Home | News    Sunday 17 January 2016

South Sudan’s ethnic Shilluk overthrew king over 28 states

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January 16, 2016 (JUBA) – The Shilluk ethnic group in South Sudan has overthrown their long serving king, Kwongo Dak Padiet, accusing him of supporting the creation of 28 states and over staying in the national capital, Juba, in negligent to the concerns of the Shilluk kingdom at home in the oil rich Upper Nile state.

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Shilluk area in South Sudan (Wikimedia)

In a statement issued by elders of the Shilluk after capturing the kings headquarters in Fashoda and installing a new king, they also declared that the whole community in the Shilluk kingdom is against creation of the 28 states which has grabbed their lands and given them to the neighboring Dinka community of Apadang, a section of the larger Dinka community from which South Sudanese president, Salva Kiir, hails.

"On Wednesday 13th January 2016, a prince from the kingship Lineage of Kur Fafiti overran Fashoda, the Headquarters of Shilluk Kingdom. The police guards and the Chief who were guarding the traditional palace surrendered and allowed the new prince and his guards to occupy Fachoda,” declared the statement extended to Sudan Tribune.

“It was expected that king Kwong would come public to oppose the annexation and division of the Kingdom and pushing all the Shilluk people to western side of the Nile. Instead, the dethroned King went public, saying that he cannot go against the government decision because the king is supposed to work with government leadership.”

The new king, whose name is not made public, backed by the strong armed opposition commander, General Johnson Olony, is now the new king of the Shilluk kingdom and his priority is to defend the Shilluk land against the 28 states.

The statement further argued that the decision to overthrow the king was taken because the former King Kwongo decided to avoid going to live in Shilluk Kingdom and address their concerns over the annexation of their lands as he preferred to stay in Juba under protection of president Kiir’s government.

“This is happening because the Shilluk’s leadership customs doesn’t allow absence of the king from soil of the kingdom for a long period as this could open gaps for bad luck to the people with the spirit of founder Nyikango and other ancestors deserting the land. The dethroned King Kwongo Dak Padiet has [been] absenting himself from Fachoda for about two years since 2013,” says the statement.

They said he sometimes visited the kingdom on a government’s mission which usually took half a day and he returned to Juba.

The Shilluk, it said, were not comfortable with the situation of his absence for two years, but added “this was made worst by the President Kiir Executive Order 36/2015 which annexed the Shilluk lands east of the Nile and Sobat rivers to the Apadang Dinka areas under East Nile State with capital in Malakal.”

The reaction of the Shilluk people in general, according to the statement, seems to be in approval of dethroning of King Kwongo.

The new development took place on the same day the head of South Sudan’s Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), Festus G. Mogae, visited Malakal during which he was engaged in a hard talk with over 40,000 members of the Shilluk internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the United Nations protection of civilians camp in the state capital who welcomed him with posters rejecting 28 states.

The overthrow of their king, according to observers, was a strong message to Mogae in show of strong opposition to the 28 states.

Shilluk women reportedly promised Mogae that they will be ready to reclaim their rights over the annexed lands with their own power if the joint monitoring and evaluation doesn’t stop the annexation.

The women, according to the statement, gave the head of peace monitoring commission all the legal and historical documents of Shilluk boundaries as of 1 January 1956 with expectation that these will be included in his report to African Union Summit in Addis Ababa as the organization’s Charter is in line with the maintenance of colonial borders between tribes in Africa.

The Shilluk is one of the ethnic groups in South Sudan dissatisfied with the presidential order creating more administrative units widely seen by the community as akin to what happened during the Mahadiah era in the Sudan where attempts were made to annex the historic kingdom and islamize it together with Funj and Fur Kingdoms.

The Mahadists expansion was however resisted and the historic kingdom with all its borders remained intact.

However, other communities such as the Nuer, the second largest, have been threatening to reclaim their ancestral lands by all means should president Kiir insist on maintaining the 28 states he created unilaterally.

Almost all the major Nuer communities in Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei have been affected by the 28 states as their lands have been annexed to their neighbouring Dinka communities of Parieng, Abiemnhom in Unity state, Apadang of Upper Nile and greater Dinka Bor community of Jonglei states.

(ST)

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  • 16 January 2016 22:47, by dinkdong

    The war of 28-states and their borders will be the worst one.

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    • 17 January 2016 05:07, by Mi diit

      Do you see how the war over evil 28 states and boundaries is getting momentum every now and then and traitors of communities of surrender their lands as leaders will be overthrown by their communities who are ready to defend their lands.

      Soon other communities will rise up to get back what was illegally taken from them.

      Kiir and his Dinka intellectuals are fools and evildoers!

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      • 17 January 2016 06:27, by Mi diit

        The coming war over 28 states will be the worse one and widespread because it will not be easily controlled through a political objective.

        Communities will be attacking their neighboring communities over specific lands.

        And this will involve civilians this time, not just rival soldiers.

        Kiir is a devil from hell!

        repondre message

        • 17 January 2016 06:40, by Mi diit

          Kiir’s plan with his JCE led by his Warrapian Ambrose Riing Thiik (former chief justice) is to punish the Dinka of Upper Nile region by creating conflicts between them and their neighboring tribes.

          But the foolish Dinka of Upper Nile region do not see this evil plan and are instead dancing in support of 28 states.

          They will surely "break their legs" in this dance one day when the time comes.

