Home | News    Wednesday 3 September 2014

Former South Sudan detainees say IGAD proposal “unjust”


September 2, 2014 (JUBA) – The SPLM former detainees have criticised the recently imposed protocol by the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), describing it as "unfair, bias and unjust". They further said the document failed to make an approach that would bring peace and urged the regional body to review it.

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Former South Sudanese political detainees (from left to right) Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, Majak d’Agoot, Pagan Amum and Oyai Deng Ajak at a trial hearing in Juba on 11 March 2014 (Photo: AFP/Andrei Pungovschi)

The IGAD’s protocol on principles of formation of transitional government was signed by the heads of state and government including the partner in war, president Salva Kiir, but was rejected by the leader of the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement (SPLM In Opposition), Riek Machar, describing it as bias.

The document endorses president Kiir to remain the South Sudanese president and will be deputised by a vice-president for the next two and a half years from the day the transitional government shall be formed. It also provides him with eligibility to run for the next presidential elections.

The protocol provided that a third position for a prime minister will be created and Machar’s SPLM-in Oopposition will nominate someone to fill the position. The person nominated by the rebels as prime minister will have to be approved first by president Kiir. Also the document says that the occupier of the prime minister’s position, which powers are yet to be determined, will not run for the next elections.

The former SPLM detainees, also known as G-10, have come out with a statement bearing strong criticisms to the IGAD document and urged the African regional body to review it as soon as possible if they were really working for peace in South Sudan.

In a strong-worded statement seen by Sudan Tribune, signed by the former minister of cabinet affairs, Deng Alor Kuol, who leads group’s delegation at the talks, they said the protocol has ignored the consensus reached by the stakeholders in the thematic committees formed by the IGAD envoys.

The statement criticised IGAD for moving away from the formula on transitional governance arrangements which the negotiation committees unanimously agreed on for power sharing between the president and the prime minister, saying the new document imposed by IGAD became an obstacle.

The statement further revealed that in the negotiations, the prime minister would be the chief executive of the government in charge of the day to day running of the government in which he chairs the cabinet.

“The Protocol confirmed President Kiir as both the Head of State and Government. The consensus of all stakeholders, except the Government delegation, was for the Prime Minister to be the Chief Executive in charge of the day to day running of the Government while the President performs the functions of Head of State,” partly reads the G-10 statement.

“The Protocol has ignored this consensus,” it says.

They also criticized the regional body for giving president Kiir the power to veto the nomination of the SPLM-IO to the position of the prime minister, saying this undermined the principle of power sharing and the choice of the opposition.

They said the document also bars nominee of the opposition from running in the next elections, while allowing both the president and his vice president to run for elections, saying the document also attempted to get rid of Riek Machar’s political future.

“This condition is unfair, unjust and discriminatory. Persons occupying the top three positions in the transitional Government are either all excluded from running for any public office in the next elections or permitted all without exception,” it says.

“Most surprisingly, Dr. Riek Machar, the leader of the opposition SPLM/A(IO) is completely excluded from the leadership of the transitional Government of National Unity, without giving him the option to participate or not. This position will not help the achievement of peace as it will be read as a defeat by the supporters of the SPLM/A (IO). It does not reflect a win-win solution.”

The Protocol has also rejected the position of the stakeholders to have two deputies or at least one deputy to the prime minister. Former detainees also demanded 25% allocation in the public positions in the transitional government.

The former detainees said they supported the creation of the prime minister’s office with the understanding that the prime minister shall be the head of government.

The former detainees further explained that they thought the IGAD document was meant to capture the consensus of the stakeholders as is evident from the first paragraph of the preamble.

“Unfortunately, the leaders of the region took over the document and became the principal owners as well as guarantors of the document to the exclusion of the stakeholders,” they charged.

The leaders urged IGAD to allow a genuine negotiation to take place when the talks resume in mid-September in order to address the fundamental issues to bring peace.


Meanwhile the main opposition party in South Sudan has distanced itself from the IGAD protocol, saying this was not the negotiated document.

SPLM-DC leader, Lam Akol, told reporters while returning to Juba that the document was “cooked somewhere” was never negotiated or agreed by the warring parties and the stakeholders.

He also criticised the delegation of president Kiir’s government, saying they were not good negotiators, accusing them of always using abusive language during the roundtable negotiations.

Akol warned that given the attitude by IGAD and government delegation, it would be difficult to achieve peace.

