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S. Sudanese government agrees to federal system with rebels

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September 27, 2014 (ADDIS ABABA) – The peace talks between the South Sudanese warring factions have seen a slow but encouraging progress as president Salva Kiir’s government has agreed to installation of federal system of governance.

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IGAD mediators and South Sudan negotiating teams at the sigining of the ceasefire agreement in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, on 23 January 2014 (Photo: IGAD/CEWARN)

Observers at the peace talks told Sudan Tribune on Saturday that various committees formed were working on different documents in order to agree on issues of security, governance and economy of the young troubled nation.

“Government negotiators have agreed to the call for federalism in South Sudan. This is a significant step and good gesture to reach a political settlement,” an observer close to the process said.

The rebel faction SPLM-in-Opposition under the leadership of the former vice-president, Riek Machar have been calling to restructure the South Sudanese state on the basis of federalism which the government had previously rejected.

The recent change of heart by the government is seen as a good gesture towards reaching a political settlement to end the 9-month-long civil war in the country.

Sources indicated that government negotiators have also agreed that a prime minister, which would be a nominee by the rebel group in the proposed transitional leadership power-sharing arrangements, would also run for public office. The latest development is a reverse to the IGAD protocol which denied the prime minister the right to contest in elections, a position previously supported by the government.

Machar’s opposition faction also suggested a prime minister would be the head of government and its security organs while the president would be the head of state who would be ceremonial in roles.

While the rebels agreed and preferred to discuss a parliamentary system similar to the leadership arrangements in Ethiopia, the government leaned towards adopting a system similar to the Grand Coalition which Kenya used between the former president Mwai Kibaki and his rival Raila Odinga.

It is not clear whether the parties will beat the 45-day dateline imposed by IGAD within which to reach a final peace agreement.

Meanwhile the warring parties continue to trade accusations over the recent clashes in Upper Nile state which threatens to interrupt the oil production in the main oil fields of Paloich.

Tens of thousands of people have died and over 1.5 million displaced since the conflict within the ruling party turned violent in mid-December.

The IGAD-mediated peace process is seen as the only hope to peacefully end the conflict and avert the looming humanitarian crisis in the fragile region.

(ST)

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  • 28 September 2014 08:24, by Malakal county Simon

    Well done!!!!!!! Dr Machar

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    • 28 September 2014 09:55, by Mabior Dhongbang

      Yes we are going to be on our own Monyjaang of Unity State will have their own state,Monyjaang of Jonglei will have theier own state,and the same to Monyjaang of Upper Nile state,and we are going to see were they will talk of oil resources,and no body will go and work in some body state as civil worker.Nuer will never like what they have started.

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    • 28 September 2014 10:03, by Rommel

      Federalism won’t be enough. We need more States - homogenous States. Those who oppose federalism are either ignorant or authoritarian. I would very like to dismantle and separate Jonglei, Lakes State, Upper Nile State, Western Bahr el Ghazal and Unity State. That’s the only way federalism would work.

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      • 28 September 2014 10:05, by Rommel

        What I want now [more than ever] is peace... and after we’ve attained peace... I want all the non-Dinka territories of Bahr el Ghazal to govern themselves. Wulu county [Jurbel] should be removed from Rumbek’s jurisdiction. Greater Upper Nile will also need to be broken up...

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        • 28 September 2014 10:06, by Rommel

          I want each and every state in which the Dinka and Nuer are together to be dismantled and partitioned, to remove any political tensions on the state level — especially when it comes to gubernatorial elections. Culturally contiguous populations should fall under one political unit.

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          • 28 September 2014 10:07, by Rommel

            Jonglei State is far too large and tribally variegated to be a viable State. It should be dismantled and separated into more homogenous States. The Murle have already demonstrated that they want their own State. The Jie and the Kachipo should be transferred to Eastern Equatoria State. The Jie want this.

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            • 28 September 2014 10:09, by Rommel

              The Anyuak should have their own State, per the 1956 border. The areas in Akobo that belong to them should be combined with Pochalla county to form a separate State. As I understand it, Akobo West is where the Nuer live... the rest of Akobo that belongs to the Anyuak per the 1956 border, should be returned to them.

