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New rebel group formed in South Sudan against creation of 28 states

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October 30, 2015 (JUBA)- A new rebel group in South Sudan has been formed in protest of the presidential establishment order expanding the 10 currently constitutionally recognized states to 28 states, despite signing of a peace agreement with the opposition faction (SPLM-IO) led by the former vice-president, Riek Machar.

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A member of South Sudanese rebel patrols the streets of Malakal, on March 4, 2014 (Photo AFP/Andrei Pungovschi)

The order generated mixed reactions from different political forces and ordinary citizens in the country, while government supporters lauded the presidential decision .Also, it raised a heated debate in the country with critics questioning the constitutionality and legality of the order.

A group calling itself Tiger Faction New Forces (TFNF) announced in a statement extended to Sudan Tribune on Friday that they decided to take up arms to fight the government of President Salva Kiir until he decides to reverse the order.

“The un-constitutional Presidential Order decree by Kiir has left us with no choice but to wage a protracted armed struggle against his government and the corrupt clique in Juba," said the TFNF chairman General Yoanes Okij who also identified himself as its commander in chief.

OKij vowed to fight the government in Juba until President Kiir revoke the his presidential decree 36/2015.

President Kiir, according to the statement, was attempting to give away the land of ethnic Shilluk tribe in Upper Nile state to members of a section of ethnic Dinka from which he comes.

The group, which is predominantly composed of ethnic Shilluk members, charged that the order was a desperate attempt to derail and frustrate the implementation of the peace agreement reached last August.

The statement said that the new territorial administrative division was a "flagrant violation" of the constitution particularly articles 55 (3), 59 (a), 86 (1) 85 (2) and 86 (5), 162 (1), (2), (3) and 101 (f).

The new rebel group accused President Kiir of attempting to give Chollo (Shilluk) land to the Dinka, threatening the national security of South Sudan warning that the Order open the door for conflict and Balkanization of the country.

"The Establishment Order adversely affected the tribal territorial boundaries of people of South Sudan including, the Chollo Kingdom. One of its ramifications is the division of Chollo kingdom into two parts with some in one state west of the Nile and others in the east of the Nile. The overall objective of such division is to ensure tribal domination of others tribes including Chollo in the newly established Dinka’s states,” further stressed the statement.

The TFNF went to say that there is no historical evidence upon Dinka’s claims of Chollo land. It added the Chollo nation only offered their hospitality and provided protection to the Dinka neighbouring t Kingdom

The rebellion, if confirmed, may threaten the ongoing efforts to implement the security arrangements specially in the Upper Nile State.

Last July another Shilluk group commanded by Major General Johnson Olony, merged with the SPLM-IO opting for a national agenda instead of tribal claims.

(ST)

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  • 31 October 2015 02:33, by Nyesi Ta

    Rebellion: Product of Dictatorship

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    • 31 October 2015 03:54, by Gatkuoth

      That’s what one must expect when making decisions haphazardly and irrationally. Has it stopped rebellion now, as Kiir claimed?

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      • 31 October 2015 06:14, by Mi diit

        Mad man (Kiir) is very good at putting his house on fire.

        Neighbours are tired of helping him extinguish the fire.

        Kiir is a mad man; his lawyers (Makuei leading) are mad and the leaders of Dinka council of elders are also a bunch of mad men.

        South Sudan has gone to the dogs for sure.

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        • 31 October 2015 07:52, by Paul Ongee

          Who is a PhD holder staged a failed coup in 1991 and later orchestrated Bor massacre the same year? Who is a PhD holder surrendered to Khartoum and signed KPA 1997? Who is a PhD holder desperately wants to lead but not to be led? Who is a PhD holder abandoned his followers to be saved by Paulino Matip in Khartoum and returned to a real PhD holder in Nairobi in 2002 to be forgiven? It’s Riek Machar

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        • 31 October 2015 07:57, by Paul Ongee

          Who is a PhD holder staged a failed coup in 1991 and later orchestrated Bor massacre the same year? Who is a PhD holder surrendered to Khartoum and signed KPA 1997? Who is a PhD holder desperately wants to lead but not to be led? Who is a PhD holder abandoned his followers to be saved by Paulino Matip in Khartoum and returned to a real PhD holder in Nairobi in 2002 to be forgiven? It’s Riek Machar

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        • 31 October 2015 12:26, by Son of Ngundeng

          Dear All:
          To brother mi diit.
          Our country already fall in the hands of criminals called Jieng council of thieves elders, but Ngundeng will be the one will release this country in their dirty hands,Shollo rebellion its a true rebellion same as SPLM/AI.O

          Son of Prophet
          Currently in front line
          Pathay Jonglei state.

