Home | News    Wednesday 27 July 2016

UN warns over replacement of Machar as First Vice President

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July 26, 2016 (NEW YORK) – The United Nations (UN) has warned the leadership of the war-ravaged South Sudan over its recent decision to replace Riek Machar, with Taban Deng Gai, as First Vice President, saying this was a violation to the peace agreement.

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Ban Ki-moon (Photo UN)

Machar, who has continued to command the political and military leaderships of the armed opposition faction of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement SPLM-IO, was decreed out by President Salva Kiir and replaced with Gai.

Gai said he was endorsed by the SPLM-IO leadership currently in Juba. But this was dismissed by Machar’s officials because only five members of the leadership reportedly endorsed him in violation of the peace agreement.

"Any political appointments need to be consistent with the provisions outlined in the peace agreement," said Farhan Haq, UN’s spokesperson at a briefing to reporters in New York on Tuesday.

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), which mediated the peace agreement signed in August 2015, has not publicly reacted to the events in Juba, owing to more planned measures against the leadership in South Sudan, observers said.

"We call on all parties to ensure that the ceasefire is maintained and that any divisions within the opposition or between the parties be dealt with peacefully through dialogue," UN spokesperson Haq added.

Taban Deng Gai, was sworn in on Tuesday as First Vice President, and vowed to fully cooperate with president Kiir including scrapping many provisions in the peace deal.

ONE ARMY

Gai declared his willingness to cancel one of the major provisions in the peace deal, which he himself negotiated for two years, Gai said there is no need for two armies in one country and told the President that the SPLA-IO army will immediately be reintegrated into President Kiir’s army, the SPLA.

This would imply that the security arrangements needed for at least 18 months and implementation of the security sector reform would no longer be needed to reunify the two armies as required by the peace agreement.

However, officials of the opposition faction led by Machar dismissed Gai’s assertions, saying he said it because he knew he had no army to stay separate. They dismissed Gai’s comment as coming from someone who has no say over the SPLA-IO army.

The top leadership of the SPLA-IO including its chief of general staff, General Simon Gatwech Daul, and his deputies are currently with Machar and have confirmed firm support behind him.

Also, SPLM-IO’s governor of Unity state, General Kuol Ruai and SPLA-IO’s military sector commander in Gai’s home state of Unity state, General Simon Maguek, have come out with statements, dismissing Gai’s statements that he was in contact with the commanders, saying Gai had no army or any support in the SPLA-IO forces.

MAINTAIN CEASEFIRE

Meanwhile, the UN Secretary General, Ban Ki-moon has called on South Sudan’s rival parties to ensure that the ceasefire is maintained and that any divisions within the opposition, or between the parties are dealt with peacefully through dialogue.

The UN, a spokesperson said, will continue working with the Transitional Government of National Unity and all stakeholders in support of the implementation of the peace agreement for the benefit of South Sudanese, as mandated by the Security Council.

The changes, analysts say, contravenes the peace agreement signed by both Kiir and Machar.

(ST)

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  • 27 July 09:08, by Akol Liai Mager

    Typical offensive to save Riek Machar by Ban Ki-Moon otherwise, Mr Ki-Moon needs to cooperate with CPA2 Partners with or without Riek.

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    • 27 July 18:44, by lino

      I hope Taban is a changed man now. He has been a lizard for long period of time since the Civil War of 1983-2005. The strange thing is; he was the Chief Negotiator for IO without accepting the idea of one Army one Party suggestion by IG. I know he got into tribe during nomination for IO structures and he was waiting S. General of IO but couldn’t get because IO shouldn’t be dominated by all Nuer.

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  • 27 July 09:17, by Joseph Canada

    "We call on all parties to ensure that the ceasefire is maintained and that any divisions within the opposition or between the parties be dealt with peacefully through dialogue,

    The same songs UN sang even before I was born. The song of nothingness!

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  • 27 July 09:53, by Eastern

    There’s already an all out offensive by SPLA-Kiir aimed at hunting down Dr Machar. Much as Kiir and cohorts have gotten El Tabani in their fold, they are still weary that Dr Machar is at large. The region and the world will soon witness a bloody episode that will eventually hand over the youngest country to an International Trusteeship!

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    • 27 July 10:20, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Yes, of course no need of two armies in the same country
      Gen, Taban Deng Gai, stressed very sensitive words, and all South Sudanese are hoping that those two leaders of will fully implement the August agreement without fail.