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              • 28 September 2014 10:10, by Rommel

                The Thiang, Lak Nuer, Gawaar and Lou Nuer should form their own State. The Dinka counties of Jonglei [Duk, Twic east and Mading Bor] should form one State. The Padang Dinka of Jonglei should form a State of their own. The Padang and Abiliang Dinka must also give back all the Chollo lands, per the 1956 border...

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                • 28 September 2014 10:11, by Rommel

                  ..This means that they must give up any claims to Malakal and the Doleib Hills in Panyikang county. The Chollo kingdom should have its own State. The four counties of the eastern Jikany should also form a separate State of their own. The Maban, Burun and Uduk should have one State to themselves in Maban county, with a different name of course.

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                  • 28 September 2014 10:13, by Rommel

                    The Dinka counties of Unity State [Pariang and Abiemnom] should be removed from Bentiu’s authority and allowed to form their own State. When Abyei is returned, it will become part of this all Ngok State — Apadang State. This is the best way to remove tensions and increase political representation for all our tribes in Greater Upper Nile.

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                    • 28 September 2014 10:14, by Rommel

                      In Unity State, the Panaruu and Ruweng Dinka were originally governed as part of Bahr el Ghazal until 1905 - when they were transferred to Kordofan. When the Panaruu and Ruweng were finally transferred back to South Sudan in 1928, the British decided to again transfer them to the Upper Nile province. This mistake will be corrected. They will be transferred back to Bahr el Ghazal.

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                      • 28 September 2014 10:22, by Rommel

                        The Jurbel of Wulu county deserve their own State, away from the ignorance, violence, chaos and barbarism of Lakes State. Western Bahr el Ghazal is already a largely non-Dinka area, but the Jur-Chol of Jur river county should be afforded a State of their own. Everybody should be allowed to manage their own affairs if they can.

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                        • 28 September 2014 10:33, by Rommel

                          ..I don’t know much about the dynamics of the Equatorian region, and so they’ll have to decide for themselves just how many States they will need. The Dinka will have their own States, as will the Nuer. No one will be allowed to dominate anybody else. Greater Upper Nile is the easiest to break up. The various tribes of that region all have their own clearly marked tribal territories.

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  • 28 September 2014 08:47, by Dengic

    Sure,lets the federal system of government be installed, so that the rebels and all who likes federalism shut their dirty mouths. People want to use it as a trick to silent the Dinkas,but they will never achieve it. I know Dinkas will remain the engine running south Sudan and powerful than all tribes. Good luck Machar in new position, but let’s wait for 2017 and see who will lead south Sudan.

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  • 28 September 2014 08:50, by maumau

    Finally, that is a good outcome that will benefit the whole of South Sudanese and bring a lasting peace to the my country. Thank God, the government delegation especially Minister Makuei Michael is coming to its sense by accepting meaningful solution to the crisis. Salva Kiir, avoid Yuweri Museveni, he will destroy you and our country for his own goal. Imagine he advised you to fake the coubt.

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  • 28 September 2014 09:19, by Son of Ngundeng

    Dear citizen of South Sudan, Dear citizen of the new nation,
    We believe peace has come to us by all mean, God of Kush Land return back to us. We reach what we are fighting for, there is time for brother to fight and there is time for brother to laugh, our differences would be solve brotherly as one family any body believe Kiir and Machar are the leaders of this nation. Peace must come through them

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    • 28 September 2014 11:26, by Peacocktail

      Thanks Romel for in-depth debates on ’’ Federal Governance’’ already initiated in Pibor area and Abyei and this has to be taken to all the 79 Counties or more to be Federal system. it works well in many Countries except in a country where hatred and ignorant is harbored. I don’t think it is agreed in Ethiopia,the source of that News isn’t clear but if it happens, many people shall enjoy developmen

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      • 28 September 2014 12:10, by Rommel

        Peacocktail:

        Thank you, brother. We need more power for the counties and more autonomy for minorities. Each and every state in which the Dinka and the Nuer are governed together, must be dismantled; these two tribes are not on good terms, to say the least and so shouldn’t be forced together in fraudulent administrative marriages on the State level.

