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South Sudan forms transitional government of national unity

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April 28, 2016 (JUBA) – Four factions of the South Sudan’s former warring parties and political rivals, turned peace partners, have finally formed the long-awaited transitional government of national unity (TGoNU) to administer the country for the next two and a half years, pending elections.

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President Salva Kiir walks his First Deputy Riek Machar and Vice-President James Wani on 26 April (Photo Moses Lomayat)

This comes two days after the arrival to Juba of Riek Machar, newly sworn in First Vice President, and eight months after a peace agreement was signed in August 2015 to end 21 months of civil war.

The war, which has killed tens of thousands and displaced millions more, erupted on 15 December 2013 in the national capital, Juba, when internal debates over political and institutional reforms within the leadership of the ruling party of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) turned violent.

In accordance with the implementation of the power sharing deal in the Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (ARCISS) brokered by the East African regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), and its continental and international partners, the rival parties agreed to form a unity government and implement reforms in the country.

The rival parties include the government led by President Salva Kiir, the armed opposition faction of the SPLM-IO led by First Vice President, Riek Machar, the Former Detainees (FDs) led by the now appointed Foreign Minister, Deng Alor Kuol, acting chairperson on behalf of Pagan Amum, former SPLM Secretary General, and Other Political Parties (OPPs) led by Lam Akol, Chairman of the Democratic Change (DC) party, who also chairs the alliance of opposition political parties in South Sudan.

Each faction nominated officials who have been appointed to the ministerial positions based on the number of ministerial portfolios allocated in the power sharing deal in the new 30-member cabinet, where the government or SPLM-IG has 16 national ministers, SPLM-IO, 10 national ministers, FDs, two, and OPPs, two. This is in addition to a number of deputy ministers.

Names of the nominees were submitted to President Kiir by each faction, which he decreed on Friday as the new cabinet.

In the decree issued on Thursday by President Kiir, appointing the unity government, the new 30 ministers include 1) Martin Elia Lomoro, minister of cabinet affairs, (OPPs), 2) Deng Alor Kuol, foreign affairs and international cooperation, (FDs), 3) Kuol Manyang Juuk, defense and veterans affairs, (SPLM-IG), 4) Alfred Ladu Gore, minister of interior, (SPLM-IO), 5) Paulino Wanawilla, justice and constitutional affairs, (SPLM-IG), 6) Obote Mamur Mete, minister in the office of the president for national security service, (SPLM-IG), 7) Peter Bashir Gbandi, parliamentary affairs, (SPLM-IG), 8) Michael Makuei Lueth, information, communication, technology and postal service, (SPLM-IG), 9) Richard K. Mulla, federal affairs, (SPLM-IO), 10) Mayik Ayii Deng, minister in the office of the president, (SPLM-IG), 11) David Deng Athorbei, finance and economic planning, (SPLM-IG), 12) Dak Duop Bichiok, minister of petroleum, (SPLM-IO), 13) Taban Deng Gai, mining, (SPLM-IO), 14) Lam Akol Ajawin, agriculture and food security, (OPPs), 15) James Duku, livestock and fisheries, (SPLM-IG), 16) Stephen Dhieu Dau, trade and industry, (SPLM-IG), 17) Dhieu Mathok Diing, energy and dams, (SPLM-IO), 18) John Luk Jok, transport, (FDs), 19) Rebecca Joshua Okwaci, roads and bridges, (SPLM-IG), 20) Josephine Akoon, environment and forestry, 21) Mary Alphone Lodira, land, housing and urban development, (SPLM-IO), 22) Mabior Garang de Mabior, water resources and irrigation, (SPLM-IO), 23) Jemma Nunu Kumba, wildlife conservation and tourism, (SPLM-IG), 24) Peter Adwok Nyaba, higher education, science and technology, (SPLM-IO), 25) Deng Deng Hoch, general education and instruction, (SPLM-IG), 26) Riek Gai Kok, health, (SPLM-IG), 27) Peter Marcello Nasir, labour, public service and human resource development, (SPLM-IO), 28) Awut Deng Acuil, gender, child and social welfare, (SPLM-IG), 29) Nadia Arop Dudi, culture, youth and sports, (SPLM-IG), 30) Hussein Mar Nyuot, humanitarian affairs and disaster management, (SPLM-IO).

