Home | News    Tuesday 18 August 2015

South Sudan’s Kiir demands more time, as Machar signs final peace agreement

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August 17, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudanese rebel leader, Riek Machar signed the long-awaited final peace agreement to end the 20-month long civil war in the youngest world’s nation on Monday. but president Salva Kiir declined to sign the deal, requesting for more time to consult with his political and military officials back in the capital, Juba.

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Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta trying to convince South Sudanese president Salva Kiir back to the hall and sign peace agreement with rebel leader Riek Machar in Addis Ababa, on July 17, 2015 (ST)

At the same event, the recently reinstated secretary-general of the ruling Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM), Pagan Amum, signed the peace agreement on behalf of the former detainees, despite reservations from ruling party chairman on the same deal.

As former vice-president, Machar and Amum signed the deal, the South Sudanese leader witnessed the signing ceremony and initialled his signature on the agreement as a witness.

The president, however, asked the IGAD-Plus mediation to allow him to make further consultations with his officials for 15 days. IGAD leaders reportedly took a lot of time trying to convince him to sign the agreement.

It is not yet clear whether president Kiir was permitted to go for the requested consultation and for how long in order to come back and sign the long-awaited peace agreement.

Machar’s spokesperson, James Gatdet Dak, who confirmed the signing of the agreement by the armed opposition leader and urged the government to show commitment to end the war by signing the peace agreement.

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South Sudan’s former vice president and opposition leader, Riek Machar, signs peace agreement together with SPLM SG Pagan Amum in Addis Ababa, on July 17 2015 (ST)

“Our chairman and commander-in-chief, Cde Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon has shown his true commitment to peace by signing the peace agreement to end the suffering of the people of South Sudan. The ball is now in the court of Salva Kiir to equally show his commitment to peace if he also cares about the lives of the suffering people,” Dak told Sudan Tribune on Monday after the signing ceremony witnessed by regional leaders and representatives of the international community.

Chief mediator in the IGAD-led South Sudan peace talks, Seyoum Mesfin, said the government has certain reservations and have requested more time for consultations back in Juba.

“In the next 15 days, the government will come back to Addis Ababa to finalise the peace agreement” he said.

Mesfin said the government’s request has also been accepted by the South Sudan rebels.

The agreement signed on Monday, 17 August, which originated from the 24 July Compromise Peace Proposal by the East African regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and its international mediation partners, saw some changes in the course of negotiations in Addis Ababa between the two rival leaders, president Kiir and opposition leader Machar before the signing ceremony by the two leaders minus Kiir.

On power sharing deal, president Kiir’s government will no longer control 100% of seven of the ten states as the armed opposition faction of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) under the leadership of Machar will now get 15% of seats in each of the seven states of Warrap, Lakes, Western Bahr el Ghazal, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Central, Western and Eastern Equatoria states.

Likewise, Machar’s faction will no longer control 53% of the governments of the three states of Jonglei, Upper Nile and Unity states. In the three states, government will get 46%, SPLM-IO 40% and former detainees and political parties, 7% each. While SPLM-IO will nominate governors for the two oil-rich states of Unity and Upper Nile, government will nominate governorship position for Jonglei state.

At the national level, the power sharing ratio remained as the original proposal of 53% for government, 33% for SPLM-IO and 14% split equally between former detainees and political parties.

The current 325 membership of the national parliament in Juba will be maintained with rebelled members reinstated to their previous parliamentary memberships before 15 December 2013. SPLM-IO will appoint 50 additional members to the national parliament while the former detainees will appoint one additional member and political parties will appoint 17 additional parliamentarians.

On security arrangements, the partially signed peace deal will declare the national capital, Juba, a demilitarized zone, with a radius of 25kms. Foreign troops, particularly from the IGAD countries and the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) will take charge of the capital for 30 months of the period of the transition until elections are conducted.

The two rival armies will also maintain separate commands for a period of transition with president Kiir being the commander-in-chief of the South Sudan army (SPLA) and rebel leader Machar also as the commander-in-chief of his forces until unification process is completed per the agreement.

IGAD-Plus officials said the peace deal signed by the two leaders was final and that president Kiir would only be expected to sign it without further renegotiations to the deal.

Earlier in the day, Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni walked out of the venue and returned to Kampala before the agreement document was finalized. He was reportedly disappointed when the revised version of the IGAD proposal in Kampala was not considered by the IGAD-Plus. He was not present at the venue when the rebel leader signed the document.

The regional and international leaders have warned to take tough measures against any warring party that will refuse to sign the peace agreement. It remains unclear how the situation will play out between Juba and the international community in ending the war.