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        • 29 September 2014 09:52, by Rev. Saturnino

          God has his own ways in bringing Peace among his own suffering people. This is a major step and indeed everybody should now believe that our Government in Juba and the rebels are truly committed to Peace. Miracles are indeed working and will continue till every South Sudanese is happy and satisfied. People disagree in order to agree. May the Good Lord Bless all our Leaders for the well done job.

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  • 28 September 2014 11:14, by Thondet Manyang

    We need peace but not now since rebels think they can overthrow this government . I have a dream that either Malong or Kuol will this nation with iron and fist whereby the objectives and demands of Dinkas are met. That time, all the tribe believe Dinkas are in power. This Kiir is exactly your friend and solely peace lover.

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    • 28 September 2014 11:41, by maumau

      Thondet Manyang

      Don`t try that one otherwise we will fight you and chase you Dinka back to Khartoum where you migrated from. Where you guys are occupying currently are not your real original place, you guys were far away in Khartoum until Arabs chased you downwards to your current places. If you start growing horns, we will chase you back to you original place.

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      • 28 September 2014 13:22, by Rommel

        maumau:

        The Dinka [like every other Nilotic group] originated in Gezira, in North Sudan. Don’t issue threats you haven’t got a chance in hell of carrying out. We’re here to stay.

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      • 28 September 2014 14:45, by Hardlinner

        South sudan was no man land 400 years ago. So no one should say that dinka, nuer, shilluk or other nilotes should be chase out. All equatorians except zandes, jur belli, bongo and other bantu speaking tribes have same migrantory path with river lake like nuer, dinkas, and luo family. Bari, lotuko, toposa and many more are also nileotes. So don’t think u hv right to chase dinkas out of south sudan

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  • 28 September 2014 14:28, by chuol

    S. Sudanese government agrees to federal system with rebels

    DR MACHAR QUALIFIES THE QUALITIES OF BEING ANOTHER LIVING FATHER OF NATION AFTER LATE HEROES JOHN GARANG, SAMUEL GAI TUT, DHUOR DONG, CHUOL DENG, AGGREY JADEN, NYACHIGAK NYACHILUK, AND THE LIST GOES.
    EVERYTHING THAT DR MACHAR TALKS ABOUT IS MUCH RESPECTED. FEDRATION WAS FIRST OPPOSED BY THE ENEMIES OF PEACE IN JUBA BUT NOW IT IS ACCEPTED

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    • 28 September 2014 14:52, by Hardlinner

      Chuol, that federal system will never be in your favour. We dinkas are totally demanding our own region along with our oil wealth. Your killer moron known as riek will never become leader under democratic system. Only nuer will vote for him and I don’t think those votes would be enough to win he presidency.

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    • 29 September 2014 12:12, by Redeemer

      Chuol
      So you were fighting for Riek to be added into the list of heroes.I am sorry if you can prefer to loose such souls for that.

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  • 28 September 2014 15:29, by chuol

    @ HARD LINER OR HARD DINNER
    We dinkas are totally demanding our own region along with our oil wealth.
    LOOK AT YOUR PERMITTIVITY DEAR!! THARJIATH OILFIELDS BELONG TO JAGEI NUER IN UNITY STATE, UNITY AND HEGLIG OILFIELDS BELONG TO LEEK NUER. PALOICH BELONG TO GAJAAK NUER. MAALE OILFIELDS BELONG TO WESTERN JIKANY NUER. TELL WHERE AND WHAT IS YOUR WEALTH?

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    • 28 September 2014 22:47, by Rommel

      chuol:

      I don’t understand how stupidity can have such a collective dimension. It’s almost cultural with you people. Are lobotomies a rite of passage? What map are you looking at, you retarded ape?

