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South Sudan rebels accuse IGAD of “confusing” the peace process


August 14, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – South Sudan’s armed opposition faction under the leadership of the country’s former vice president, Riek Machar, has accused the East African regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), of further “confusing” the whole peace process in Addis Ababa, saying a peace deal may not be reached as planned.

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Face-to-face talks between the South Sudanese government and rebels get underway in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 13 January 2014 (Photo: AFP/Carl De Souza)

“I don’t think IGAD is serious to mediate for a successful peace agreement in South Sudan. They are inconsistent, bias and confusing the whole peace process. They have now again distorted their so-called ‘peace compromise proposal’ per influence by president Yoweri Museveni of Uganda,” rebel leader’s spokesman, James Gatdet Dak, told Sudan Tribune when contacted on phone on Thursday.

Dak revealed that a so-called ‘front-line states’ in their recent meeting in Uganda this week came up yet with amendments to their own ‘peace compromise proposal’ in which they changed provisions in the draft agreement.

The group calling itself the “Front-line States” composed of Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia and Sudan were invited for a meeting to Entebbe, Uganda, by president Yoweri Museveni.

Ethiopian prime minister, Hailemariam Desalegn and Kenyan president Uhuru Kenyatta, joined by the Sudanese foreign minister Gandour, held the Monday joint meeting during which president Museveni criticized the IGAD-Plus proposal as coming from the “White man” and was seeking for an African solution.

President Museveni and president Salva Kiir of South Sudan reportedly asked for changes to be made in the proposal as well as for the 17 August deadline to be extended to give the two warring parties ample time for direct negotiations.

However, the rebel leader’s press secretary said information the armed opposition has received from the IGAD chief mediator, Seyoum Mesfin, indicated that major unilateral changes surprisingly took place in the IGAD-Plus proposal.

“While the warring parties have been negotiating to try to agree on some of the contentious issues that can now be incorporated into the IGAD-Plus peace proposal as amendments, IGAD-without-Plus has stepped back by changing provisions and coming up yet with new proposals in the text,” Dak further lamented.

For instance, he said, the “front-line states’ were dragged by president Museveni into withdrawing the provision for power-sharing in the states. The IGAD-Plus proposal initially said in the three states of Unity, Upper Nile and Jonglei states in the greater Upper Nile region, the government would get 33%, the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM-IO) would get 53% and the former detainees and political parties would equally share the remaining 14%.

“This time IGAD is saying there should be no power sharing in the states,” he said.

He said IGAD in the Uganda meeting had also reneged on its previous proposal which sought for demilitarization of the capital, Juba. The opposition supported the demilitarization of the capital, including state capitals and other major towns in the country, arguing that it would restore confidence and avoid repeat of massacres of civilians in the towns by the army.

Dak further added that on the security arrangements including command of the rival armies for a period of transition, unification and duration of the process, the front-line states said the issue would be left to army chief of staffs of Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan and Uganda.

He said the latest development has gone against the very peace proposal by IGAD-Plus which was supposed to be the basis for negotiations and agreement.

He said the armed opposition faction of the SPLM-IO will not accept this, criticizing IGAD for dwelling on conflicting interests among the regional actors instead of focusing on a consistent sustainable path to peace in South Sudan.

“It is better to call off the August 17 deadline because it would be a meaningless exercise,” he said.


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  • 14 August 2015 07:58, by Mi diit

    The main interest of those four countries, Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan is to keep South Sudan at war with itself for a VERY long time so that they milk the region from the incompetent Salva Kiir and implement their jealousy that South Sudan may become wealthy rich country in Africa.

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    • 14 August 2015 08:11, by Mi diit

      South Sudan will be completely doomed in the next 6 months of no peace agreement. I can’t imagine what will be the next comment of IMF on the economic situation in that cursed part of the world.

      South Sudan is hijacked by president Museveni. Other weak regional countries just follow his foot steps like messenger boys.

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      • 14 August 2015 08:46, by Lotodo Awino Odug

        time for Mayok and Eastern Rock to start mourning.

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      • 14 August 2015 10:46, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

        Midi it
        Your husband white man is helping nothing for you Nuer national, don’t think that to have 53% of power and wealth sharing in front line states shouldn’t be force by foreigners, it is domestic solutions which is only Kiir can solve it amicably. Am advising you don’t care of foreign powers please.

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  • 14 August 2015 09:34, by dinkdong


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  • 14 August 2015 09:55, by Moluddit Demalou

    Dear Reader and commentators.
    The discussion taken up by the four countries to revised the proposal is a good idea in which there is no any capital or city world wide to be demilitarise and managed security by front troops. Believed me which is being managed by front troops worldwide. Forget demilitarisation of Juba and others towns.

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  • 14 August 2015 10:02, by Moluddit Demalou

    Greater Upper Nile does not belong to Nuer only. It is comprising the following Tribe namely: Anyuak, Murle,Jie,Dinka,Nuer,Shilluk,Bunj. Riek could not think in his short minded capacity to rule greater upper Nile as his own Country to lead. He will never and ever be a leader.

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  • 14 August 2015 11:46, by Son of Ngundeng

    Dear All:
    Garang died and leave the poor nation in the hands of mafia groups and gangs, Yalelek yaa abuna Garang!!!!!

    South Sudan became strong economically within two years, and devalue the currency of 4 countries, does why Uganda, Kenya, Ethiopia, Sudan, the failure of South Sudan will be their benefits, does why the created fake name called front-line states.


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