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        • 31 October 2015 12:30, by DHARCHEP

          Dinka council elders, Oyee. I always said Nuer Community is a curse community. What they always intended to claim is something that a 2 year old baby cannot complain.Nuer people are always shouting for leadership, but they don’t that the leadership for Nuer is in hand of Dinka. South Sudan right now is not ready to be ruled by Nuer. If Nuer rule South Sudan,then Dinka woman should rule first.

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    • 31 October 2015 08:27, by Ayuen deng

      Moch yahude fuoza ! ! ! If there is a claim over land issue then legally open a case and win or lost in the case of law.

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  • 31 October 2015 02:33, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    No problems, government will deal with any criminal group which is against to the will of citizens of this country, therefore
    President Kiir, will never the reverse the decision due to the arms against Democratic government or the moral of the people.
    All the arms factions are alliance to #Riek Machar groups.

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    • 31 October 2015 06:16, by Khent

      Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      The ’government’ are the criminals. The criminal President’s decree is in violation of the Constitution. He does not have the authority to alter State boundaries or create new States. The ’Council of States’ is the only body entrusted by the Constitution with that authority...

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      • 31 October 2015 06:24, by Khent

        This unilerral decree is also in violation of the 2009 Land Act - an Act that establishes the inviolability of tribal borders as they were in 1956. This means that the Dinka must give up any claims to Malakal, Panyikango County and areas the Dinka annexed from the eastern segment of Fashoda County with the creation of Akoka County in 2012.

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        • 31 October 2015 06:29, by Khent

          The great Chollo Kingdom also lost three villages to Jonglei’s Pigi County; they lost Athidhang, Obang and Ogod. So why is Salva Kiir engaging in internal colonization? Well, because he relies on a Dinka militia group by the name of ’Abushiok’, whose fighters are sourced from Baliet, Melut and Renk to defend the oilfields in tandem with ’government’ forces.

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          • 31 October 2015 06:30, by Khent

            Malakal does not belong to the Dinka of Upper Nile State - it belongs to the great Chollo kingdom. The lands of the Chollo extend on both sides of the river and the wetlands of the Sobat in Panyikango County. Instead of relenting to the greedy demands of certain tribal sections, Salva Kiir should enforce the law - by abiding with the 1956 borders.

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            • 31 October 2015 06:30, by Khent

              ..I just don’t understand why the Dinka of Upper Nile State want more land when they already have far more land than anyone in that State; their land is almost four [4] times larger than Lebanon and is very sparsely populated. If we had a real government and a real army... no ethnic group could use State power to encroach upon the territories of others.

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            • 31 October 2015 11:23, by Padiet Deng Alony

              khent

              never ever again attemp to say malakal belong to shilluk kingdom. can you please provide border of 1956 you are talking about. shilluk is only found in the west bank while Dinka in eastern bank. president made it clear that if there is any complain should be channel through border commitee why taking gun and fight if you know that the place belong to you,shilluk suppose to follow legal ways

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              • 31 October 2015 11:28, by Padiet Deng Alony

                His H.E president Kiir Mayardit was in Malakal in 1970’s and he knows well who owns malakal. please get more information from Padang elders and they will let you know well KHENT

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                • 31 October 2015 14:15, by Son of Upper Nile

                  Liar Padiet. Ask your elders who will tell you how Chollo welcomed them to their current locations & provided them protection before any government was existing. Do you know why the British called Upper Nile "Pachodo province"? & the first Southener as its commissioner was Luigi Adwok? You don’t know. That is why leave intellectual Khent alone to tell the truth you are not in his calibre

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                  • 31 October 2015 17:56, by Khent

                    Son of Upper Nile

                    Cousin, I ask from you a thousand pardons for my brother’s lies. Malakal belongs to you [Chollo] and has been part of the great Chollo Kingdom for Centuries on end, and I will continue to present and defend this indisputable truth. South Sudan is probably doomed, because the two largest and most powerful tribes [Dinka & Nuer] are the dumbest and most greedy of all collectives.

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              • 31 October 2015 14:49, by jubaone

                Padiet,

                Khent has put up a logical and coherent argument and disputes jaangs claimancy of Malakal. If the president were wise, he would have initiated a "peoples consultative" committee to address border issues. However, he foolishly rashes to appease the jaang who felt betrayed by the peaace deal. Hurrah! the pride of the jaang has been saved by grabbibg other peoples lands.

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              • 31 October 2015 16:47, by Khent

                Padiet Deng Alony

                I am most likely wasting my time responding to you, but I must disabuse you of your ignorance. The Chollo have had settlements on both sides of the Nile and the Sobat since their arrival in 1490 under Reth Nyikang - over a Century before the Dinka arrived in South Sudan from the Gezira in 1577; the Chollo were so powerful that they conquered Malakal from the Funj...

