Home | News    Sunday 21 December 2014

S. Sudan’s warring parties make progress on power-sharing deal

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December 20, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – The two warring parties in South Sudan have made some progress in negotiations, which resumed on Thursday in the Ethiopian capital under the mediation of the regional bloc, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

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The leader of South Sudan’s government’s delegation, Nhial Deng Nhial (L), signs a ceasefire agreement aimed at ending conflict in the country following negotiations in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 23 January 2014 (Photo: Reuters/Birahnu Sebsibe)

Officials from both sides said positive steps were taken, particularly on governance and ratios of power-sharing.

South Sudan’s information minister and government’s spokesperson, Michael Makuei Lueth, said the two parties agreed to create 27 ministries for a transitional government.

“So far we have agreed to create 27 ministries with their deputies but had outstanding issues,” he said, adding that there were two ministries and deputies to the prime minister which were not agreed.

Lueth however declined to explain what those two ministries were.

A senior official from the SPLM-IO faction led by former vice-president, Riek Machar, told Sudan Tribune that the parties’ governance and political committee made a breakthrough to give 10% in power-sharing to the former political detainees and other political parties.

The two principal parties were yet to agree on how to divide the remaining 90%.

“On power ratios, we partially agreed that we give G10 and other parties only 10%. We will discuss the 90% for division between the [SPLM]IO and the government tomorrow,” the senior official who preferred anonymity said on Saturday.

He also added that the two parties agreed to adopt and implement a federal system of governance during a 30 months of transitional period which would devolve more powers to states, adding that the two parties were however yet to agree on the name of such a federal government.

The opposition group had suggested it would be called Federal Republic of South Sudan, but the government had been resisting the naming.

The rebels also proposed that the number of states be expanded to more than 20, upgrading old colonial districts.

Other contentious issues also include powers that would be attached to the created executive prime minister.

On security arrangements, the two could not yet agree on whether to maintain two separate armies at least for the period of transition until elections are conducted.

Fighting has raged on from 15 December last year between president Salva Kiir’s government and opposition forces allied to his former deputy, Machar, when what seemed to be a healthy internal political debates on reforms within the ruling party (SPLM) turned violent.

Kiir accused his former colleague of attempting a military coup, which Machar dismissed saying it was a ploy fabricated by the former to silent reformist voices within the party and government.

Tens of thousands of people have died, two million displaced and millions more threatened by hunger and diseases.

The IGAD mediated peace process is the best hope to try to arrest the violence and restore stability in the three-year old nation.

(ST)

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  • 21 December 2014 05:55, by Chol A.

    What a joke, 10% for G10, federal system and two separate army as rebels army will be purely Nuer tribe! If that was the case of nogetiation in Ethiopia than rebels are buying time and their present in Addisababa is to Joke with government.

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    • 21 December 2014 06:11, by Joseph Canada

      hahaha.. The man is about to be eliminated..I mean by his own people internally. Gadhafi Style. Remember the prophet’s dream in Nigeria? Its coming!! Oh Its coming zoo close!!!

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      • 21 December 2014 06:46, by Hardlinner

        Joseph foreigner, your fictitious believes never live up to the world of today. Nothing of that nature would ever occur in south sudan. Continue supporting riek, but at the end of the day, people that do not support kiir would be force by matter of preference to support kiir because head to head with mass murderer like riek, kiir would have edge. Logically I would rather see kiir and riek quit.

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    • 21 December 2014 06:34, by Hardlinner

      Cont. The quotas system will stop this recurring rebellion because, since there would be no creation of new ministerial positions to accommodate for future rebels. It would in a sense fit tribe against one another because those who remain in the government would either share their quotas with their warring tribes’men or go to battle to maintain their ministerial position. Kiir should take note no

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  • 21 December 2014 06:23, by Hardlinner

    Since rebellion is entirely nuer in element, they are entitled 15% minus their current ministers in the governmnet. That leaves them with less than 10%. 10% at most is what they are entitled to. It will never be fair to give quotas of ethnic other group to nuer. Quotas for the military recruits and ministers should be based on population quotas. Dinka, 40%, nuer 15%, and other 45%.

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    • 21 December 2014 06:35, by Lotodo Awino Odug

      Who do they want to share with? didn’t Gatdet [Riek’s office janitor] "said the other day that they do not want Kirr to the president of the transitional bullshit".

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      • 21 December 2014 06:49, by Hardlinner

        Lotodo, they are just kids. What would expect from kids with guns?.

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    • 21 December 2014 23:58, by Justin Chicago opiny

      I am for change,and that change must include a new constitution that is in the hand of the lawmakers and not entirely in the hand of the president.The police force in every state will be run by the state government and the federal police force will be in quarters from every state and so is the national army. No single tribe should dominate the national Army etc. Federalism is welcomed.

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  • 21 December 2014 06:30, by Kur William

    G-11 0r G-10 will be given deputies ministerial positions in order to assess their capacity to work in good faith with govt otherwise Kiir will face lot of criticism from these joint opposition groups than ever because their alliance with rebels leader previously is a concerns if the participate in transitional govt of unity...

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    • 21 December 2014 06:58, by Kur William

      G-11 would suppose to be put aside until they will be undertake full participation in next general election.Also during this transitoinal period no separate army!once singed the peace agreement all SPLA forces from both sides has to be integrated immediately without white army.Ratio of power-sharing among groups govt will maintain 50% of executive power,rebels 25% and the rest will be given to DC.

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      • 21 December 2014 07:20, by Kur William

        No federal system during transitional govt of national unity.The first priority now is to have national reconciliation and to stop ongoing insecurity across the country,SS will decide what system of govt they want in right time.No creation of more States in this juncture collective legisaltion will convene together to evaluate demographic of some areas whether they are eligible to have State.

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  • 21 December 2014 10:13, by Eastern

    The fact that the parties are in Addis Ababa for peace negotiations means that all options are open for discussion. No party at the talks should be seen to have an upper hand. Both Kiir and Riek must be ready to make concessions moving forward; that’s how peace talks are!

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  • 21 December 2014 19:41, by Nguetbuny de Luelpiny

    Ten state enough plus South Khordufan and Blue Nile 12 are enough South Sudan State. Only governor should be elected by state itself not being appointed by president. Commissioners should elected by the County themselves.

    Tribals rebel have no a good vision. Nuer mission is to Killed all Jieng and take land in UpperNile. Elements of tribal war is a nightmare to all.

    Nguetbuny

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