His reprehensive in parliament Adigo Anyoti, who is the minority leader in the South Sudanese parliament also told parliamentarians during Monday’s discussion in the assembly that the IGAD protocol failed to address the root causes of the conflict.


Regional analysts and experts have also criticized IGAD approach to the peace process, saying the imposed protocol on the warring parties will not bring peace to the region.

They said the proposal which was borrowed heavily from the Kenya’s previous, but now abandoned Grand Coalition government, will not yield fruits.

Analysts described IGAD’s mediation as “bias” and succumbing to what president Kiir wanted to hear.

“The agreement proposes exactly what President Kiir wants, formulated by the three presidents of Kenya, Uganda and South Sudan and blessed by the prime minister of Ethiopia. Pre-packaged for signature. Where is the mediation then?” asked Tag Elkhazin, Peace and Security researcher with the Sub-Saharan Centre, which observes the IGAD led mediation.

He told The East African that the tone, quality and details of the IGAD document show there was no mutual and concessional discussion before it was produced and this understandably led to the rebels refusing to sign it.

Machar, analysts said, is the type of person “to not threaten easily and conflict has not broken him down.”

“That can only work if there is sufficient security extension to the office of the prime minister. In other words, how much resources and power does the office of the prime minister have to deliver the political intent of Dr Machar. But if it is not adequate, Dr Machar will not buy that,” said Simon Mulongo, a regional security expert and a legislator in Uganda.

Ugandan former chief of intelligence, David Pulkol, also criticized the document saying president Kiir could not be trusted to lead the needed reforms in South Sudan.

“President Kiir has been a president since the transitional government was formed in 2005. So, what different thing will he do now that he did not do in the past? Will Dr Machar be safe? Will his commanders be protected?” he asked.

Regional leaders however said the protocol was to stop the ongoing 8-month long conflict and bring peace to South Sudan.


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  • 3 September 2014 08:54, by Madina Tonj

    Detainees and Riek Machar must understand that, when we signed peace agreement with Khartoum government, there were many things which were made favor Khartoum regime and we kept quiet and take what we got because our people have been suffering too much. This peace agreement had been set that way to saved those suffering in Ethiopia and inside South Sudan. what is your problem?

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    • 3 September 2014 09:28, by Daniel Deng Monyde

      Deng Alor does not even have the high moral ground to open his mouth on issues regarding South Sudan because it is public knowledge that he was one of the most corrupt Ministers. How can he even claim that he is concerned about the people of South Sudan when he misappropriated government funds that should have been used to provide services to the people. He should start by apologizing, shame on hi

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    • 3 September 2014 09:33, by Daniel Deng Monyde

      The so called former detainees are failed Ministers who were sacked from the government because they were corrupt and had completely failed to perform for so many years. They are extremely selfish and only concerned about positions. They don’t really care about the people of South Sudan, but their selfish interests, which is completely unpatriotic. South Sudan can progress without them.

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      • 3 September 2014 09:40, by Daniel Deng Monyde

        How can you say that "the proposal is denying Riek Machar a political future..." Riek Machar is a traitor and betrayer of the people of South Sudan since 1991 when he stabbed the liberation struggle in the back. With this senseless rebellion of his now, at the expense of the people of South Sudan, he has committed political suicide and is now is the political dustbin of history. No hope for him

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        • 3 September 2014 09:48, by Daniel Deng Monyde

          IGAD Heads of State are not stupid and after making in-depth analysis of the situation in South Sudan, they have all clearly understand that the real problem of South Sudan is Riek Machar and they have made the most logical conclusion that the South Sudan shall never have a bright future unless Riek Machar, the chief traitor & betrayer of the people is forever removed from the future of our nation

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    • 3 September 2014 09:44, by choldit

      Do u blinded by tribal and corruption s Sudanese still believe there is a peace to safe us thru IGAD of Museveni and his small wifes? We told u the world is wishing us! This doc is a shame to East African nations represent by IGAD COZE reflects on how our affairs are unsealed faithfully.

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    • 3 September 2014 14:56, by daniell

      Daniel Deng monyde and Lombtonyom don’t be in a position which you be lent a vehicle to drive someone’s things.

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  • 3 September 2014 08:56, by Frak Cho

    Deng Alor Kuol forgot Abyei case held hostage by Sudan. The people killed in this senseless war were supposed to die while defending Abyei the national disputed boarders.