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                • 31 October 2015 17:26, by Khent

                  ..And were able to make raids as far North as Khartoum in 1684. The Chollo destroyed Islamic schools in Khartoum at this particular point in time. The Shilluk also made raids in al-Kawa and had control over areas near Kosti. I’ll cite a source that makes it very clear that Malakal was recognized as belonging to the Chollo during the Condominium...

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                  • 31 October 2015 17:33, by Khent

                    In 1938, at the request of the British government, the Shilluk territory of Malakal was entrusted to the British Mill Hill Fathers. But the Shilluk, like other nomads of Sudan, remained generally faithful to their traditional religion. (2000 Years of Christianity in Africa: An African History, John Baur)

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        • 31 October 2015 10:13, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

          Khant and Mi ddiit

          You will cry, cry, and cry with all your criminal rebels leaders commanders against the government without what you will achieved.
          Government will defeat all of you
          How many tomes did #Riek opened fire on government and civilian and he became failed?
          Shit!

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          • 31 October 2015 13:59, by Hardlinner

            Khent don’t be bias. You should be general when it come to land appropriations. You know vividly that nuer took your land, annuak, maban and shilluk land. So your comments should mention all the land grabbers.

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            • 31 October 2015 17:39, by Khent

              Hardlinner

              How am I being biased? I am being the very opposite of biased; I am disputing the false claims of my people - the Dinka. I am from Twic-east, my people have not lost any lands to the Nuer, ever. How many times have I addressed the occupation of Akobo by the Mor Lou? How many times have I made people aware of land theft perpetrated by the Nuer against the Burun?

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              • 31 October 2015 17:47, by Khent

                I didn’t do it now because it simply isn’t relevant. The thematic hinge of the article is in regards to the unlawful and unjustified claims by the Dinka on Chollo land, and so I specifically addressed the matter at hand. I don’t think it’s necessary for me to detail every territorial dispute in South Sudan when the article makes no mention of them.

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              • 1 November 2015 02:58, by Mangoor

                Khent, when did u you turned as a man from Twic East? You are from Abyei. You should carry your own cross for being an opposition to your former Boss. Don’t a lie again to be from Twic East. I will expose your really names if you repeat this cowardice act.

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                • 1 November 2015 09:53, by Khent

                  Mangoor

                  This is beyond funny. I’m from Abyei, am I? What exactly do you base this on? I’m from Twic-east, and I give you my blessing to ’expose’ my real name. LOL! This is going to be incredibly interesting. Who exactly do you think I am?

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  • 31 October 2015 05:16, by DHARCHEP

    Nuer community in large need to know about their value. Last week they had complain that their land was annexed to Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom county, which is a baseless dispute and unpredictable to happen. Today,they formed TFNF to fight against the government of South Sudan. On my side, formation of any party is not a big deal, the big important is to win the game.

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  • 31 October 2015 05:32, by DHARCHEP

    Whether or not, Nuer community will never gain any inches they claimed to support their needs.They will be known as people stubbed people at the back. Dinka Nuer Bull of Mayom will face a lot of problems because their area is a rebel territory

    Dharchep Miyar, from Dinka Ruweng Community of Biemnom county in Ruweng

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    • 31 October 2015 06:22, by Mi diit

      DHARCEP,

      You are either a foreigner or a mad man. Read the article again and again if you will find that the new rebellion is formed by the Nuer.

      Please, read and think before you put your fingers on the keyboard to write a comment.

      The group is a Shilluk for your information. Many groups including Dinka also fight in Warrap over boundaries of 28 states.

      Mad man’s decision!

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  • 31 October 2015 07:06, by Kenyang

    Established 28 states won’t be reversed as its largely supported. There should be some mechanisms to address concerns and grievances. Impatience headless who rushed to violent and caused this mayhem are now hopeless, crying fault, at UN camps or praying for miracle. New group with intention of causing more violence won’t be different.

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    • 31 October 2015 14:55, by jubaone

      Only lazy fools will want the 28 states believing now they can become ministers, DGs, commisioners or parliamentarians. Foolishy enough, they do not know that these states will only share the 15% of the budget while 85% goes to central govt. Kiir has not been clear what powers these states have, how they will manage their resources. Just pure chaos and insanity.

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      • 31 October 2015 19:27, by Kenyang

        Jubaone,
        Only one and emotional fool will be you beside Riek idiots. Ask me January 2016 if there are no 28 States in South Sudan.

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  • 31 October 2015 08:13, by Akuma

    They will still surrender themselves to gov’t within few days like Nuers militias who were jubilation in joining Riek Machar rebellion against government.