Deputy ministers include: 1) Cirino Hiteng, deputy minister of foreign affairs and international cooperation, (FDs), 2) David Yauyau, deputy minister of defense and veterans affairs, (SPLM-IG), 3) Gabriel Duop Lam, deputy minister of interior, (SPLM-IO), 4) Matison Otoromoi, deputy minister of justice and constitutional affairs, (SPLM-IG), 5) Akol Paul Kordit, deputy minister of information, communication, technology and postal service, (SPLM-IG), 6) Mary Jarvas Yak, deputy minister of finance and planning, (SPLM-IG), 7) Kornelio Kon Guk, agriculture and food security, (OPPs), 8) Elizabeth Achol Yol, labour, public service and human resource development, (SPLM-IO).

Although President Kiir’s faction will continue to dominate the cabinet, Machar on the other hand will have not only the majority of the opposition members in the cabinet, but also the majority in the opposition membership in the national parliament.

There are mechanisms put in place for decision making processes in the cabinet in passing its resolutions.

The cabinet is also feared to experience confrontations in the decision making process given the powers split between President, Kiir and his First Deputy, Machar.

(ST)

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The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 28 April 2016 21:49, by William Atak Garang.

    I hope all of you had seen the way you had destroyed your Country! Now it will be a big responsibility from all of you to join your hands together to rescue the entirely War affected people who have no food,water and health facilities across the State. Finally try to refrain from tribalism and start the delivery of services civilian.

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  • 28 April 2016 22:01, by Redeemer

    As confrontation is the plan B for power struggle between Machar and Kiir, there is no work done, the time has come for us guys to say enough is enough. For those who were crying for change the time has come

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  • 28 April 2016 23:10, by Redeemer

    The only way to safe SSudan from bad politics is to let the president come from the smallest tribe like Murle or Anyuak who will not relay on the power of their people but on the rule of law. My congratulations goes to Lomoro and Makuei, they did not maintain their positions for nothing but because they know what they are doing. Makuei is on the top of the game

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    • 29 April 2016 00:29, by Runrach

      This new cabinets is full of some states are not represented while other states are doubled or tripled. How fair are these two rotten ASS?

      What was the point of creating 28 start and yet they left unpresented? Who will be representing them in national assembly?
      Rebellion will not end in SS unless justices are practice.

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      • 29 April 2016 02:07, by Malakal county Simon

        For your information, the called 28 States is history and it has been silently reversed as the idea has been overwhelmingly rejected by majority of South Sudan people’s!!!! We have a new transitional government based on 10 States....

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    • 29 April 2016 02:04, by allan

      Nothing is really new here it’s still same idiot n greedy self interested traitors who’s destroy the country image b4 n now second time so no development to affect from them

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      • 29 April 2016 02:38, by Nguetbuny de Luelpiny

        you hit the nail Allan. those old idiot should all get kick out of south sudan and power.

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  • 29 April 2016 01:39, by Deng K A Biong

    Congratulations to our freind Hon. Mary Alphone Lodira, for being rewarded by Dr Riek as a top gun for land in RSS I’m just watching with smile hoping that this peace will prevailed provide that we change our attitude towards each other and resorts to the rule of law, however, if the same mentality of hatred persist this peace will doom fail. All the best.

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  • 29 April 2016 02:02, by Kenyang

    Same game with same players, no one should expect different results.

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    • 29 April 2016 05:07, by Nyesi Ta

      All the big fish and thugs who looted our country’s resource are back into business as usual, that is to say the corruption clock has been reset to zero and they are going to start looting the country’s resources all over again. In reality nothing new in this cabinet, only that there is no much money to be looted, but this time, they will take all the limited resources leaving the ppl w/o services

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  • 29 April 2016 02:59, by lino

    Work hard to build people and the country. Skies will not rain dollars this time!!!