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      • 28 September 2014 22:56, by Rommel

        I really shouldn’t be indulging you, but I’ll educate you. Do you know what county in which the Paloich oilfields are located? The Paloich oilfields are located in Melut county - a Dinka county. Melut county is the only county in South Sudan that is currently producing oil.

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        • 28 September 2014 22:56, by Rommel

          The Paloich oilfields alone account for 80% of South Sudan’s oil production. At least 90% of South Sudan’s oil production comes from Dinka lands. The largest and most productive oilfields in Unity State are in Dinka counties. The largest and most productive oilfields in Upper Nile State are also in Dinka territory.

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          • 28 September 2014 22:58, by Rommel

            The three largest oilfields in Upper Nile State [Paloich, Melut and Adar-Yale] are all in Dinka territory. The Dinka territories of Unity state account for 75% of that State’s oil production. Out of the seven significant [7] oilfields in Unity State, only one [1] is fully within Nuer territory — Tharjiath. Toor, Toma south, Nar, Alhar and Manga are in Dinka counties.

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            • 28 September 2014 22:59, by Rommel

              I’ll provide you with a source on the importance of the Paloich oilfields. Like I said before, the Paloich oilfields account for 80% of the country’s oil production. These oilfields are in Melut county — a Dinka county. Source: http://oilpro.com/post/2083/is-south-sudan-s-oil-heartland-finally-safe

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              • 28 September 2014 23:15, by Rommel

                Tharjiath, at its zenith was producing around 1/10th of South Sudan’s oil production. Unity State’s largest and most productive oilfields are in Biemmnom and Pariang counties and there is nothing you can do to change this. The largest oilfield in South Sudan is Paloich — 80% of our production. As I’ve said before, the oil belongs to the Nation as a whole, but I won’t put up with hateful lies.

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  • 28 September 2014 16:01, by Kim Deng

    It took Mr. Marxist_Leninist Garang and his disciples 11 years (1983-2002) to make a U-turn from his self-claimed "New Sudan," vision to self-determination for the people of South Sudan. It wouldn’t be a big surprise to see this coward Slava to make a U-turn within 9 months war.

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  • 28 September 2014 16:03, by Kim Deng

    And of course, as a result of Nasir move, Garang divorced and abandoned the alliance, called SPLA/M 1st National Convent at Chukudum in 1994 and the self-determination for South Sudan was the first agenda in that Convention. The movement changed from its former name SPLA/M as it was well-known back then to SPLM/A.

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  • 28 September 2014 16:05, by Kim Deng

    Garang put self-determination for South Sudan to be the first agenda/priority whenever there is a peace talks with Khartoum government and Garang himself eventually signed for it, the self-determination for people of Southern Sudan in CPA. Garang gave up his “New Sudan,” vision, a vision he always refers as a “vision of no-return.”

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  • 28 September 2014 16:06, by Kim Deng

    This raised too many unsettling questions from his allies especially the inner circle of NDA, Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile who were oblivious and betrayed at the same time by his self-observed “New Sudan,” vision until they realized that Garang shamelessly made a U-turn which left them in illusion.

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  • 28 September 2014 16:13, by Kim Deng

    It would be a big mistake if the Mighty Nuer Warriors let their Empire (Greater Upper Nile) be dismantled into pieces. Had the Nuer ever wished to occupy the whole greater Upper Nile, from Renk to Mading Bor and from Ruweng/Biemnom to Buma-Gambella, it seems unlikely that the other coward Jurs (Jaang, Teet, Bar, Chai…) could have stopped them.

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    • 28 September 2014 23:21, by Rommel

      Kim Deng:

      There was no ’U-turn’. How many times must I inform you that historians have affirmed, that under Dr. John Garang, the independence option was there before the Nasir declaration. You don’t like the truth and prefer to make up reasons for believing in nonsense, so you continuously pretend not to understand a word I say.

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      • 28 September 2014 23:21, by Rommel

        On the 29th of July [one month prior to the Nasir Declaration] the SPLM/A informed the Sudanese government that Self-Determination was to be discussed for the Abuja agenda. This is confirmed by the works of scholars such as Ann Lesch.