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    • 27 July 15:57, by Deng II

      Eastern
      Hope is what you got in you, that international trusteeship will eventually come to South Sudan. How heartbreak kid will you be when there will be never an international trusteeship coming South Sudan? Take it from me Machar will never become president in South Sudan. Let Ki-Moon my South Sudan soil ass.

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      • 27 July 16:14, by Deng II

        Let K-moon kiss my South Sudan soil ass , he will never see international trusteeship rules South South.

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  • 27 July 10:00, by Akuma

    Is UN after what? They must cooperate with peace partners otherwise their colors are all known in South Sudan conflict. UN especially UNMISS are agents of conflict happening in South Sudan. If Ban Ki-Moon officials are still against what senior officials of SPLM -IO did to replaced Riek Machar then automically, they must leave South Sudan for good, nothing even they are doing but fueling wars.

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    • 27 July 10:10, by Eastern

      Dr Machar isn’t returning to Juba any time soon. Let’s watch this space to see how Kiir plans to "implement" the agreement with El Tabani minus Dr Machar from the equation. Interesting situation is unfolding, folks!

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  • 27 July 10:08, by Eastern

    There are two main partners to the peace agreement: SPLA-Riek and SPLA-Kiir. There are also guarantors to the agreement: Sudan, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia in addition to IGAD, Troika, AU and the UN. Why must Kiir and cohorts must continue to remain stubborn and listen to Musevni only? Who’s Museveni in the region or the world?

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  • 27 July 10:15, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    Ban-ki-Moon
    is a stupid, how come to implicated into country affairs?
    Let him be serious by implementing UNSC, affairs rather than south Sudanese affairs.

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    • 27 July 10:58, by Eastern

      Ayuiu,

      Ban Ki Moon may sound stupid to you on this, but you have missed the point altogether! Ban is the head of the UN where the flag of South Sudan is flying in New York. Please rally those Dinka men shin in Juba to have Kiir pull South Sudan out of the UN yo save you the "nagging" of Ban. Whio is stupid now? You or Ban?

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  • 27 July 11:12, by Dengda

    There’s no any short cut killed Riek politically, only solution is through 2018 election. Why we don’t endure for that time if we don’t want Riek in political arena.
    28 state was rushed and at the end it spelt disastrous. Now we want another messy situation to unfolded, Kiir or GB Homophobia toward Riek can’t be solved by buying at black market, but following ACRSS step by step.

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    • 27 July 11:17, by Dengda

      But through democratically election to ousted him. Now people singing and chanting on short-term gain that they have eliminated Riek on radar, but to me, it was worst decision ever. Remember Riek was forced by international community to come to Juba with only 1,300 bodyguard with light weapon at ration of 15,000 Kiir well equipped with heavy artilleries Kiir forces. Do you think Riek can’t hold

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      • 27 July 11:23, by Dengda

        International community accountable to the world, why they forced him to come when he declared to them, that he is going to killed by Kiir forced led by Malong? What happened on 8/7/2016 and 10 July 2016 could be cited as evidence of his argument when he described Juba as death City. Critics what do you make of it? I am not for Riek nor Kiir but for Wani, FDs and other opposition parties.

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        • 27 July 12:07, by viper

          Farhan Hag and other disgruntled UN members should believe that home solution is the only way forward for this country. This peace was not between Riek and Kiir. It was between the parties and should any partner happens to be away, he should be replaced and the peace agreement continues. UN needs to take care in this critical situation or else we will soon give them a name.

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          • 27 July 14:11, by Akook

            Government of South Sudan does things in a way that make others also feel stupid believing in their ways!
            They are trying hard all along and since International community fail to bail them out economically, been in open attempt to abrogate peace agreement with Machar!

            Now they succeeded killing the agreement in the watch of everyone including the international community!

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            • 27 July 14:15, by Akook

              Cont.. now as the war looms, will the government benefit from it and if so, by which way?!

              Aweil will blood en masse in the name of Gen Malong maintaining his negative pride of being refer to as KING PAUL!
              In the end, will it help?

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              • 27 July 15:48, by Paul Ongee

                “But this will never happen. Dr. Riek Machar will someday return to Juba whether they like it or not, whether they will be there in Juba to receive him or not,” Dak added.