Tens of thousands have been killed, millions more displaced internally and to the neighbouring countries of Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda.

IGAD-Plus, which includes five African countries, troika nations, European Union, China and the United Nations, said 17 August was the deadline on which the parties must sign a peace deal and end the deadly violence.

(ST)

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Kind regards,

The Sudan Tribune editorial team.
  • 17 August 2015 19:49, by sudani ana

    Salva kiir will eventually sign the peace deal. This is just face saving exercise to show that he was not coerced to sign.

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    • 17 August 2015 20:04, by chuol

      Dear All

      It is cristal clear that incompetent Kiir Museveni is the only coward African dictator...

      des he thinks 15 days will help him and m7 to use the toothless Gatdet and Gathoth to disturb the people’s movement?
      Shame on you cowards!!!!!!

      SPLA OYEE
      SPLM OYEE
      DR RIEK OYEE

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      • 17 August 2015 20:38, by Shadrack Nuer Machut

        Riak Machar has not signed Peace but the power %. Don’t celebrate it yet if u r wise with ur fake like Igad like Riak.

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    • 17 August 2015 20:10, by Mi diit

      Salva Kiir delusional planing to carry out major offensive against the rebels in 15 days hoping to crash them and sign an agreement with no territory controlled by the rebels.

      This is according to plan by Paul Malong Awan who told Kiir not to sign peace. Now if war breaks out again, UN knows that it is Kiir and Museveni doing it.

      But Kiir will shamefully finally sign the agreement. Shame on M7.

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      • 17 August 2015 21:40, by Panda Odhie

        The lives of civilians would be first considered by Riek and his group before causing a war, not now after he has killed all the youth from Nuer due to his political interest, he shouldn’t say today Kiir has refused to sign a peace. We need first to consider the lives of others before action. We need peace but if there is God really He would have deal with wrong human beings

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        • 18 August 2015 06:04, by Mi diit

          Panda Odhie,

          Riek did not kill Nuer youth. He saved them from the cowardly massacres starting from Juba by coward Kiir.

          And do you think no Dinka youth have died in this war. There are countless Dinka youth bones in Unity, Jonglei and Upper Nile states sent untrained by Kiir to fight for his greed of power and incompetence. Wait, Kiir will from now face wrath of the UN and internal rift...

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          • 18 August 2015 08:14, by Panda Odhie

            Miidit
            yes Dinka youth also lost their lives in this war too ,no deny, everybody has suffered not Nuer alone ,but it’s the cause of Riek ,if i were him i would have refrain from war as he do today to save lives of innocent Nuer, if he do so the solution would have already got very early, so death should not be the first, how many people killed after killing that you claimed happening in Juba?

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      • 18 August 2015 06:09, by Mi diit

        THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY HAS NOW STARTED TO PUT TOGETHER POSSIBLE TOUGH ACTION AGAINST THE FOOLISH PRESIDENT KIIR.

        Soon Kiir will shamefully follow Dr. Riek’s foot steps by signing the peace deal as it is or else he will be an isolated piece of trash with more sanctions to overthrow him.

        Dr. Riek will always be ahead of incompetent Kiir. His signature first and Kiir follows him later. Ahaha.

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        • 18 August 2015 09:34, by Makavelli

          Mi diit,
          Please stop your International Community rants, there will be no peace until we say so. International community is not a single entity, with single interests so you shouldn’t bank on them too much. for your information my friend, we aren’t for piece meal peace that will put us at a disadvantage in the long term. while want a genuine peace that will only give everyone their fair sharing.

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    • 17 August 2015 21:05, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

      Thanks you Mr. President for your request of more times of consultation to your government. And Cääb Junubi about agreed points.

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      • 17 August 2015 21:27, by jubaone

        Congratulations Dr. Machar and SPLM-IO for showing seriousness and commitment in signing the peace deal. Now is time for business and clean up. 15 days for consultation for what? Apparently there are no intelligent analysts in the GRSS Team to advice Kiir well. Even if given 100 yrs nothing will happen. A rat is always a rat!

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      • 17 August 2015 21:40, by Pure Nationalist

        He was asking for more death not more time for consultation but for killing S Sudanese

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        • 18 August 2015 05:33, by Lotodo Awino Odug

          I like the way Kirr is handling it, no more war sir. talks and more talks ahead will let us reach the final deal.

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      • 18 August 2015 09:13, by jubaone

        Ayuiu,

        Did you know that immediately Museveni left Addis Abeba on Monday morning, Kiir felt so vulnerable and uncertain? His patron had left him to decide alone, which he dreadfully feared and so refused. Asking for 15-day rethinking period is stupid cos he already had the draft since 24 July.Kiir is hostage to the jienge council of elders whcih decides for him.

