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S. Sudan rival forces conclude ceasefire workshop without security arrangement deal


September 21, 2015 (JUBA) - South Sudan’s rival parties to the conflict have concluded a one week long ceasefire workshop without reaching consensus over contentious matters to sign a deal and form a joint command as part of the security arrangement.

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South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar, second left, looks across after shaking hands with South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir, center-right wearing a black hat, after lengthy peace negotiations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Monday, Aug. 17, 2015 (Photo AP/Mulugeta Ayene)

Both representatives of the two warring sides cited differences over the size of the protection force required to remain at the national capital, Juba, with the government proposing at least an army division between 10,000 and 18,000 soldiers should be deployed to remain in Juba during the transitional period.

Armed opposition officials say such arrangement amounts to militarization of the capital in violation of the provisions of the agreement which demands the demilitarization and deployment of joint police.

These divergences of the views about transitional security arrangement at the workshop led to the failure of the armed opposition representatives to sign a deal on the implementation matrix of the permanent ceasefire agreement in Addis Ababa last week because it failed to demilitarize the capital, Juba.

General Dau Aturjong Nyuol, deputy chief of general staff for training and the overall commander of the opposition forces in Bahr el Ghazal region, blamed the government for intransigence at the workshop to reach a consensus to sign a security arrangement matrix on the implementation of permanent ceasefire.

“The team that went to the workshop from Juba was either not ready for a consensus or was not given the opportunity to read the document (peace agreement). If you read the agreement, you find that it is clearly stated that Juba will be demilitarised. It will not have more forces but now these talks of protection force of 5,000 soldiers and 3,000 integrated police. This is not demilitarisation,” General Aturjong, who was part of the leading opposition commanders at the workshop, said on Monday.

He explained during an exclusive interview with Sudan Tribune that demilitarisation means taking the army away from the capital city and not deploying more forces contrary to the provisions of the peace agreement.

However, the senior opposition commander revealed the parties in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, have agreed on the withdrawal of all foreign forces in the country by October 10, despite disagreement on the nature of the Joint Integrated Police Unit and the number of presidential guards.

The foreign forces targeted and which will now have to leave or stand down include Uganda People’s Defence Forces who were deployed in Juba after the outbreak of fighting in December 2013 to shore up President Kiir’s government under a special arrangement with Uganda’s President Yoweri Museveni.

Others are the Sudanese Revolutionary Forces (SPLM-North) that are also fighting the Khartoum government in Southern Kordofan and Blue Nile and the Dafur-based rebels, the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), the Sudan Liberation Army-Minawi (SLA-MM) and SLA-AW led by Abdul Wahid.

The agreement however exempts Uganda People’s Defence Forces (UPDF) based in Yambio, Western Equatoria state, because they had been deployed in 2010 as part of the African Union Joint Force to pursue Joseph Kony’s Lord’s Resistance Army.


On the issue of the presidential guard, the government delegation had demanded 17,000 presidential guards but Riek Machar-led rebel movement rejected the number arguing that it was too high and that the shared presidential guards could be about 2,000 to 3,000.

Observers say the government had taken advantage of the loophole in the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) Compromise Peace Agreement which did not give the numbers, leaving it for the partners to negotiate. The earlier proposal had provided that President Kiir retains 265 presidential guards while the first vice-president-to-be Machar was supposed to have 195 guards.

These latest agreements were arrived at a workshop on security arrangement that was convened by IGAD in Addis Ababa from September 13-17.

General Aturjong argued that while the government side believes that the police unit will comprise small group of 1,000 to guard the civilians in Juba only, the rebel movement believes that there has to be a new police body where both sides contribute equally depending on the overall number agreed on.

Speaking to the state owned South Sudan Television on Friday the information minister Michael Makuei Lueth said the government delegation that went to Addis Ababa last week to attend the workshop on the implementation of a permanent ceasefire had returned with information that the rebels had refused to sign the security arrangements but other representatives of former detainees had signed.

“Yesterday (Thursday 18) the delegation that went to the workshop came back yesterday to inform us that the agreement on the implementation of the permanent ceasefire was signed by the government delegation and the former detainee delegation, and the rebels rejected the signing of the agreement. So the ball is now in the court of IGAD and the rebels,” he said.