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        • 28 September 2014 23:22, by Rommel

          .."the independence option was therefore included in the still-united SPLM’s proposal for the Abuja agenda that was submitted to Nigerian and Sudanese government on 29th July 1991". (The Battle for Peace in Sudan: An Analysis of Abuja Conferences 1992–1993’, Ann Lesch)

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          • 28 September 2014 23:23, by Rommel

            "Once the split occurred, the government developed a four-prong strategy that encouraged Riek machar to fight the SPLA. It backed away from offering independence, mounted large scale offences against Garang’s forces and used the disintegration of the SPLA to facilitate its repression of the African people in Southern Kordofan, Darfur and Southern Blue Nile." (Sudan-Contested identities, Ann lesc

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            • 28 September 2014 23:24, by Rommel

              Why did you rely upon the grace of a political unit that you so ostensibly wished to distance yourself from!? You cannot seek independence from someone when you’re wholly reliant upon them for every nail, every litre of oil, every platform, every box of ammunition and their logistical support. You didn’t know what you were doing! Even your precious idiot idol admits that he was ’cheated’.

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              • 28 September 2014 23:26, by Rommel

                In a letter sent to Joseph Lagu in 1972, Dr. John Garang makes the point "that a region retains the right to secede from the federation if its interests are not adequately served by the federation."

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                • 28 September 2014 23:28, by Rommel

                  Furthermore, he said:

                  "It must be clear to Southerners that the retention of the right to secede from such a federation must be guaranteed by the federal constitution and by the existence of a physical Southern Armed Forces.

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                  • 28 September 2014 23:29, by Rommel

                    Dr. John Garang understood that the people of South Sudan wanted to secede, but he also understood that ’international’ political and military support for an explicitly secessionist movement would not have been forthcoming, and more importantly, it would have completely alienated the people of the Nuba mountains and Blue Nile...

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                    • 28 September 2014 23:29, by Rommel

                      .. And it would have deprived us of a means of putting pressure to bear on Khartoum in the North. Anyone who thinks that Dr. John Garang wanted to deny us the right to self-determination need only refer to Dr. John Garang’s letter to Gen. Joseph Lagu. In this letter, Garang wanted to accord the right to self-determination to any region in Sudan that felt that secession would serve its interests.

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                      • 28 September 2014 23:31, by Rommel

                        Dr. John Garang made it clear in his 1972 letter to Joseph Lagu that South Sudan had the right to secede and that it could only guarantee this right with its own army. You guys went the other way round. You got it backwards. You thought that Khartoum would take you more seriously the more dependent you became. Riek admitted that he got cheated. He didn’t get cheated, he’s just an idiot.

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                        • 28 September 2014 23:31, by Rommel

                          The late Dr. John Garang very well understood that you couldn’t possibly be taken seriously by Khartoum and achieve a political settlement with the Ignaz Nazis, without an independent army... with an independent source of funding, a separate source of weaponry and ammunition and a separate line of logistics.

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                          • 28 September 2014 23:33, by Rommel

                            Dr. John Garang made it very clear that autonomy or independence couldn’t be "guaranteed by a few phrases scribbled on some sheets of paper stapled and bound together and christened “The Constitution”." Dr. John Garang wrote that in 1972 — in a letter to Joseph Lagu, warning that the Addis Ababa Agreement would be dishonored in its entirety if the South didn’t have a truly independent army.

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                            • 28 September 2014 23:37, by Rommel

                              Whether you like it or not, greater Upper Nile will be dismantled. You will only be allowed to govern your own lands. The so called ’mighty Nuer ’warriors’ will not be a factor in whether or not Upper Nile gets dismantled. There will be no Nuer empire, ever. Keep dreaming.

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  • 28 September 2014 18:23, by Kenyang

    Those who are now dancing on air of federalism will be disappointed tomorrow as things will get worse on tribal basis instead of getting better. S. Sudan in current form is similiar to federal system and problem has never been a question of system but corruption and governing. Riek once more can try to hijack "old song" & of course, one can’t expect villageheads & opportunists to miss chance.

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