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                • 27 July 15:48, by Paul Ongee

                  I like the above statement issued by Mr. James Gatdet Dak, he’s still living in the world of delusion and superstition, where he believes that Riek is the only important educated Nuer prophesied by Ngungdeng to be President of South Sudan at any cost. He doesn’t want to hear the history of Bor massacre orchestrated by Riek in 1991 and he doesn’t’ want to hear how the bogus……

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                  • 27 July 15:49, by Paul Ongee

                    ….Khartoum Peace Agreement (KPA-1997) is trashed in the face of Riek where he could not mobilize his innocent followers to take up arms and fight Omer Hassan Bashir for such gross violation of KPA. Instead, his Dr. Riek (how he likes calling him) decided to return to the real PhD holder Dr. John Garang de Mabior to be forgiven in Nairobi in 2002 and reinstated into his position.

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                    • 27 July 15:49, by Paul Ongee

                      It should have been a big shame for a PhD holder (Dr. Riek) to keep “shifting allegiance” at his own disposal without considering the impact of his violent action on his own innocent tribesmen in particular since 1991. How does James Gatdek Dak consider himself and Dr. Riek civilized if they’re in the bush today and tomorrow in Khartoum preferred to be used to destabilize….

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                      • 27 July 15:50, by Paul Ongee

                        ….their own country to prove Khartoum’s statement that “Junubin cannot govern themselves?” How do Kenyans, Ugandan, Rwandans, etc govern themselves? Are Kenyans, Ugandans, Tanzanians, Rwandans or Burundians taught by Khartoum first how to govern themselves? Do we need Jalaba to tell us, through Riek or whoever rebels against an elected government headed by Dinka,.…

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                        • 27 July 15:50, by Paul Ongee

                          ….how to govern ourselves, ya Dak? How many times do you like Vice President James Wani Igga to keep giving up his position to Riek since 2002? And how many times do you want Riek to be forgiven and reinstated into his position? President Salva Kiir Mayardit repeatedly forgave militia leaders, who felt that “shifting allegiance” constantly was wrong because it has become….

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                          • 27 July 15:51, by Paul Ongee

                            ….their culture of lifeline in Juba and Khartoum. But most of them realized the impact on their community and that’s why they are now in the government although Dak and Riek brand them as Dinka or supporters of Dinka government. Innocent Nuers have been mobilized to fight the senseless war of 1991 and 2013 that Junubin “must” first be ruled by Riek himself, but not a president from Dinka.

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                            • 27 July 15:51, by Paul Ongee

                              Equatorians who joined Riek in 2013 were mobilized on the pretext that Dinka are grabbing your land (while Riek does have a good number of plots in Juba) and President Kiir is giving high positions to Dinka only, not Equatorians. Riek decided to give military ranks to people who were not even trained and they put on facebook that they’re Generals. Those Junubin or Equatorians ….

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                              • 27 July 15:52, by Paul Ongee

                                …who need high positions and high military ranks immediately joined Riek’s camp without considering the outcome of such divisive policy. To international community, Riek claims that federalism (regardless of what type) is the best “system of governance” in South Sudan and for that reasons SPLM needs, not only reforms, but also a new chairmanship of the party at any cost, referring to himself.

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                                • 27 July 15:53, by Paul Ongee

                                  All these different messages are intended to different audiences to garner political, diplomatic and military support domestically, regionally and internationally. The intended audience should pick up whatever resonates with them. His followers picked up “hatred” directed against Dinka and backed up by the media, some Equatorians and international actors picked up what rings the best in their ears

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                                  • 27 July 15:54, by Paul Ongee

                                    Nevertheless, the first person to defect from Riek’s camp was a Nuer because of lack of democracy, poor manifesto, poor policy, poor messages, poor strategy and poor vision. The Peace Agreement of August 2015 was coined to be called CPA to sound like CPA of 2005 and its implementation matrix is tuned to the CPA of 2005 in order to take us back to the interim period of 2005-2011.

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                                    • 27 July 15:55, by Paul Ongee

                                      Why was it not the case with KPA of 1997? Where was Troika to be peace guarantors of KPA? Why Troika ignores the poor political record of Riek Machar and his poor contribution during the struggle, in Khartoum from 1991-2001, his return to SPLA in 2002 and his appointment in a golden plate as the Vice President of both by then Southern Sudan (August 2005) and on July 9th, 2011?

