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S. Sudan crisis blamed on mismanagement by leadership

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February 13, 2016 – A new report by a United States-based international organisation has blamed the government of South Sudan under President Salva Kiir for mismanaging the country’s affairs resulting to crisis in the world’s youngest nation.

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The conflict in South Sudan has triggered a humanitarian crisis with 2.3 million people forced from their homes and 4.6 million in need of emergency food (AFP Photo/Tony Karumba)

As conditions for ordinary South Sudanese people continue to deteriorate, government mismanagement is combining with economic and political crises to create a “toxic situation,” according to a newly published briefing report by experts from the Enough Project extended to Sudan Tribune.

The report, “Addressing South Sudan’s Economic and Fiscal Crisis,” calls for action by the international community, and also for commitment by the warring parties, the government and opposition faction of SPLM-IO led by the newly appointed First Vice President, Riek Machar, to put the needs of the people ahead of their own.

It lamented that the country’s population currently suffers from severe shortages of food, fuel, and medical supplies as a result of the war and economic near collapse.

“South Sudan’s economic and political crises are exacerbating each other, and the population is paying dearly. These interlocking crises and the gross mismanagement of resources by the government have undermined prospects for international support,” said John Prendergast, Founding Director of the Enough Project.

He added that the kind of international pressure exerted on the warring parties in support of the signing of the August 2015 peace accord is again needed at “this critical stage to fight mass corruption and adopt responsible economic policies.”

Brad Brooks-Ruben, Director of Policy at the Enough Project said the government’s “ill-advised” monetary policies create a “toxic situation.”

“South Sudan’s policy-makers must re-balance skewed government spending to ensure that the current food crisis caused by depreciation of local currency and inflation does not threaten the whole population,” he said.

“South Sudan’s fiscal crisis is a painful illustration of how the country’s leaders have strong incentives to seize power but extremely weak incentives to govern effectively,” commented J.R. Mailey, Senior Policy Analyst at the Enough Project.

The report decried the fact that the government’s spending is skewed in favor of security even in the face of the current urgent humanitarian crisis and growing concerns of potential widespread famine.

Consumers, it said, must either pay five times as much for essential food items or purchase a fifth of the volume of food that they need. Many people cannot afford to buy food or other basic goods and services, it further observed.

“Fuel prices have tripled—almost quadrupled—by some reports. Fuel shortages have been responsible for the deaths of some of the country’s most vulnerable people.”

The Enough Project, an atrocity prevention policy group, seeks to build leverage for peace and justice in Africa by helping to create real consequences for the perpetrators and facilitators of genocide and other mass atrocities.

The organization says it aims to “counter rights-abusing armed groups and violent kleptocratic regimes that are fuelled by grand corruption, transnational crime and terror, and the pillaging and trafficking of minerals, ivory, diamonds, and other natural resources.”

It has been conducting field researches in conflict zones, developing and advocating for policy recommendations and support social movements in affected countries as well as mobilize public campaigns.

(ST)

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  • 13 February 2016 23:01, by Mayok

    Poor and hungry leaders at the same time it’s a disaster.
    Unite State should know their reckless activities when the first stolen $4 billion by less then 8 leaders. JCE plus kiir, and nuer wew brought a big shame to this country.

    repondre message

    • 14 February 2016 01:00, by Akol Liai Mager

      South Sudanese people know that these leaders plus their supporting Generals are the catastrophe of South Sudan. When they look back on their skinniest bodies during struggle time, they dig their pockets deeper and deeper. And the more each digs his pocket the more another getting wild and violence and the poor people they claimed to be serving die with not pity from the rivals.

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      • 14 February 2016 04:51, by Dinka-Defender-General

        Akol, you are lost. I am 6’6 and i am still skinny as during the war. So stop your rubbish against generals.

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        • 14 February 2016 05:52, by Mayok

          You denial every aspect until the truth will melt down to your knee general. Remember, South Sudan, belong to southern and if you claim it as your own property, you won,t enjoy the fruit for the whole tree. Good luck

          repondre message

          • 14 February 2016 07:51, by Dinka-Defender-General

            My money comes from 3 sources. My exact paycheck, abandoned paychecks such as Machar and his general paychecks, and bonuses for protecting country, properties, and people lives including you.

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        • 14 February 2016 05:59, by Nyesi Ta

          Not every thug in the government of south sudan who was in the bush for the last 21 years is fat, and if you remained skinny since splm took over the government from 2005 to date, does not mean u r not a thug, cos a thug is not defined by his weight but by his thuggish behavior. A thief is a thief no matter how skinny, fat or tall he may be. Therefore, being 6.6" does not mean u r innocent.

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        • 14 February 2016 06:10, by Eastern

          Such blind support for those who fought in the bush is the one thing that’s driving South Sudan aground: we fought and liberated you, I am the director general do as I tell you, etc. These supposedly "liberation gods" are now in their payback periods; the country’s coffers are empty. Kiirs government went ahead to print more useless bank notes!!!!

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          • 14 February 2016 11:21, by Lotodo Awino Odug

            at least they have Deng Athorbei and the Twi east ecomomists to blame for the surge in prices.

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            • 14 February 2016 15:47, by jubaone

              Lotodo,

              David Athorbei is practicing "Vodoo economics" a try and error that has no basis at all. Athorbei is a chattered accountant who is applying obsolete economic theories to address serious issues.But as one of the few "semi-literate" in a mob of illiterates, nothing can be so simple as being a kiir-minal

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