rebel forces against the leadership of the movement in which he also arrested several other influential figures in the movement, centralizing leadership around him.

Kawac left the movement after the split in 1991 forced his release and on 21 April 1997 and he was among southern leaders who signed the Khartoum Peace Agreement of 1997, representing the Bahr al-Ghazal Independence Movement for Southern Sudan. The Agreement provided for self-governance of the south during a transitional period when a referendum would be held on the future form of government. That agreement was boycotted by the faction under the leadership of John Garang with whom he fell out and the left the movement.

He was appointed governor of Northern Bahr el Ghazal State as part of the provisions of the peace agreement. In June 1998 an attack was made on his house, apparently by members of a rival pro-government militia. When the civil war ended in January 2005, Kawac Makuei was appointed Chairperson of the Southern Sudan War Veterans Commission by the Government of South Sudan.

In February 2010, he declared his candidacy for governorship of Northern Bahr el Ghazal state, running on the United Democratic Salvation Front platform. In the April 2010 election, the incumbent Paul Malong Awan of the SPLM got 162,209, General Dau Aturjong Nyuol won 84,452 and Kawac Makuei Kawac trailed with 9,854 votes.


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  • 20 July 2017 08:30, by Mike Charlie MC


    South Sudanese citizen will still remembered your hard work as heart of SPLM founders.

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  • 20 July 2017 14:09, by Majesty

    Bol Akok was killed by John Garang in collaboration with Karibino Kwayin and Salva Kiir SIMPLY because Bol Akok was from Aweil. Gen. Paul Malong is currently a target SIMPLY for being Aweilian.

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    • 20 July 2017 14:15, by Majesty

      After Garang group secured Bilpan and other bases from Akuot Atem group in Southern Ethiopia in 1984, first thing come to their mind was Aweil. With that, they quickly sent Kwac Makuei off to Aweil with advice to go all the way up to Marial Baai spreading the word to youth to come and join SPLA in Bilpam.

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    • 20 July 2017 14:17, by Majesty

      Kwach didn’t fail and the tens of thousands of Dinka Malual who flooded SPLA Bases can’t be exaggerated.


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    • 20 July 2017 14:19, by Majesty

      In 1992 when William Nyuon Bany did the last blow, SPLA wasn’t only dying, it can’t fend off and defend few bases with armed and ammunitions. Nyuon eventually destroyed most of these bases.


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    • 20 July 2017 14:25, by Majesty

      But with “Malualda” Dinka Malual still standing, holding the light there in Aweil, SPLA regained ground thru trained and armed Mobile Forces organized and sent off by Cdr Paul Malong Awan to reinforce SPLA forces in both Equatoria and Upper Nile. Aweil by then, was also fighting off Mureleens (Khartoum militias) while fending off attacks from Gogrial thru Karbino Kwanyin armed groups. ....

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    • 20 July 2017 14:28, by Majesty

      In Kiir war of 2013, many of us saw and/are seeing Dinka Malual genuine contribution.


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    • 20 July 2017 14:42, by Majesty

      The 2nd thing in the mind of Garang group, was to establish SPLM leadership while Kwach Makuei, an Aweilian was still away in Aweil. And remember they sent him there.
      With that, Bor took #1 & #5 and Gogrial got #2 and #4 on the top five (5) SPLM/A positions.
      No one was sent to Bor or Gogrial to mobilize youth.

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      • 20 July 2017 16:12, by Mr. Right

        R.I.P Kawac! You were a true freedom fighter and a liberator and we are indebted to you.

        I think it’s simply sensible to tell the truth and I disagree with you, Mr. Majesty. Kwanyin Bol was #2 in the hierarchy, right? What happened to him?

        In 1987, thousands of teenagers from Bor were recruited by Kuol Manyang and Co. Why are you not mentioning that as well? Please Stop exaggerating facts!!

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        • 21 July 2017 14:47, by Majesty

          Mr. Right,
          There are no sensible topics and definitely I’m not on the side of those who are milking others in the name of Dinka. Bring it out and let discuss it. Your question about Kwanyin make no sense to me. You want me to narrate how he hanged himself in Nuerland...but no , all I care about Kwanyin put a stick in his own ass by having no one (Bol Akok) watching his back and Garang got him.

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          • 21 July 2017 15:58, by Majesty

            Mr, Right,
            I don’t know why you even bring up those children. But with due respect to good people of Mading Bor and their great contributions, 1987 forced recruiting of children by Kuol Manyang wasn’t to fight any war. You recruit adults not children to fight war.


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            • 21 July 2017 16:06, by Majesty

              The children were forcefully recruited to be trained as “leaders”. Aren’t Bor born to rule? The forced recruitment only happened after seeing many children from Bhar Gazal passing to Ethiopia prompting that Bhar al Gazal is taking over SPLM leadership. But no, almost entire fighting force of “Infada” where those children were part of was from Bhar al Gazal in which Aweil made up the majority.