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                                      • 27 July 15:55, by Paul Ongee

                                        Following closely the strategic negotiation of CPA of 2005 and the one of August 2015, one would wonder why the “Compromise” Peace Agreement (CPA-2015) is copied from “Comprehensive” Peace Agreement (CPA-2005) and pasted? What is so special and strategic about the CPA of 2015 compared to the CPA of 2005? Not only the differences and similarities of those CPAs are clear, but also ….

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                                        • 27 July 15:56, by Paul Ongee

                                          ….differences of how Riek Machar and John Garang wrote his PhD thesis or dissertation. But the question is Do we Junubin accept again the “two systems, one country” for an interim period of 30 months, then what again, elections of 2010 or referendum of 2011 for the separation of Nuer from Dinka or isolating Dinka in South Sudan? Did Almighty God make a mistake to put us all in South Sudan?

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                                          • 27 July 15:56, by Paul Ongee

                                            Obviously, Riek Machar does not see the difference between college degree and educated person. Nobody can drive out Dinka or Nuer from South Sudan for self-interest. John Garang did not say “I don’t want Nuer in South Sudan or I don’t want Nuer to lead South Sudan”. President Salva Kiir did not say anything like that, only Riek Machar who refuses to be led by a Dinka since 1991.

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                                            • 27 July 15:57, by Paul Ongee

                                              Riek Machar wants to lead but not to be led by a Dinkamen as was the case with John Garang and now Salva Kiir. His political campaign is backed up by some media groups, some misinformed South Sudanese, some regional and international actors and continues preaching hatred among the 64 tribes of South Sudan on the basis that Dinka are the enemy of South Sudan, but not Khartoum whom…..

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                                              • 27 July 15:58, by Paul Ongee

                                                …..he gets material support from for the continued destruction of South Sudan.
                                                Arguing that Dinka leadership is bad because it doesn’t want his political reforms agenda implemented such as his bid for SPLM Chairmanship, federalism and his proposed twenty-one (21) States without looking at himself in the mirror. As a politician, Riek must know that he will never ever become a president…..

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                                                • 27 July 15:58, by Paul Ongee

                                                  ……of South Sudan so long as he continues preaching hatred and shedding blood in the God-given South Sudan. Destructions that happened in Bor in 1991, and in Bor again in 2013, followed by Bentiu and Malakal repeatedly. All these destructions are witnessed by regional block and international community who keep telling South Sudanese and the world, through the false report from SPLM-IO,…..

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                                                  • 27 July 15:59, by Paul Ongee

                                                    …..Human Rights Groups (HRG) and Amnesty International (AI) that the Government forces committed atrocities, but not the rebels of Riek Machar who destroyed the three towns over and over again. Women and children are shot dead in the Church in Bor, Darfurians are shot dead in Mosque in Bentiu. All these transpired in the presence of UN, but not reported by HRG or AI.

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                                                    • 27 July 16:00, by Paul Ongee

                                                      Besides these destructions, Riek still asserts that if he’s not allowed to rule at any cost, South Sudan must continue facing massive destruction. UN apologized for having sent weapons for more destruction of South Sudan although they are intercepted by government security agents. UN does not really care about the destruction of South Sudan, but only about its sustainable presence in the country.

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                                                      • 27 July 16:02, by Paul Ongee

                                                        Back to the statement issued by Dak, President Kiir has been reiterating that Riek would come to Juba peacefully as he did last April, but not as Riek was claiming shortly after the initial fall of Bor, Bentiu and Malakal to the IO before being retaken by the government forces that Kiir should only worry about the fall of Juba. Why things became difficult until agreement is signed?

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                                                        • 27 July 16:03, by Paul Ongee

                                                          The same thing would happen peacefully but not by use of violence and force or international conspiracy. Riek Machar is a South Sudanese citizen and has every right, on the basis of his political record, to become a president by ballot box, but not by bullets, violence, mobilization of tribesmen and Equatorians or Fertit on false grounds or his imposition on South Sudanese by international conspir

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                                                          • 27 July 16:04, by Paul Ongee

                                                            South Sudanese know who to vote for when election time comes but it first needs security, stability and then economic development. It cannot be held hostage because of Riek’s violent political ambition since 1991 or where the leadership should first come from this or that tribe. A leader can come from any tribe in South Sudan, whether it’s big or small or has a record of being wild, warrior or no

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