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  • 22 September 2015 02:46, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

    Rebel to claim ur right is now understood! It won’t be possible to demilitarize S. Sudan for the sake of rebels’ protection even Amighty God cannot accept this. We’re tired of looting, corruption, tribalism & impunity by the same people who did these & be installed back without charges. It’s a big NO if we mean peace!

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    • 22 September 2015 03:00, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

      Riak Machar, Pagan Amum, Nyandeng Garang, Chol Tong..... plus others now in govt have 98% failure of S. Sudan. There4 they’ve divided people on tribal line for support & must be made to recognise their mistakes be4 another rebellion. U’ve woken people up for their defence.

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      • 22 September 2015 03:26, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

        Plan A was to take over the govt by coup d’etat but it failed. Now plan B is Igad+ imposed peace. It’s amputated now. The next plan C & the last will be foreign forces to fight alongside rebels & eventually the regional war starts.

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        • 22 September 2015 06:47, by jubaone

          Shadrack Nuer Machut,

          Please shut up with these foolish and unsubstantiated coup narrative. There was no coup attempt, rather a well orchestrated and faked coup by the jienge council of elders who wanted to flush out Machar and cling to power. Now these 10,000 "nyor" soldiers around Juba will further increase banditry,robberies and murders. Take them to Warrap or Jonglei.

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          • 22 September 2015 10:44, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

            #Jubaone. If u r wise, tell me when did govt become bad? Any agreement that imposes previous spoilers is never welcome fulheartedly. They’ve only failed the country but also betrayed & conspired the RSS. Peter Gatdet must not be left fighting RSS & Riak to come back if we mean peace.

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    • 22 September 2015 05:54, by Khent

      This ’government’ is beyond stupid. Stop obstructing the peace process; the Agreement clearly specified that Juba must be demilitarized and this is precisely what should happen. The government can easily re-position troops a few kilometers North, South, East and West of Juba while still abiding by the Agreement. Why is this so hard for the government to understand?

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      • 22 September 2015 07:14, by Lorolokin

        What I can see is that Kiir government is not ready for peace instead he wanted war but if M7 quit from south Sudan territories will he really survive ?
        Kiir is surrounded by Jienge elders who advises him using jungle (Cattle) theories otherwise what the hell is these mess both in Addis Ababa as well as the president office.

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    • 22 September 2015 11:05, by Reuben

      This is the time the Jienge government must implement the accord is require, more delay will cost them badly as the international community is observing. I wonder why these Jienge are not learning from their previous mistake that resulted to imposed peace, do they want imposed implementation?

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    • 22 September 2015 14:00, by okucu pa lotinokwan

      Neither Neur or Dinka will not rule this South Sudan for development

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  • 22 September 2015 07:46, by Big Head

    Those who thinks it is easy to implement bad peace are dreaming...you will keep crying in foreign cities and no coming back believe me.

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    • 22 September 2015 09:05, by Redeemer

      Mr. Riek just come back, Nyor-nyor will be your army when you takeover as Ngundeng said, stop for longing the war

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    • 22 September 2015 09:10, by Malakal county Simon

      Stop backtracking and mocking the people’s of South Sudan, friends, and International Community’s at large...... Why signed it in first place if you think it is a bad peace???? You either implement the peace according to what you signed on the paper, or reject it publicly to the world..... It’s annoying, this and that...... Be consistent to your words for once sake, Mr foolish president Kiir......

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  • 22 September 2015 09:28, by Big Head

    Keep dreaming for bad peace to be implemented...no way, either call him foolish President or good president we don’t but we must make sure that prophet of doom is not coming to Juba

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  • 22 September 2015 11:12, by Rami Tot
  • 22 September 2015 17:16, by Hardlinner

    what is hard in this case?. they should use the same quota system proposed by IGAD. opposition should have 33%, government 53%, G10 7% and others 7%. where do the rebels get the notion of 50%/50% of joined integrated police force from?. or else government should get 100% police forces since Juba is under them. if riek does not want it, let him become vice president and stationed himself at Fagak.

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