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      • 21 July 2017 13:48, by Majesty

        The group planned to isolate Aweil from top leadership whether to jail Kwach or killed Bol Akok but knew if wider war had to be fought, little can be achieved without full participation of Dinka Malual. Just like 2013 when panic tore the heart of warmongers and cowards can Dinka Malual becomes one of their own. They remember Dinka Malual at war times but not when there are positions to share. ...

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    • 20 July 2017 14:53, by Majesty

      To be continued....

      Meanwhile, remember, no one is denying your contribution or your people grievances.

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      • 20 July 2017 16:27, by Newsudan

        they are currently 40 militias groups operating in south Sudan,Aguelek militia try Kaka today but immortal SPLA taught them a very good lesson.

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      • 21 July 2017 13:59, by Majesty

        After CPA was signed and government of national unity formed with SPLM taking 28 ministerial posts, one hope there would be equitable distribution. That each state would at least take two posts. But no, almost all the posts are split between Gogrial and Bor. Northern Bhar al Gazal took zero. Not even today in South Sudan top posts, NLA or anywhere can one find Aweil representative.

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      • 21 July 2017 14:06, by Majesty

        With South Sudan now as an independence country, it’s time Dinka Malual step back and let those who overcrowded food areas have chance to overcrowd war zones as well. After all, these wars are creation of selfless and arrogance groups found in Bor or Gogrial.

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        • 21 July 2017 17:14, by Mr. Right

          Mr. Majesty,
          I didn’t expect to come back and waste a minute of my precious time explaining how parents were deceived about viable opportunities awaiting their children upon enrolment in schools when it was in fact, a dirty militia’s recruitment scheme. I know you would not understand and will not blame you if you won’t comprehend anyway.

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          • 21 July 2017 17:15, by Mr. Right

            You seem to mention Malual several times. Let me tell you, I don’t think along that line. Tribal, narcissistic, and chauvinistic views, no, not me. I know more about Malual and I mean genuine Malual chinich-abel and not millions fathered by the unknown and for that matter, I would not negatively-smear Malual as a community based on your comments.

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            • 21 July 2017 17:18, by Mr. Right

              I understand why people like you are an impediment to South Sudan growth because you tend to think backward. It’s not when you are relieved that you start moaning and whining, ok? Be dynamical, be competent, and be industrious. Oh man, I just can’t believe that I am lecturing you on these values, Ha?

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              • 21 July 2017 17:19, by Mr. Right

                Regardless of your ethnicity, religion, and gender you would land any position that you surely deserve and Paul Malong earned his position last time and he did serve with commitment and dedication although it was imminent he had to go at some point.

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                • 21 July 2017 17:21, by Mr. Right

                  But with people like you, people who expect positions to be distributed like relief, I just wonder whether you would ever earn anything. In that unity government that you mentioned, there were no positions for traitors and I know a handful of Malual that served in that government. Just keep running your mouth or bark whatever as the facts are there for all to dig into.

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                  • 22 July 2017 14:07, by Majesty

                    “..Malual chinich-abel and not millions fathered by unknow…”

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                  • 22 July 2017 14:09, by Majesty

                    You are not different. Recently Michael Makuei Lueth, current government spokesman was reported saying “even cows are many” in reference to Dinka Bhar Al Gazal and Aweil in particular. Of course, no one would comprehend you people, tribalist snakes.

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                  • 22 July 2017 14:20, by Majesty

                    But no, Dinka Malual like all other South Sudanese are fathered by well-known and respected men. We, being many is much to do with treating and respecting others possibly melting in and making "Malual strong." Current Aweil population from outside is about 80% Dinka, 19% Jurchol & 1% Fulani. Aweil history says 60% is Jurchol while Dinka constitutes 40%.

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                  • 22 July 2017 14:24, by Majesty

                    Who knows had Dinka Bor chosen Malual path, they might be in peace round clock with neighbors and not often begging for return of children or crossing the Nile over and over for protection from those they are not sure about their fathers.


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                  • 22 July 2017 14:30, by Majesty

                    I’m not an associate of Gen. Malong nor do I care about his dismissal from rotten Pres Kiir administration. This will not however, stop me from protesting mistreatment of man who have done nothing but deserved respect for his services and dedication to the SPLA and the country. Many may be late but will eventually arrive at the same conclusion, we are fighting wrong enemy and for wrong people.

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                  • 22 July 2017 14:41, by Majesty

                    A traitor is a backstabber, wouldn’t that fit you, roach? A nothing but bunch of coward pretenders who just run their rotten mouths. No, I’m not looking for a job in failed govt, may be I’ll go to Bor to find one where everyone is so “industrious".

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  • 20 July 2017 17:07, by Sunday Junup

    Forgot about Kaka, it is a gone case. You will hear more news soon. What about capturing of Pagak? I’m waiting to hear retreat news

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  • 22 July 2017 14:12, by Adok son

    Yes! Machar Teny,you have right to mourn only on those who died for South Sudan Independent Movement.
    Kaway Makuey was the hero who fought for our independent despite of those unionist who calls for the unity of Sudan.

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