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    • 18 August 2015 06:45, by Ayuen deng

      IGAD is have not change any thing from refused proposals,how can Kiir sign Riek sign because it’s favor him despite being overthrown by his general

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    • 18 August 2015 07:42, by okucu pa lotinokwan

      Force agreement by the white man will not help and controling the capital by Incompetence IGAD forces will let to easy change in the govt to the IO

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    • 18 August 2015 09:21, by Ayuen deng

      The original proposal of 53% for government, 33% for SPLM-IO and 14% split equally between former detainees and political parties,SPLM-IO will appoint 50 additional members to the national parliament while the former detainees will appoint one additional member.How can President Kiir sign this unfair deal may be over his dead body,so that he remain the hero of South Sudan.

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    • 18 August 2015 09:47, by Makavelli

      Sudan Ana,
      You are not far from the truth, however i would like to know how you went with your summer decisive offensive against the SPLA-N? I know you only surface whenever South Sudan is making a headlines.

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      • 18 August 2015 14:00, by sudani ana

        Makyavilli:

        Our summer decisive offensive against the SPLA-North wasn’t much different from your offensive against SPLA-IO. The only difference is SPLA-N didn’t manage to occupy any major cities and we didn’t need the Ugandan Army to protect Khartoum for us.

        Does that answer your question?

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    • 18 August 2015 12:43, by okucu pa lotinokwan

      IGAD-Plus officials said the peace deal signed by the two leaders was final and that president Kiir would only be expected to sign it without further renegotiations to the deal.
      hear the statement how it sound like

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    • 18 August 2015 15:26, by ngadodo

      hello, people of Ross, I want to say to you that everyone in politics has disagreement with people in political live, I want to say that some time i am disagrees with President Mr. Salva kiir, for his most politics but if to come to his rejection to signed from IGAD yesterday, I agree with him for his decision which IGAD trying to take over Juba.
      So it’s an attempt of initiation of intervention

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      • 18 August 2015 15:29, by ngadodo

        to Ross, and I support salva kiir for his denied to sign controversial decision made by ICAD.
        President salva kiir, he should arrested general secretary pagan Amum, because he and DR. Reik Machar their trying to sold Ross to foreignness for there are dreams of leadership which it’s not good to everyone in Ross and land, our resources.

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  • 17 August 2015 21:41, by lino

    What counseling?
    What the cowboys were doing in Juba since July 24???
    Are going to counsel with all these thefts in Juba called Government Office? Please Gen. Kiir go look to improve your health first and be proud of struggling, becoming president, bringing independent. We know your time is over; leave it for others!!!

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  • 17 August 2015 22:20, by Uncle J

    Congrats to president Kiir,

    I hope South Sudanese citizens are going to welcome Kiir back to Juba in celebrations despite our citizens are the same people suffering in the hand of horrible politicians like Riek Machar. Even if Kiir accepts signing the peace the next day, the most important thing is he did not sign it on a due date like those traitors of Riek and Pagan

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    • 18 August 2015 11:54, by jubaone

      Uncle J,

      Nobody in Juba will welcome Kiir after his refusing to sign the peace deal except of course some his jienge tribesmen who fear that now they will lose patronage, be held accountable for stealing and killing. This is a proof, that Kiir is NOT for peace. The UNSC, USA, Troika, IGAD should now hand him over to the ICC, cos he is a nuisance.

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  • 17 August 2015 22:43, by marie

    President Salva Kiir orchestrated the killing of Nuer civilians in Juba as a payback for the 1991 killing in Bor. This is what the Dinka has been planning for a long time. Every occasion, Dinka use that excuse to justify the killing all over the media. Dinka plunge South Sudan in chaos, Dinka will be the one staging heroic welcome to Kiir not the rest of us suffering in South Sudan under Dinka.

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  • 18 August 2015 00:00, by marie

    You are the one who’s a whore.

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    • 18 August 2015 03:36, by Ahmed Chol

      Marie,
      don’t insult me otherwise I will .......

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      • 18 August 2015 04:55, by Uncle J

        Nuer people are not even 5000 in the whole of South Sudan, and they always crying to the media for their white men hear what happened in Juba was massacre how come AU is supporting Riek and yet AU did not release the evidences proving the genocide? Nuer are giving away the country to those that are worse than Arabs. If I was Kiir I can resort to full scale war declaring SS Nuer free

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        • 18 August 2015 05:05, by Khent

          That’s just crazy, bro. There are millions of Nuer, dude and they were killed in Juba by Salva’s militia. This is a fact.