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    • 29 April 2016 05:13, by allan

      Yeah nyuetbuny de luelpiny at the end of day we need the leader that’s can take our country far n the future of our people therefore no future on thsee leaders believe it or not

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    • 29 April 2016 10:59, by Mapuor

      There is nothing that those thieves will deliver to South Sudanese besides further dividing them on useless ethnic lines. President Kiir should be congratulated for allowing thieves who always plunge our beloved country into senseless tribal war to come back to the government and cheating us indefinitely.

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      • 29 April 2016 13:30, by Nyesi Ta

        My friend, Kiir Al Awiir is 1 of those thieves. He looted the country to the ground like fire that burned a house to the ground by allowing corruption to take place. Neither Kiir nor those in his previous gov’ts are good to govern South Sudan. The corruption that took place since 2005 is done under his useless leadership, today this is the continuation of his useless and rotten to the gov’t.

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      • 29 April 2016 16:17, by lino

        Ya Mapour, this tribal war came to surface for a reason; corruption is one of them and Gen. Kiir is a ring leader either directly or indirectly. How comes some Southerners got rich and became billionaires in a short period of time from 2005-2011 while the majority have nothing?
        I wished if Kiir gave every family in SS $100,000.00 us from those stolen 4 billions after the poll results in 2011.

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  • 29 April 2016 05:04, by Gabriel KK

    All idiots are in the government. lets wait and see if they will do better for the second time.

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  • 29 April 2016 05:51, by Akot Deng

    forgiveness and reconcilation is paramount when its comes to realisation of peace, but do we people of Greater Aweil applaus the new cabinet as the were read yesterday on SSTV the same face, the same mentality, the same characters, the same politifolio and the same names these will never change our counrty any where, our thought was that President Kiir Was going to installed most powerful minsster

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    • 29 April 2016 06:40, by Simon Puok Nyang Tutjiek

      Congratulations to Dr. Riek Machar Teny Dhurgon for appointment of the best cadres who will work for the best interest of the people of South Sudan, I also congratulated all the SPLM appointees especially comrade Hon Dak Duop Bichiok, Hon Dak did alots for SPLM/A -IO when he was in Khartoum!!!! I remembered how he did to the wounded persons in Khartoum so Congratulation!!!

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  • 29 April 2016 06:03, by Joseph Canada

    Lets give them chance to show what they promise. We can’t just call them idiots yet. Lets wait and see the first thing they will tackle first then check the results.

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    • 29 April 2016 06:34, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Very fair selection
      Event dogs are now in positions and
      Thief and murdered are also appointed in to top positions
      Many thanks to Mr Kiir Mayardit for all approval he made.

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      • 29 April 2016 08:12, by J P Puok

        but not enough, let them revealed the 75 most corrupt individuals among if we are going to take them seriously. just the two faces of the same coin. will we have electricity tomorrow? will connect us with roads? refinery build? SPLA size downside? services? corruption? tribalism? nepotism? intimation of media?

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      • 29 April 2016 09:53, by J P Puok

        but not enough, let them revealed the 75 most corrupt individuals among if we are going to take them seriously. just the two faces of the same coin. will we have electricity tomorrow? will connect us with roads? refinery build? SPLA size downside? services? corruption? tribalism? nepotism? intimation of media?

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  • 29 April 2016 08:09, by Whortti Bor Manza

    The agreement centred on major reforms to be carried out in the security sectors and improvements of the economy

    What changes will be visualised if David Athorbei and Kuol Manyang remain ministers of finance and defence respectively.

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  • 29 April 2016 09:31, by Alfredo christiani

    Dear Folks
    For the search of peace I fully agreed with formation of TGONU but what I wanted to say is that , all current ministers, MPS and those who are in powerfully positions must bring back their children from neighboring countries, otherwise corruption will not stop. Also what I observed from this new government many states are excluded that may lead to another rebellion, so that they get t

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  • 29 April 2016 09:33, by Alfredo christiani

    their lion in the next government

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  • 29 April 2016 11:04, by Agutthon

    Dear all,

    Albert Einstein defines insanity as doing the same thing over and over again and expect different results.
    What we have now in South Sudan is a Transitional Government of National Recycling (TGoNR).