    Gov’t can’t be shake on that new rebellion as gov’t is aware of Nuer and Shilluk militias initiatives....When gov’t provide with food to the founders, that rebellion will be over

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  • 31 October 2015 09:11, by Redeemer

    To wage a war when you are complaining is what Nuer has planted for the future of our country

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  • 31 October 2015 10:51, by Kalo

    Taking up armed by group of Yohnnes against the government won,t help instead will cause more destruction in Chollo kingdom,many shuluk civilians will suffer from that,at the end no goal will be achieved,Gen Uliny and Yohnnes from Ayok group have no clear objectives for their movement,their grievance claimed land taken by dinka,the best way is to used peaceful way of solving the problem.

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    • 31 October 2015 13:47, by Son of Upper Nile

      Son of Nuba. Don’t meddle in our affairs. If you want to win support from your masters, don’t do it at expense of Chollo land. Why do you fight Khartoum government? Is it not because of your land hypocrite? Why don’t you practice what you preach & solve your problem with Bashir peacefully instead of destroying Nuba land?

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      • 31 October 2015 14:57, by Konan

        Son of Upper Nile,

        Brother, you threw a big stone in the mouth of the Nuba dog Kalo. By the way I like your comments.

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        • 31 October 2015 18:04, by Khent

          Konan

          I disagree with Son of Upper Nile, because I do not regard the Nuba to be outsiders. They have every right to express themselves considering that they died in the South in the thousands. It is the South that should be asking for forgiveness from the Nuba. Our unfortunate economic links with Khartoum enable that regime to purchase weapons that they then use against the Nuba...

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          • 31 October 2015 18:10, by Khent

            ..The Nuba were the second largest group in the SPLA and suffered [and continue to suffer] immensely because of their sacrifice, and so nobody in the South has any right to exclude them in any discussion regarding the South. They are family and we have betrayed them, and for that we must make amends as soon as this terrible war in the South comes to an end.

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  • 31 October 2015 15:25, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Thank you new rebel group for increasing my pay check. Every time new rebel is formed, I get paycheck increase to fight you or the government gives me your money to build another swimming pool in Juba. Remember you are fighting the world best fighters "Dinka Kingdom." Remember sons of Dinka created 10 states and they have all the rights to their minds to 28 states. So TFNF is dancing a wrong drums

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  • 31 October 2015 15:38, by Dinka-Defender-General

    Remember Sons of Dinka created 10 States, so they have all the rights to change their minds to increase states 10 to 28 states any time they want. They only way we can hear what you have to say is by negotiate with us peacefully not other way around because you lack leadership skills like Machar.

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    • 31 October 2015 18:19, by Son of Upper Nile

      Khent you don’t owe any apology for telling the truth. It’s liars like Padiet, those who won’t criticize mistakes of their community like hardliner & brutal, heartless & arrogant guys like Dinka Defender General who boast of building mansions & swimming pools at the expense of our people blood; that owe every apology for destroying the vision of hero Dr. Garang

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      • 31 October 2015 19:25, by Dinka-Defender-General

        Son of Upper Nile, I am sorry but I did not force Machar and supporters to abandoned their paychecks. I am loyal general who is protecting the land, lives, and properties. For instance, when Machar and his supporters boiled the country into the chaos, I was sleeping peacefully in my house. But Machar forced me into a war.

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        • 31 October 2015 19:41, by Dinka-Defender-General

          Son of Upper Nile, 10 of my bodyguards are from Nuer and they personally know me I love everybody except criminals like Machar and his supporters. This war could be over right now if President Kiir heard me in the beginning. Put in the South Sudan soldiers into frontline and the war will over the day. I will be in charge.

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          • 31 October 2015 20:07, by Son of Upper Nile

            DDG I don’t know you so nothing personal. Two things prompted me to reply you. One when you linked your prosperity with continuation of war & second because you choose a name that indicate you are more interested to defend a tribe rather than the country. But if you are top in the army put the country & its people over individual politicians including Kiir & Riek. Regards

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            • 1 November 2015 19:22, by Kalo

              Son of Upper nile,it is because you don,t know how people were suffering during liberation of South Sudan that is why you are ever rebelling and spoiling the new nation,you and your neighboring Shuluk mislead by Lam Akol spent time in nyagat shame on you.

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              • 2 November 2015 17:28, by Son of Upper Nile

                Kalo. FYI our struggle for defending S. Sudan didn’t start recently. the Chollo kings led their people to defend S. Sudan from Mahadia invadors in 19th century. Same as their Dinka brothers in Renk. Nuer & Azande revolt against British. Then equatorians were the first to fight Jalaba. SPLM/A struggle were just culmination of all these. You join late & can’t teach us about not submitting to slavery

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