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        • 18 August 2015 05:25, by Uncle J

          ...As if Mr. Riek rebel forces were fighting to reclaim his lose VP. position/Oil rich states, Riek rushed into signing the peace deal without president Kiir agreement, that assumption Kiir will sign it under pressure is all unresolved issue because even if Kiir sign that deal just for the sake of sanctions threat still it will be like Tom and Jerry peace agreement

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          • 18 August 2015 05:37, by Wiyual

            J. You have lost the Title of "Uncle J." Remember, any sort of revenge killings never end. Today is your day because you have fenced yourself with UPF and that is why Dinka is terrorizing the whole Nation of Nuer village by village. This useless peace means nothing to Nuer, but maybe for politicians like Riek is who been blindfolded by position and easily forgot what bring us to this stage.

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        • 18 August 2015 07:48, by jur_likang_a_ likan’g

          Uncle J,

          There are no worse people on earth than you people!! Jallaba are far better than you. You lack compassion, humanity and worse your cows are better than you. You have destroyed the country our people have died for.

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        • 18 August 2015 12:00, by jubaone

          Uncle J (aka Jienge),

          It is not about numbers. Even hordes of jienges have no value to us in South Sudan. What benefit do we have, None. rascals, uncouth, primitive, greedy and foolish. Better have 5000 organized and intelligent Nuer or Equatorians than millions of illiterate and stupid jienges.

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  • 18 August 2015 05:45, by Wiyual

    J. Remember Israelites were once scattered all over the world by their enemies, but today they have Nation of Israel. You can burn all the villages but you will never completely kill the spirit of the leftover of your Genocide Mission. Nuer Nation will regroup and remains strong.

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    • 18 August 2015 07:12, by Uncle J

      hahaha Wiyual,

      Brother I like your comments but I still suggest you watch the "Chaoleen Soccer movie" if you haven’t it yet, like poorly trained Chinese players screaming in the middle of the field we serrunder and we want peace, one day your people you claiming now they are going to regroup and liberate a country called ’Nuer’ will scream nothing else but peace. It is gr8 u telling Riek is blind

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      • 18 August 2015 11:53, by Mi diit

        Kiir is detained in Addis to sign the peace agreement whether he likes it or not, or else he will be declared a negative personality at regional and international level.

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  • 18 August 2015 13:54, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    I wise this peace will not be sign. Through the following obstacles.
    > Two arms commands in the same country will block peace not sign.
    > 40% of power sharing for one tribes the NUER only also will block peace not sign.
    > Riek Machar, himself cannot be given a seat while he had killed millions of south Sudanese in 1991 upto dates. This will not allow peace to land in south Sudan.

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  • 18 August 2015 16:08, by marie

    What rationality do you people use? It is true that where ever you take a Jieng he will still have remains of ashes at his **s. When CPA was signed, Sudan which was one country had two armies; SPLA and the Sudan Arm Forces. What are you trying to justify here by saying one country cannot have two armies. Most of you who are commenting here do not have a clue about the CPA and its formula used.

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  • 18 August 2015 17:40, by Good Citizen

    15 days for consultations, is like a student being given exam paper but instead of writing the paper ask his examiner /teacher to be given more time to go back and consult his books, yet the "the reading week" was already and equally given to everyone. How do you call such a student ?

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  • 18 August 2015 20:13, by marie

    That’s a good one Good citizen

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  • 18 August 2015 20:14, by marie

    The journalist who took this photo of Uhuru convincing Kiir to go back to the hall deserves an award for the best photo of the year.

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  • 19 August 2015 02:08, by Kenyang

    Dr.Riek Machar has tremendously been campaigning and working against Salva Kiir and his leadership since 2006. Every single failure of SPLM from occupation of South Sudan territories to immerse and broad daylight looting of South Sudan oil by NiF of Sudan was direct result of one man grand ambition.

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    • 19 August 2015 02:12, by Kenyang

      It’s hard to remember last time Dr. Riek mentioned “we thank President Kiir…, on behave of President …., our people,…”
      At home and abroad, Riek continue demonstration of no respect nor believed Salva Kiir is the country president or least above him.

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      • 19 August 2015 02:17, by Kenyang

        In fact, many believe Salva Kiir is not the country first President rather a mere John Baptist, legend in the Bible who was sent ahead to clear the path for Jesus Christ. Here, Dr. Riek would be a waited savior.

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        • 19 August 2015 02:39, by Kenyang

          Later the behavior (campaign) grew into insults in public rallies while he remained the country and Party (SPLM) Vice President. Needless to mention, Riek still considered himself to be member of same Party.

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