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Rebels say Addis Ababa deal only defines mandate of transitional government


February 2, 2015 (ADDIS ABABA) – A spokesman of the rebel leader Riek Machar said the document his group signed on Sunday night in Addis Ababa with president Salva Kiir’s government did not carry an agreement on power-sharing arrangements as reported in the media.

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South Sudanese president Salva Kiir (L) exchanges signed documents with rebel leader Riek Machar in the northern Tanzanian town of Arusha on 21 January 2015 (AFP)

Media reports suggested that the two principal leaders struck a deal which maintained Kiir as president, with rebel leader Machar to be appointed vice-president.

A power-sharing ratio of 53%, 33% and 14% for government, rebels and former detainees and political parties, respectively, was alleged to have been agreed.

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Agreement on the establishment of the transitional government in South Sudan

However, rebel sources said the agreement was mainly on mandate of a transitional government of national unity which the parties agreed to form.

“The agreement has only outlined the mandate of the would-be transitional government of national unity. The document does not carry any agreement on leadership structure and power-sharing ratios as reported in the media,” Machar’s spokesman, James Gatdet Dak, told Sudan Tribune on Monday.

“This transitional government would be formed by 9 July 2015 if a final peace agreement is signed. There are however many issues pending for further negotiations before a final peace agreement,” he said.

The rebel leader’s spokesman explained that the mandate of the transitional government of national unity will be to implement a final peace agreement, which he said was yet to be negotiated and signed by 5 March dateline.

He said power-sharing ratios between the parties were not agreed and will further be negotiated and agreed upon, adding no particular personalities to the executive leadership were also fixed.

The deal has agreed on 29 national ministers and 8 deputy ministers as the size of the would-be cabinet.

The ministerial portfolios will however be allocated by an ad-hoc committee from representatives of the parties in accordance with a power-sharing agreement which will have been agreed on.

Dak also said the two parties have agreed on a 30-month period of the transitional government that will be proceeded by a 3-month pre-transitional period, adding that this will only commence after a final peace agreement is signed.

The transitional government, according to its agreed mandate and functions, he added, will also conduct a population census prior to elections and organise elections at the end of a 30-month period.

The deal also stipulated that a new electoral commission shall be established in accordance with the agreement.

The new deal has also “accepted the need for profound structural, institutional and political reforms in South Sudan”.

In the security sector, the agreement recommitted the two parties to respecting the 23 January 2014 cessation of hostilities accord and to further negotiate on security arrangements with a permanent ceasefire that will be in effect 72 hours after the signing of final peace agreement.

“The parties are yet to negotiate terms of the security arrangements,” he said.

In addressing accountability and reconciliation, the two parties agreed to establish an independent commission of truth, reconciliation and healing to “address the legacy of conflict” with participation of eminent African personalities and others, adding an independent hybrid judicial body shall also be established to prosecute those responsible for gross crimes.

The deal, which was inked by both Kiir and Machar, was also witnessed by Ethiopian prime minister Hailemariam Desalegn, who chairs the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), as well as Kenyan president and IGAD rapporteur Uhuru Kenyatta.

The parties are expected to return to Addis Ababa on 19 February and resume with the negotiations on all the outstanding issues.


Related article:

S. Sudan rivals ink power-sharing deal in Ethiopia

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  • 2 February 2015 13:57, by Ayuen deng

    IGAD must also put the Equatorian governors petitions that Wani Igga will not stand down for Riek or else IGAD will be bias in solving one part of the problem leaving the other side complaining, which is true because Wani Igga is the right person to be the vice president for his love of peace in the country.South Sudan leadership problem will only be solve through Voting not Negotiations.

    repondre message

  • 2 February 2015 14:33, by Hardlinner

    33% is ridiculous figure for nuer rebels. The nuer population isn’t even 15% of south sudan population. Those nuer rebels should only get 10% because some of their kinsmen are already in government. So if nuer rebels take 33% plus 20% of current nuer politicians in government, that will leave dinka 40%and other 45% to only share 47% of ministerial positions.

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  • 2 February 2015 14:39, by Hardlinner

    South sudan government should remind igad that nuer population is only 15% of entire south sudan population. So they are only entitled 15% percent of government positions. and that include current nuer ministers.

    repondre message

  • 2 February 2015 16:39, by Kim Deng


    If your coward King, Mr. Slava reinstates Dr. Riek into position, which he was sacked from, and Nuer as a community takes 33%, what does that tell you? If you can do the math and give 100% to 64 ethnic groups, what percentage would you come up with?

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    • 3 February 2015 13:07, by Mayom County Boy

      @Kim deng you must be aware that president kiir must be on power until is time come by itself,not because you will defeat him by forces,look you are talking like some body who does n,t know what took place here in juba.Please volunteer your self to join your white army,leave UNICEF fight kiir regime ,don’t talk with mouth.put it in action.

      repondre message

  • 2 February 2015 16:40, by Kim Deng

    Dr. Riek,

    If you sign your own death certificate, the Mighty Nuer Warriors (MNW) will keep fighting until Dinka Kindom is dismantled. For your info, the MNW are not fighting to bring you back into position, which you’re sacked from by King, Slava, but to take revenge and to burn Dinka Kingdom to ashes.

    repondre message

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