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    • 3 September 2014 12:29, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

      De so-called regional experts or analysts such as Mr. Tag Elkhazin, peace & security researcher with Sub-Saharan Center is chiefly researching on peace and security of religious bigotry/extremism versus conventional wisdom, but not with East Africa, Mr. Simon Mulongo/Mulago, and Mr. David Pulkol are completely ignorant of Riek’s record and political prostitution since 1991.

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      • 3 September 2014 12:30, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

        Put in your mind dat all of you are dealing with symptomatic solution to South Sudan political problems. M7 said when he was still four years in Office dat if you want to take his government, go to the bush. Our situation is different from Uganda because Uganda has no any problem with Britain following achievement of its independence but South Sudan did not finish the political business with Sudan

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        • 3 September 2014 12:30, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

          Dat’s why we have de so-called “outstanding issues” including Abyei Protocol dat need to be resolved peacefully without taking the two Sudans back to war. Sadly, the usual traitor Dr. Fool Hopeless Riek Massacre since 1991 feels dat he’s highly educated among the Nuers PhD holders and using violence is de only short-cut way of achieving the top political leadership in South Sudan.

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          • 3 September 2014 12:32, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

            Look at the Statement of the Ugandan former chief of intelligence Mr. David Pulkol ike being highly paid by Riek’s looted money from Bor, Malakal and Bentiu. He should have said “Riek has been vice president since the transitional government was formed in 2005. So, what different thing will he do now that he did not do in the past with his KOA-1997 before returning to SPLM/A in 2005?”

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            • 3 September 2014 12:35, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

              Uganda has been politically stable for over thirty years now under M7 compared to all other predecessors. M7 has got thumb up but introduction of gay/lesbian bill is a recipe for catastrophe in Uganda. The proponents of gay rights are born of a woman but opted for sodomy which is not part of the Biblical teaching. To them God made a mistake to create the opposite sex. Meant fr population control.

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              • 3 September 2014 12:40, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                If South Sudan is politically and security wise sick, it will definitely affect East Africa countries. The so-called regional experts should make no mistake of denying the fact and encouraging traitors in South Sudan while getting rid of them in their own countries. Peace in South Sudan can be enjoyed regionally, continentally and internationally if security and political stability are backed.

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                • 3 September 2014 12:41, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                  How can the founder of SPLM be considered the problem creator at dis time of nation building while others like Dr. Hopeless Riek Massacre and his associates have been constantly shifting allegiance at their own disposal during the war, interim period (2005-2011), and after July 9th, 20111 up to date? Where is the logic of de so-called regional expertise?

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                  • 3 September 2014 12:43, by LabotoNyom KobiYe

                    Do de so-called regional experts/analysts believe dat new leadership/President comes through parliamentary elections or not? Yes/No? If Yes, Dr. Riek Massacre must wait for elections because every presidential candidate will have to campaign on his/her past or current achievements. If No, let de war continue de way Riek wants but nobody should end up in Khartoum where dey’re are getting support fr

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    • 3 September 2014 20:41, by lino

      Hi Budy,
      Abyei people never forgot sensitive issues. The small political mind of southerners let Abyei to be a hostage by Sudan.
      If you really understand politics, South Sudan crisis of the day was cooked in Khartoum and introduced by a Primitive Government of your Cowboy, but unfortunately it didn’t work.
      If not Deng Alor all these years during the war, this cowboy would have not see this chair

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      • 4 September 2014 13:21, by daniell

        I do not see why a person who does not have a clue about the agenda of which everyone is talking about insult me.Shame.Embarrass me for what particular purpose?

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  • 3 September 2014 10:26, by Ayuiu Makuac Lam

    SPLM-DC, SPLM former Detainees, and SPLM-IO-NUER.
    The compositions of all these Movements are call rebels.
    The document is a document no problems, is Just not unjust.

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  • 3 September 2014 12:53, by Positive Thinker

    Guys president Kiir is incompetent for real. he should be mindful of the suffering of the people not position. That document is a design of President M7 and it is now lying in dustbin, since one principal has not signed it. Guys be prepared for more pain and destruction of our country. Fail leadership brought fail state.

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  • 3 September 2014 13:02, by Akook

    This was clearly biased and can not afford to produce peace in South Sudan. It clearly ignore views of majority from civil society group, South Sudan political parties, Churches and Academics. It’s only M7’s sponsored paper not document that do not even deserve people talking about it! Truly one sided and biased at best!

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