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  • 29 April 2016 11:47, by Alfredo christiani

    Dear ALL
    The citizens of S-Sudan are now vigilances,they opened their eyes ,in the coming elections, I don’t think they will vote for these corrupts peoples ,look since independent in 2011, nothing new has been achieved rather then corruptions and news of graduations of their sons and daughters in universities .Hahaha we have seen what you did to us but you won’t come up again with yr sons

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  • 29 April 2016 12:07, by panda

    I think now Twic East of Jonglei have no problem any more because they are represented by Mabior Garang.I think they are happy now.

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    • 29 April 2016 13:45, by Nyesi Ta

      My brother, if the problem of South Sudan is representation of communities other than a quality cabinet that can deliver services, then we need more ministerial positions tor every community to be represented so that all the communities in the country are made happy like the Twic East of Jongolei. The parliament is where the ppl are represented, unfortunately it has been a rubber stamp parliament.

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      • 29 April 2016 16:42, by Hardlinner

        we should be more concern about what those ministers can do to the nation not representation of each state. looks like most people are really dumb in south sudan to realize that service you get from an alien is much more important than when your brother is president and offering you nothing. if a guy from minority tribe can provide services better than a guy from my tribe, won’t it be better for..

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      • 29 April 2016 16:47, by Hardlinner

        cont. for me to support the minority because he is putting the food on my table. people in south should start be rational. the current unity government is similar to previous one. so there no hope at it. those who take pride in their tribes would be happy even if they are getting nothing from unity government. wake up people. your tribe ain’t gonna put a food on your table.

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  • 29 April 2016 14:37, by Bentiu Sudan

    Dinka are deeply disappointed by the formation of transitional government of national unity that included many ministers from different tribes. All the people who made bad or abusive comments on this article about transitional government are Dinka.

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    • 29 April 2016 15:29, by wacjak

      Bentiu bastard, May be the Nuer should complain because even after betraying the South Sudanese, all you get are five ministers. In your camp, you could not afford to leave out a Dinka. IOM has 2 Dinka ministers.Is that worth the thousands of your people that got killed? The Equatorians exploited the war and ensured that they got more, so, why did the Dinka and Nuer fight afterall? Think about tha

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    • 29 April 2016 17:00, by Hardlinner

      bentiu son, u are still a fool. even if entire government is made of worthless nuer which provide you with nothing, my experiences have indicated that you would be happy and supportive. if my own brother who happened to be president failed to provide me and rest of people with jobs and services, i would labelled him as worthless, but you would labelled yours as best in his jobs.

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  • 29 April 2016 15:59, by Alfredo christiani

    Bentiu slave Dog in Sudan
    Dinkas are very smarts, they aren’t like food lovers called Nuers ,your Nuers boys will go back to the bush because of positions . you are well-known criminals all over the world, Animals are more better then you fools ,who always joined hands with RANBS because of Food and money

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    • 29 April 2016 19:25, by Nyesi Ta

      What I know of the Jenge or Jang in other word are the true cousins of Naath n they love cham too. So do not blame the Nuer for loving food cos everybody loves food whether they are Othukos, Chollo, Bari or others. The people who are so hungry in South Sudan to the extend of licking the dishes in Juba are the Jang. Go to Juba and witness it, they can be seen to be the most hungry people in Africa.

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  • 29 April 2016 21:03, by Bentiu Sudan

    Alfredo Christiani, Hardliner and Wacjak,

    Dinka are power hungry, visionless, war criminals, naturally liars and trabalist. Their liars placed South Sudan where it is today. Dinka want to assassinate Dr. Machar so they can build dictatorship and tribal government in South Sudan. Shame on you naturally foolish human being.

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  • 30 April 2016 05:02, by Black Africa

    I can hear the blood of innocent Nuer that was slaughtered in Juba is still crying every single day . I am here in Juba not for peace until Kiir,Malong and JCE are gone.

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