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          • 17 January 2016 09:46, by Khent

            Mi diit

            You are beyond stupid. Why on earth do you constantly feel the need to lie? You’re privy to their plans while in Washington? LOL! The Nuer have stolen more land from small tribes in Greater Upper Nile than anybody else since independence and this was accelerated when Anya-Nya II became a government militia.

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            • 17 January 2016 09:51, by Khent

              The Nuer are hypocrites. You stole Longechuk County from the Burun in 1982-3. The same is true for the Anyuak; the Anyuak have been losing a great deal of land since 1956 to the Lou and the Eastern Jikany Nuer, and it is these lands that must be returned to them. You’re still stealing land from the Anyuak at this very moment...

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              • 17 January 2016 09:52, by Khent

                ..You must also return Nyijwad, which you now call ’new Fangak’ - land you stole from the Shilluk after Othown Dak allowed you to take refuge in their land when floods ravaged old Fangak. You must return that land, even if you became the majority. You were refugees and have no rightful claims to that land. Stop being a hypocrite. Return the lands you stole from other tribes.

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                • 17 January 2016 09:53, by Khent

                  The Anyuak should have their own State, per the 1956 border. The areas in Akobo that belong to them should be combined with Pochalla county to form a separate State. As I understand it, Akobo West is where the Nuer live... the rest of Akobo that belongs to the Anyuak [per the 1956 borders] should be returned to them.

                  repondre message

    • 17 January 2016 12:55, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Dinkdog
      No war on 28 created states.
      Someone need will stay and those who don’t wants the will of South Sudanese will go to exile immediately, because South Sudanese citizen are happy with 28 states.

      repondre message

  • 16 January 2016 23:00, by Khent

    Good riddance to the negligent Reth. The great Chollo people have every reason to oppose the annexation of their land and the king should have displayed that defiance instead of approving the annexation of Chollo land for selfish, personal gain. The Apadang Dinka have more than enough land and should not take an inch from the Chollo. Greed is destroying this country.

    repondre message

  • 17 January 2016 00:44, by lino

    Great job Chollo People; you are above the King. The King should listen to the people first and implement their demands.

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  • 17 January 2016 02:23, by Paul

    Some of you here do not seem to grasp the fact that all the land east of the River Nile and Sobat river is a predated asset of the Dinka Apadang. The land does belong to its rightful owners now and so will it be for many many years to come. Shilluk can overthrow their king and replace him with grasshopper, all their business.

    repondre message

    • 17 January 2016 03:58, by Malakal county Simon

      It’s has been proof beyond doubt, that the citizens of this country are interesting of so called 28 States...... It’s a segergation idea and no body one want it here in South Sudan......

      Please abolish it, and let’s us all respect and give the signed peace a chance based on current 10 states......

      Thank you!!!!

      repondre message

      • 17 January 2016 04:00, by Malakal county Simon

        correction;

        Are not interesting in what so called 28 States.

        repondre message

    • 18 January 2016 05:26, by Son of Upper Nile

      Paul. Deep in your heart you know yourself lying. When did Nagdiar, Doleib Hill, Pajuu, Ogwod, Obeil, Athythiang, Obang & Malakal become Dinka villages. Tell me why all MPs representing Malakal at state & national level are Chollo. Repeating a lie won’t make it truth

      repondre message

  • 17 January 2016 05:55, by Toney Toney Matot

    Dear Nyagats,
    During President Jaafer Numiry Era,South Sudan was divided into three regions of Bhar-Elgazhal,Equatoria and upper Nile and non of the above stooge did claimed anything.you people,were chased by equatorian to go back to your upper nile region did you say anything? was president Jaafer mohammed Numiry critized by any one of you ? that was a big no.please stop your nonsense.

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    • 17 January 2016 06:31, by Mi diit

      Toney Toney Matot,

      So you saying because Jalaba Jaffer Niemeri made a wrong decision and went away with it, the same foolish Salva Kiir should also get away with his wrong decisions, right?

      I wonder why the country has gone to the dogs under this poor reasoning from Dinka intellectuals, including their JCE.

      repondre message

  • 17 January 2016 06:16, by Eastern

    ....the war for and against 28 states has just began. Today it’s in Shilluk kingdom, next it would be somewhere else. Kiir and his cohorts should be booked to The Hague the soonest!

    repondre message

    • 17 January 2016 09:09, by Thondet Manyang

      Abolish your 28 states but leave my part. Shullik should know that kingdom is not the government that can be overthrown. No need of any kingdom in South Sudan without Dinka and Nuer Kingdom if they become the political posts. The man is not armed stop shiiting there!!!

      repondre message

  • 17 January 2016 10:23, by Kalo

    Eastern and western states of upper Nile may be combine to remain one state with its capital Malakal but other areas will still divide that will make no sense,my neighbor Shuluk will suffer a lot,they should also know it was their mistakes,after taking malakal by forces from Funj,they left Eastern bank to Dinka and went to Western bank that was problem,like Nuba lost northern areas to jalaba.

    repondre message

  • 17 January 2016 15:42, by Hardlinner

    those against their own state should state clearly that they do not need their states. most of the states are happy with the decision. therefore shilluk should just say they don’t want east and west upper nile to be separate. democracy usually goes in favor of majority. the motion should be we don’t want our state period. stop talking about abolishment of 28 states.

    repondre message

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